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, 3 1833 01786 6960 


A iiisroin' 



1l1)I1i:i) kv 


ANN AKliOR, MK 11I<;AN ; 

IHL l<i:L.lhTl.k I'llillMIINl, 1 (iMIANV, 

•Cbc 1lnlaii& ipicea. 

lanmnwfBfcfi iiii ii >i 







"~" Our church; a history of the synod of 
Nortliern Indiana of the Evangelical Luti.jra: 
church. Ann Arbor, Mich. .Kcgistcr publish. 
CO., The Inland jircss, lyy4, 

vi,295p. pl.itcs, ports. 20cia. 

"The tcrritoiy of tliis £>'nod vas the 
states of Indiana and Michii^an, parts of 
Kentucky and northwestern Ohio. "-p. [1] 

69-1385 ^-v .^ ICN 69 

PC SH A ASh Gr GfSh ( J '' MSh W V/Sh CS^ 



'-, -3zt ^i 

f.-iii:;" ,;',.'; ■■ft,. 

Christ loved the churcli and gave Jtinifirlf fur it, (/tat he 
might sa)ictifi/ and cleanse it with the icashiiuj of icatcr bij the 
'word, that he might present it to himself a glorious ehiirch )iot 
having spot or wrinkle or any auch thing but that it .•ihuuld be 
holy and without blemish. — J^^plicisiaii.s 5: -5-27. 



1. rreliniinary, . . . • • 

2. Organization and ('oustitution, . 
8. Pioneer Work and AVorkers, 

4. Tlie Synod and tlie (ieneral Synod, 

5. 'I'iie Synod and the ('oiiege, 

1). 'i'lie Synod and JJeneliciary Kdncation, 

7. The Synod and Home Missions, 

8. Tiie Synod and I'aslor's Fund, 

'.I. 'IMie Synod and Otiier Heuevolent Work, 

10. Tiie Synod and llie Voang I'eople, 

11. 'I'he Synod and Teini)erance Reform, 

12. Tlie Synod and tlie (Uvil War, 

i;i TheSmninary of Parocliial Reports, 
14. W. II. and F. M. Society, 


1. Albion Pastorate, 

2. Ann Aib(»r Pastorate, 
'.i. .Vnbnrn Pastorate, 

4. lierrieii Springs Pastorate, 

T). lu'liili'htMu Pastitratf, 

(i. iiriaid, Pasloiate, . . . ■ 

7. Butler Pastorate, 

8. Camden Pastorate, 

•.I. Columbia City J*astorate, 
](). Constant ine Pastorate, 

11. I'^berhard Pastorate, 

12. Flkhart Pastxu-ate, 

13. Fairlield Pastorate, 

14. Ft. Wayne Pastorate, 
1."). Goshen I'astorate, 

IC). Iloreb Pastorate, .... 

17. La (i range Pastorate, . 

18. Logansjjort Pastorate, 

19. Massillon Pastorate, 

20. Middlebury Fastorate, . r 



. 18 


. 26 

. 44 

. 54 

. (55 


. 73 

■. 95 


. 101 

. 107 

. 114 

. 118 

. 130 

. 139 

. 144 

. 148 

. 154 



21. ^riIl(!^sbu^g• Pastomto, .... 176 

22. Xorth Maiichtster Pastorate, . . . .179 
2li. llock (!reBk i'astorate, ..... 185 
24. Sharpsville Pastorati-., ..... 187 
2."), Silver Lake I'astorate, . . . . . 18'.) 
2C). SpriiiglieUl I'astorate, . . . .191 

27. Speucerville Pastoiate, ..... 198 

28. Three Ixivers I'asturale, ..... 19(5 

29. \Valtou Pastorate, ...... 2()5 

;5(). ^^'llit(' Pii^^eon Past<tra1e, . ' . . 207 


1. Kev. llii.uli Wells, . . .213 

2. l!ev. K. I". Delo, ...... 219 

•A. iiev. Williaiu Waltinaii, ..... 222 

I. Kev. Levi Kice, ...... 225 

5. ifev. S. Kelsi), . . . . .228 

(•>. iJev. .Idliii (i. Ui(klle, ..... 2:{U 

7. \\v\\ Frederick liiildle, ..... 285 

8. Iiev. Ambrose! 11. Scherer, .... 289 
'.). HiiV. Lulliei- .\. (iotwald, l>. iK, . .241 

10. Kev. John l.utlu-r (liiard. .... 249 

11. Kev. .Muahaiu Leatlier.s, . . .258 

12. Kev. .\. .1. Doiij^las, .... 2(51 
18. Kev. .]. X. I'.aiiiett, ...... 2(53 

14. Kev. .lahes Shaller, . . . • 2(58 

15. Kev. 1). F. Kaiii, .270 
l(i. Kev. K. F. Stiilt/,, ..... 274 
17. Kev. K. W. Frick, . .278 
IN. Kev. J. M. l-'raneis, . . .281 
r.t. l-:iizal)eth .Martha Fraiieis, . . 288 

20. .Mrs. .V. V. Hunter, ..... 284 

21. Levi .Meyers, ....... 28() 

22. Peter lUsho]), . . . . 2S'7 

28. (ieorge Spaiigler, ....... 289 

24. Notes, .292 


This is a SyiiDillcal Ixxik, not in llu; sense tliat it was 
aiitli(ii-iz('(l hv llu' Svnnil, and not wholly fixni tin- >ul)jcet 
matter wliicli it contains, l)nt more |)aitiriilai-ly I'rom Hie I'aet 
tliat the whole S\'noil was interested in its preparation. Nearly 
every nuMnher has eon! riiiuted souiethinu; toward it, and its 
piihlieation wa.s made possihle only hy tlui ailvaneed pledij;es 
that were >^iven. To I Ik; I'ditoi' l)e!oni;ed the work of ari'an^f- 
inij;- the material furnished hy otlu'rs, and of seciirin<j,- sueh ad- 
ditional data as wei(' mMH'ssary to I'ni'nish as eomjdele a record 
•as |)ossil)h-. Tln^ Synodieal portion was wiitteii iMitirely hy 
iiim, and was prepared aftei- a most ihoroiiLrh and careful 
study •»!' the r(.'coi'ds of Synod from its oi'^anizatiou to the 
. present tiuie. It itcjuiicd al>o a va-t amount of eoirespoiid- 
enee wilh those who w i ic ideiililied with its early hislmy and 
much more lahor, in hrin^iiiL!,' together and harmoni/.in^-, the 
iid'oi'nnition thus i-eceived, than would ordinarily he thou;^ht 
possiliU'. The early recoids ai'e not very .satisfactory and the 
memoiii'S (tf men are sometinu's faulty. lie has aimed to give, 
however, onl\- tliat which is r(diahle, and chose those practical 
lines along whi(di the Synod's ehitd' wdrk was done, in the 
liopc! that the struggles and sacrifices of former days might 
arouse all to gi'i'ater elVorts for the (dinrtdi in the fului-e. 

The material for the |,arochial part was furnislied, gen- 
erally, by the nunisters of the ditVerent pastorates, ov whei-e a 
charge was vacant by some interested layman. This involved 
no siufvll luuouut of time and labor oii their part, for many of 

vi editor's notk. 

the congregat oiiiil records were very poorly kept. Tliese 
sketches have, liowevei', all — with the exception oi' four or 
five — been rewritten by tin; editor. .Some are briefer than 
they should have been, l)ut in nio.'^t cases this arises from the 
fact that it was impossible to secure; the necessary infoiinatiou 
to give a complete history. 

In the biograj)hical portion the sketches are of lu^cessity 
brief. Others should have been included, but the limits of 
the book Would noi permit. 'IMie sketch oi' Dr. <ioi\\ald is 
taken from dmsen's " r>iograi)hies (d' Lutheran Ministers" 
with a few facts added to bring it down to the present. With 
a few excei)tions, these sketclnjs were ])repared by the edil(n-, 
from information gathered from various sources, and he grate- 
fully acknowledges the assistaniH; thus reciiived. 

I'he aim has been to set forth in a plain and simple man- 
ner some of the facts peitaining to the develupment of this 
Synod in the hope that it might aid in occupying the va.-t iield 
assignetl to hrr. antl that tlu' nuun' im|nirlanl phict's within her 
lerritoi'v, crowdi'd with (diildrcii of tlieehnrch of the. Keforma- 
tion who have bccouu; anglicized in spreeh, but who ai'e com- 
pelled to worship in a foreign tongue or leave their lo\cd and 
clierished household of faith, may more speedily witness the 
planting of English Lutheran churches in their nudst. 

W. L. T. 
Ann Audoh, Mien. 



^^'llell L\iii;ui rx'cfliiT wn- jia-tdi' dl' llir 1 laiiovtr st i^ct 
clnii-cli of r)(i<liiii, a (•()iiL;ic\i!:iti(iiial iiiccliiig wa- \\c\A tu cuii- 
<\<{rv ilic |)i(»))iicl V oF roi'iiiiiii!; a inw orii'aiiizatiDii in a (lillcrciit 
pari of llic v\\\. ( 'uii.-idcialtle iiilcirst \va- iiiaiii fr-lcil ami 
tlic iiiissiniiai'v spirit nf llic L;rcal picaclicr kindled the liic in 
ot lici- hearts. Ill tlie inid,-t i-f the tnthii-ia-iii that piH'Vaih'(l 
when a Vote \va-al»i»ut In he lalseii the (arnesi pa.-lm' sprang 
|i» hi> feet and ,-iiiniled in i-iniiinii' tones, '• I nio\e that we 
uiuaiii/e tirii, one for ihe North end and one for the Soutli 
,■11(1/" Oct. ."!(»,, when the olive Hrancdi Svnod was 
(n-i;aiii/e(l in the -lale of I m liana and in t he ( 'apital < 'it \ ainio.-t 
a ,-iniilar senlinienl pievailed. 'The lei'ritoi-y of tliis >ynod was 
lh<' -tale- of lii.liaini and Miehiuan, pail- of Kiiitinky and 
Nori hwe-leni (>hio. It wa- a \a-t lield, and excn iheii it \\a> 
in the minds of some ol' those lufoie nii>.-ionaries that thei'e 
imisl Ik', " one lor the North end and one i'oi- the Sonth end." 
The conLii'eiial ion- t he'll e\i-t iiiLi on ihe Noflheiii pai't ol the 
terrilorv were nundi divided in their syiiodical lelat ion.-. 
Some lieloiiLicd to the ()li\'e llraneli, sonu' to the W i tteii beri!', 
and some to the other ( )hio ,-ym>d.-. 'I'hi^ division rendered 
the work e\eee(liniil\- dillienlt and [HdVed a harrier in tlie way 
<>r its proLire.-,-. lieini: s(t \\idid\' >eparaled it was alimtsi im- 
possible for ministers and delcLiales to attend the animal syii- 
odical t'oiivfiitions. Moiles ol' travel were not .-o eonNciiicnt 
nor rapid then as now. 'Ihe ma^iiiliceiil railway system which 


^vx()i> ()]■ N()i:riii:r.\ Indiana. 

iiuw spaii.s every ]>;u't i>l tin- vast teri-iliii-y aii<l seems to hriiiL: 
it- reiiitite.^t |ii(iiit«! into cIik-i; |iiox iiuit v willi eaeli ntlier, wa- 
tluii ill its infancy. 'I'lie net work lias since i)een woxeii, and 
ha- made it e()m|iarat i\eh- ea-\' fur (he delei^alo rrum aii\' eun- 
sji'eiialion to leaeli a eenvcnlion al an\- plaec^ ii|)iin (In- Held. 
'Tlieii lliey wei'e eompelled 111 lra\'el seoi\'s ol' mile- (in li(ir<e- 
liaek, (iftimes al i^real ])"i'il and with ti-emeiidmi- -aeiiliee. 
The ineiiii veineiiees and ha!'d.-hi|is llui.- endnied, can seaiceU 
lie Cdneeived liida\ li\' llni,-e who elijov heller I'aellilie- and 

ad vanlaL:e>. 

'I'lieii iheif wefe many |ilace,- and |)eo|)le ihal weie a- 
shee|) wilhoul a she|iherd. 'I'lie\' Were ill need of the Ulead (d' 
\/\iv. Much ini--ionar\' wml; mn.-l he (hnie, and these |iioneei 
jireaidier-- were imlnied wiih the |iro|ier -[liril lo do ii. llni 

lhe\ fell ihal I heir elVort.- could no, lie mi \\(dl dlleeled, mil 

their .-canty l'wrc(< .-o well masstMJ ii nder e\ i-l imj enndil ions. 
I mI li r w oi Iv rould I le di'Ui , and |n o\ i-ion made more leadil \ loi 
de-lilnle |ilae, ■-. 1 1 v h a v i 1 1 L! a iiioie llioioim'i ami i'om|iacl 
orL'ani/al ion . ••()ne for the Niu'lli end and one (m I he Soiilh 
end,' was a rec 'uni/ed ncces-iiy in adsanciim ihe inlere-t.- o| 
the (diiirch. Tin- was ilu- iiiil\- moii\-e. There w a.- no (hv-ire 
simph' lo miilli|ilv s\-nodieal orL;';ini/al ions. The L:lor\ of (iod 
throiiL;li ihi' e\len-ion of the church and the .-ahalioii of ini- 
•inoi'lal ,-oiils wa- ihe insjiirin^ motive. In it ihe I'onmlation- ol 
the s\iiod were laid and (»od lia.> hoiioi-ed il h\- ihe ii|i dm ildin:: 
ol' a >lroii:^-, viuoroiis and aL;u'ressi\i' l)od\-. 

I'liL^ht \'eai-.- of |iatient and )Hrsi-;eiit lalior pa-seil ere thi> 
desire was reali/,,'d. In tin' lall of IS."),") Kev. 11. Well,-, pas- 
tor ol' t hi' cli iireh in ('oliimhia ('ilv, liid., presented petitions 
from his own and other coiiL;reL!at ions to the (>li\e Uraiich 

■i;i:iJMi XAKY 


i^yiHiil, "tilt' (inc ill llu' Soutli cihI,'' then iis.-einliU'd in coii- 
vtMitioii at ( 'i)luinl)iis, Iml., pfayinu' lliat iiciiiii^-iou lie Lii'niilcil 
to oi'Liaiiize a new syiioil •• in the NnUli cud." A .-iiiiihw 
petition from the joint cmineil of ihe Alliion |)astoiale was 
[iresenled hy Kev. K. \'\ I )«h) Id the W it ten hei- >\ imd . a-k iiiu' 
that all con^'i'en'atioiis ii|iiin this leri'ilui\' hidoiiLiiiiL:' lo thai 
liody he' released for ihe jini'poM' ni' iiniliiiL;' with other eoii^i'i'- 
i^alions I'l-oni other sniukIs and foriuiiiL; an or:^ani/.alion ol' their 
own. 'riiese |-ennests were iiranted and lh<' \\a\' \\a> opem d 
for "the North einl " ,>viiod. 'The territorial liniil.- of the 
rtyno(| were made, th<' < )hio ,-tate line on iht; east, the loilietli 
]iaralud of latitude on the ,-onlh , the Illinois -tale line <in the 
ue,-| and liie L;roat lake.- on the nmth. Thi- iiadnde- the 
northern liair of t he ^tale of Indiana and the entire -late (d' 
Mi(diiuan. It, was an inuiieir-e held loi- a lew ]ia>lor- and 
.-cattereil eon;jreL:ation.- ti> atlenijil lo oeen|i\'. lint lii.\- had 
unlionndeij faith iii iheir Sa\ioi- mid wi-i'r eonlideiit that he 
eonid eaiay forward a work which wa-dcMlind to rciidci- 'j rt at 
^lory to his name. J'N ix-i'ieiice had already taii-hl them that 
'• monutains of dillicnllies " were removed l)\- his -troiiu hand 
and they went forth to liiihl their hattles and win thcii' \ie- 
tori(,'s ii|)<in this held. d'he |n-omi.-e for t he • ■ I wo i/r l hiei' " ' 
gathered in his name was not forL^ottcn and it heeame the in- 
spiration for the mighty aidnex'einents which the eomin'j- year.-- 
slionhl witnos and of which I'lilnrt' generations >honld L;ladl\- 



The (•diisi'cratod (li.sci|)lr oTJcsus iicviT lu'silatcs wlicii tlir 
opliorliiiiil y for -diiu' special line of work is clcai'ly prcsciilcd, 
ami till: (leiiiaiids of diit}' arc rccoyiii/.fd. Td ilu- f'aithrnl 
nii.-siduai'ics \vIhi>c hearts wci'f so deeply set upon the develdp- 
iiieiit of the Lutheran church upon this teriilorv, tlu' \\a\ was 
opened I'oi- the oi'L;ani/.al ion ui' a new s\'nod. It was reiiarded 
of such importance to the fiilni'e welfare of our Ix'lowd Zioii 
that no time was lost in accoiii|ilishiiiL;- the ohjeet. K'ev. 11. 
Wells, immediately alter his relui'n from ihe ()live l>rani'h 
S>nod. issued a call to Ihe miiii-lei's and conL;re,uations upon 
this tcrriterv lor a convention lo lie held ()ctol)er 1!"), IS-IT), in 
the Lutheran church of ('(dnndiia <'il\', Imliana, of which he 
was |)aslor, to consider ihi.^ imporlanl suhjeci. The morning;- 
111 lhi> da\' dawned and \cr\' lew of [ho.-e -upposed to Ite intci'- 
e-ted had airi\ed. 'I'ho-e pii'-eui a~-emliled al ihe church. 
lie\. I). .Smith was ap|>oinled liiuporarv i'l'e-ident , and IJew 
(i. W'alkei' lemporaiA Secrelarv. The eiitiie nuirnin^ was 
tlevoled to prayer. It was an imixuTant movement and there 
mu.-l he clear an(i luimistakahh' evidence- that (lod was diret't- 
ini; it. .\nain and auain was the praNcr of faith wafted l<i a 
tlii-one of Liraci'. The suppliants liiiLiered alxnit the altai' with 
unt-casiuL; importunities, sayiui; like one of old in his wrestle 
with the niNsterious hein^- who came to him in his lonelv idiiht 
of .-orrow , •• I will not k't thee i^d exct-pt thou hiess me." 
'Idu'V wci'e [deadini;- for lit:ht upon the palli\\ay of duty, I'oi' 
strenj^th to perform that duty in llie fear of (iod, I'm' inspira- 
tion that the hard task of duty nuiilit he transformed into joy 

(»i;(iAM/,ATI()N AND r( )N>;'1 I'lT'lK )N . 

ami i)leii.siirt'. Tlu' work \v;is (lod's ami tlicv soiiniit his miid- 
aiKH' ami supcriiilrmliiiu caic. Ncvci' wvw- roniidatidLi- laid 
willi a kci'iu'i' si'iisi' of man's doixMidfiicc or a (Ici|h'1' coiiv iclioii 
of the tnith, " lv\ccj)l thr J. old hnild tin- house thcv lahoi' in 
vain who Iniild it." The synod of Noilhci-n Indiana like ihr 
Christian (dinrch was hoi'ii in a juaver nicclinL:'. It was the 
(dnld of prayer, and ihi,- \\a> |)ro|)h(tic of what llial idiild 
should lieeonie. 

In the at'lernoon ol' the same da\' .-e\i'ral more didcL;:ite.~ 
arriveil and the .-idijcel was tdrmallv |iri'>cnted : 

" /.V.-i(//r((/, 'I'lint t he eonvenlion now |ii-i)Cf('il to tlisiii'-> llie 
proju'iety of or^ani/.inL; a sviuid ui Noialicrn Indiana. " 

l'jVer\' phasr cd' the woi'k was eon-idercd. N\-w diiticd 
meant new ie.-jion>il)ilit ics. ('(Jidd the\' lie met":' The co-t 
must he counted. lia\ini:' hei^un were lhe\' aide lo earr\ the 
\\(uk sneces>rulls- forward'.' Man\' important ipiesl ion- arn-c 

'1 he next morning: llu' folhiwiu'j,- pi'oand)le and if-idntion 

were prrxlltrd and adopted : 

\\'nia;i:As, 'flie miiiislri':- and cliurehcs of \\\v l]\a n-tdica I 
Jaitiu'ran ehureh in .N'ortluTn Indiiina are >o remote Irom the 
places wiierc their respective >ynod^ Indd llu'ir annual conven- 
tions a> frtMpH'iitiy to (U-pn\t- lluan of the heiu'lils of -aid coummi- 
tions, and as said -ynods lia\e granted i)ernii>,'-ion lo Imfl a con- 
vention and if found exped.ient to oiL^ani/c' a s3'nod in oui' miif-l, 

" Hoi'ihi il , 'I'hal m hnmlih- rehance upon our lleaxenly 
Father we |)rocec(l to ort;ani/.c an l<,\ani;(dica I Lutheran Synod. 

A (•ommittee (d' three eonsi>tinu id' luv. II. Will-, Ilev. 
Iv. 1<\ l)elo, and Mr. 1. W . Kitsoii. wa> appointed In prepare 
a <-onslit lit ion ami present it at three o"(do(d< of the -aine ilay. 
<)nlv a |)artial ix'port ctuild tlieii he made. It was not com- 


svNob oi" Noi; ri(i:i;\ indiaxa, 

picti'il until tlic I'dllowiiiL: iiinniiiii:-, ( )c1()1h>i- '27. when il was 
|>ii'~i'iit('il ami adiiptcMl. 'I'lie c-nn Ncnlinn tlii-ii iirocrcilcd lu 
oi-g'aiii/.c l)\- lilt' cK'clinn ol' the (■(iii>titiiti(iiial nlticci-,-. IJcw II. 
\\'ell> was cIci'UmI I'lc-idcni , |J,\-. (i. Walker, Secrelai\', ami 
llev. 1). Smil li, 'I'rea.-iini-. The miiii-lei-.-s were Inst iiicleil tu 
a|i\lv 1(1 iheir i\'.>|)eeli\e .-\ii(i(|s [\>v hdiKiralile (li.-ini.-,-al> to 
thesvimd id' Xtiiihern Indiana. The .-e,--i(in- edulinui'd nnlil 
a lale Ikuh Salni'da\' evenliiL;, niakinii' ,-mdi [dan- ami [iinvid- 
iiiL: I'd- smdi thinL;> as were re;^ai'ded es.-i'ntial lu ihe ruline 
p|-n-|iciit \ (d' ihe work. .Vl a nieelin^ id' I he mini-leiiuin al'lri 
eant'nl examinai inn il was decided ihal .Mi', d. (i. Iliddh- 
-leinld lie lii-cii-ed In |ii-eaeh ihe LiiisjKd fur mie \ear and that 

hr hr plaeed Ulldel- ihc dil-eelinll nf KeV. K. I'\ Didu. Ml. 
Iliddle W.a- ihrlcrnrc llir lil'-l \(MlllLi lliail Sii apai'l In ihe LI'i'S- 

|h I mini-l iv l)\- 1 lii- hedy. 

Hull uf tlif Fir<t i '(iiirentidii .- Ilev. I). Smilh, ('amdiii, 
Ind,: l;i\. II. \\'( ll~. Culninhlan ('il\ , liid.; K'ev. I^ Tciiip- 
lin. Ni.ith .Manehe-lrr, Ind.: Kev. d. \\n\[\, Cu.^.-r, Ind.; 
l!e\ . .1. ('ailiii', Nuiri-liiw n. hid.; Ke\. (>. Walker, S\iaen-e. 
Ind.; l;e\, W , W'allman, Speiieeiv 1 Ih-, Ind.; Kev. 11. l-\ Deh., 
idsliMii, Ind. 

I. nil Ihlrijnh.^. II. Sii\dei-, ( '(diindiia (Ml), Ind.; I. W . 
l\il<iiii, S\raeu.~e, Ind.; d. <i. Idddle. S|naieei'\ ille, Ind. 

The eiin<lil iilidii has keen aiiieiided fniiii lime 1m linn- it» 
ineel new I'ei | n i reineii 1.- in an e\'er-en la I'l: iiiu woik, and al-i> In 
liidd the sviiimI in liaiiinni\ wilh ihe <leiieral S\iiiid. W'e 
a|i|ieml ihe eiin>l il ill ieii a> il imw i.-. 

(iKiiAMZATloN AND ( ONS 111 I Tli ).N . 

coNsTriT'i'itix OK TKK 1 : V A \<i 1 : i.K A i. i.i iiii;i;\N s^^■(ll' hk NoirniKcx 

l.\|i| AN A. 

Airrici.K I. 

NAMi:, ii\sis, M i::\i r.i.i;-, \i i:i;ii m.,-, hki.iic \'i i:s, inc. 

Sp.c-iion 1. 'I'lu' iiiuiic, slylr, . •111(1 lillc ol this Syiioil -Uall lir 
t lu- Till'; l']v.\N(ii;i.i<'A 1, l-c i ii i:i;a n S^ mid or Niii;i ii i:i;n' Indiana, in 
ciiiiiu'ctioii witii (lie ( iriicral Syiiuii oT liic Kva iil;('I ira I l.ulhcrau 
Oliiirch in llif I iiiUmI Slalcs. 

Si;c. -J. 'I'iic (((.clniial Ka-i- -hall lic"'llu' Word of (iod, as 
(•oiitaiiicil ill 1 hi' < 'a iioiiica I Scn|)tiirc- of Ihr ' >|,1 and Nrw Tc-ta- 
niLTil^, as the only inla llililc riilf of lailli and |iraclicr, and liu- 
A ii.n-liiiri; ( 'on rc--ion :i> a corrccl u\ liihilion of the I'll iida nicn la I 
docliiiio of ihf l>i\iiii' Word, and the laith of our ("hiii(di 
J'oiiLidcd iipon I iial Word. 

Si;r. .;. riii- ."•^yiiod >hall coii-i-l ol all ihc ord.-iincd l.iitlK'raii 
inini-lci- and liccnUa Ic-, lo^'l hrr \s il li 1 he lay dr U-;j;i lr~ I roiii (In- 
pa-lorai di-lrici-, uilhin il- honinl~, who -uhniit lo the ( on-li- 


Mr. I i'.arli pa-toral di-lriri -hall lia\c ihc riL;hl to -end oik- 
l;i\ did.'ualf lo >yiiod. \ii_\ i oii^ icua I loii or (•(iiii;r<'i;a I ion- not 
liro|irrly ori;a iii/cd inloa [la-ioial rhar-^c -. i a,- lo In' ri'|iiA'-fiilfd 
liy a rc^^nlar didc^aU', may >cnd a (•oinnii>-ioiu'r (<i Synod, who 
ma}' liL' heard in Ixdiaif oT .-aid (■oiii;ri-i;aliuii oi' counrcua lutn>, 
hill he sha II ha vr no ndU'. 

S\:i.-'). Any Mvans^Adical i.ulhcran con^ri'^alion, or pastoral 
(•liarL;f, may liffoinc conncrifd w'ilh the Synod, il' wUliiii il- 
Ijoiind.-, hy ac'cu'din.t; lo Ihc proxi-ioiis of ihis ( 'onstiliitioii. 

Sia'. ('i. The Synod -hall inrcl annually tor the t ra n-^actioii of 
hiLsiiiuss, at sii'di liinc and plaCf ;is may h.-ive hccn di'icrmincd. 
Special metdinsj,- may he called hy the I'resident, when re(pie-lci( 
in w ril inu; hy one-l hird ol the ordanied mini-ler.- of Synod, of 
-iich meeliims notice must he L;iven in the (dinrcdi [lapeis at lea-l 
three we(d^- previous, ,-tal inn tlu' ohjeei: ami ihe hiisiiie-.- >hall 
he conlined to what is staled in ihe call. 



Skc. 7. L)6lej^ate.s from oIIut l';vHn>;clical l.uthcriiii Synods, 
ami I'i'oiii utlier ecclesiaslical lii)(lie>, and aixi luinistcrs lioiii other 
SyiiocUor I'^vaii^elical cliur(du'>, may \>r iiuitcHl to -il nsadviHoi-y 
members, l)iit they sliall have no vole. 

Sko. 8. 'I'wo-lit'lhs of the memher.^ of Synod shall eonstitnlea 
([nonim,' provideil that one-third u\' fhe ordained mini>ter> id' 
Synod he present. 

Airi K l.K 11. 

oit.iKcTs, I'ow Ki;s, iM"iii':s, irrc, oi' svNon. 

Skctio.n 1. It shall he the duty of Synod to maiidain oi'der and 
<^ood i^Mjvi'rnmenl amom;' the eh iir(dies within il,-< hounds, and to 
thia end it shall see thai the rules ol' <4oveinineut ami disci|)line 
|)reserihed in t his Constitution and in tlu' formula of llu' < lenera 1 
Synod are proijcrl}- observed hy the pa-tors and ehurehe- under 
its care. 

Si:e. "J. It >hall he the duty of Synod to di.' vise and e.xeeute all 
.-uilahle ineasines for the (U'omoliou of |)iety and the general 
pio>iic|-dy of the chureh.and to proside -uiiplit'- loi deslitule 

Si:. . .;. It -hall have [tower to foim and rhaii'_e pa-toral di-- 
triei>, [layuiu due rei;ard to the lej,!)!- and wi-lu's of couureua- 
lion>; and no i-on,i;re,i;alion or pastoi'al >,diarL;'e shall he I'ormeil out 
III' e.vistini;' ones, without tlu' ad\iei' or -anetit)n <d' Symtd. 

Si;c. 4. It shall have powei' to e.Kidude from Symidical fcdlow- 
ship an}' coni^res^ation ohstinaltdy rid'u-ini;' lo eomply w d h tlir 
rej^ulations ami deeisions id Syniiil, and no conureua tion lhu> 
e.veliided shall he serveil hy any uuni-ter heloni;in>;- to Synod, 
e.xcept hy speeial permission of Synod, oi- the rresulenl <d' Synod. 

8i;<'. •'). It shall ret;eive appeals iVoui Chundi ( 'ouucil- of ( 'on- 
fercuiees, when re,n"ularly hroUij,ht htdore h,and -hall icview the 
proeeedin,i;s and deei.-.ions to whi(di the}' refer, ami -hall hav«^ full 
power to alhrm or reverse the .-a me, or to delernnne the i| m'>litins 
presented lliereh}-, Notice (jf sucdi appeals must he t^isen to the 
Council or Conference by the ai)i)ellant, with the reasons in full, 
within thriH! weeks after tlu- time when the ileeisiou was remlereil, 

OlKiANl/.A'l'lON AND ( '( (NSTITUTK )\. 


ami SI full recoril of the ra^u niu^l he t'urni>hc(l (he Synod hy the 
Council or tJonference. I'pou the tihiii;- of sueh notice I13' the 
ai)i)ollant, ah! ahove provided for, it >hali he tliedutyol tlie Clerk 
or Secretary of .^ueh Church ('(Uiiuil or ( 'onl'eri'uce, and within 
ten days thereafter, (o maki- out a coin|)lete record ol the i-ase, 
with the lindinns thereon, and transmit it, with the original 
paj)ers, to the Clerk or Secretary of (he Ixjdy to which sucli apjieal 
may lie taken. 

Skc. II. It shall have juiwer, wlien deemed necessary, to cite 
chiu'ch memhers to ajipear and ;^ive testimony, and may endeavor 
to (il)tain other witnesses if the case rci|une^ it. 

Sr:r. 7. It shall have power to examine ami decide all charv;e-- 
against miidsters and licentiates except such a- may he other- 
wise specially provided for hy this constitution. 

AKflCLf: III. 

(ii'j-'ni:K- m- tii i: -'i nou. 

SKcrio.s I. 'I'lu' ollicer- ol' Synod >h;ill hea I'resident , Secre- 
tary or Secretaries ami 'rreasiirei-, wiio -hall he (decled annually, 
>M' at sutdi stated tunc- a- m;i\ lie di'lt-rmnu'd hy each Syn^d, hy 
a majoriiy of Nuler- pri'M'Ut, flic rroidcut and Secretary >lia II 
he (diosen from amoiu; ilu' ordained ministers. The rrea>urer 
may he either a minister or a layman. m:.N'r. 

Skc. '2. lie shall dtdiver a discourse at the open i in;- of each 
aniuial mceliui;- of S^nodjor appoint a suhstitule, and shall in 
coiuiection w itli the pa-tor of the church, have <lirei:l i(ni of the 
relii^ioLis e.Kcrcises duriiiL:; Synod, and the appointment (d' indi- 
viduals to preach; unless Synud siiall ajipoinl a special committee 
uii religious exercises, and of wliiidi lie and the pastor shall he 
n KM u hers. 

Sec.;), lie shall preside at all mcetins^s of the S3-nod , decide 
(pU'stionsof order, suhji'ct to an appeal to SyiUMl, and dis(diai >j,c 
all the duties Usually deV(d\ini; on the presiding ollicer n\' siicli a 



Sj:c. 4. Ill' sIkiI I aiipDint :t 1 1 ci iiiiiiiii lri.\- not >|iccia lly iiaiiicd 
ui- elt'ctrd by Synod. 

Si:c. ",. He shall, aricr llic Syiunl i-diily coiislitiilrd Wyllie 
cnivdliiiL!,' of llic naiiu's of llu' iiiciulici-s, jirc-^fnl a wiiUcii i'c|H)it 
of all his oliicial ads diiriiii; t he .sy mulical year, and may |iic- 
sc!iit siudi additional slalciueiits and rcconnnmda 1 loii- a> in his 
judgment sliunld (daini the atlcnlion ol' Synod. This report -hall 
he ileall with as other papers hcdoii^inLj, lo Synod. 

Si:e. Ci. He shall t;ive ad\ieetii ineinhi-r.- id' Synod and eoii- 
>i,rei;!Uions when reipiiv-led, or w h.Mi ni hi-- j ndij;nienl sueh adviic 
is needed. 

Si:c. 7. Should lu' icinove IVom the hounds nl' the Synod, 
di'paii Ihi-^ lil'e, re-ii;!!, or hceoine disipialihed I'or the di,-ehaiue 
of ii is d nties, t he Seerclary slia II -iieeeed hiiii,:ind il isrhari;-e I ho 
the duties of liie (dliec nnlil the next inetdiiii;' of Synod, 

Si;e. S. He shall, with the Secretary, -iih-eiihe all oltieial doi- 
inneiit,- of the >-y nod. 

Sec. ',). He -hall perform tlu' ceremony id' ordination, a--i-ted 
hy the Secretary and llu' niini-ler-, and L;i\e to appro\ed candi- 
date- Icdti'r- id' iiceii-C', whicli , a- widl a- certilicate- of ordm- 
alioii. he 1- lo -tih-cnhe wilh hi- olhcial -i;_;iial nie. 

-li.'Ki; I \ i: \ . 

Sr:r'rio.N in. He shall keep a I'ail hful and accurate ri'cord (d' all 
the proeeediiiLis of Sy nod, caref n I iy pi'oerve all Hie papers, the 
-eal, etc., of the Sy nod , sii hject to it- direi-tion, and shall do all 
Iheotlicial writing' not iit herwise provideil for. 

Sic. II. He -hall .i;ive notice (either hy eircniar or in the 
idinndi papers) (d' the time and place of the Synodica I meeting;, 
at least four we(d^s |)ri'\'ions to the time appointed. 

Sr:c. r_'. He shall keep a re,uislt>r of liic names of all tlii' min- 
isters and licentiate,-, act-ordmu lo I heii' anc in (dlice, and a !<o cd the 
con,i;rena tions, whether vacant or not, conne(ded witli the Synod. 

Skc. 1.1. if the hiisine-s should render il nec(.'--ar_\ , the i're-- 
ideiit may ap|ioin( an .\ssi-tant Secretary, who-e ollice -hall 
expire al the ch)se of the metdini; of S) nml. 

<)Ji(iAXI/.A'l'l()N AND r()NS'l'ITl"l'l()\, 


Skc. I-I. Should ho remove Iroiii tlie hoiimls of the S3'iioil, 
■depurt this lil'.e, or hecoiui' (li>(|iiii lilied lor the cli>char<j,e of his 
<liities, the President 111:13' ''I'liiiire liie utehives, seal, ;md any 
other jiroperly of S_viiod, to he deh\cred to him, and shall 
appoint a Seeretar}- to ai-l until the iiieetiiiL; ol' Synod. 


S|.;cTio,N 15. He -hall take (diari;c of the money- heloiii;inL;' to 
Syjiod, and shall keep them suhjeet t(( it- order. 

See. jC). lie -hall keeji and pre.M-nl at eaeli annual meeliiin of 
Synod, a detaileil andlaithrnl ai-c'ount of the -tale of the Trea-- 
ui_v. If the Synod desu'o it he -hall j^iN'e a hond lor llu; lauhrul 
pertormanee ol t lie duties of his olliee. 

Si:('. 17. Should he remo\'e out al' the hounds id' the S\uiod, 
depart this li fe, resiL;n, or heiMune d i-i|ualilied for the ili-ehar^e 
of his dulie-, the President shall lake <haii;e of all ihe iiKuieys, 
eertilieates, hoiids, etc., li(donjj,mi;; to S\-|iod, and retain them until 
a treasurer i- (det't(Ml at tlu' iie\t mei-liiiL; of Synod. 

AlMK'Lt: \\. 
01 .M 1 M-ri:i<-, i.K i:n 1 1 \ 1 1:-, ( 11 1 la n 1.- \mi niu.i >. \ i i;>. 

Sj.;erio.N 1. No mini-ler or lieeiiliate shall interfere with the 
Ihe eoiiL;rei;alion of another hy pieauhinu <ir pfiloiinini; other 
minislerial dulie- in t hem, except hythe re(piest or ei)n-;eiit of 
Ihe latter, or in his ah, -(Mice, without in\ilatioii from t he ( 'h iindi 

Si:c. l!. .\n}' minister or lieeiitiale, in i;'ood standing;, who 
removes into I he hounds of auolher S^uiod, shall, on app!ie;i lion 
to till' President, receive a cerlilicate of houorahle disuii-sioii, and 
sindi a certilicate shall heriMpiired hy the Synod (d' (hose ap|il\- 
inu for admission into it. 

Skc. :;. All}' Pntlieran mini-ter pre.-eiUuiL; to the President 
nf S^iKnl an houorahle dismission from amdher I'lvani^cdnal 
Lutheran Synod, shall hy him he received, and his name enrolled 
aiiioni; the meiiiliers of Synod: hut if ohjectioii he made to hi- 



reception, ul tlie i)|ienin,i; uf Syiidd, the ease sliall u,<) uver until 
after the Synod is ori^ani/.e<l. 

Si;c. 4. Any minister re>si,n'nini;' his eliari;e, sliall j^ive due 
notice tliereot' to the President, and a like notici' shall he >^iven hy 
any minister taking chari;e of com;re,t;ations hidonginL; to Synod. 

Skc. ;"). l.icentiates shall have 1 he same rii^hts and |i|-|\ilej4es in 
Synods as <irdained ministers, i'.\ce[)t to hold ollice. 

Si;c. (i. A licentiate shall have lihert)- to visit vacant, coni^ri'i^a- 
tion.s, and to take charge id' them, either on their in\italion <ir hy 
direction of the i'le-^idi'iit of Synod. 

Ski'. 7. A licrntiate, alter he has taken a cliarge, shall not 
leave it without the >aiiction ol' thi' Synod, or of the I're-ideiit. 

Si;r. s. No churidi 111 thi- Synod shall rnact anything in the 
loriiiol ( 'on^til iitioii or Jiydaw- in conllut with the < onstitulion 
of Synod or I'oiimila of < ioscrnnifut. 

AiriK l.l'l V. 

(UN IKKTMl s. 

SrriioN I. 'I'hc Synod may divi<leitMdf into L'oiifi'remu' iM-- 
ti'icl< loi- iht' |»ur|)os(.' of holding ( dnt'erencr meeting-. 

Si c. ■_'. i'hr cliirf ..hjccl of -luh mcflmg- shall he the |>reacli- 
■ mg of the Word, mutual coii-ullalioii and ciutfuragt-'iuent in the 
work of the Lord, and siMd^ing in e\'i-ry pioprr way to advance the 
interests of rcdigion among tlii' (diurches. 

Si;c. ;'.. Conference may attemi to any husiness referred to 
tliem hy Synod or hy congregations, which does not specially 
l)elong Lo Synod ils(df. 

Si;!', t. The rec.ords of the ])roceediugs of ( 'onference-; shall he 
siilimitled to Synod for t'\aminalion and review. 

Airnci.K \i. ■ ■ 

I'ltocKss AiiMNsr A .mimsii:k. 
SKcrioN 1. As the honor and success of the gospcd depend very 
much on the character of its ministers, Synod oiigiit to guard with. 
the utmost care and impartiality the conducf of its ministers. 



Skc. 2. All Cliri.stians .^iKjuld he very cuiiticni^ in i^iviiii; credit 
•or circuhition to an evil report of any ineinlier ot the ciiurc'ii, and 
esi)ecially oi" a iiiini^;ter of the K<'^pi'l. If any luenihiM- knows a 
minister to he Kmlfy <»1' :i l>rivate een.suralile fault, lie shoukl warn 
hiiu in private; if liiis prove fruitless, lie should apply to the 
Chureh Couneil, w ho sliall proci'ed as .-pecified iu Chapti'i- I II, 
See. >'), of Fornnila of < io\i'i-nnienl. 

Skc. o. If accusation he lodj^ed aci'onliiiw- lu ('ha|)(ei- 111, Sei-. 
o, with the President within two nii)nlii> ol tlie lu-xl Synudical 
jueetinj;-, he shall defer (he uiatlcr to ,-aid lucetinjj,; yet if the 
charge he (jne of ^■ross innuoralil}, or circii latiui;- liiudamental 
err(;r in d(jctrine, he shall uuuiediatdy direct the accused to su>- 
jiend all hi> uiiuistcri:! I dutio until hi- ca-e is decided, it Mudi 
accusation he lod-cd wuh the I'roideiit ii t n u earlier date, he 
■■^li;<ll> 'I' Hie ch:ii\i;c he oin- n[ _nri>>v iniiuoi;i III}', or circulatiiii; fun- 
damental erior in doctrine, iiuuicdiiiu 13- :r|ipoiiii a connnittee uf 
live ordained unni^ters of t he , to meet wilhuul unneces- 
sary diday at a suilahle place, and instil iiti^ a luruuil in vestii^atKui 
of the, according- t(i the priiu'iplcs of {\\\< fonnula. 'I'he 
rluiiriuau <d' the r.ouuuitlee .-hall -ive at lea,-t leu da\--' udlice {,, 
all |iarlic- courerned of ihc tiiiic and placi of lufetiiii;. 

Si:i'. I. If the Synod is duided luto fonfi'reiice di,-t ricts, t lie 
I'residi'iit may, at his di.veridiou, entrust the luaiter to ( onfeicnce, 
and noldy the mcMuhers to meet and proct'cd as ahove. 

Ski:.."!. Any t hree meml)ers of I he coiuiuiltee, oi- a majority id' 
the (onfei-eiicc thus meeting, shall have power to proceed and 
hold a fair and impartial invi'sti^ation of the c'ase, and to lake all 
such necessary measures as may he just ami propei' to delermiue 
the ^uilt or innoceiu'e (d' the aiuuised. 

Skc. (i. If the accused confess, and (he matter he su(di as innnoralily, or circulatin!; fuudanienlal error, he shall he 
immediately susi)eniled from the e.\erci-e t>i the ollice until the 
mectinj;' of Synod. 

Skc. 7. If a minister aecu.sed ui' Kros> otlenses, hein^ duly noti- 
lied, refuse to a(tend the investigation, he shall he immediat(dy 
.siispeudetl from otiiee. 


SYNOD oi' N()i;i'iii;kx Indiana. 

Ski; S. If tlie iU'ou^t'il ilc'iiy llic cliur^i', niul yet on cxaiuinn- 
ti(jii ut' the uv'uleiu'e Ik; I'ijuiuI guilty, tlic (;(»imuitteL' or ( 'uiirtTeiice 
>hall iu'\ ertliL'less prijcL'tnl to piis8 yeiitenct.' oil him. 

Skc ',). Tlic hi^iiest j)Uiii.shnient wliich can he iiillictcd tiy a 
roiiiniittee or M[)t'(,;ial ('oiil'cTt'iicf, aiipoiiitt'd as ah<»\i' spc'cit'uMl , i.- 
.-iirfiieiisioii troiii cK-riral I'mictioiis; ami this si'iitcm-c i< hi he 
r(.'l)orlt'(i at the ii(;.\l im'L'lim;dl' Ihc Synod, ami le'iiuiiii in lOrci' 
iiiilil reversed hy the Synod. 

Si'ic. 1(1. Any minister intending to a[i|i(.'al Irmn the deei>ioii 
of a committee or Cont'erence, shall Li,ive notice td' it to llie (dtair- 
man ol' the committee or ( 'ont(;rence, within three weeks ot Ihi; 
limi' wlieii the decision wa^ made, thai hoth jiartie^ may he pre- 
pared for a new liia I. 

S|.:c. II. (JonI ereiicc- not --pecially c()n\ eiied j'or ihe pnrjio-e, 
may attend to any (diarL;"e^ </t nn|ioilani'c aL;am~l a mini -lei' wil hin 
their hoiiiid-, il' all the parlie- ( nncerned are prepared and wiilm^ 
to pi'oi eed. 

Si;( . iL'. It at any lime acciisalions he lodged with the I'resi- 
1 It'll I, accord in l;' to ( 'ha pter I 1 I , Sec. •">, tor a le.-s (dl'en-e than those 
^pccilictl 111 Sec. :; (it ihi- A rlicle, he shal I lake no other -lep~ in 
the ca-e than to wiMlc In ihe accii-id and a ccn-cr-, t.' \ in nt m,^ 
them to imitiial t'orhearance, and releirniL;" ihem to the next 

Si:c. h'l, it accusation aL!,ainst a minister he made imnu'dialtdy 
to the Synod, and tin; Synod hclie\e ilselt in po-Ne,s>i()n ol' all Ihe 
evidence necessary loa jii-l decision, t he case may he imniediaUd_\' 
examined :[\)^\ sinitence passed, pro\ided (he accused shall Inu'e 
had litteeii ilays' notice, together with written specilication of the 
(diar<;e hroiii;hl at;ainst him; and thi.s whether he shall he present 
at Synod or not Ihit it Ihe ncci'ssary e\ ideiiee he not hi'tore 
SyiKnl, and the oltt-nso he such as specilied in Sec. ;;, then it ,-hall 
he entrnstt'd lo a commiltei' or ('onterence to [)roci'ed as ahove 

Si:c. 11. it a mmi-^ler he ^iiilt}- ot ,i;ros> iinmora lity, or circii- 
hitini; tiiiulameutal error in doctrine, his senti'iice ot siisjieiision 



,<li:ill not be reinovcil luilil lu' ^luill L;ivc satislaclur}' evidence of 
[leiiitenei! ami ret'orinuCion, ami his re-toralion -liall he li}' the 
.same jiiilicatory w liieii ^usiiemled him , or at il- reconimemhilioii , 
Si:('. ]."). 1 r t he eomnion lepoi t ol' a miiii-tt'r's i;iiill of an\'t>t' 
the ehal•^■es ahovti specirietl In' siieh a.< M'rioiisiy to injure tlie 
cause of religion, and hi- own ciiurch do not proceed against liim, 
il shall lie the iluty of any olhei" mini-ler or la^'nian, haviiit:' ob- 
taiiu'd two oilier -iunatui'c- of <'i-edililc men, to report the ca,-e to 
the rre.-ideiil , 

\i;i Kl.t: \lb 

1. The I'resideut >hall open the hist -e--i(ju (d' Synod with a(i- 
])i'o|iriatc reliiiiou-^ ser\ ice-, ami e\ er^' -i--ion ihei'calter -hall he 
opened am! clo-ed wUh prayer. In the ah-cucc of thi' I'li/.-ideni, 
the >ecrelary shal 1 cond net the opening (■.\ei'<-ise,-, a ml in Iheab- 
>euc(' (d both the (dde-l achnu; muii-tci' pre-eni . 

•_' , ( 'a lliuu, I he roll of miui-lcr- and licentiates by Secrelar)', 
ami not iii.t; the ab,-cniees. 

;;. bccepliuii id' lay dcb'i;ate-, w ho -hall e\h;bi( iheir ccitili" 
cale- III ap|iomlnicnl ami be rcL^i-leied 

I. A pplicatioii- 1 or meiiiber^hip I loin other lutheian Synod> 
received. If objection be inadi' to an applicant, the case .-hall be 
deferred until after Synod is fully or;j,;uii/ed. 

•"). KeadiiiL;' I hi' i'l'esidcnl's annual report. 
Ii. Eieidion (d' odicers for the eiisuini;' yi'ar. 

7. i»elei;ates from (dher .'^yiiod-, or members from other 
bodies, received. 

s. Miniili'sof the last Synud refi'ired to a committee. 

II. .\ 1 1 papers inlended loi'lhe Synod may be handed in, and 
verbal notice i;iven .d' any important business iulended to be 
brought bid'ore S) noil. 

10. 'The [lapt'rs may be taken up and discussed or referreil to 
a |)pi'oi)riate committei's, w ho can rcpoii at any time when I'eady. 
Reports of sjxH'ial and standim; committee'^ shall liax'e prefei'ence. 



svN'Oi) OF N()r.'i'iii:i;.\ Indiana. 

]1. I'resentiilion of i>:iroclii:il rejxirt^ iicconliiii; t(.i t he ruk-.-:: ol 

ri. 'I'reHSurer's Keiiurt, 

I'.'t. KdurHtion uiul inissitiuiiry liu>iiu's>. This may Ik- at- 
tent-led to by Synod a.s a wliolf, or i inniuillft's may lie rliai-yivl 
with it, wlio .sluill rei)ort t(j Synod. 

14. N'acant fom;rfna lions in(iuiifd iido and |>ro\ision madi- 
tor lliem . 

1"). l'r((misciioiis husines-. 

Iti. i*]it'clioii oT ilidegates to (iencral Synod, and o\' trii.-lecs or 
du-ectors ill any nistilntion in wiiicli Synod i> ruiiic-cnliMl All 
oifclion- sliall 111' liy IkiIIoI . 

17. A|i|ioint mcnl ol dcdcuatc- to other Synods or otluT ectdi'S- 
ia~tical liodie<. 

is. ('hoice of time and |ilaee of ineclnii;. 

]'.} . Ad join ninc^id of .Synod lo lijiic and |ilace ol' ne\t meeting;. 
Synod ,^liall he (do.-ed willi a |iiii'o|iriaU' icdi^ioii- exercises. 

.\i:'i K i.t; \ II 

Sn I. 'I'lie .M mi-iri mm i- iom|iii-i'il of ihe ordanu'il mm- 
istei'fci ol Synod , and shall ha\e eliar-e ot 11 ii' exainnial ion ol' ean- 
didales, liei'ii^niH' and ordination of minisU'r>, ieee])lion ol' min- 
isters from other ecelesiuhtical hodics, and the examination and 
decision of eliar^es ol' heresy aj;'aiiist any of its own meuihers. 

Skc. :!. 'I'he oHieers ol' Synod shall hi' otlieers of the Min- 
islerium, and shall attend to Ihe dnlies ol' ^neh idlicers 

Si:e. 15. .\ ineetini;' ol' llii' .Mini-lerinm may he ealled at tiny 
time during the Cunvealion of Synod, h)' the I're.sidiMil, and he 
sliull eiill one when reciuesled hy three mendi(.'r>. 

Si:c. -I. A s|»ecial iiieetinj; of 1 lie Mini.-lerinm may he ealleil liy 
the I'rebident when ie(iiie>ti'd in writinjj, hy one-third of the 
ordained ministers of Synod , slatiinj, tlie ohject of ihe meetini;. 
<>l'snch ineetini; notice miisl he L;i\X'n, hy circular or letter, lii'teen 
(lays [irevionsly . 

<)K(iAM/AriON AND CONS riTl'TlON. 


Si'i'. n. The exaiiiinatiou ol' caiulidatt's I'di- lici'ii^-iirc may he 
conducted hel'ore the uliolr Mini>tiMiiiiii, or in private hy a e(,iii- 
7iiittee appointed lor llial purpose, as the M inivltTiuni may 

Smc. (;. 'I'he exannnalion shall endiraee at lca,-l Ihe lolhjw ini;- 
(siihjeet.s, viz.: I'rrMinal I'lely and the Alolives lor Scekui- Ihe 
Ollice of the Ministry, ihe Oii-inal | Ilehrcw and ( ii-eid< | 
of the inspn-cd Seriptnres, 'I'lirolo-y, ('hiirch lli-toiy, I'a-loral 
'lMieol()L;,y, i lonii Iclic-, and CliLnTh (ioverninenl. 

Si;c. 7. In all easi',- (d' lieeiL-nre or oi'd malion, a vole ol Iwo- 
tlnnl.s (jf the nicnihcr,- |)rc-inl >hall \>v neee-sary; and Ihc-ame 
■-'i''" '"■ '"'•'ii'ii'l I'll' 'In' icci'plK.ii of a nnniMiM- apjd\ niu lor 
adini-^sion Irom a n(d Inr dciioniiiialion , alln ha\ni,L: nndtT^one 
>neli (■xaniiiial:(;n a- may InMhcmcil iirrcs^aiy hy the Mim-lcnnm, 
or in sn(di Syii(;d where the M un-leiinm n. .1 e\iM , hv t he 

>!.('. S. 'I hi' eeremons' of liia^nsure and ordinalioii ,-hall he 
performed aeeordini; to ihe lornn pre-cnhed m Ihe l.hni-\- i,| the 
<;eneral Synod, and the ordinalion iiKi)- he edher al (he nme o|' 
the a^-endded MnuMermm, or in liu' ( liureh lo w iu.di ihe uidi\ id- 
nali- railed, l,y a eomimllee appomied hy.ih.' M iniv(,.ri nm loi' 
Ihe |)nrp( i^e. 

See. 1). All lieen-e.s shall exieiid lo Ihe lime of Ihenexl ainiiial 
inee!in»- of llu> .Ministeritnn, and shall he renewal as a mailer of 
course, unless salisfaelory reason.s are knou n to ihe M inisUiriinn, 
w hitdi render a icnewal int^.xpedienl. And il' foranyrea-on no 
ineelin- he held al llni appomied time, liu) licenses -ranled h\said 
Minisleriuin shall remain in force until revoked. 

Skc. 10. Ideeiitiates .shall keeji a jom-nal (d' Iheir ministerial 
acts, which, with a few sermons of their own eomposilioii, shall 
be siihinitU'd lo tin; Minislerium for inspection. 

,Si;<'. 11. The followini^- shall he the order of business in Ijio 

1. Opening- witii prayer, or prayer with other suitable reUniuus ' 
exercises. ... i 


2. Calliii.'; ul^ the roll. 

o. CoiiinHiuiciitiou by the I'rcsidcnl of any business whicli he 
iiiuy Jiave to report. 

4. Presentation of the lieensey, journals ami sermons of the 

'i. Application of candiilates f(jr exainiaation, if not already 
examined h}' a comnntlee, and also the application f((r the recc[)- 
tion of ministers from other denominalions. 

(I. lleariiii;' of reports from the examinint;; committees, (jr I'rom 
committees on journals and sermons of licentiates, (jr from any 
other committee! iippointed hy the Mini-tcrium. 

7. I'ronnscnoiis Pu-iness r^dalm^ to the ministry. 

,S. Adjournment with -uilahle reli.^ious exercises. 

Skc. 1-. All hu-iiu>s not sjx'cilica lly iidrustcil m this ]'\irmnla 
to the A[inisteriui>i, shall belong- to the Synod. 

Si:c. 18. In the installation of a [lastoi-, the i'eremon3'of instal- 
lati(jn -hall lake place in tlu! churrh to which he is called , and 
Khali he conducted accordini; to the form prescribed in the Lit- 
ur<4j' of the •icncral S3'nod. 

iM()Ni-:i:i; \\o\ik and n\'(»i;ki-:ks. 

(ireat clianj^es have occurred on the territory of tlii.s 
Synod during the forty yeais of hvv existence. One unfamil- 
iar with ])ioiU'er life and work can scarcely conceive what a 
mighty and glorious transformation has been etl'ected. Every- 
thing has changed. ' Small villages have grown to thriving 
and l)iisy cities. New centers of traftic have sprung up iu the 
waste j)laces ol" field and forest. l>y-j)aths have heeji con- 
verted into highways of commerce. The hovel has given way 
to the mansion. The old log church has been replaced by 
l)eautiful churches of matchless architectural skill. All these 
indicate the ditKculties which attended the labors ol:' the mis- 


'^u\% ; 

i:i;v. men w i.i.i.n. 

KK\ . \Vi:,I.IAM WAl.r.M \.\. 

IIKV. I.KVI Iflrj:. 

I'lONEKR WORK AM) \V()1;KE1:,S. ] •) 

fiioiKirii'.s (if tlu' ci-o^s ill tlKjse early days. The (•(Hiiiliv \\a^ 
only ill its ruimali ve peiiod. It \va.-, coiiiparatively S[)('akiii'j;, 
only .sparsely settled. The peopK. were l>e-iiiiiiiio the work of 
l)iiildiii<4- u|) their hoiues and rorlnnes. As a ride ihev were 
I""»i'. Ill <-onse(|iie!;ee (d" this tin- iiiiiii-hr reeei\'e(| a v<Ty 
niea,-ier and inaihMjuale siippoil. Theeiiiire salary then reeei\cd 
l)y some would not iidw pay the rental for the home i,{' some 
of the memhi^rs (d' this hody. h'roni the ivewrd-; u[' (ine (d the 
oldest pa.-torafes we [iv\ a ^i^-limpse im,, this pha.-e n\' the 
jiioneiM- work. A pastor was extended a call to a Held, | la, 
extreme points (d' whieh were rrmii tliirly-tive i,, fort \- mile.<. 
lie was rxpected to j)reaeh al half a dozni place.- already 
eslalili.-hed, ami "to uather the people at m'w> with 
a yiew of or^ani/.inii- other conureLial inns. " j''(ir thi- he wa.'^ 
pled-ed the .-iim of (Uie hundred and lilly didhirs. In hi.s 
reply the pastor >aid: " I heiehy imiM heartily accept tlu; call 
extended u> iiie, helieyiiiu- it lo lie a yoier frein (iud through 
.v«"i I" "I''"' In iho.e day.> the avera-e -iippi.rl did not exceed 
two hundred and lifty dollars, and yet upon this the ininisltu- 
and U\> family must liye. Jle was ex|)ected l(j deyole hi.s 
entire time to the ul)l)uildin^• of the (diiirch. Indeed, when wo 
consider the lar^e aimjiint of territory incliuled in most of the 
early jiastorates, we are assured tliut they could not have 
diyided their time eyea iC they had l.een ,^o inclined. JNFost of 
them had lield.s that included from three to six of our present 
pastorates. This re(iuired an immense amount of trayel, and 
it wa.s often attended with <^n-eat ddticiilties and peril. Vku\ 
roads and swollen streams, with all the dangers they presented, 
could not keep them from their appoiutineuts. AVheii the con- 
dition of the former was such as to make it impossible for the 


SYNOD OF N(ii;i'iii:i;n Indiana, 

l)(':i>l uf hunlfii to make liis way throiiuli tlion, llic piTaclicr 
would walk tell <ii- iiri^M'u miles lallicr (liaii (li-a|i|)i/iiil liis 
|).M)|iI('. Ami when the laid i- .seemed |o >liii( olV all |)(),--^iliilil v 
of ivacliiiiLj: Ins <U sliualidii, lie would iiai>i hi lii> raillifiil 
lioi>e foi- sal'ety and |ilini;ie into the mid-t nf ihe ,-wulleu tide. 
\\\ niij,lit and li)'(lay llie.-e jowMieys were made, a|i|iaieiil l\' 
withoiil a miii-mui- oi (•(,m|daiiil. And in eoniieclion willi tliem 
tin I'e was a iii'eal dral of |)|-eaclMnL: ii(|uii-ed. Sr.ldcm le.-s 
than lliree limes on Sniidav', an<l nsnalh' >everal lime,-, dniani;- 
llu'Weelv. Their ineeliiiL;- were al-o held anywhei-e ihal a 
convenienl place eoiild he fouml. In -aove-, in harns. in 
sehool hon-c-. in private dwidlin-s, in Iol;- eh n rehe- that wci-e 
Iniill and a- .-olemnl\ eouseerated a- the moi'e heaulilnl sli'iic- 
lnroS(jr laler days, these L'alheiin-^ wci'e held and llie wind 
jiriacliiMl ami ihe ,-aeiamenls ailnnni-lei . d. In >neh ohires 
souH' ol' (Uir he-1 eoni^i'ei^at ions were or-a iH/,e(| , ami njion the 
toundation< of ,>neli faith and devolimi lhi\- wri'e Inull. 
•• l|i'inemli/r llie ila\> uf (>ld, e,.n-iilei- lie' \ear- uf many 
U'enei al iwn-. a-k ihy lalhei- and he will >lmw ihee, ihv eldei-,> 
and lhe\ wdl lell thee." -'hay.-. >hoidd -|i<ak and mnlti- 
Inde of N'eai's .-lioidcj teaidi wisdom." 

The men who did ihiswcn-k helieved that they Were called 
(d' (iod, and where In' ilii'ecled tln^y were willinL;' lo uo. The\' 
son-hl his guidance. TIk'V were |)|-e cmineii I h' mni of jinnirr. 
Their dillicnllies and trials, theii' hanlships and dixMJii i-au'c- 
nieiits Were taken 'Mo the lyord in |)ia\ei." and ofilinu'> ihey 
continn.-^d to wre-tle in |n'ayer until ihe id'jhl (d' their trials 
|fassed and the dawn (d' a lietter (la\' a|)|ieai'ed. Many td' 
tlu'in ki|il a "'praying- lisl." It contained the nanu'> of ihosc 
with whom they came in contact who wcic in spet-ial ucimI of a 

rioNinoK WdUK and wokkkiis. 


niiiiistci's |U';i\ci's ;iii<l (mhiiiscIs. 'I'licif. too, wvn- the iiaiiu's 
of the uiK-,,11 vci'icil . wlidiii lli('\ li( III Ik IOi\' a lln'oiic uT L:i;if<' 
until llii'V wiMc 1iiiuil;1i1 td ic|KMilaiH'i'. Soiiicrmio llicy Wdiild 
:<rc .-(iiiif ()!'■ llic iiicii wliii \\ri\' ilu' wm.-l o\' .-iuiicr- Imiulily 
ciiiiiiiii^' and iiii|uiiiiiL:' wLal lli(\ inii.-l dd Id hcsaVdil, Tlic-c 
'• l)rayiiiL;' lisl>'" Idld the >lu\y vi.t\ dl'li'ii dl' aii-w cird pi-awr, 
and ciiCdiii-a'^iMl ihrin Id wnik on and |n;n' dii until the dlijcid 
.S()Ul;1iI was olitaincd. It is a Idi'^.-cd sni;i:rsiidii Idf cxci-v 
< diii-lian. And lidw that li-l will L:id\v wlirn \\radd Id it the 
(liinLis that daih' ai'i--i' in oui' ex )iciicnc('! I'mt what a ^ldi-\ il 
will tell al'.fr a w hilf (d' an,-\U'i cd |Ha)iT! Sdnl> sa\ im| , ditii - 
cult ic- cinKiiicird, liariii'i',- i-cnioxcil, |)li'.->ii|o-,^ attained. Wlio 
iindc|-.-tdd(l ilii- licltdi' than llic-r |iidnici- lU'cachi'is who were 
(■(Mil ininilly •' I5allci-inu the Liali- of hcaxdii with ,-ldnn,> <A' 
jii-a\ cr. " 

'I'hcy wci'c al-d raillil'iil jiri'itcln i'^ of flic icard. Ndonu 
can Idwk ttiidii-h (lir |i-i nT -ulijirt- |iiinldd in cmiiiutI idu 
\\\\\i lUv annual niinuli- dl S\ Udd and nut iiali/d llii- Iruili. 
No owt- can fxainiiir the |>iivalt' iccdid dl' duc (d tlii-sc ,-rr\ants 
(d' llif MasliT and not lie (•du\iiM'i(| of jjir I Ihu'dU'^ lil v Uihiical 
cliaiadfi' (d' Ids lU'datdnuL'. The Wdi'd id' ( Jdd uas tiic lur-satii' 
they were sent Id d(li\ai-. 'IdiidiiLili that Wdi'd ihcy hcai'd liini 
.sa\', ''I'lcjudi the lucaidiiuL; thai I Idd IIkt." Tlify |U(;uduil 
il I'laiidy and direct I}'. IuId the ear.- td' the sinner lliey tliun- 
deicd (lie leiTdis dl' the law, and then tdid id' the Mes.-ediu-.-s 
(d grai'e. Td them hea\cn ami hell were xdenin realities, and 
not ii;.^iiu'nls of the iiuauinaliun. Itepentaut'e aiul lailli were 
ossenlial to >al\alidn, and their JK'arius were not left m doidit 
lis td wiiat they l)(dieved. TIua had cdnvieliiins in w rdui;ht hy 
the spirit dl'<idd,and tlicy aimed lhr(Uii;h (he raithliil nreaidi- 

I- SYNOD oi' Noiriii i:i;n inimana. 

iiiLi; :il' llu'Woi'd t(i Imni lliciii into uilici- lirarts and minds. 
'Jdicy laid stress U|M»n all the means ut' L;ia<"^'. Children were 
(•(inseerated to CtoiI in the li(il\- (irdinanee id' l)a|itism. Tlu'V 
were gathered to^i-l her and insliiieled in the tt'aehini^> of the 
<diureli, ami ni-<i('d t.o ui\c the'i;- hearts and li\-e^ l<i (ind l)\' a 
pnlilie ]irnl\'>-i(in (jf i\dii;iiui in thescdemn I'ile of einiliiinat inn. 
'Idie -aeranu'iil (d' the altar was always highly estet'iued. t'om- 
munion seasiui- were nsnally Ide-.-i'd nianil'estat ions of i^raee. 
IJcre the}' came into a real and vital eommnnion with llieir 
Lord. So all the means of Liraee wiTr taitht'idlv n-ed. TlieN' 
IVIl that they mn>t adapt themselves to (ioir> melluids, and in 
doinij (hat they I'onnd Lii'eal io\- and l)le->eilne--s and iiidlil in 
his ^-erviee. Their works are (haraeleii/.ed l>y w ondeifid liihd- 
ily, and (iod made them iireal "\\inner> (d' sonls." lie 
owned and lilcs.-rd their faithrul elVorls. l.onL:' after the\- 
have all pas.-ed lo iheir leward will there he those lo I'ise up 
and le-tify y^i tin- uood ihal llic\- have done and in -'the 
er>'\\n of ihrir reiwi^■ill^■ ' " ihere will In iiian\ lii-illianl >tars. 

Till': s\N()i) A.\i) '1MI1-: (;i:,\I':i;al syxod. 

'Idle coir-^titntion of tin.- synod was franud with the \dew 
(d' heeondn^- idenlilied with the (ieneral Synod. In il j)ro\i- 
sion was made for the (deelioii of deleijales to that l)od\-. The 
j>nr()ose (d' thelounders lliertdoic appears in their first aels. 
I )eeisive steps Wert' taken diiriiiL:' t he second c(ni \ I'lil ion when 
the folldwini! reS(diitioii was passed: 

■' l!,sulri(l, That tiii^ Synod approve of the jiresiMit position of 
the (ieneral Syiunl of tlie l'A'ain;xdieal Lutheran (diureli ni the 
I Miited States and make the necessary airan-ements to mute w itii 
tile same." 

'I'm: ,sv.\(ii) AND Tin: <iK.VKi;,\i, k^xod. 


Delegates wiM'e eK'ctt'd aii-l at llu- uicctint: uf the ( iciieial 
SyihMl ill lu'adiii-, I'a., ] SftJ , il was )-ccfi\c(l a> a )»ait of thai 
body. This is siiiiiilicant in \'ic\v (.1' the i>lii:i(iiis iMUit lovcrsy 
that cxislcil ill the Liithcraii rhiiicii. li was iinl miK- a i-cji'C- 
tioii n\' the I)i'liiiitc SyiKMlical I'hil liinii , hut al-o a drchnal ioii 
that the iiiiallrrcil A iiii-hiiriiCoiiics.-ioii >h(iiihl he its <i(ict liiial 
Ijasis. 'I'hat Vfiicralih- (hiciiinciil was rcLiai-.hi| a.- .-cltiiiL;' I'wrth 
'• the I'liiidaiin'iilal ih>ct iiii.> id' Scri |.l iirc in a /naiiiirr siih-taii- 
tially cun-crt." The lihtral -piiil whirh chai actcri/i'd th'r 
(Ji'iirral Synod in ii.- inlri'|)rci;il iwii id' the \al■il/n^ ai'li(dr,- uf 
il> ciccd was accfi»lrd as Sciipl n |-a I . ■■'I'ln- h 1 Icr ki licl h hut 
t he .-|.ii it ;jivrth life." Siih-iM| iicnl I v \\ ht ii IVuni il- nn•(■lin^ 
in ^ urh, I'a., IMM, ihc (itntial SyiKid mmiI chiwn In tin' di,-- 
tricl Synoils cci-laiii )n-(i|)(i.-cd changes to its <ron-t il nt ion , llic 
Norlhfin Indiana Synod ar(|iiic.-c(M| and with ihal hoi|\' ih'chircd 
its doctrinal hasi-. to ho " The wi.rd id' < iod a> roniaiiicd in 1 lie 
( 'aiioiiical Scii|,|iirc- ,,!' d,,. ()|,| ;iiid N, \v 'r.-iann-iit- a,^ llie 
"inly inlainhh- nih- ,.|' laitli and |>i:ini,-,' and ihr .Vn-dnirii' 
("onl.s.-ioii as a coircct ex hihil ii m nl thi' rninhinionial < lines 
id' llic Divine Word, and liie faith (d' mii ehnreli i'oiin(h-d upon 
that Word." This was iiiterjireled as a mere veihal (dian^c, 
(lesiniK d to correct certain erroiieons iin|Mession> wliiidi the 
cileinie^, (jT I he ( ieiui a! Sy nod had created against \\ii-. || was 
ill no w i>e reuarih'd as a chaiiLii' in Inv docfrinal position. It 
was >eltinii- aside iinh'linite ainl amhipiioiis |dirase(doL;\- lo a\ oid 
niis-re|)reseiilalioii in the I'litiire, and to hriiiL!' the entire ciiiircii 
to recognize the inie Lutheran po-ilion (d' the S\nod that was 
iornied I'm- tlie purpose oj' uniting the di\ ided (dement,- of our 
liuust'hold of faitli It was a hearty acceptance of the (MiI\' 
C'onres.-ioii thai has heeii iini\ersall\' received in the Liitluiau 
cdiiirch. Nothin;!;- more, iiotliinn h's-. 


svNdi) oi" .\()i:ii[i;i:x Indiana. 

riu; S\'li(»(l also e'X|»r('<-ril its apiM'oN'al dl' the niliiiL; ni the 
I'loitlciil (if tlu' (Iciu'ial Sviioil at it> iinetiiiu in I't. \\ a\iic, 
Iiiil., iMiC), at, which cci-t-aiii (if its iiiciiihcr,- tonk cxc'ciilioii and 
wilhilicw I'l-oiii that h(i(l\'. Whih' (lilVciTiiccs of o|)iiii()ii pic- 
vaih'il a.- t(i that I'liliiiii' llie ('(Uiix' dl' who withdiew was 
regarded as ri'\ uliitioiiaiA , and not tu he chriishcd in a Imdv 
wliosi! aim wa.s to unite and not sepaialc 'Ihc point of dilTci'- 
cnre was reiiai'iU'd a^ |iarlianit'ntai'V and not (Kict riiial , and 
hence t he w it hilraw al w a~ not on!\' (h(|il v re:_;retted Iml -c\ercl v 

In ii~ \\\i nlieih aiiimal c(,n\t nlion it wa.- ordeieil that ihe 
coii-l it ut ion of Svin/d Ik- revised • • .-o as lo harnioin/e wit ii that 
|Mdpli.-hed by the ( ieneral SynotI . " 'Idie ■'Mrder I'or I'nhlic 
W'or.-hiji" |)rovi(h'd at W'ashiniiton was i-e|i(Mleil to lliisS\'nod 
and wa- a|j|troved. It was jirinted in the ndnnte-< and llie con- 
^reiial ion.~ w (M'e ii|-^'e(| to a(hi|il it in theii)inMic um-.-hip. The 
snh-ei|nrnl action i,{' the (Ieneral S\iu/d in co-oijerat iinj with 
olhi r Liilhc|-an hudic- in the pi rpaial ion ol a coinnion (U'lhr ol' 
.-ei'\ ice was hcarlily ap|iroved, hnl tin' S\nod was never satis- 
lied with tiii^ resnils. The service was iml adapted to the 
need,-, ol' tlie (diurches in lids hod\ , and the con,-5e(pn'nce is that 
it lias never lieen used. A ineniornil wa.- picsentcd to (he 
(Jeneral Syinxl at its nieetiiiii,- in ('anton, ( )hio, IML'!, asking- 
for a Ijook of Worship without the so-callei| coniinon service. 
The ])el itioii was not granted, InU the S\ nod in it,^ lo\alty to 
that (lodv accepted the denial sinipl\' "as the will ol' tin; 
inajoi-ilv." The l>ook (d' l'\Mni,- pro\'i(h'd l)\' the (ieneral 
Synod i.s usi'd hy the inendters id' this Synod in their \aiious 
,ser\'ice:>. The appoi'tioninents made I'or t lu' dillcri-nt lienevo- 
leul ohject.s of the (diui-ch are al\vay.s accepteil and faithful 

'I'liio SYNOD AXi) Till': (ir,M:i;AL synod. 


I'lliirl i.s iiiikIc Ik placi; al least tins aiiKiuiil into tl<r 1 1 ca-iirics 
ol our N'arioiis J)()ar(l>. 'Tlir Synod aims In make t lie a|i|ii»ili()ii- 
iiK'iit tlif iiiiiiiiiiiiiii ^)[' its iiiviiiu'. In r\ci\- pai't iciilar llirmi-li 
thc-c I'oi-ty \i-AV> of its lii>l()iT has llic Norilicni Indiana Synoil 
\)vr\\ liiyal to tlif (u'lid'a! Synod, ol'ltinns -acrilicin? il> own 
])rLdci'cnccs in oi-dci- to aid in the pi'oinoiion of t he pvacr and 
|iro-|»ciity of all. 

Tlu' lollowinudidcLiatrs wen- cKh'IimI to I lie ( u-inTa I Synod 
at the i-c-|Hcl i\ <■ inccliiiL:- ol' thai liod\': 

is.',:— IJcadln--, I'n.-^-ilcv,-. II. W clU, I ). SnnI h, .Mt— -i'-. .I.Say- 
l(ji-, ]'. Iii-li(j|>. 

is.V.t— I'itt-hur--, I'a. IJrv-. II, Wrll,~, h. <niilh, .M.--I-, .laiiu- 
l'('])ldi', Saniind < ornill. 

iSdL! I.ancaMcr, I'a.^-JIi-vs. K. f. Dclo, II. Wcll^, W . Wallnian, 
S. I'. Snyder, Mes^r.s. .J. S. I;arnell, Sannnd I'] — irk, j(. I 'iilmli/, < i . 
W. Wallmaii. 

i^iil Yoik, I'a Kev-. W. Wallnian, II. WelU, (i. \V. WiUon, 
M( — i'-. M. riaid^, I'. l;i~lio|,, |». Kuon-. 

I'^t'"' ft. W a\ iie, in.l l;,\- W. I', linlhi.iull, K. !•'. Iiflo, s. I'. 
Snyder, II. \\ .•Il<, Me--is. II., I. K'lniiMll, .\ . W. l-'ieenian, .\l. S(ian,«;- 
ler, I). 1). Knisrly. 

isliS liariid)ur^-, i'a. - lU'Vs. (1. W. Wil-on, \V. Wallman, 1 1 . 
\Vell>, Ah'SM-s. h. s. K<m1, I). Koon-, M. nmler. 

isil'j- Wa.-hin-ton, l>. ( '. Kev,-.. .1. .\. Hainet I , k. I-'. Ueh., ,1 . 
Boon, i\li'.^,-r.-. .\. W. Morri.^on, W. Keil, J. 11. Speaknuin. 

I.s7i — Daylon, ( »hio.— Kevs. (I. \\. Wil-on, .V. ,1. ( ronuT, H. I'\ 
Jlills, .\le>M>. J. Sinilh, l'\ W. Keil, A. W. -Morri-on. 

is?;; Cantcjn, oliio. Hev.s. I. S|,rceher, .1, I,. ( inard, 1 1. Well-, 
l:. l'\ lUdo, .Me<M>. I». S. Keil, Janiei W'oiden, I'eter Ih^hop, .1. K. 

1>S7") - JlaUiiuore, I\I(|.— lu-vs. K. W. Kiiek, I.. Kiee, S. I'. Sny 
dor, .\,.). Dou-his, .Me. SIS. I >. W. (ian-ler, Wdliani l-'o.v, .l.,lin l!d- 
^^er, .\. \V. ,M()rri>,)n. 

1^577 Carlha.^e, 111, -Kevs. S. Kcdso, A. II. Sindehaker, l'\ liid- 


SYNOD OK Noi: riii:i;\ jndiaxa. 

(lie, .J. L. (Iiiard, .Messr-^. Jacoh Kiiiiiii, W. K. lifilicr, .1. Chii^^ttui, 
JlcMiry Dclo. 

isrii \\'.)>r, oiiiu.— Kevs. J. H. Balt/lcy, I'. 1'., .1. 1.. <iuar>l, 
II. WflU, (i. I'. i;aii[., .1. (i. I'.uldK', ?»l('--i>, .). l!il;;,r, owiii ilinnL 
I'liilip l;ay, .1. Smith, J. Ilaiiip. 

IS.Sl— Altona, I'a. -lte\>. J. I!, llclwi,-, i >. M., II. Weils. Jl. ( :. 
(irossiiiaii, r.. 1'. Stiiltz, l». I'\ Kain, Messrs. A. .) . I )(iiiick , A. W'.. 
Morrison, Michael Keed, I!. I'\ Thomas, William l''o\. 

lss;;-S|)rin-;iieKI, Ohio. i;e\s. I ). 11. Snowdeii, I'h. I'., K. D. 
Smith,.). !,. (iiiard, ,1. ('. .lacohy, S. Jvel-o, .Me.-rs, I'hilip Kay,*'. 
I). Waidlieh, .\. .Melnt^'re, Ira (ii-uhh, Adam Ceiit/.ler. 

l,s>s". liarnshiiri^, i'a.— llevs, K. K. I'.aker, 11. Well>, W. I'. 
Trover, \j. Iliee, W. M.Smith, Messrs, Owen lliird,,). l'\ Ijiholl,'., 
1'. lli>hop, W. 1'". I'rhdi, .). Walhorii. 

IssT Omaha, Neh. Kevs. .1. ShalVer, O. W. Bowh'U, I). l'\ 
Kain, K. W. I'jiek, .Messrs. Wm. \\>\, W. I-'. Keiher, I-'. 11. Whij-per- 
man, A. W. Morri-on. 

iss'.i .Mli'^hany, I'a. ilevs, W. 1.. Tedrow, l,.S. Keyser, <'. .) . 
Kieter,C. II. ivixd^ey, Messrs. I'liilip Kay , M . 1 reland , W. ,1 . W il- 
lells. A. SlialVer. 

l•^!d Lebanon, I'a. Kev-. I. A , l loiw.a Id, I >, I •.. A. .1 . I )oii- la>, 
I". \'\ Kam. .1 A. West, Messrs Ira .1. i.rnlih, A. Meyers, !>. I >. 
K in^ely, Adam Stoiii. 

is'.i;; Canton, o. -Itev.s. W. 1,. Tedrow, E. \\ . Kriek, S. !'. Kry- 
lier,i;cr, K. h'. Slult/, .Messrs. lManl<rm lliinl, l.uther Troxcd, W. 11. 
l.e,L;;;it, L. W. Trt'aeh. 

TiiK SYNOD .\?Ni) 'riii<: ('()LLK(;i:. 

Iliiilier (duislian education has alway.s received s[(ecial 
altenlioii in ihisSvnod. At it.s tirsl eon\n'nlion, immediately 
al'ler its ori;:ini/.ation, Ivev. -lacol) W'ollV stated thai he would 
Soon open a .-eiiiinaiy ueai' ( 'oes^e, Indiana. It was <le>iij,ned 
to piepare yoiiiii;' nu'n lor (•olle}.;\! and lor the ^d,-pel ministry, 

Tin-: SYNOD AXI> Tin: ((tl.LEfiK. 


liopiiii: tlu'i'diy to sci'vo the iiitcivsl,- of tlic Liidiciaii church 
oil this vast ti'irilor)'. I{cv. WolIT was hiiiiscir a graduate 
()!' an caslci'i) culh-;^c and a thoniiitih schnhii'. lie knew the 
\V(iilh III' ail cdiicalt'd ministry, and thiis MiiiLfht to weave the 
oiliicalional ch-inciil into ihc viMV I'niiiMhuioiis of the newly 
orgaiii/eil Synod. AnaiiL:(!nenl> had ali'iad\ heeii nia<h' for 
a siiitahle liiiihlinii ami lie (dVeicil >'_',.■)()(). 00 as a nucleus for 
an (iidowmeiil ritnd. llis |>i-(i))o,-ili()iis i-ecei\'ed the lu-arly 
a])i»ruval oC tlu;S\nnd, and she pledLied 1)\- fornial action her 
s)'m|>alhy and siipiioil. Alioiit one month later the iii,-l it ut ion 
known l.iiown a.- '• Wartlnir^- Seminary" was ojieiied lor 
iiisl ruction. 

I'rol'. A. .1. Doiiii'las, a yoiiiiLi' man of commaiidiiiL; 
iiitliience as a tea(dur, was placed in charge. l)iirinL; the lli>t 
year <d' its cxi.-tcnce, ahoiiL .^cvciit ij-firt yoiim;- nu'ii a\ailed 
iheinsidves of its jili \i leL:e,~. Il proini.-ed to lieol' iiiiat iisc- 
rnliie.-.- to (he chnndi, Init, nn foil nnalel \- , the nexl \v\\v a 
mindiei of circiim.-laiico comhinc<l loian-r I'lot'. I )oiil; la- lo 
withdraw. Thi.-wasa se\rn Mow. 1 1 is pei'.-onal po|,idarit\ 
and recoLiiii/ed ahility as an iiisl rnctor, Jnid drawn nian\- of 
the,-e yiMinu' men hilher. Inder iJev. W idiV 's direction.-, the 
instil (ilioii was continued with vaiN'ini;' dei^rees of success 
until the year IMIO, when il was ihou-hl that a more eligihlc 
localion niiiiht l)e secured. Il was also deemed a<l\isal>le lo 
cstahlish an insliliition on a liroadir ha-is. S\iiod aj>[uiiiiled 
a comnnltee to look ioi- a location fo|- the cstalilishiiicnl of 
"a elas.-ical and iheolo^jical iiisl il nl ion " on its own lerritoiy, 
and to as<'erlain what inducenmnis wtudd he oll'ered. W'illeii- 
IxM'i;- College, at Siirimiheld, ( )hio, was at this lime a N'oun^- 
and risiier iirstitiitioii. Her inlliieiu-e was lieiiiii f(dt lliroimh- 


.SYNOD oi' xoi; riri;i:N Indiana. 

out tliu cliiD'cli, 111)1 only in ()liio, luit in the ailiaccnr -lalo as 
well. I'^orlunatclv , a> if \>y the di ccc linn ol' dixiih' pinvi- 
(Iciic-c, that coniniittiH- cainc to realize llie neee,->ilv of the 
cliureh <M)inl)iiiiiiL:' lier elVoiis ami sii-en-tli in the ii|>-lniililinL;- 
oJ her e(lncati<»iial in>t it nl ioii>. Insleail of icportin-- ra\or- 
ahiy I'or the eslahlishnieiil of >urh an iiistit ntion on her own 
territory, (he attention of Ssiiod \va> direeled to W illenher--. 
ThoiiLihtfiil and earnest discn,->iun lollowcd. I^acli >idp had 
its ad\()cales. It was onl\- a dill'erence of opinion a- to loca- 
tion. Tile wt'H'areor the eliureh was the oiieohjeet soii-hl. 
'Ihecfdleuc and the theoloLiieal seniiiiary were a 'reeoiiiii/ed 
iiece.^sity. W i-e eoniistd preNailed. The lollowinj:- preainhle 
and resolut ion were adopted : 

Wii i:;;i:a>, 'I'lie I .nliieran Clnirch has always son^lit [n have 
aiieiliualed niiiH>try, and ha- -mee ihe llerorinatioii liceii llii' 
toster niuilier of >ei<'ina' and learnni'^; and 

\\'ni:i;i:A-, i'\ir t he rea ii/,alioii of Ihi- de-iralde end, it i> nee 
f--.ii\' to e-i.iMi~ii (MlleL;e- i>[ a lii'jh L;i:ide, and adeipiaU'ly 
eiiduw sueli ni-i II ui i(in>; anil a~ we find --neh an ni~liliiti(in in 
Willciiheii; ('olleuc uhieh need- onr -yniiialh)' and sii|i]Mirl: 

Ui.^olrt'il. 'I'lial we, the ,'>_vnod of Norlheni Indiana, do now 
in Synod eonvi'iied, eonneet our.-.el\ t's wilii NN'iltenlierL;" Colleue 
anil (deet onr (|iiota of Director.-. a> jiart of the Hoard oi' thai 

It was the inarriaiie cei'einonN' id' (he SvihmI and the (\>\~ 
h't;-e, and it proved a happ\' iiiiioii. -''riieN- twain" hecann' 
one in s\inpalhv and .-er\ice for the ina>ter. With heart- and 
hands united ihroiii^li the niiselli.-h love of the ijiispil, tin A' 
together started upon a career of us<d'iilnes> that could not 
otherwise have heeii attained. I'-ach has sei'ved the other 

Tin: sYN(ii) AND I'm; ('()i.i,i:(ii:. 


fail lil'iill)' ami wrll for niojc than a (jiiailcr of a cciilui-v, and 
tlii'dULili I lirii- (Miiiliincd ctl'iiils liavi- l»ct-oini' lar ludic i Hicinit 
ill adsaiH'iii- llic iiilciT.-^l> nf liic chiircli. 

Al'lci' llii- clc.'lidii of dircriiw,-, ihc S\-in)il tmik iin iiic<l iatc 
arlidii rci|iiiiiiii; all her liciidiciai ic~ in lln riilni-c Id hi" I'dii- 
('atr<l al W illc'iiliiTL:-. I'rc, ioiish' . she Lad .-u|i|M)i-|cd -cvri-al 
yniiiiM iiicii in lliat in-l il nlinn, lun ihi.- adinn \\a- dc.-iLincd lo 
(■o\-cr all ca-c-. 'Td il .^lic lia-' >tiicll\- adiicicd. No \ oiiii^' 
man ivr,'i\'cs aid who ihic- iiol alt. ■ml lim- i-dllrLir. She 
plcd-cd hci.-rlf lo ii.-c all Imnoralii;' mean.- lo |ii'oindtc its 
wi'Haic, and ihi-.-lic regard- c-.-ian iai liolh to ihr |M-o.-)Mriiy 
O.I I he ciillc^jc ;iiid the inti i-,-si> ol ihc suiiiiLJ men whom .-In' 
wmihl |nc|)ai-c for her miiii-li-\-. Ncwr lia> .-In- icfu-rd lo 
lidar Ihi' -liari' of ihr Inirdcii in Iniildini:- iiji (he cullrm'. I^''- 
Sin-rchri"- a|i|»(al lor n coIIcli-c lihrary >hr |.iinlrd and M.'at- 
Icrcd l>i'oadi-a-l ihinii-h hri(|iiiirli(v~, makiiiL;' a -pci-ial rll'iii't 
to -. iiirr mean- for ihr -amc. In |sii,s. when >|)i cial cITmi-I 
wa>- m.idi' lo rai-c land- for ihc mdownunl u!' ihc rolh'Lii', >lu' 
in\ilcd and ni-LU'tl ii|)(in ihc Jiiian<-ial .-ccici;ii'\ to \'i-ii her 
chnrciic-, pIcd-iiiL: him all the >yin|ialh\' and a.-.-i>taiicc that 
lioth |Ki-lor and pcoph coiihl -i\c. When .-innlai- eH'oit was 
made in l.STo, lor the emiwwment of tin- I IicuIol; ieal de|iarl- 
meiit, -he aLiaiii welcomed I lie col lejjc a^;eii t and coin[)en--ated 
hi< lahors with her hesl ijifls. Jii i.STli, she ii'ave a hoiid to 
the college for the ,-iiin of three thousand dollars, piomisiiie' 
lo pay '"S |)er cent, iiileii'.-t until it was redeemed. I'\iiir \'ears 
later, the entire amount, wa< paid hy indisidnal notes and 
monies collected. Ill I he mai;'iiiticent material deNclopiiient 
which the collet;c has enjoyed >iiice l(S,'Sl, under the presi- 
(U'licy of I)r. S. A. ()rt, the; Synod lias some hiindile part. 


«VN()1> i)V NOUTilliKX INIUANA. 

She has wclcoiiieil tlii' jircsidml and pi-ofo.-ni-.- lo her churches, 
has listened wilh dcc|) iiitci'i'sts Id ihcir apiical- on tiif Ih^ui' 
(d' Synod, and pa.-tor and pcojdc has'*' unilcdK hd)urcd and 
sacriliccd with thcni, lo nici't all ncccssais' dcniainl>. Hy her 
lU'ayers and her gilts, l)y voice and pen, ha< >he .■^on^ht to 
jii'oinote the interests of Wit lenherg. The Ss'iied is li>\al to 
her institution. Slu' is pnnni ni' ils honoi'ed pi-e-i(h'nt, pioinl 
ol' its etHcieut prol'essors, piond ol' the distinction which llu' 
institution has j^ained among ihe collei;-e,> of ihe land, and to 
it .she stands pledged hy tin; sti'oiigcst \-o\\s. All o\ei- ihis 
vast terrilorv as if by one \oice there come from pa.-lniand 
jieople, youth and age, the words u\' the I'amiliar h\'mn, 
applied to their college: 

" l''oi- her my tears shall lali, 
l'"()r iiei' my prayer^ ascend, 
To lier my cares and toils he givcJi 
'I'd! toils and cai'es >hall end." 

The I'olh'uc i> under the contrn! (d a Iniard of I )ii'ect<)rs, 
elected iVnm the I'^asl ()hio, Miami, W il lenherg, ()live Urancli 
and Northeiai Indiana Ss uods. 'Idiat lioard also elects two 
directors i'roni (Maria; county, Ohio, in whicdi the institution 
is located. Ivecently, action was taken giving tin; Alumni oi' 
the institution a ivpre.scsntation in the IJoard, allowing them 
tiie jndvilege ol' two directors. To the territory oi' these live 
Synods tiic I'oUcgt! must \ouk very largely for her studeuta 
jind Tor the means ti) cai'ry on her work. She asks that the 
churciu's nuike an annual contribution ol" Jii'e cents [)er nieni- 
her, to meet the current expenses. She has a pr(jductive 
eiulownient ot" about one hundred thousand dollars, and this 
together with the incuuie from the tuition, is all that she at 




•f- : 


j% '*^^ {f^I 

Ki;v. i:/.i! A ki;i.i,i;k, i 

(1 c UN 111. K .\M< 1 IKS I l-Kl SI 

i;i;\'. s. A. OKI', 1). I 



. I'. 

Il-M 1'. 

Ill M.) 

i;i:v. s \M I i:i. >im;i:( li !• i:, h. ii 

SI I . jMi n; I SIIH N I 

i;i:v. .1. i;. ii i:i,\\ k,, d. u,, 

TKM'.Eitd ('()i,i,Ki;i;. 

THK SVNOI» AND 'IMIi; ( < )1,1.1:G K. 


present euiiiiuands. It is in:ule([uale to meet licf iiceils. She 
is simiewliat ei'ipjtled in \\v.i \\(n'k lieeanse ciC tlli.■^. I lei' 
encldwment sliunlil be ilnnMeil willioiit dehn'. ller IViiinls 
siiouM come forward aiid nieel this need and men <jL' wealth 
shouhl regard thai need as a hhs,-ed (i|j|uiit nnit >' ol' remleiinj^- 
acceptable .-lerviee. In th'-ir L<ird. 

In IS()1, when the S\'ni»d pas-ed resolutions eoniUMM in^ 
itself with \\'itteiib(.'i'L;' CollcL^'e, llu' followiiiL;' I )ireelor.- were 
elected: IJevs. II. Wells, S. 1'. Snyder, W . ^^'allnlan, 
Messrs. Dr. ICiidiolt/, Moses Tlank, S. ('ornell. ()n aeeonnt 
of the eX|)enst; of trav(d, it was (U'dered that one (d' llieir 
niind)er should he elio>en to ri'present the Hireetors and the 
S}'inid at (he nicietiiiLis ol' the ('(diem' lioard, nnle,-.- some 
s])ecial emerueni'V ie(|nired a fidl lueelinL:;. Thi.- piaetii-o 
was continued f(n' some years. The suh-eipnail <dei;lions wei'c: 
18(io, Kev. W. Waltiiian, S. Cornell; bSCj, \[r\-. U. V. l)(lo, 
II..). iJudisill; l.SCr), R.-v. d. N. Karnelt. I). 1>. Kiu-ley; 
iMiti, i;, V. II. Well^. 1). S, Keil; lS(i7. \{ry . .\ . W . Hender- 
son, N. Snuth; iMi.S, Kev. K. I'\ Dido, dos. Seaman; LS();», 
Revs. ,]. N. Jiarnett, D. Smith, iNlr. II. iMcholtz; 1S7<), Kev. 
B. V. Hills, 1). S. Keil; LS72, Rev. H. Wc lis, Dr. d. S. Har- 
nett; iM'/o, Rev. L. Rico, P. Griiier; l^i74, Rev.s. R. F. Delo; 
AV. V. Harnett, Messrs. J. (du-ston, J. Weilcr; ]«7(i, Rev. 
H. Wells, Theodore Rumbauoh; 1,S77, Rev. A. J. Dougla.s, 

D. Shuwultor; 1«78, J. R. Ikltzlcy, K. W. Erick, Messrs. C. 
H. Winton, S. NuslKuun; 188!), Rev. d. N. Barnett; 1880, 
Rev. J. L. Guard, S. Cornell; 1881, Rev. L. Rice, Gwen 
Hurd; 1882, Rev. D. F. Kain, S. R. Rol)inson; 1883, Rev. 

E. D. Smith, Philip Ray; 1884, Kevs. J. L. Guard, W. M. 
♦Smith, INIr. James Clugston; 1885, Revs. J. C. Jacoby, AV. 



Diftlculiacli, Ml. A. \V. ^lorrisoii; KSMi. lu'vs. J. ,1. I'unu'll, 
A. .). Dou-las; W. L. ^IV.ln.w, Mr. J. \V. A. lair; 1S,S7, Kcv,<. 
W. DiclVculKicli, W. L. T.druw, Hon. \V. ,1. Willds; jN^SS, 
IJ(\>. I). I'\ i\aiii, L. ( '. luiiit/.aliii, \\n>. .lu-cpli l.ccsli; 1<S,S!), 
\l(\\ W . I.. 'l\(lr.)\\ , ( i((.i-r Sloul ; ls;i(), Kt,A-.(". 11. llwckrv, 
ll(iii. .1. W. AJair; ISiM, K\ \-. \V. Di.lVnilKU'li, M'. -I.Wil- 
I.'Ih; IMiL', licv. I). I'. Kaiii, A. \V. .Moiii,<(,ii ; is:).;, I;,. vs. 
\V. I., 'r.drcw, ('. .1. KiulVr, I). A. Kulm. Mr.~,<ir^. John \V . 
(Jcnt/lcr, ,). 11. Kril. 

Till': SYNOD AND I'.ivN i:i' i( 1 A u^■ h;i)L\;.\'ri<)N. 

.\n ciluralci! niinisti'v i> a itc();j iii/cd nci'i-^sit v. I'\n' (hi,- 
|iui|)u-c llic cliui-cli (■••-laltli.-hc.-^ Iici' folic-f-- aiiil si-niinai'i\.s 
and aim- to ciichiu' and |n'M|iiily i'i|ui|) ilicm lur tiicir wiM'Ic. 
lull lid:- i.> mil -nlliriiMil . 1'\av \'imn'_: men iiavc llic mcan.> al 
hand 1(1 meet llii' n<'cc.<.-ai\' r.\|)in>rs for ;i cniii-c ol' in-lru>'- 
liiin ai .mr n\ lhi'-<' hi^hri- -clHuii,- ul' Icainin-. 

I I I he (dini(di i- In ha \ c a I Ihnnn'j Id \' i'i|in[)[)(.Ml mini-t ia , i^hc 
mii-1 , I hcnddrc, aiil w Hrlh\ a[)|)licanls in -fcnrini:' a |)i<'|)cr ri\\i- 
calion. Tins >id)ifc,t has lu'rn (Uic ul' [iiimc im|iuilaiicc to thi.s 
Synod. Thr laiLic iit'hl to hi' iic(Mi|)ii'(|, ihc inad((inah' suii]iIn- 
id' nn'ii, and the midliluih' til' |dacc.< and |K'0|)Ic pIcadiiiL:' lor 
ihc (dinrcdi oF llicii' falhrr.-, liaN'c comhincd in their aj)|ieal for 
thi.s Work. Tin-}' liavi; hi'oiiuht it hid'orc her with t rcmcmjoiis 
I'or'/c. No duty has lu'cn more la'cnh' iVdl, and none has 
rt'tH'i\('(l moiH' St rious attention. The I'ramers (d' (he, ('oiHli- 
lutioii said: '' It shall he tlu' duly of eveiA' mendier id' thi.s 
Synod to seek out and ti'\- to inlluence pious nouul!; nuai to 
[MX'pai-e I'oi- llu! mini.-try ami to eidhud afl the lunds they can 



U)v heiK'ticiuiy ediu-ation" (Art. XV, Sec. 2). Vacniil cougre- 
giitious wci-e also urged to give .^peeial alU'iitioii to tliis suhjeet, 
both in .securing iiumi ami means to edncate tlicni. Promi:'- 
once was given to tlic canse b}' provision I'oi' an annnai pnblie. 
meeting during the convention ol" Synod, at \vhitdi time an 
address shouhl be (Udivered by a speaker picvionsly appoint! d. 
I'h'dges were tiien asked, 'i'hci-e being no a])portionmt'nt sys- 
tem then in vogue this was (h'emcd the wisest m('a>nr('. It 
bore .-ome fruit. I'aslors e.xperit iict'd some difiicuit\' in hav- 
ing the chuicdies rt'(U'cm ph'dgr> ma(h' lor them, and very 
ol'tcii the.-c faithful ndni.-^tcrs (jf tlu; word were necessitated to 
redeem them from theii- own meager -uppoit. To obviate 
this <li(licult\', the lav delegates weic madt; responsible lor 
bringing this riid)ject b( font their icspective eongi'i'gat ions and 
were re<piired to assist tlu' pastor in raising the funds. An 
educatiomd work was going on, and the chnich(!S began to 
recognize the iu'ce<>itv. l*astoi> presented the subject from 
(heir [lulpils and \oung men \\ei-e per<omill\' .-oujjht and 
entreated to give their lives to preaching the gospel, (bul 
blesried these faithful elVorts. He has laid his hand njioir 
scores of young men in this Synod, and to-day thev All hon- 
orable posiition* in the church. A large nundier of our con- 
gregations have furnished men for this blessed work, but 
there air. sonm that have existed the larger part of half a 
century, and yet have not given one son to the mini.stry of 
the word. In them the cry should be constantly heard until 
there comes the froni some tahmted vouth, "Here 
am I, send me." The highest honor any church can have is 
to point to her reiireseiitatives in the pulpit. The iiisi man 
to be voted an a|»i)i'o[)riation by this body was J. M. Seidej. 



Tlii.s was (luring the .sccoiul cuiive'iilion,, and the next year 
anotlier young man receeiveil the same eut'ouragement, hut 
neither accepted. The Hynod lijis usually luul several re})i'e- 
sentatives at College. Two oi' three have heen on her I'unds 
most of these years. Now she is supporting seven, and from 
lier territory there are nujre than twenty young men and 
women now at Wittenhei'g eolh',ge. The fii'st convention 
pledg(;d only twenty-six dollars, the thirty-ninth, nearly nine 
hundred dollars. The work has lieconie more systematized 
and he! ter results art; reali/.td. 'J'lu- apportionment has heen 
increaseil from lime lo lime, and al present is iil'teen cents 
per memher. h'rom the estali' of Itev. WollV, Nvhidi was 
originall\' olVcred to endow W'arllmrg Seminary, llie Synod 
ifcciveil a tract of land of cighl y-<'ighl aci'cs, which ha,> heen 
sold i'or two tliou>and dollars. An annual interest oi' (I per 
ceid. is icali/.ed I'loni this amount for this fund. Huring the 
past few years spt'cial conlrilmlion- ha\e heen given for this 
eau^e, ihc largc~l hciiig made hv I'rot. L. A. (utlwald, D. I >. , 
lion. \V.d. Willets and I'tiilip iJay, lv~(|. This is indicative 
of hetter things. Like an ever widening stream may ihis 
cause he trat'ed through iUv history of this Synttd, and with 
the ever (juickeidng love oi' the church I'orCMirist, and the 
desire to honor him with her suhslaiu'c, we shall yt't hehold 
larger things along this line. 

Th(! Svnod is cartd'ul in the use of these fiimls. She 
re(|uires anniud reports irtun the lacully as to the deportment 
and ]>rogress of hei' hemdiciaries. No one uuNMU'thy of the 
nnnistry will he sujtported. Written contracts ai'e also given 
to rel'iind the money received hy every heneliciary if the 
Lutheran ministry is ahandoned. Some mistakes have heen 




timik' aii<l :«()iiu' nioiu^y, Imt this is excc'])ti(jiial. Diii'iiig 
tlie tliift y-iiiulli annual convention a conuaittei; was appointed 
to repoi't at the next jueeting- oi' Synod a set ol' rules tor tlie 
disti'il)utioii of these funds and the yoveiiiini'nl of henefiei- 
aries. The great eaic tliat is taken and the caution used in 
receiving- ap[)licants on this fund, must increase the contidence 
of the church and hring to lier t. easury larger gifts. WMiile 
she demands on the one hand an clHcicnt ministry, on the 
other she will provide the mean- neces>arv to make it so. 
" Men, and money lo educate tliem," is lici- unceasing cry. 
The .-vuodical appoi tioinnent f(U' this cause is uuw lil'teeii cents 
jx.'r nuMidxr and aggregates alxuit i;>7t)0.l)U. 'V\\\> amc)unt is 
.supplemenli'd by special contribul ions which increase the sum 
t(j ahout oui' thousand dollar.-. 

J'r.d". L. A. (lotwahL Hrv. d. .M. iMauci- and Kev. W. 
L. Tedrow constituled the coiiindttee lo prepare a set of rules 
for tlu; government of ihe hcueiiciuries and the c(Hitrol of 
heneticiarv fund-. The chairman of the committee, at great 
lahor, in\e-lii;atcd the sulijccl a- p. riains to \;uiou> deuomiu- 
ation- and at the fortieth annual uu-eting of the Svnod 
suhmitted llu' following: 

lU'iJos AM) Ki:(,iii>Ai'i()N!S oi'' rill': lioAui* oi- l)i;\i:iH'tAitv 

KtHMAl'loN Ol' I'llK SV.NOI) (»!' NoK I'll lOKX INDIANA. 


This IJoard shall he known hv the name of the ])oard of 
J^eneliciai'v iMlucation of the Svnod of Northern Indiana; ami 
shall consist of thi'ee ['■>} ministers and two (2) la\inen, elected 
by the Synod for the term of three (o) years, and re-eligihle, 
at the pleasure of the Syiioil, at the expiration of saiil term. 


The IJoard shall meet for hu<iness at the time and [)lace of 
holding till' annual meetings ol' Synod; and, when neci-.'^-ary. 



(liiriiiii' tlic iiitfrini, at tlj(.^ call of tln' chainnaii o!' the lioard, 
at such time and place as he may select. The iiece>sarv 
expenses of such meetinii,s .shall be paid hy the Svuod. 


'I'his JMianl shall receive I'rdin the 'J'rcjasnrei- (d' the SyiHHl 
all the Hent'iiciary l^diicalion funds as soon as po>sil)le after 
his reception of any such funds, and >hall ap|)iupiiate the 
same to it- Ik'iieticiai'ies in the niannei' and sum.- Iiereijnd'ter 
indicated, the Chairnnin of the Hoard aclinLi; as its 'rrcasurcr 
and a.- the dishurser u\' its fumfs. 

IV. ' 

'i'his I5(iard shall ha\'e f\dl jurisdicliou in the mana:;cment 
of the InMicticiary iMlucation work of theSyuoil, suidi as the 
selection of its Henidiciaries; the determination ol' the numlier 
to he taken upon its l-'umls; the amount of aiil to he i:iven to 
eaidi Heneiiciary; the institution (d' Learinntr at which he is to 
sluil), tlu' (diai'acli'r and lenulh of his coiii.-t' uf cducalion; 
thedeci.-ion (d li i.- con t i II ua ucc oi' di.-con I i n uaucc upon Synod- 
iva\ l''unds; and all other matters pertaining- I(j ihe Hcneliciar- 
ies under theii' care. 


-Ml applications I'ov Heneiiciary .\id must he made to the 
Hoard in ])ersoii; and no others shall receive' Heneiiciary .\id 
hesides those ado))ted and continued as Heneficiaries hy this 


'idle ln)ar(l, in receiving api)licants foi- aid, when unahle 
to give aid to all wIkj apply, shall ordinarih' give the prefer- 
ence in this resjiect to such as are in ihe advanced (das>es in 
the College, oi' who are already in the Theological Sendnary. 

'I'jii; SYNOD AXi> ki:ni:i'k'iai:v iodication. .'>7 


The UiinnI >li;ill (Icinand rioiii all :i]>|ilicaiits for aiil, a 
AVi'ittcii >talciiiciit licariiiL; iijuui tlu' I'dIIhw inii- facl.^, ami ,-liall 
grant aiil niily to siicli applicant- a> li'ivc full sali.-l'act idii with 
regard to llu'sc l"acl>: 

(1) iM'idciUH's ol' his (•oiivcr.-iiiii, pidy, and tlidiDULihi y 
("liiislian cliai'aclt r. 

('_') i'iVidc'iiccs ol', at, least, fair njcntal endowinciits, and 
of the possession of inilnral gilts (jualifying liiin, if ed\n'ated, 
for the niinistiN . 

( ;i ) IJeasons why he t hinks hinist If callod lo the Ministry 
and I hiis M-eks to enter it . 

(I) l\\> ag'e, ediH-ation, eireiini>tanee-; ami whether he 
wishes to taki; a full e(Mii>e of -tudy oi' only a partial eoiir.-e. 

f o ) His true linaneial eomlilion, whctlur he is ali-olulrly 
indigent uv whetliei' lie is ahle in pait lo support himself; and, 
if in pari aMe to -u[ipnrt him-elf, to what amount he i- lhu.> 

( (') ) How long he has lieen a nu'inlier of the Lulheran 
(•liureh; whethei- he has a knowledgr of Luther'> ( 'atechisni ; 
and, as far as lie nndeiv-lands them, whetln-r he is in cordial 
sympath)' with liUtheran doctrine, polity, and ('liui'ch life. 

(7) W'hethi'r it i> his lirm purpose, lufori' (iod, when he 
has linisheil his education, lo enter the <lospel ^iinistr)' in the 
Lutheran ( 'huich. 

( tS ) Whether he ha-^ a sound jdivsical constitution, and 
liahitually enjo>'s good health. 


'i'he l>oaid shall furthei' re(|uire from every applicant fui- 
aid, n written endor-euK'nt of hi.- application from: 


SYNOD (>]■' N()Krjn:i;N in'diana. 

(1) PTis Pastor, and tlie SuneriiiUMi<lent of llic »Siiiulay 
school to which lie l)oloiiy-s; 

( w ) The iiistriK'lors of [he school or colli'irc which lie last 
attended ; 

( )) ) Sonic physician of known standiiijjr. 

'J'hese cndorsenients iimst lu' in shape of testimonials as 
to his moral worth, relij^ioiis character, scholarship, and heallli; 
and these, together with the applicant's own written statement, 
mnst he tiled hy the Board fur fntiire reference. 

IX. ' 

The pni'pose of Heiieliciar}' Ivlucalion heiiiL'; only to aid, 
and not cntii'cly to support yonii;.'; men in stndyiiit; foi- the 
IMiiiistry, the Hoard is lu;rewith enjoined to give aiinuallv to 
each Benetieiary tlu' smallest sum necessary, and, in no case, 
to appropriate t<> any one an annual sum exceeding ii?l''>0; ami 
it is herewith further ciijt»inc(l that whateycr sum he thu> 
priimi.-cd 111 aii\' Heiieiiciaiv hv tlu' I'xiard he paid him 
promptly in three iiistalliiunts of eipial sums, one at the 
heginning of each of the three tniiis <if the school yt'ar; and at 
tim jiaymeiit of sucdi sums, the lioard shall reijiiire its Ih-uc- 
liciaries, out of tlu'ir ap]ir(, first of all to pay the two 
items of tuition and hoarding. 

'■ - X. 

Appropriations may, at any time, he discontimietl hy the 
Hoard, ill the case of pr(doiiged ill health which will prohahly 
result fatally, or, at least, unlit its heiieliciai ies for the work 
of the ^Ministry; in case the Hi'iieficiary is improvident, ami 
contracts delils without reasouahle prospects of paying them; 
ill rase he enters the marriage relation liefoie the completion 



oi' his eiluciitioiial; and in case lie receives assistance 
fr<Hii cither lioards, (ir sonrees of iiclp of any kind, td such an 
extent as to cease to need iiel|) fioin tiie lioai.l iA' this Synod. 


The Hoard shall re(jnire of eatdi applii-ant who may 
receive aid i'roin the l''niid< uT the Synod, a proniissorv note 
upon the lollowing conditions; nanudy: 

(1) This note shall he drawn payable to the Treasurer of 
the Board of lienelieiary Kdiication of the Synod of Noithei'u 
Indiana, without interest so long a> the apjilicant i-onlinues his 
studies at the institution to which he ha.> lieen assigned hy the 
Board, or, having entered iIr. .Minir^try of the Lutlieraii 
('hnrch, so long as he contiiiiif.- a Liilhcran Minister in con- 
nection with the (J.-neial S3nod; and this note, if he thus con- 
tinues in the Lutheran .Ministry in connection with the (ien- 
eral Synod, >hall ln> paid, without interest, whenever, in the 
providence of ( lud, the giver «d' it is ahle to do so. 

( ■_' ) .""should the Beiiiliciaiy, ho\\e\-ei-, not eonlinue his 
studies under tlu' direction ot the Board, and should he not 
enter the Lutheran Ministry, or, having entered it, not con- 
tinue therein, then shall iinniediale |)aynient of said note he 
demanded, with si.K per cent, pel- annum interest from the date 
of ohligation; and the lioanl shall, at once, take, or cause to 
he taken, all lawfid and hoiiorahle means to <-ollec-t the sums 
thus due. 


Tin; Board shall receive and carefully consider the char- 
acter hills of all the Beneiiciaries id' the Synod; and, hesides 
the regular reports of their standing, given at the (dose of each 
term to al,l students, the Board shall re<piesl the Lacullyofthe 


SYNOD oi' n()I:iiii:i;n Indiana. 

lii.-litutioii wliicli cac'li lU'iifliciai y lias hceii aU^■ll(lill^■ t(i send 
it, at till' v]{»r of I'ach scliolaslic year, cuiitidcnlial answers to 
the lollowing (jucstioiLS hiniislied them ii|hiii a ]iiinted slieet: 

(1) Has the de[)i)rtinenl of .Mi. heeii entirely 

^iati^Caetory during the past selndaslie year? 

(2) Is his iiiilneiiei' in the institntioii posiiiveU' Chiistian ; 
and does his outward life eoi'ie.>|iond with his ('hri-lian pro- 
I'es.sioii V 

(I!) Is In- railhrul in the u.-r of the Mrans of (iraei', and 
is he activciv fiiLiaLicd in connection with one of our Lutlieiaii 
churclM'.>, in < 'hri.-t ian work '.•' 

(4) J las he hccn rca.-oiialiK' eeoiioinieal in the use of 
inone\ , oi- has he haliils of e\l ra variance li\' which he need- 
le>.-l\' s] lends inoiie\' V 

( .") ) W hat is hi> relative rank as a .>tinlent, as shown liy 
his dail\- L:rades and exaniinal inns, hiuhe.-l, middle or lowest? 

((■)) U hi,- |)ro<i-re-s commen.-n rale with hi- aliilitie^? 

(7) |)oe- he i:i\c [ilomise ihal he will hct'oine a Userill 
and -ucce.-sful Milik-lcrof iheCiospel, and d<i ytui advise the 
Hoard to coiilinue \u him it> lieiieliciarv aid? 

X 1 1! . 

44ie Hoard shall ha\'e the followiiiL!' .-latemeiit |iriiited in 
snitahle I'oi'in, and shall rei|niic each Heiieficiai'V , at llu' pay- 
ment of each of his three installment,-., at the heuinniiiL;' of 
(■acli Semimirv term, siun il, alter rea<liiiu it aloud. 

1 ln'rehv deidare that it is m\' -olemii pnrpo.-e to deV(»le 
my lil'i- to till' work of tin- .Ministiy in the l']\anijclical I^nth- 
eraii ('hur<di, and I respectfully ask to he coiilinuid a,> a 
JJeiielii'iarv of the Synod of Northern Imliaiia; and, furthei', I 




()1:)liL;;ite lll^■s^'l^ to continue ;uul coniiilcte niv stiulirs uiidci- tlu' 
(lii'ection o!' the Hoai'd of Uciu-iiciar}' Kdiu'ation of i-aid SvimmI, 
until I hecoinc an ordaiiu'd Minister of the (io.-|iel in this, oi- 
in >onie other, Syn(jd eoiiiu'cled with the (ieneral Synod ot 
Evangelical l>ulhei'an Church. 


The l)oaid ,-hall reeeiNC upon the JjiMieliciary l'\ind> of 
the Synod lo applicant who (hv-igiis takiuLi,' the full C'-idlea'e 
course unless he i- prepaic(| to enti'r Hu- i're.-hnuui (da>.- at 
least; and lo lho,-e desiiiniuL;, to take a partial eonr>e aid .-hall 
he given fit her from the heginniug of their eniir.^e, ur from ,-ome 
suhsei pM'iil time w hen t hei r ipuilitical ion- have lieen -ullieieul I y 
te-ted, ar5 the Hoard, in il.- wisdom, inay, i,i each ea.-'t . ilei idc 


Tin; Hoard shall reipure frum each I'xiieliiiaiy that he, il 
possihh', he pie.-ciil proiiiptls'at ihi' o|iening(if ea(di >es>ion, 
and reipiire ihal he al-o remain until ihr ido.-e ul each .-(-.--ion; 
that he -hall not ah.-ent him-elf necdle>sly fidui the inslitutiou 
diiiiug tlu! S(diolastic year; that he shall enter into no engage- 
nu'ut load regulai'lv as pulpit sujjplv for any vat'aiit congrt- 
gatiou \vilh(Mit tliecou.-eiil holh (d' t he 'IduMilogical l^'acully (d' 
tlu! Institution and of the Board of lieiu'ticiary JMlucatiou; that 
he apph' to this Synod, whose Heneliciar}' he has heen, lor 
Jicensure, and al>o, if c(Ui\('nieut , for oi'dinatinn ; and whalevii 
elsi' may, from time to time, in the judgmeut (d' the Hoard, he 
deeuKMl for his he.-,t advantagi^ and for the future greatest good 

of the (diurcdi . 

X \' 1 . 
'Idds J'xiard shall dismiss from the lieueliciary h^ind- ui' 
the SvuihI, an\' student under its t'oiilnd who I'all-. htlow an 



iiV('iaj,^(,' tscliolarsliij) of <S, (<j:r:i(liiig fruni ] to lOj, or who lalls 
below (i^ ill any single study. 


Tlii.s JJoard, tliruugli its cliainuan, shall annually })iX'soiit 
to tlu! Synod a full ami coiiiplcLi- report of its actions dining 
tlu' preceding ycai', together with a fi'ank exhibit of the pres- 
ent condition, iieeils and o|iporiunit ies, and shall reeiiinnieiid 
to, and urge upon, the Synod such plans and etf(U'ls as shall he 
calculated to secure from the territory of the Synod both the 
largest possible mimbi'J' of IJeiu-Hciary men, and the largest 
po;-sible sum of Heiieliciarv moiiev. 


It shall be the duty of every I'astor in this Synod to 
[)reach at least once each year to his ])eople on this subject of 
Heiieiiciary ivlucation, sh<iwiug its imporlanc(! and their obli- 
galioiis to it, to seek out proper candidates I'oi' llu^ sacred otKce 
frnm amoUL:' the young nun of his eharge; to >hn\\ parents 
their duty to consecrate their son.-, if the Lord will, to the 
work of the Ministry; to lay upon the ciuiscieiice of men of 
weakh to giye largcd}' (d' theii' nutans to aid in this good c-ause; 
and, in every possible wa}', to help the l>oard of Uencliciary 
l']ilucatiou in the important task devidved upon them. 


These rules and regulations may be altered or amended by 
11 vote (tf two-thirds of all the m<'inhers pres('nt at any annual 
meeting of the Synod. 

AI'I'LICA'I'ION I'.LANK FOR 1;i;N I'.l l( I A 1! ^ AID. 

1. I'\ill name? 

2. Aj^e? 


3. I're.sent residence? 

4. Occupation V 

5. Names and residence of pai'entsV 
G. Slate of healtlir 

7. Liability to inherited disease? 
M. S(dioid.- and colieiies attended? 
!•. 'I'inie and j)huH' of coiilirnialion ? 

10. Where now a Chuicii iuend)ei-? 

11. Xann! of I'astor and Sunday Scdiool Suj)eiinteii<l- 

1l'. Ifave. you attended a couise uf instruction hy the 
Pastor in Luther's ( ■alechisin? 

lo. What Christian work iiav(.' yon been engaj,'ed in, and 
wiiat inteiot and success liave you had in it? 

14. Do yiiu read tlie I>il)K' and ))ray daily? 

lo. What are y<nir motives I'oi' ih'siriiiji: to study for the 
^lini.-try of (he l^vanmdical Lutheran ('iiureii? 

I ft. 1 )ii ynu use Idhaecd ? 

17. Ai'e you married, or en^Mp^ed to he mai'riod? 

l.S. is tliere any stain upon youi- reputation because of 
past misconduct ? 

11'. What probable Hnan<-ial resources have yon upon 
whiidi you can i(dy in tlie obtainin^^ (»t an edm/ation, and what 
are they ? 

L'O. Nave you an)- unpaid debts, and, if so, what is the 
nmoMut of them, and what arrani:('meiit have- ymi ma<h' for 
pa}iuij,- them ? 

21. If accepted as a IJemliciary by this ])(jard, will }'oii 
cheerfully and failhfully comply with all its recpiiivmenLs 
from y(ai ? 

44 SYNOJ) OF nor'1'iii:i;n Indiana. 

I"'(iriu of (ihliLiatitiu to \)c iiiNcii — 


()\K yi:.\n AFIKU UATE, l pn^niisf Iu i>„!i 

I'rtasurcr aj tlic Si/iiit,l aj Nartlitrn /ikHiiiiii, i>j' tin I'm niji ri<-<il 

Liilliir<tii Clinrvh, nr this succt's^iur in oljict, 


To Ik ivilli'iut iiid rii<t, <ui'l in run.sidcridlon nf litis rt'inis.<((ni af 
iiiti ri .'il, J hrrt'lii/ jirinnisc' Id I iil( r inUi tin' M in i--:! ri/ of lit'' Lntli- 
I ran Clttirrl, oj II,,' (i,'i,i-i-iil ,St/,ioil nj tkf Cuitnl .Sl,il,.-i, ,i wl /" 
i-onlintiv lilt/ slniliis nmli r Uti ilinclioit nJ llo: lionnl of l-]'! ifo- 
lion of lite .St/no, I of .\,,rlhrnt linlianil nntil I o in ortln iio ■! . 

TinC SYNOD AM) llOMl-: >fISSI()NS 

'I'lii.- lias always ht'eii a iiii.--iiiiiai'\' >>iiimI in tlu- tiucst 
sense. \ few mm wlm had itTci\ nl the l:'>>-|>i'1 oI' ('liii-l and 
liad lu'coink' idcnlilii'd willi hi- chnirh wcnl fui-lli in lh('.-|iii-il 
of llu' Mastri- til niakc i^nuwn ihc riiduv- of hi> L;iacc. .V> lhf\ 
wcnl tlit'V l»it'acluMl , •' Ki'])cn( V"' I*"' ihr kini^ddin of hravrn 
is at hand." Tin- idiildiTii nl' duc houxhdld of I'ailh .-cat tri'cd 
like hisi sluH'pall ovrr this vast tiiiildiy wrvc i^athcird and 
urij,'aiii/.fd into I'dn^iH'ual ions fur l\\v cxtcn-ion of the kinudnni. 
New CMiiivi'i'ls were aihlcd. ('hiiiclu'- ni n lti|di(,'d. ( )iL:aiii/.a- 
tiuns were st I'cnizt heiicd. Mneli ^ratnilnns lalioi' was doni'. 
Soon the strniiii' Ix'i^an to sn|)[)(U't the weak. All saciiliecd . 
The idiiiirh i;f('W. Tiie kinu,(l(ini cnlaii^'cii. (lod dwntd and 
l)lessed the lahois df his people. 'Idu' nnirvclous l; i(iwl h oi' the 
.synod, its rapid ineicasc in inenilniship aro-r Iroin tin.' laet 
that the niissionaiy idea lay at the I'onndalion and iidlnenei'il 


, I 

{■!,,, ■SI' 




l.'KV. Fi; A MvI.IN I'lvMri.lN. i;i:\-.(i. W. WIl.snN. 

Kl.V. .IIHIN (.. Bll>l'I-i:. 

KKV.ioiiN .M.i.i.Ki!. i;kv. i'i;i:iM:i;irK i;iipi>i.k. 



its iiiciiihfrs ill all tlicii' toils. ^^^)l■(ls can lu-vcr a(le(|iiate]y 
express the iiii.-sioiiarv s))irit and zeal that lias always eliarae- 
teii/eil the w.irk of this Sj'iuxl. it was llu' hurdeii of tin: 
prayc IS i.l the foiiiKlers and I'oi- two x-uih' years has been mani- 
fested in the work of individual inenilurs and liy the aeti(nis of 
tin; SyiHid in all ils aniinal eonvention<. The franiers of the 
eoii-tiliilion were ,-o imhued with this idea and spirit that fhey 
niade il tint (Inly of every ineniher of thi.- I)(id\ to eolleet all 
the fund- he possihly eiudd for the eaii-e of nii->ioiis. I'a,-I(u> 
were re(|nired anniiall)' lo pled-c a eerlain ainonnt lor this 
eaiiM-, and all \aeanl idiuiehes were rc(|nired to L;!Ve for the 
snp|iort of the missionaries. The lir.-t mone\- pled^^cd l»v this 
Syiiud for any cause was for home mi-sions. < )iit <A' their 
M'aiity Mipport the pastors pledLi'ed and liaNc. The ])eop|(' also 
reeoijiiized (he necessity. Their iiifts were not larL;^, l.iit 
doiihth-s compare fav<n-aldy wIumi all lhillL^- ure consirjered 
wiili the conlrilintioii- (d' later years. Increased ahilities 
should alway> >how increased i:i\iim for ihe e.\tcii>i(m of 
( 'hri,-l "s kiniidom . 

in order to ^ive >ome >)stein and lo carl■^■ on the W(n-k 
most elVectivel}' a missionary committee composed (d' the ofiici'i's 
oi' Synod was appointed. 'Idiey were to have L,^eneral over- 
siiiht ot the work, to setdc ont new places for tlui or;:ani/.ation 
of (diiirches, to providt! f(jr vacant con^rciratioiis, and to devise 
means for increasing: the funds for this cause. IJiit every 
pustor was a missioiiury and was expected to do ndi*sionary 
Work. This c(miniittee reported :it the second annual conven- 
tion that arrangements liad heeii made with tin; Ivxecntive 
Committee of the(i(!neral Synod to heconie aiixiliary to that 
body, and that they had pledj^cd jifty dollars for the present 



.synndical year. Sevenil of its own iihmii1h'|-.s wi-re then rt'cciv- 
\\i*^ aid t'loiii tlie synodical ini^sidiiary trcasiiiv, and at the ^^anie 
eoMVrnlioii tlie Synod (tl)li^ated it^^elf to pay ."i^'iUd toward tlie 
support of a niis^i(jnary in I'^t. Wayne, provided the lv\ceutive 
Committee of the ( leneral Synod wouhl aid in a sidiieit'iit 
amouid to su]»port a ^iuitahk' num. I'astors wei'e iirm-d to 
I)i'eacli upon this snhjeet and to hoM the n(ec.->it\ mF Liivin^ for 
tills cause hel'ore tlie peopU*, and in the third annual conven- 
lion the pr(si(h'nt recomnicndcd "that each pa-^ldr in Ni-iting 
his nu'inlxMs carry with idin a li-t ol theii' name- and ask each 
one to cont rihntc Munctiuni: to tlu' can>c id' mi.->i<nr--." Tliis 
recommendation was consiihrcd in a warm and Icrvenl discus- 
sion and was ninmimini.-l v a(h)pt(d. Hv this time the ii'eiu-i'al 
committee wa> supjiortiny ,-everal men on the teiritor\' ol' this 
Synod, and the Syn<;d also conlrihnteil direcllv lo the support 
of thice or four more. 'To the warmdiearled disciples .-o thn- 
iouuIiIn consecrated to the work it .-eemed -low. S(iin<' tlioULiht 
i^Mealer proLj,rc.-- cmild he made li\' sup[>ori iuL;' a travelling mi>- 
sionaiy. This wa> undertaken diirinu, tlu' ruurth convention. 
Kev. 11. \\'ells was asked to devote >ix inoiitlr- ol' thi' \ ear \t> 
this work, ami was jiledocd ij^'ioD and all expi'iises. To the 
vouni; Synod this was a <:;reat nndertakinj:' in connection with 
the W(nk alread\' on haml ami to which she .-tooil pledi;ed. 
lint il was done ami continued the next year alsu. He \'i>ited 
\acant connre;iations ami organized new ones, aideil |)astor.- in 
their s[)ecial sei'vices and accomplished much uood. I)nring 
tin.' tenth convention lu' was ai;ain employed t'oi' one yi'ar at a 
salary ol' ^1 ,()()(» and expenses. Sidisei|uent I v in the year l.SS'i 
Ivev. 11 . ('. ( irossnnin served in the same capacity and receiveil 
$700 siip])ort and expenses. 'I'hus while the Syimd stoixl 



pledgtMl to the geiu'ral .society, .slie was also annually support- 
iuy; in part two, three (tr four of her own nienihers, and durin"- 
these special years also sustained a travelling inissi(iiiar\- np((n 
lier own territory. 

In the year LS()<S the lollowinu preand)lc ami resolutions 
■were presented liy a enniinittee appointed to report ".~(»nieplan 
of syslenialic missionary opei-ations within the hounds of our 
tSyiKjd." They were adopteil : 

\\'iiki;i:as, The Home mission w.ak is of the utmost import- 
ance to the i)ros])iTity of the cliurch !imi the kin^iiom (.f Christ 

\ViiKi;i:.\>, We as a Synod h-ani of ile-tit ution.s in eviTy pari 
of tlu! territory witiiin its limit^, and w iH•r(•a^, our incM-nt nicthoch 
for sui)plyim;- tlie-e ilt'slitution,- are iiiadeipiate (o meet theevia' 
increasiu",^ demand.-,, tiierefore 

Ju'solrrtl, 'I'hal we, as ministers and lay deiet^'^ate-, do lierehy 
eovenanl hid'oix' » lod that we will moi-e earnestly pray and more 
unremillmi;ly lahor, for the spiiitiial s^ood of our hretlu'en who 
ludoni; to the chun h of the iUdormation w ho are no\s dcMUule ipf 
the pre;irheil Wold and oriimauro. 

/^si'/r, ,/, 'I'hat a eunuuiltce, cousivlim; of two luini-ters and 
two la)- members, he appointed in eaeh couftTiMice distrii't of (his 
.Synod, whose duly it shall he in eonpineli(,n with the oHieer- of 
Synod to supidy Ihe destitute places within oiu' houmhs us far as 

J:<si,hr<(, That Synod recommend I hat each pastorate (and 
each con<;reKation if possihiel ludd a missionary festival onceeacdi 
year, and that the proceeiis he di'Volcd in the missionary opera- 
tions of S^'uod. 

These resolutions are valuahlc, more in the fact that thc\' 
give expression to the missionary spirit of Synod than that any 
.special achievenienis were gained hy this method. ( Vat ilicates 
for life memhers and life directors were prej)ared and .sold foi- 


!SYN((D oi' noi;i'iii;kn Indiana. 

five iiiid tell (Idliurs i\->])(-ctivrly. All tlio>f tliiiiij.s indiciitf 
liow heavily thi.< .subject rested 14)011 the iniiids of rhe iiu'iuhers 
ul" thi.s (Synod, and how earnestly and j)ersisleiiLl\' tlH'\' lal)(»i'e(l 
for this 

'IMie apportionment plan ado]>ted hy the lioard of Home 
iiiissi(»iis was some years later acee[)ted ]ty this Synod, and it 
has heen demonstrated the wisest and hesl iiiuthod \(l used. 
This Synod now aims to have its nnssionary upera[i(»ns directed 
hy thi> l>oard. She has p!eil«i-ed herseli' to j^ive oitc ihaiisdiul 
OH'- hundred (tnd Jorti/-)iiiie dollars durini^- the present syiiodical 
year I'or this work. It is an appoiiionmeiil of only tuuntii-fn'n 
rents I'oi' each communicant iiicmlier. How easily could this 
he done, if eacii one would follow the .\po.-lle's rule of laying 
hy in store as (iod hath pi'ospcnd him. 'IMiere would then he 
110 deticiency and tin; Fxiard would he eiiahh'd to ^■!llal•^■e it.s * 
work ami i-.stahlish the (diurch in other important ()laces. liut 
aside Irom this tlu' Synod doi..-^ much mi>>ioiiarv work on her 
own lenilory. \{ prc.-ciii .-he i.- support iii^ in part ihemi.^- 
.siouary at (iosheii and al.~o at l''t. W'aym . She has her own 
Advisory IJoard, and wliih- in all the (Jciieral work it co-oper- 
ates with the IJoard of the (ieneral Synod, it is designed to 
sei'k out ,s{)ecial points of interest and pr(niiise for the church 
and thus to aid in eiilarj^ing our horders. Always will mmdi 
gratuitous work he n(H-es>ary, hut those who love their churcdi 
and their Savior will lind mt dillicullv in peiiormiiig it. The 
Home Mission cause is a fair test of that love, and hy it the 
Synod of Northern Indiana is willing to In- judged. The 
larger ])art of the congregations on this territory received aid 
from either the ( ieneral or District Synod in their early his- 
tory. W ithuiit sjudi support they could not have existed and 

I'm; SYNOD \Ni> i'astok's iuni> association. 41) 

tlicv have, l)V rciiU'iiilxM'iii;^- (lie ilays ol" llicir hcliilcssiii'ss, hern 
{)r(iiii|it((l In assi-t oilier weak ainl tlc|)iii(lfii( (■liurchcs. At 
pri'sciit L(»L;aiis|)i)i( , l''l. \Vayiu', (luslicii, Indiana, and Ann 
Alitor, .Mi(dduan, arc ici'civ'inii; nii>sionarv sn|i|)oi-|. 'I'hci-c aiv 
nian\' |ironiisinL; openings i'oi' <ini' elinieli on lids leiailoi')', and 
(;ould he innne(li;il(d V oeeupied if llie nieii and ihe ini'ans were, 
al hand. 



Dnrinti llie tluid convention, a lellei' from t he secrelary oh* 
tlie (ieiici'al S\inid conlainin^ ihe plan |iro|io-ed liy ihe tins- 
Iccs o!' the Pastor's l''nnd. and also an a]i|ieal lo the Di.-trict 
Synotls to unite in this j^reat woik, was |iresented and read to 
tins liodv. lv\ee|)lion was taken to the [dan il-idf. No one 
coiihl l>eeonii' a henellidarv who had not lieen a niendter and 
paid an annual lie into the ti'ea.-urv; and no minister^ taudly 
could H'ccixi' aiti Iheriditun uuhss the niini>ler had during;' his 
lil'e united with the society and rt.'guiarl\' met Lis dues, in 
slujrt, it was a mutual life insurance association that was pi'o- 
j»osed. 'The S\in)d also ohjected to the pi'o\ision that a I'lind 
of ten t housand dollars should acci'iH- hei'ore an\' distrihutiou 
shouhl he made. There were needy ministers, and the fam- 
ilies of such that icMjuired imnu'diale assistance, ami the 
churidi slwadd aid them without dela\'. 'rhe--e ohjections 
heiuj;' stated, the sentiment of the SymMl was expressed a.s 

iu.'i(jlted, That this Synoil highly apjiroves -.wul heartily 
rejoie-es in the estublisliment of a i'astor's l^'untl for tin.' pur|)o^e 


svNoi) oi' Noi;i'iii;i;.\ imhana. 

of aiding pooi' ami di.-alik'il iiniiistcr^ aiul ilicir laiiiilic-, ami will 
clu-frl'iilly co-upcratc wiili ilir (iciicial S^iiod in ^.m-l, h plan, the 
].r()vi>iuiis ami pniicipk's of \\lii(h will hoalall lime- acroplal.le 
((.all |)r()i)C!- ai.|.lifaiit> rriim all parts el' liic cluirch, wIumu'vct 
there are riii\(ls una ppnipi-ia teil iii llie lica.-iiry. 

No riii'llier aelioii was taken iinlil the ei'_:lilli animal cmi- 
veiilioii, when a lellei' iVmn ihe ,Seei'elar\ (if ihc l'a.sL()r',s 
l'\in(l Society of the (u-neral Synod \\a> pre^'iited. It was an 
nr^vid appeal foe aid. Tlic mallei- was diilv eoiisidc I'ed ami 
llie Synod voted an appropriation id' tweii(y-li\e dollars aiinn- 
:ill>- Tor a period of ei-hl years. Ii sei'ins like a Huall 
liet^inninir for siich an imp(M:tant work, Imt this S\ nod was 
V''l ill il-^ iiifancy. It- own pa-tor- weiv la lioiiii..; lor a mere 
jiillanee nf a salary. Thf eon- r( ;jat ion- w,)re (,nl\ in (heir 
lorinalivc period. 'rsvenly -li \c dollars meant, more Im- ihciii 
llian many limes ihat amoiinl woiild now. 'riio\cr> ne.xl \ear, 
however, il was loiind neee-sary lo make an ap|ieal for the 
';i'iiil.\' "I' \U\. ('. dour,-, wim wme loll ill tie-lilnle eireiliii- 
■-';iiiees. 'Tiiis iiave a new imprt iis d. t he cause. The plediU'.s 
weie increased more lliaii mit hnmlrid |irrce!it. and an inter- 
est wa- niainlaiiied in the work until the e.\[iiralion n\' (he 
'i'"'- I'lal liie pledge lo the i^viii'i-al ,-oeietv was ivde'eim-d. 
l''or some cause the i-oni rilmt ion- almost cut ire|\- ceased. A 
I'rw pastors liionoht llu'ir yearl\' oIlrriiiL: and ihe inonev was 
paid to the general society. The siimwas small. 'JMiis con- 
dition existi'd iinlil the year I.S.S."), when il was auain i'oiind 
iieces.sai-y to rem!er assistance to a lainily hdl in want. l-^acli 
I'liiiridi was asked for a coin rihnt imi lor I he widow and her 
cliildren, n\' the late Kev. .1. l-'razicr. who had I.een an earnest 
•and etHcieiit servant .d' the (.'hnreh and h.r Lmd. To this 

rill'; ^^NNOI) AND I'ASI (tU'^i I TNI) ASSOCIATION. T) 1 

was adili'd llic i-cc('ii( action (if the ( JiMicial Syudd, lookini; Tor 
llu' cslalili.-liiinMil of a lioiiic I'or (li>aM('(l lllilli^ll'|■s and their 
i'aiiiilir.-. A conimitliu' \va> appoinliMl and llic rollowin^- 
r('[)oii pi-cscnlcd and adopted. 

Inasinnch a^ il i^ a fael, tlial in the |)a^l. there have heen a^ed 
ministers and tlien- tandlie- wiio, alter year> of nohkj stdf sacaa- 
liein;; iaitor I'or 1 lie cliureli, lia s e heen lel'l to s|)cnd the elo^ini; 
years of their li\ e- de|irived of the nalnral eomroil- of life and 
soinelinie- in ah^olnle want; ami 

I na-nmeh a.- w e consider it a ^ataanl iliily ot the chni-(di to 
proN'idc lor lho^t< who have worn I heni.^cKc- out in liu' wurl, of 
the niini-tr)' ami ni >iekiu'-s oi' (dd a^c arc Id'l in need; and 

lna^nln(dl a> the plan of llie liencial Synod fur piov idini;' 
for >m-\\ has heen and r^, Ihioii^h a I'a^lor',- fund Sucict}'; 
tiiciel ol r, 

In oi'dei' ihal oiir wuik may lianmnii/e wilh the lienci'al 
Synod'.-, we rec(nnineml 

/''//■.'.7. 'Idial llu' Synod of Norlhein Indiana to-day licL^in I he 
orL;ani/;ilioii of a I'a-^lorV i'dind As-ociation \i\ the idcclioiiof 
li\c of us mcmi.ei -, I hrce ciciical auillwo lay. one for ;i t(ini of 
li\e \e;ir>,onc lUr four yeaiv, (Uie ol three _\ ear-, one ol' iwo 
yi'ar> a nd one of one year; and in the future each year lo elect 
one nieinlicr lor the lerm of li\e years. 

S, riiiul. That the duties of t he-e perMUi- he made I he fol low in j;: 

[ I ) 'J'o oi'i;ani/e thcin^el\'e- h)' the (dec Hon of a I'rc-^ id en I, Sec- 
retary aiul Trea-nr}'. 

CJ) To hold annual meetinus at the tune and place ol the 
meelnii^df Synod and lore|iorlall pi'oceedini; to Synod 
for its a(aion. 

(I!) I'o provide |d;in- and take action lowai'd nccui'Iiil; funds 
for their ladief, and to apply the-e fund- in ;n'cordauc(! 
with the tlireclioii of Synod. 

Key. ('. d. Ki( ler, I'hilip Kay, Iv-ip, i:cv. d.J. rurc.ll, 
Kev. J. L. (iuaid ami .\ . W . Moiri-on, l*i-(|., were elected to 


HVN<»i> OF Nt»i:j iii;i;\ Indiana. 

8crve Foi- the luiinlicr ol' v(':ii.s as tlic (.nlcr iii(li>-alcs, llir lasl 
to <cr\e fur one year. A iiiculiiiL;: was held dnriiiL; .1 his cmi- 
v'c'iitioii of Syiioil ami Kcv. ('. .1. Kifffr wa.- clcctiMl riwsj. 
(Iciil, lu'V. -I. J. ruiTcIl, Strrctar) : and A. W . Miuii-oii, 

'Idle lullowinii,' " iiiilcs and 1 JcLinlatiuns ' " wrii' |)icsLMitc(i 
to llic Synod at its annual im-t tin^ and wiTc ado|)|cd: 

1. 'I'lie iianK' of this ^(iciciy -liali he "'Idic l'a>tnr'.s l''im(l 
Socit'ly (jl' the Synod (jT .\(n-th(_*rn 1 n iliuiia of the ( iciiera I Svnod 
of till' I'lvaiii^clicul Lutheran ( diUKdi." 

1 1. 'I his society shall consist ol live nieinhei-s, three clerical 
and two lay. elected hy the Synod, one to he (dectuti at ea.(di 
annual convention iiereaftei-, to serve foi' a [leriod (d' li ve vear,-. 
This s<iciely >hall hidd annual nicelin^s at the tune and place 
of the ineelint;' of Synod, and rfjn)riall ii-- |iroceedini;- to Synod 
for 11^ acli(Hi. 

I \'. Aleatdiof it-- a nniia I nieelin- > it -hall elect Ihc f(dlo\\- 

ni; otlicei- to -er\ e for a period i.f one >ear. I're-ideiil, Secre- 

lar_\ and d'reaMiicr, and ihc-e olliccr-- -hall jici form ilic dniie^ 

usually a>>iL;ned to their re<|>cc|ive ollicc-. 

\'. It shall he the duty t)f lhi> >oiicty; 

(i) 'l\j provide plans ami take action toward securing; fund- 

f(M" the relief of ininisler^ who are in need of assistance. 

(2) To seek out cases where aid is needed and as far as possi- 

sihle to provide for their relief. 
(.'!) In cases where it is necessary that ridief shall he given at 
an}' tiaie hetween the con ventioiis (jf S^Miod, this socdely 
shall have the ri<;;ht to a appidpriate iniinediately , hut m 
other eases the I'liiids shall he jiaid out accordinii, to t lu- 
aj)[)r(jpriati(jus or Synod. 
(1,1 It shall make arranj^enients lo(d<imi; to the estahlishment 
of a |)iu-manent fund liy securiui; hctpiest and legacies, 
and h}' the us(! of any aeerui'd fund arising from the 
ap}»ortionnieiil of any other source 

Tin; --^.NlU( AM> l'A^I<il:s 1IM> ASSOCIAI'IOiN . ■)■> 

(1 I 'I'liMl all till' I'mul- ill the liaiiiU ul llic >yn<iiliial In'asiirer 
for I'a-twi'- I'^iiiiil In' li\- llii- SyiKnl onlt'iTil paid iiilD llu' 
liaiiii-iir tlif S\iiiiilica I 'I rfa-iiicr, ami L\ him paiil nxcv 
iiilo tlic liamU (if llii' i'a>l(ii'~ l'uii>i wKIumiI -pccial onUT 
I'lom Symiil. 

(I'l In (dilcr llial IuihI- may lie -fcnrctl as .^pta'dily a> |MP^si- 
hlc, w (' i-C(<immril ilial Synod al llii> r.icflm.L; a | jporlicHi 
\n\- llii- (ilijc<-l al llir lalc (d ruiii' .•(ail> ptT mfiidni'. 

Sincr llic MiL;aiii/.al inn ul' llii- -(i(i(l\-, Ixdtri' w ,il; Ini- 
lirrii ilonc Alnin-i i-\ii\ \fai' -onif >mall a-^i.-lanci' ha- hi-t-n 
1 (iiiliicti . 'Idir diinand- aic im-iTa-inL' and ihc m-ar Inliin: 
will iiipiirc lai'jci- ihin;.;- alum: llil- line A I'cni' pri-fiiil. 
appi'iipi'ial inn will nul nail lh<' n'(| niicnnii I -. Nn Immj iir,-l>, 
no lc;jafii'.<, no .-piaaal L;iri> lia\r linn ir(ci\'cd loi- ihi.-, work, 
and Nil none appeals to n- wilh .-nrh pallio- and power. 
Tin' ai^ed m in i-lci-, who 'ja\'c ihc cm-rLiie.- of lln-ir live-lo 
laiildim; lip tin' Lullieraii rhnieh on ihi- iiiiiioiA ai'i' no 
lonijfi- aid.' lo I aiLiaue in 1 In' la hoi > of an aeli\ !■ niiiii-l i'\' . Some 
have nolle lo iheii' lewanl and are wearing the ci'ow ii that is 
studded with the .-hiiiinu stars id' .-oiils redeemed tliroii^h their 
liiiinhle hihors. Soinc liii^jci' with its on this side (d' the river. 
'I'lic streiiLilh of lii'e is ^()Il(■, natural I'oi'ces have aluded, the 
I'Ve has i^rowii dim, the steps lalteriiit:, the voii'e t reinuloir^. 
The tires tilow upon llie altar ol their >oiils the passion foi- 
winiiiiiL' iiuai to ('lirisl has not died away, Imt the earthly 
Inmse is railing-. The (•liiireh ri'eei\ed all that llu'\ eoiihl 
Liive the world hy their earnest, sell'-saciilic-iiiL;' live>, and she 
will not, dare not I'or^i'l them in their time (d' need. The 
eviaiinu' ol' their li\es will lie i^laildeiied liy her raithriiluess 
(o them as she was uladdeii -d by tlieir iidt'lily to her all their 


t;^ NOD oi' N()i:iiii:i;n imhana. 

(lays. I )iiriiii; tlic ])r('scnl yt'iir ;<lic li;is -iveii IVoiii Iut I I'ciis- 
iir)- li. Iniir (if ihoc, and lias had xllicr apprals lliat wci-c 
|ii-ii|ilictic ol' Ihc lai-;jrr wdi'k lliat i-cinaiii- hi lie done. ll 
l)clui(i\(S licr to make lia.-tc and ii'|dcni-h lici' I ira-ii i\-, I lial 
llic la.-t da\> (d' ,-xnic (d' licr licsl .-ci'vanls iiia\' he >a\cd IV. ,m 
actual snlVciinu and w ant. 

'nil'; s^Noi) AM) ()riii:i; p,KM':\'()ij-:.\'r woiik. 

Aside IVoni llic cduca I iniia I and tlu' llnnic nii.-~i(jnai \' work 
in wliicli tlicSynnd lias limi xi inlcn.~( I v cniiaiicd. .-lie lia.-al.-(i 
Ihiiih licr liiinddc pail in all tin ullicr liciic\ulijit acli\ilic~ dl' 
llic cliunli. in J'dnii/ii iiii<-<i(>ii- she lia> a deep and aliidiiii: 
iiilcrol. licr Clint rilnii ion,- I'ur ilii- wurk lici^in with Iht tii.-- 
tiir\'. ll is tnic thai llic\' wcic .-mall in her jir-l year.-, hnl 
there were l\'\\ (diiirelu- and lie inciiilui.-hip \\a^ |i.Mir a. id 
.-eatlered. I he spirit nf the L;ii.-pcl i--li(i\\n in her w il linL;iies> 
to consider ihc -nliject even in the da\.- of her po\'crl\' and 
when the one alisorliinn topic was the development of I he 
(diiirch niioii her own territory. lint ,-hc was not nnmindrnl 
of ihc I\la.-lcr"s injunction, "(io ve inio all the world and 
preaili t he L!(i.-pel to c\i-rv creal lire. " She iielievcd that e\'er\ 
one who had hcai'd the iilad lidiiii;s of .-als'atioii shonlil make 
some ell'ort to t(dl the jjooil lieW'S t<i those who had llo knowl- 
ed^ic of what ('hri,-t had done lor iiuMi. So her miiii-tei's 
prea(died and in a hiiinlilc w'a\' the iicwIn' oiLiani/ed coiiL;reL;a- 
lioiislook np 1 he Work , W hieli ha- heeii eoiiliiiiieil with incrcas- 
inu intere-t and with c\er-enlarL;ini: coni rilnii ions throiiLih all 
the \-earsol' her history. In l.'^lil >he welcomed lte\. Moiri,- 

Till'; .s^Noii AMI ()iiii:i; i;i,m:\ ()i,i:Nr wokk 


()iiiccrtc> lici- aim iial incctiiiL;' and Liaxc liim t lie .-t rmiijrst a>>iir- 
aiiccs (if lici- ^\■|llllat li V iiinl -ii|i|)iirl in l\n- work wliirh lie rcpri'- 
^^cnd'd. 'I'lic rdlliiwini;- rcMiliil inn- were |ia~,-cil: 

l,'(S<iln(l, 'I'IkiI \s(' as a S)'iiimI i-ijiiicc in Ihr |)ir>cnia' (if Krs'^ 
M. ( 'dicci', ( icnri a I Ai;('nl ii\' l-'oirit^n nii->iiiii>, ami that wcliavr 
iislcni'il Willi (U.'('|i mtcrc-l ami [irolDiiml jilra.-nrr lo tin.' dix-oinx' 
upmi llic ('(iiiditiDii ami nrdspccts of <iiii lwiciL;n mi>>imi- ni India 
and Africa. Also 

/.'( .so/ (■,(/. Thai llii< Syiiud in accdidam-c with tlu' [dan -njj;- 
^(•sU'ij liy Kcv. < iH'Maa' adopt some nnilui m plan In lai-i' rnnds I'm' 
the can.-c nf mi--ii)ns, and tlial S\ imd icconmicnd that each 
niiiiistci" in (■(jiiiu'clion with this hods picadi al Ica.-t nncr a year- 
upon (lie -iiliji'cl (if r'.i'ci'jii niis-iiMis ami lakf up cul lictii m- ini- 
I 111- li(il\' <-a iisc. 

1m>'|- -iiici' tlic oiuani/.alion of liif Hoard of p'oriiMn |],i-. 
.-ioiis l)\' llic < iciicral S\'nod .-he has wi'lcomcd the Sccn-iai\' and 
III her niciii licis (d' ihc I'xiard mil oiih In Inr annual imciin^^.- 
Inil al~o lo lii'i' \arioii- pulpii-, and ha- rordialh' joii.i d with 
ihiMii in ihrir Lirral work. Shi- accipis ilic ajijioi i ionnuni 
iiiadr liv I hr ( icmral Synod u liii li al pirscnt \> tninhi lif<' iriii< 
[icr imanhoi', ainoiinl inn to tlic siiin id' S 1 ,()l),s foi- i his hod \ per 
aiiiinin. Wdiilc slic soiiiciimcs faifs to rrarh thi- -landard, 
wliirh oiiLikt to \iv Wi2-AVilvi\ as ihi- iniiMiiniin ol' licr L;i \ in^; lor 
tills caiisr, she i.-ycai'l\' ciilar^iinL; I lu' anioiinl and liopfs soon 
(o pass licynnd llii,- liinil. I'"ailhi'iil clVort is made in all iIm- 
cdiiir(di('.- ami a Mc-snl cdnral ioiial wdrk is i^oinu on ihal ninsL 
ripen into a iiiddeii harvest. The ohseiwaiiee of a -peeial dav 
l)y the Siiiida)' sidiools i •- addiii;^' mneh inleie-t to the Work and 
^-iivinu' more system lo its melhods. 

'1 he cause of flnirch c.vf/u.'^iiJii is i-eeeivinu' a i^i'eal deal ol' 
atlenlioii li\- this hodv ;iml upon this teiailmx. Indeed il ].- a 


;vN()i) oi .\(ii; 1 (I i;i;n Indiana. 

(';i\(irili' .-iiKjccl with iiin,<l of (he |iiiijj|(.. 'riii-S\ii(M| i- (•(iiiiiiiu,' 
III i'(:ili/.c iiKU'r lliiiii cNTi' llic IhIIn nl' |il;icinL: a iniiii in r-i'im; 
cilN' ;iimI ,-ii|»|)(irl iiiL' him in hdhliiiL;' .-rr\'icc> in n liiill w hiTr he 
can iinl (■(iiiimand the intcri'.-l ami rc.-|)ri'l ihal hi,> wurk iiiihll\' 
(Ic-crvr.- . Shr hclicvc- lhal il i- jn-l ;i- (--cul i;il lu hcl|»a 
ii(\\i\ <)i-t!:iiiizi'il cdiiij rctial iiiii in a church hiiihlin- a- il is lo 
aiil ihciii ill sii|i|Miit iii;^ a iiiiiii.-ii-r. •■Ilmiic mis.-idii- " hi-l|is 
In pnach the \\iM'(l, " church c\tcn.--i<in ' :iiil- in ihc ci'ccrinii 
III' llic church. 'I [\<' hillcr i.- ju.-l a- lui dlul a.- ihc runin-i- in 
a<l \ anciirj I he inl('i( ~l ~ nf ('liri-l's k iiiiiihuii . 'rhcSsunil lia~ 
alw a\ .' ch( CI lulK aci|uic-C((l in lli> w.iil^ nl' this lliianl. ami 
<iu(|iallv wclciiiiic- il- i(|,r( -ciilal i \'c- hi her iiicil injj- ami her 
chiirchc-. Hhc has accc|ilc(| ih,' a|i|ii,ii iiiiiincni nf I wcnl \- I w u 
cciii;- per memlter which il' raisnl will aiiii rc>jalc sl.Oils. 
LaiLjer lliili;^s cai: he \cr\' ea-il\' accijiii |ili-lM'i I ahuiu' I hese lines. 
'I"hc llndiil I'f i'.ihivaiinii which i,- milv he;^iniiinL; il.- wnrk 
ami which ha- llu- hod- nl nur cnlh-j,-- a- il- -pccial caii- 
receive- 11(1111 ihe SnikhI Us 1umiI\ a|i|iriival ami en-ii|iri'al iuii . 
\\hllc W il Icnhel';^ ( 'nllciie receixe- her special allenliiui he- 
ciUise of ihe rehilidiis which the S\ii(i(l sii.-lains to her in heiii;j, 
ie|)ii'seiite(l iipdii her I'xiard of 1 'ircctors she is not uiiiuiiid I'lil 
of the needs oi' our V(Uiiiu-er in.-l it lit ion- and she helieves tlu; 
( K'nera) Synod acted w■is^d^' in estalilishin^ this aL;t'ncv w hicli 
has (lie of all oiir educational institutions at heart, hut 
which niii>t niaki' special provision for the Noim^cr and weakei' 
ones The Synod has accepted the ap|»tMlioninciil of ten ccy/f-s 
per MK'inher I'oi' thi,-, cause, aL;-^reiiat iiii; ??l.")l jier vcar, and she 
makes c\ery eiVorl possihie to ki'e|i the churche- inioinicd 
upon this suhject, and i;'ivL'sanv representative ol' the hoai'd a 
cordial welcome to an\' (d' her nu'ctinii.'- or piilj>its. 

.» A 

\ ^^ 

I'm; sv.Noij AM) oTiii:!; i;i;.m:\ ni.i;.\i wokk 

TIlc Ci(ll--^f (if fitt' nrjiltun is llul I'nl'LIiit Icll. 'IMir Svuml luirt 
III lc;i,-I IWu rhililrrli ill t lie < )|-li|i;ni V lltihlral L(-\- .-villi', I'a., 
aii<l hcLiin- Id i-(;(li/r more ijniii cx'ii- llic \-;iliic {>{' such an iii,~li_ 
tiilii'ii lu llic elm itIi. N(i aiimiiiil i> a|i|i(iri iuiiril Wn tin- sii|i- 
I'lirl III' ihis iii-liliili..ii, lull a -|ufial cla\- i.- .-el apail In lie 
(ili,-cr\'(i| wilh aji|iiii|iiiali' .-crs ii-i - li\ iliiSiiihla\ .-clKHiNaiKJ 
(•(iiiL;ii-L:al i'lii- ami L^cncial cmhi liljiil idiis luadi-. Tlii-- das lias 
Itccii faiilN' Well (ili-crvfil l liiiuiij Im.iiI iIh- SnikmI, Iml lln- 
I'cliiin.- lia\T iiol iiccii as lai'Lii' a> llic caii.-r ilr-i'i'Vrv Ni/I 
more lliaii \'n\[\ ildllar.- wcri emilii Imi led duniiL; lli" pa-l -\ii- 
(idieal year. ll need- and .-IhiiiM lia\e mam lime- llial aniuiinl 
li'om iki- liwdy. An aj)|i((il idnnunl nl' Iwoeeiil- per niendier 
is accepted jdi' df nc I'xl Sif nod fiii r jin.<t <, 'Idii.- i,- ldderia\ llie 
e\)ien.-(- (iT llic delcLiate.s t'l'dm ihe \ai'imi.- ili,-lricl S\ imd.- and 
to meel t lie <ieiici-al c\|)ciise.- of uur liiciiiiial con Veiil ion.-. 'IMie 
riiK' of ihc <leiieral Synod i- llial no dcle;jalioii I'ldiii a di-li'icl 
S\ iiod can draw llieir e\|ien-cs nnle<- llieS\'nod which lliat 
deh'-alioii ie|iie.-cnl- ha- jiaid inio ihe iiea-iir\' ihe lull anionnl 
ul its a|)|)ortioniiient . The ileleiiales are I heni.-elves somelinie.-. 
lV(|iiii-e(l l(j advance mom \' for iheir S\iiods. 'Idiis led ihe 
Synod of Xorlliein Indiana to adopt ihe inh; thai no pastnrati' 
should lie (litiihlf to lav lepreseiilalimi and no ininisUr should 
lie cliLiililc to election unless liie full amount of the appoitioii- 
nieiit for thi,- purpo.-e had l)C'en pii'vioiisly paid into the s\iiod- 
ical trea.-uiy. 

'Idle apportionment for the '• ■•'i/ii(i(licii/ lrf<(--iiiri/ '' varies 
from lime to lime. 'Idie aim of tlu^ SnikmI has Ihh'II to keep it 
within the hounds of li\e cents pel' iiieml)er. IWit of late Ncar.i 
it has |)eeii iiisiitiieieiit . I )(d)t.> aceumiilated and the a|ijiorl ion- 
nieiit was raised. iVl present it is riij/il rc//^^■ per ineinlier. 


SVNoit of XoKI'll I:i;N INDIANA. 

'V\\\< :i|)|)(inioiiiiiciil is to liK'cl llir ciii-i-ciit cxiicliscs of the 
Synod of Xorilici'ii 1 ii.liaiia - siirli a- llic |ii iiil in- df llu' iniii- 
iitcs — (lie cxiKMi.-cs of tlu' Dii-cclor> lo W iltciilirr- ("ollc-c, 
llio-c ol' the I'rc.-i.h'iit and llu' Scciciai \ in llic |)fi loiniancc of 
llu-ir ollicial dutic.-, and Midi oilier lliiii^i> as an' incidnil lo 
oiii' syiiodical coiin cnlioiis. 

ll ^\il! !>(■ iHadil)' stcii llial all llicsr aic jii.-t and mcdrul 
in ad\an(inii llu- inlnol,- of ihc cliiiicli. In .'X ii\- line lla^ 
\i'i y sinalli'-^l anioiint nfC(K'd is asked loi' in ihe.-e appoilioii- 
iii'iil-- Sonic ,,r llie eoii-reijalioii> al\va\s lueel iIum- and 
nHially have an •■e.\ce>s,"' Iml oilier- jii.-i as i-eLiilarl\ re|ioii 
a ■■detirit." Ii wonid add a Ini-lil ehapler lo oiir -\iio.lical 
hi-loi'y if esery eoiiL: reiial ion wmild meet ils ^\^l.^> I'm these 

'I'Im' lienev(dent work of the S\nod is liy no means liniiled 

lo llie-e line,-. 'riielC are IliailS ■•eMellial oKjeet-,'" IliallV 

olher deinan.l- made iiin.n ihe Naiion-. eliuiehe-. A -■hine<' al 
ih' Mimmaiy of ihe |iaioeliial re|iorl- will -how hu\\ larLie ihe-e 
lia\el)eeii. 'I'lieeaii-eor ihe .M a.-I er a [ .| lea l> to h i- e 1 1 iii'e li i II 
\arioii- way.-, and someiime^ j)re.-enl> \ t'l'y dill'ereiit line- Tor 
Kenevidenee. The eoiiureiial ion- ni' this Svimd has'e in the 
main made a lair record, one which will compare ra\'orahlv' 
with olhcr syimdical hodies. The -piiil of hem A'oleiice has 
^rown with her ad vaiiceinenl in malerial ihiiigs. 

'iTii-: SYNOD AM) TIM.: ^()l Nc i'i:()rLi':. 

.\ II the dilVei-enl lim> of activity in wliiidi the ('hri.-tiaii 
cluiri'h en:^ai;es can .-carceK' lie en iimeraleil. The\ are a.-^ 
vaiied a- ihe needs of hiimanilw 'I hev IhIoiil;' lo e\-ei'\' |ilias<' 

I'lll. >\S<)\t ANM) I'lIK V(HIN(i I'lCOI'l.i;. 


(>r civil, -ucial and i-i'liiiimis lil<', ami liml ilicii a|i|ilicaliuii m 
all (•la-,-i'- of [icdplr. Ill till- rullilliiu'iil u\' lifi- iiiis.-iiin llic 
cliuicli he indillcrciil Id aii\ iiKiVi'iiitiil I lial tends In t In' 
l)fl Icniiriil dl' llir lininaii faniilx: lull >li( iiiusi id' iiccc-sily 
jj;'i\-c .-|iicial allciition tu I Ikim" lines ut' wnrk llial aie I'.-.-ciilial 
in laviii'.: llif roiindnrKin.-^ dl' (diarai-UT and dcNidnpin^ a strong- 
and viiioi'iui- inaiiliiMid and a |hii-c and exalted \\(iinaiili<H)d. 
'I'lie S\ii,m| lia.- al\va\s iHcojiiiized llie neee^-ily id' -iviiiLi >|)ee- 
ial allrnliuii lo llie IrainiiiLi' ol' tlie vininii; and In |j|-ii\ide -neli 
mean.- a- are c-.-enlial In |H-upei-l\' ((iniii iIkiu I'm a life cd n>e- 
fllliie-- in llie MM\'ie<' ( d' llieii' Lni'd. Il( r ( ll'iiil- ill llii- dii'ec- 
limi iiia\' he enii-idei'ed iiiidei' lliree licad-. 'llie lii.-l i.- ///': 
cti/rc/it'ticii/ r/ir-.v 'llie piuiieir |)i'raeliei- in liieir l)il,-y nii.-- 
.sionai\' aeli\'ilies were iiol iiidilVereiil in llii- t iniediiiiiin-ed 
Liillieian |)i'a(iiee ul' indncl ri iial iiiL: llie \iniiii;-. AlllnHiuli 
llndi' laiLie |ia,-liiiale,- and llieir \\id(d\' .-ealh red enni; le-al iini.< 
n.adr lid- w.n'k e-pteialh ditlieiill, \ d il lee.ived earet'nl al- 
leiilinii. \\ lial llie |ia-l(M- I'nuiid I in | les.-i I )le |ii aee(nn|di-li iii 
lliis dire<-liiin, lie laid a.- a dnl\' n|i(in llie |kii(IiI. The ealc- 
(dd.-ni \va- iiil rudnced iiiln llie Imnie and al an laih enii \ eiil ii m 
llie lio|>e wa- eX|)|-e.-.-ed lliat il iniulil lie plaerd in ivei'V Inni-e- 
linld and llial |iaj-eiits wmild In- railliliil in leaeliini; llieir (diild- 
reii llie ^jlurimis duel lines nf their (dinieh a- iherein -el rnilh. 
I)nriii'_; the eighth animal ineetiiiL; ol' ihe Ssimd ihe t'ul hiw iiiij;' 
aelinii wa- taken which still a|i|n'ar- aiminL; the ^landiiiLi' ri'Sit- 
liilinii- and whicdi i- hindiiiL:' n|Miii e\er\ nienihei-; 

" /.'- Nil// (■(/, 'I'liat It 1- tile Mdeiiin duty nf escry niini-(er of this 
Synod lhoronL;lily and earernlly lo ealeeld-e all Ihe 301111^ ol' liis 
iduir^'e, and thai (.•very mini.-ler who nenieej,-, ihi- duty doe> -o in 
violalioii of Ihe Mdeinn vow lak»'ii ii|i(M1 him 111 hi- ord iiiaiion." 


;^M>1) oi .\(»i; I II I, i; \ tn IH \x \ , 

Tlir-c arc .-Iriiiiu word-, IjiiI not too slruiiL: tor tin -iili'pr'l 
iior roiilic coll virl ioii of lliosr linrd wdrkiiiLi |ia-lor-. 'I'liu 
lacls >li(/\\ lliat the (•alcclii,--al ion ol' llic \^lllll^■ i-<'cci\ci| mun.' 
laillil'iil alliiiiioii ilicii tliaii iiow. A ll lioirj li the S\ nod has 
liciii ri^iil ill hrr dcinand> all I li roii'jli I lic~c \rar.-i. in lln-o lal- 
tcr (lav.- \\r lind inaii\ allciiiji- lo olTcr -nli-lilnh.- I.ii llir ratc^ 
rJMtical <-la-,-. liiil o\|)oricinM- Icaclio- llial iiol oiic lia- Imoii 
loiiiid to till it- |ilacc. 'Idific i,- no \\a\' mi clTrcliN'o in loacli- 
in- cliildicii till- do(•lrint■^ ni' tin- rliiiicli a> llii-. It In l|i- tlpin 
to iindi r-iaiid In |- riindanii-iita 1 |iriiifi|ili-. Thai i- (--iiitial 
in (■itatin;: a lovc for the rhirrrh and in tcarhin- llhin to ho- 
coinc art i\'c in In-r ,-cr\icc. 'Idif Sviiod -till hold- I ha I Lnl Inr'.- 
.-nialh r catrclii-m .-hould not i,nl\ ho I'dUinl. hiil al-o taithinll)- 
.-iiidii-d, in (■\Tr\- Liilhcraii home mid that it i- thr dnty (d' 
f\cr\' inini>tcr to i'al<clii.-c all tin \miiii'^ id' hi- pa-toialo and 
that tho,-i' who iio-hii llii- dut\' do .-o in violation ol' ihrir 
.-oh mil ordination \o\s,-, l\.r a lunnh.-r of voar- tlw -uhitct ol' 
I'ati I h i-al ion \\a- aiiimall\ |irr-riitod at thr nurtiiiL; >'l S\ imd 
li\ a .-)ioaki'r a|p()oinltMl at tho picx ion- con \'cnt ion . l.allcrh 
it \va> crowded aside \)Y wiiat w.i-dcciijcd more practical in 
advancini; ihc iidcrcsts of the chiircdi; hut the wisdom ul this 
action has hccii v<r\' iiiuch (| not ioiicd and in ,-oinc ([iiartcr^ 
there i< a stroaii' desire to retiii'ii and indoclrinalc ,-oiiie )ii'each- 
er,- that ihev niav iht- heller |iert'oriii his diitv to the lainh- cd' 
their Ihick. 

She .-ecoiid is thr Siniddi/ ScIkhiI . This is not an old ih-- 
|)arlnieiil (d' idiiirch w oi'k ; hut it had already reaidied tliat 
staLic in its inaL''nilii'ent develo|)nient at the time of the oi'^ani- 
zatioii ol tliis Synod that it was (•oii.'-idered almost a> important 
to orLiani/.c a Siimhiv School as a (•(uiLi'ri'uation. Indeed in a. 

Tin: ,sVNOI> AND Till; V(H'\(; rF.oi'l.i:. 


iniiiili.'i- (.r iii-laiicc.-, the scIiodI was ihc roicriiiiiicr and picpai-ml 
tin.' way r,)i- llic (•(ni;^icw-ati(Jii. In cnnininiiil ics wluic Cliris- 
li:'>' |""|'l'' I';"' .-'■lll<'l, wUWr they uciv witlnxit tli,. pi^'aclu'd 
word, llicy wcic n..l iiidilTciTnt td llicir (,un and llicii' (diil- 
dri 11 s r. lii^iniis widfarc, and .dlun -allu ivd in iln. caiKudtv of 
a Sunday Sdujcd and in lliis way wciv |nv|.al■in^■ tlu' wav lor 

the ui-uani/ati la (dnindi wlicii < iod in liis<:oo(l i.rovidcnce 

f^fiil to Ihcin a niini>t(i- (if llic word. 'Tlic ini.ssi.inary always 
(MiconiaLicd lliis work and tiii'd lo lia\c il Imin a part of all 
newly .,|-L:ani/.o(l con- iv^at ions. In inaiiv instances, in tlnjse 

early <lays, it wa-^ found iieees>arv to I'urin union school.- 

Jieople of all deiioinination.- iinilin;^- in the work. IJltle difli- 
ciiltv was e\|)erieni'ed then from the fact that there was not 
'I'll'"'' deiioininational literature u.-e.l. Suiidav Sidio^l work 
coii-isle<l lar-(dy in ivadiii- tiie i^ihle. ( Ilia). ter alter tdiapter 
wa< olien read alteinatidy , witlnMit a simple connnent IVomi the 
teacher. Meniori/iiii;- script ure loniied al^o an iinpuitant part 
"' 'I"' "oik, ill connection with which pi i/e lards ..!' M'riiitural 
desi-ii were ii>ed with heneli.ial lesuli-. Whatever may he 
j^aid ali(Mit the method of Hil.le study , m- rather, IJihle reading-, 
(d' (hose day.s this is true that so Far as (In.' scriptunil text i.s 
concerned the s(di(dar hccaine more ramiliar with it, than is 
often the ca.<e now with all tin- iii(,dein helps l hat, arc provided . 
He knew less of the " 1 1 iglier ( 'riticism , '' Inil. doiihtles had 
more of the Hihlc in his mind. A.s to wlii(di is preferahle tin; 
reader may deci<le. Ivirly in it.s history (he following- action, 
which shows the catlndic spirit, of (hose pioneer ))reacliers, was 

" Jusi,lr,,l, 'I'liMt we heardly approv(! of the Anierican Sunday 
.School ruion." 


SVXiil) OF NOU'l'll i;i;N IMtlWA. 

lis ,<yiii|i;illiy tlu'ii'willi ((jok ;i |p|-artic;il lonii in ro-oprr- 
atiiiL; willi [\\v uiiioti in the ditVcicnl liin^ iA' it,-, xaiii'd work. 
Tlii- hy no nu'iui.-; alVcctnl it> loyally to the Liillnian rliiircli. 
I'-lvcry clVort |)o.s>il)k' wa.s madi' I(. lu'cp ilic -cliooU in liainnniy 
will) all oni' (IciKiniiiiatidnal cnici-pi'i.-c- and a(ii\ilic-. The 
lilrraliiii' of Ihf cliiiicli was coiunjcndrd. 'l"ln_' .-cNcnl li ciui- 
\cntiuii said : 

" /I'csv.//', ,/, 'I'liai we as a Synod ino,-t hcarldy coiniinMiil llic 
/.((III, ran Siiinhti/. Srhual llnudd to our Sn nday .-rliool-, a nd n:o-t 
iirgcnil}' r('(|Uc-l all oui- nnnislri's to do all in their |Hnvci to 
iiicrt'aM' its cnciiiation." 

l''if(|Ui-nl tdloits 'AciT made to advance the inlei'e-l- ol' the 
S(diools and U> niaki- lliem nanc rllieieiil li\' lioldin- <'i'n\'en- 
lion.>, and eleetin;^ (hdcL^ates to otiiei- hodie- oT a .-indlar eliai-- 
aclei-. Ill iNliL^ it was 

'' Htsii/ri'il, I'liat eaeh conCereiiee of the Synod ol' Ndiiliera 
Indiana orL;uni/.e it-tdl' into a l.ntheran SahJiaiii Scdioid euiiveiuii.n 
1(1 nie< 1 iMiee a yi'ai' al a time inn-l eoii\enienl I'nr iluin, and eaeli 
Sahhath Sehuol hr re,|ue-ted 1.. >en.l a dcde^ale to the ( .,n ven- 

'Idii> was (he liei!,iiiiiin^- of a wnrk llial was in a few xcars 
eoiiNciled into a .-yiiodieal Sunda\- Scdioid ( "on\'enliwn. An- 
nual nieetiii;^s were al lir.-t Ik Id (lie da\- |)ie\ioii- to the annual 
ineeliiiu of Synod and in the ,-anie jdai'c. 'I'lii> was imi r.aind 
expedient, and a lew \'ear.-. later it was decided to ludd a Siin- 
<la\ Se|)o(d eoiiN'enlioii ill llie nnuith oi' .May or dune of va<di 
year. Willi varying; sueees,- lliesi; ineeliiii;s were Indd up to 
llie yeai- IS.SS wlieii it was decided that the Sunda\- S(dio<d 
eon Veiitioiis lie hi Id allernalidy with the eon rertaiee- uf S\ii<,d. 
'Idle elK'el of ihi^, wa.> to divide ihe lcrrilor\ aeeordiiiL: l^ llie 

'J~m; .svN()i> ANi» iiii: ^(M n*; ri:()i'i,i;. 



coiirciviict' <listrir(s, and In have racli ci.ii rcicncc dcvuH- one 
(lay (»r its .■,|)riiii^- incctiiiu- to llic Siin(la\- ScIkkW wuck. This i.i 
the pi'cscnl iiiclliod, hut il is df .^iich rccchl dii^in (hat it> nal 
merit has scaled v vcl a|i|icarc.i. 'I'hc SmuxI, Imwcvn, hf- 
)i''V<> il Id !((■ tin- l)c,-i and iiio.-t |)ractiral method \'ei adopted, 
and hope.- to reach a hiri;cr niimher (d' schoid- ami to have 
hii;ucr ihdcLialions from them to (he eon v<nt ions. If such 
results a|i|>ear it will c( riainly meet the i-mis u\' sindi LTathei-- 
iiiLis, and l)(^ (d' iinhdd <j.tnu\ to the cause. 

In it.- iiiiieteenlh con\'eiili<m the Ssiiod pledged it-idf to 
pnicha^e its Sunday Scho(d liteialmv IVom iheLiitlieian Hoard 
oT I'lililicalion, and the drh-ate- IVom S\iiod h, ■■the lir.-l 
^';dional Lutheran Sal.halh School ( on \ mi i,Hi , ' " which \\a- 
held in Hucynis, Ohio, in Novemher, l.sTd, reported that one 
<d' ihe practical results (d' (hat (.•onvenli(m \\a.- I he (h-ci.-ion to 
J"i''l'-^'i 'II*' ■•An->lmru- Lesson Leaves." and lheS\m,d look 
immediate ai-tion de-i-ned to inliodue,. ihe-e into all the 
•-'■'"'"'- III'"" lifi- leiiilmy. It re,|uiied -,,iMe \(ar.- .d' palieiil 
toll n, aecniplidi ihi- i-e.Hill: Imt it lia.> doiihlh-- heeii as uni- 
versally achieved as in any di-tricl S\ mnl hilon-in^ to the 
(ieiieial Synod. Her live tllou.silid Sunday Sch,M)l .-cledai- 
lieloii- to that i^reat army ul' iiearl\ l\',enl\ milliims that evcrv 
L(. rd",- .lay unite in sludyin- the same Lihle les-oii, and as if 
Imt l>y (.IK* \'oice, lisp that swecl and pieciou- pia\er to -'Our 
i''atlu'|- " taui:ht us hy our Lord. 

All thiduuh her hisl(Hy the Synod has labored lo make 
lier Sunday Schools more ellieienl and helpful to all ela-ses (d' 
]ieo|>le. She ha.s spared no elVort to hohl them in .-\m|.ath\ 
with all the work of the church, and lor the pa>l few \ear.- ha- 
a(l(le(| nmch to their u.-(duliiess hy t he (d)-ervance of the special 


;yX()1) or N(ii;riii;i;N ini»i\n\. 

(lays (k->i:^iialr(l lUi- tlic work ol oiii- \aiiuiis I'xiai'd-. Ili'i- aim 
lia~ lii'cii t<i make t lu.' srhndl llic • • trarliiui; ilc|>ai-| innil ul'llu' 
(•hiii'ih," and to l)i'iiijj,- old and }i>iinij Id^.M liri' lu>tndy lln' 
wiird of (iod, and in nian\' plarcs tlii^ ha.- Iiccn very idViTl ually 
done. Till' clmr*'!) in lIk' r^cdiool means also (he .-(diool in llic 

'I'hi' third is the Drimitruilior of Yinnuj Pnijih-^^ S<jcii:tifs in 
tin- dilt'crent con^ietjat ions. No (h'i>artmenl (d' (liui(di woik 
has I'cci'ived ^rcatci- attention in the various pastoiiiles dni'ini^ 
the |ia>t six (»i- ei^hl vears than this. 1 ,ulher LeaiiUes, ( 'hrisi - 
iaii J'jndeaxor Societies, \ luinp' l'eo|de^' Societies, ami various 
other or;j,ani/,alion.> ha\(' keen ('(Mined I liidu;^lioul the Sviiod. 
These societies have keen id' ureal -ervicO in Inddin^ lo;i'eth<'r 
and devidopiii^j,- the vouii^ ol' the \arions conu'reLiatioiis for 
jiraetieal work in the ciuii(di. They have keen the means ol' 
]iiittiii;;' new lift' into ,~onie apjiaieiitK dead and inactive I'oii- 
<;reLratioiis, and are edncat in^- and t raininir the \()Uiiu I'or ketler 
service in ikeidiurck. I'kc S\ nod provide.- for annual eoii- 
venlion> k\ set I iiii; apart one da\' of tke spriiii;' conferenci' in 
ea(di district to tke \'ouiil;: People.-' S(jcieties, and it lifts keen 
found to ke tke most entkusiastic and inspiriiit;' da v of tke 
entire iiu'etin;^. Tke inlliuMKH' of tki:se c()n veiitioiis and tkese 
societies within the co!mre<;ations is very ludpful. It is kriiiir- 
iii;4' a new force into service ami lias aln-ady done muck to tke power and etticiency of tke (diuiudi. Mission 
l»ands, mite societies, and lemperaiice orjianizations are also 
found in tkis workiiitj; force, and tkev ari' developiiiL;' strenL''tk 
i'or action. Tkev are preparing tke risinti' L''eneratioii i\)V its 
Work as no oiker lias keen prepared in all llu- kistory of the 


i iin 




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n I IK IWSiHIl'. 

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Two aspects of tlie work of tlie Syiioil in this pai'ticular 
art' jticHonted — one theoretical, thu otlier practical. The 
runner appears in the resolutions that were [)asse(l from time 
to time, e.K])ressint^' the sentiment of the m('ml)L'r> of this body. 
Kesoluti(»ns do not, however, always express the real Nvork 
done. Very often they are i\n: aim toward which the work- 
ing church hioks, and in this resjject must be far in advance 
of the actual attainment. If all the (churches and all the tem- 
peranci- organizations had actually done all that they have 
resolved to do, there wt;uld he no lii|Uor traftie to (Hir 
land to-day. It would long ago have closed the doors of every 
saloon, and have swept away (!Very hreweiy and distillery in 
this country. Hut if the i-esolution is ri'gariled oidy in the 
light (d' the mark set hefoi'e ;i people, it is im[)ortant, (;ven 
though far in advance of what has been achieved. (ireat 
reforms are not wrought in a day. l-<ing pri'paialion \>, 
neetU'd, and it is good that high aims aie conslantly before 
those who seek to accom])lish such things. 'J'he resoluti(jns 
})assed by this Synod are significant, not only because they 
reveal the theoretical, but also because they biing to light the 
practical phase of this work. Tlu'y illustrate a steady gi-owth 
of sentiment in the right direction. They slnnv a progress 
that will be a})plau(led by every true tem[»erance worker iu 
the land. The first declaration of the Synod upon this impor- 
tant subject nearly forty years ago was: 

"liesolved, That this .Synod views with liorror tiie dreadful 
fill ravages of intemperance, and that we regard the ordhianj use 
of, and traffic in ardent spirits as innuoral and sinful, and espe- 
cially unbecoming members of the Cliristian (,'hurch. 5 


Jn a day when the ordinary use of llnnnr. wo. 

1, , ■^ HquoKs was prevaleiif 

mnoiig all classes of people- — whpn ll,. ■ • . '^^•"C"t 

,1, ,. I,- , , '. ' """en tlie minister very often 

C I,- ^'l-» «t w."« witl, l,is ,.„nsl.oner-„n,l wl,e„ 

€ r,st,a„s regar,le,l a only as an act of conrtesy toward each 

:'::;,.:;■' "" ""-"t' -- •^-^"-^ '-^.i ;on ... n: 

.; s.nt 1 an,l n„ ccoanng n,en,l,ers of t,,e C,„,stian cl,„rcl, 
ll.e sell,,., and the drinking are both coupled together a I 
^ga,nst t en, the Synod alike protests in her lirs nfc a, 

-U. shows the conviction of, he founders, and f, , i, u-e tr,^ 

=. t-;vu,K sen,in,ent against the n.ighty curse of the nation 
that .ncrcases ,n strength and power until it like a wall' 
-huuantag„,nst the tierce euen.y. Two years later (,.s, 8 

::;:d;:i,:::--' ""^ '■■ ^ -'- - - ' -^ 

'"'^' '" '"^■l""^"-" 'H- ronrnvcHl Iru.u our la,ul and that tl i i . 

::;;::::::;r"'"'-'^-- -'-- '-^^^^:t 

At first they were declared " unheco, g," „„„, „, „„. 

er,ued-.,n,n„n,,l,ties." l.U<S«0. two years later, ther.' was 

a advanced step taken. The fran.ers of these resolutions 

...V no, l,a.e l.een conscious of this nice g.-adatiou and 

.lvanec,nent, but ,f„ot, it was still all the n,oresignilieaut 
It was then expressive of real lite. In ,his year the action 


Resolved, That we asa Synod eontinue to oppose inten.perance 
and express our conviction that dran.-drinlcin /and dra . 
-e unn, .^.... .. ,,.,.,,^,,,^, .U.r^ ^J^:;:"'''''''' 


A very iiiiportaiit advance. "Sufficient to exclude from 
c'liuicli fellowriliip " was giving a very .striking definition to a 
somewhat vague and indefinite term. Five years later tlie 
action became more comprehensive including tiie nianufac-ture 
with tiie selling and the drinking. 

Resdlred, 'tMiat tlie making or selling of intoxicating liquors to 
be used as a beverage is an immorality, and tlierefore inconsistent 
witii churcli feilowslii]) ami the spirit of Christianity." 

]*]ach year the subject becomes one of more earnest 
action, and i-eceives much consideration. In 18G7, a teini)er- 
ance committee was l)y resolution created as one of tlie stand- 
ing committees of* the tSynod. It was to ]ire])are an annual 
report and to have the same printed in the minutes of the 
Synod, that tlie people might read for th(.'msclves the action of 
the body to which they belonged. The lirst report of that 
committei; was more profuse, but also more binding. It 
pressed the nnitter home to the conscience of the pastors and 
pi'oph' will) nu)re telling etrcct. 

i:i\siiln-l, That it is plainl} the duty ot the minister of the 
word of (loil, to set belV)re his ]ieople, from the pulpit, the claims 
of the cause of temperance, and to co-operate Avitb every move- 
ment aganist the manufacture, .sale and use of intoxicants. 

In the year 1874, '-Bible tem))erance " was defined as 
meaning "total abstinence from all that will intoxicate." 
Hencid'orth, the Synod stands on clean ground. She has 
divorced herself from every influence of the nefarious bus- 
iness, llei' law is total abstinence lor the individual in his 
<laily life, and her aim henceforth is to bi'ing ab(nit such (;on- 
certed action as will jirohibit the manufacture and .sale of all 
intoxicants except fcjr medicinal and scientilic purposes. 

68 SYNOD oi' N()]:thei:n Indiana. 

Year after year, tlio ,sti'( nicest I'esuliiticii.s weic a(l()[)te(l, ami 
they sliow llial the Synod was not only standin*^- in the front 
rank.< of the teinperanee workers, hul also that she was hih- 
orinf^ to create a sentiment in the riulit direelion. In l>i.s2, 
she pledged herscdf in ringini;' words to vote I'or prohihition 
and made it ol)li<.;;atory npon evei-y minisli'r to comply with 
the re(|uest (d" the Woman's (christian 'remperanee Union in 
j)reaehiny; a sermon npon the siil)niission (d' a eonslitntional 
amendment to tin' people for prohihitini; the manufacture 
and sale of intoxicating- liipmrs. This re(piest was to he com- 
plied with before the state eh'ction ludd in the followinu' 
month. The next year the declarations iwc very emphat ii- : 

Iic'.-<ohf(l^ 'i'hat we hail with joy tlie risim;- jiulilic sentiment 
tuvorini^ the entire j)rohiljiti(in of the liipior trallic, and, that we 
l)eiieve it to lie our cliristian, civil and i)(dilical (iut\- to ca<t all 
our inlluence in the opportunity (lod n(jw !j,ives us in favor ol the 
extei'minatiou of this enemy of (Jod and man. 

The year follow iiiLi, the whole Svnod is uii^ed to unite 
with other tiMuperance woikeis in petili<inin^ foi- a spei'ial 
election to \'ote upon a prohil)ifor\- ainemlmeiil. in oi'der 
that the suhject niitj;'ht have <hu' recoiiintion in thesvnodical 
convi'utioiis, it was made one of the special annual topics and 
an entire exening was devoted to it. The thirtydirst conven- 
tion made the following the standiuL^ resolutions of this hody. 

Ius(jlr('il, 'that it is the sense of this hody, liiat the licensure 
sale and use of intoxicatiui;' liipnirs, as a beverage, is dnm^'erous 
to the safet^Md' our nation, destructive to society and in direct 
violation of the wort! of (iod; 

Jifsolred, That wo a^ ministers of the i^osptd will use our inllu- 
ence f^ive our support to each anil every lawful measure in har- 
nH)ny with conscience to secure the complete aholiticjn of this 
monster evil in our midst. 



No one {'an rend these resolutions and not recognize the 
growing- sentiment, the dee))ening couvietioii in this great 
work. No one can ttring the cliarge that this body has not 
l)e(n awaivc to her Christian duty in this [)articuhir. The 
ministers and the churehe,- of this Syntxl liave stood and 
to(hiy stand in the van of temjjerance reform. tSome of the devout and fearless wcnkers in this cause are among its 
niiiid)er. Some of the most withering (h'clarations against 
intemperance arc recorded on the pages of her history. The 
li(|Uor traffic in all its forms tinds no tolerance here. Tnis 
Synod heiieves in tlie prohibition of tln' entire ])usiness. 
She prays and woi'ks, and in a large nuasure votes for these 
results. In the main, the memhershi|) of the churches find 
theii' c()nvicti(jns expressed in these actions of their Synoil. 
\Vh(de congregations have, without exception, voted for ])ro- 
hihition, when the opp(»rtunity , uneneumbereil by political 
inllueuce was alTordi'd. " I'rohibitiuu " is inscril»ed upi)n liei- 
tiaiiucr, and .■^hr will bi'ar it |)i-i)udlv forwai'd in tlu' Ma^ter'.s 
name until he gi'aiits the desired victoi'v. 


The Christian has civil as well as ecclesiastical duties to 
|)eiform. i'hrist said, " Iiender unto Caisar the things that 
are Ciesar's, and unto (lod the things that are Ood's." Civil 
authorities are ordained of God, and his people are taught to 
be obedient theret;). The actions of this Synod during the 
<lark jieriod of our country's peril form an important chapter 
in her history, l)ecause they give a revelation of the relations 


wliicli her churches sustain to the State. Her vecovd breathes 
an unsullied Sj)irit()t' patridtisni, and is destined to instil a love 
for our institutions into the hearts of genei'ations yet to come. 
Not only did tiie ministers leave their pulpits, and her wor- 
shipj)ers tlieir pen's for the scene of conHict, hut " the (iod of 
l)attles" was constantly besought to remember and save the 
nation from destruction. " L(jyalty to the Government " was 
the theme of many a discourse, and the people were entreated 
to i)ray in their homes for the suppression of the rebellion. 
vVt its annual meeting in Sejttend)er, 1<S(J1, the preamble and 
resolutions published by the JMiami Synod on the unlia])py 
state of our country were read, adopted, and oi'derttl to be 
published in the minutes of Synod. 

" WiiK'KEAs, We are taught in tlie sacred scriptures tliat gov- 
ernment is an ordinance of tiod, and that they wlio resist the 
legitimate exercise of its powers expose themselves to condenma- 
tiun; anil 

WniKKAs, \\'(> bflio\e that tlie s^ov iTunu'iit of the United 
States was estal»lished under the snperinteniling care of tlie ISov- 
ereign of tlie Tniverse, and enit)odies the true principles of free- 
dom, and lias re(;eived the marked blessings of heaven: ami 

WiiKKEAs, Wicked men have, in vicdation of the divine com- 
mand "to be subject to the higher power," raised the standard of 
insurrection against and organized an ariny to overthrow it; and 

WnKUioAs, the ['resident of the Unilfd States has issued his 
prt^iclamation calling upon the several loyal States to rall}^ in 
defense of the integrity of the Ccjnstitutioii, and the maintenance 
of the Union, and the preservation (jf our civil and religious lib- 
erties; anil 

WnioKEAS, Our Lutheran forefathers, both clerical and lay, 
not only prayed but fought for the independence of America, and 
took a large share in the formation of our <iovernnient; therefore, 



Reaolced, 'I'hat we, in iinitatioii of tlieir patfiolic example, and 
in adniiratiun of llieir valor, declare it to be a Christian as well as 
a civil duty to support the ( iovernment in its constitutional 
efforts to punish treas(jji and, put down rebellion by all the means 
within our power. 

liesiilced, That we call u[)on our people to lift up iu)ly hanils 
in prayer to the God of battles without personal wrath a<<ainst 
evil doers on the one hand, and without tloubtin^ the righteous- 
ness of the cause of our (Government on the (jther, that he will 
give wisdom to the l*resi<ient and all his counsellors, and success 
to the army and navy in all their elforts to save our behjved 
country from anarchy and lawlessness. 

lii-solrtul, That we deepl}' sympathise with all loyal citizens 
and Ciiristian ])atriots in the rebellious porti(jn of our cc^untry, 
and we cordially invite their co-operation in otfering united su])- 
plications at a tiirone of grace that (joil wouhl luimble us as a 
people I'or cjur national sins, restore peace ti) our distracted coun- 
try, rc-t'stablisli fraternal relations between all the Slates, and 
make our land in all time to come the asylum of the oppressed 
Hiid (he jiermaiu'nt abode of liiierty and religion. 

/u'si*/c((/, Tliat we most sincerely reeonnnend to all our min- 
isters and people, the sincere ami devout observance of the 
national fast, api)ointed by the I'resident of the United States for 
the 2t)th of Se[)tendjer, and that public services be lield in all our 
churches wherever it is practicable." 

On tiiis territory, as elsewhere, the interests of the chiircli 
suirered greatly during those long and dreadful years. 'IMie 
I^resident of the Synod, in his annual rej)ort in 1862, recom- 
mended " tliat while our syni{)athy, i)rayer.-^, money and meu 
are freely given U> the g(;vernment to suppress the awful 
rebellion which traitoi'S have imiugurated and prosecuted with 
terrible success, we must put forth greater ett'orls for the 
church, etc." 



Ill \6i>4: the Syuoil adopted the resolutions of the ( Jeneral 
SyiKjd, declaring tlie righteousness of thr war waged by tlie 
Government, calling upon all Christian citizens to sin>port tlie, 
same, ackowledging profound gratitude to Almighty (iod for 
the iin|)(»rtant successes that have crowned our ell'orts thus far, 
and ex])ressing unqualified comlemnation of the course of 
those who attempted to |)rove from the Holy Scriptures that 
American slavery was a divine instituticjii. The resolutions 
are expressed in clear and forcible language, and wen- [)assed 
by a unanimous aye. 

In Sejitembei', 1805, when the war was ended, the Synod 

" Rc'^oh'td, That we gratefully recognize the hand of Divine 
Providence in crowning the etforts of tlie army and navy of the 
[Initeil States with success in crushing tiie sin ve-liolders' rettellion 
and convincing the world that our (iovernment has power to i)un- 
ish treason and (jueil insurrection at home, assert and maintain 
herri^lits on land and sea, and c(jminand the respect of the civ- 
ilized \\()rld. 

lii'siili'id, 'I'luit lis a Synod we here record our gratitude to our 
Heavenly Father for the return (jf peace to our lantl and the 
re-establishment of the < loverninent on the basis of the immortal 
Declaration of Independence, and (jf the (iod-given rights therein 
set forth. 

Jicsohu'd, That we recognize the (iod of our fathers as tlie 
Almiglity ]\uler uf heaven and earth, who hears and answers the 
pra3'ers of his jieople, and that we are more than ever encouraged 
to obey the (iospel precept to pray for all in authority t)ver us, 
and thus in our devotions remember our (Jovernment and all its 

These utterances declare no uncertain sound. Truer 
pati'iots and Jiiore loyal citizens were nowhere to be ftnind than 
in this SyiKKl. The scarred veteran still in puljiit and pew 


tell.s tlie story more forcibly than mere words. The same spirit 
is iiK'ulcuted by her teaehiiiL''s to-(hiy, and lier sons and dan<'h- 
tei-s will ever he fcjiind as patriotic and dcv(tted lo our nation's 
welliu'e as their lathers and mothers have l)een. 


The most careriiily prepared statistical report cannot 
ade(]iuitely ex])ress the work of any parish. Moral and sj)ii-it- 
nal energies expended in tin; uphuildiny of the eiiundi and 
influencino- men to accept Christ as tiicir Savior, livin<i: after 
the pattern of his exam])le, are nevei- set forth in the columns 
of su(di a report. Money is a great power, hut sj.i ritual 
energy is greater. Figures are expressive of great facts, hut 
wdiat is most important in the advancement of Christian civil- 
ization they cannot declare. Vet smdi reports are valuahle. 
Tlu'y give expressiou to the material side ui' the work, and 
this has its j)lace also. 

It IS to be regretted, however, that this summary ex- 
presses so imperfectly the real work of this Synod. The fig- 
ures given often show a very small j)ortion of the actual 
achievements. Thousands of <lollars have been contributed 
which do not appear at all in these reports. As examples of 
this we point to the following facts. For a nundier of years 
at various times the Synod employed a traveling Home Mis- 
sion Secretary, lie established missions within the bounds of 
Synod which were often su].ported in j>art, if not entirely, by 
the various churches of this body; and yet not one dollar of 
all this is given in this report. One thousand dollars were 



paid t() the 1)uililing of the church at Logaiisj)ort, and at tlie 
l)rt'sent time the missionaries of Fort Wayne and (.n)slien are 
hotli receiving assistance, hut the parochial reports give noth- 
ing of this. A pledge of three thousand (h)IIars was at one 
tinui given to Wittenl)erg and redeemed, hut the panxdiial 
rejjort does not sliovv it. Even now, witliout a colunui to 
express the contrihutions to our college, the Synod is doing 
iier share in the sui)])ort of that institution, l^hese are ex- 
amples given to show how imperfectly this snmniary sets forth 
even what figures might declare. 'I'he tal)le as a{)pended 
jn;d<es a record of which tlie Synod will not lie ashamed, hut 
if it expressed the real facts it wcndd place this Ixxiy among 
the foremost Synods in its contrihutions to the henevolent 
W(jrk of the chuich. It may he convenient for printers to 
iiave uniform parocdiial hlanks, hut when uniformity can only 
he had hy suppression of the truth it is luit desii-al)le. The 
Sy noils that cluster about \Vitteid)erg have interests [jeculiar 
lo them, and must give Ct)rresponding r^ixirts. Tiiis is true 
of all other district Synods, and we can never have a true 
l)aroehial report until there are some changes juade in the 
hlanks used. We are doing an injustice to ourselves, au 
injustice to the churches that we represent, an injustice to the 
great Lutheran Zion of this country, an injustice to the Christ 
whom we serve, hy having these rej)orts go before the world 
without settintr forth the ti'uth of all that is done in his name.- 



•osoiio.^ ii.u)(iiioi]!A\ 

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Synodical Roll. 










































H. Wells, North Miinehcster, Ind. 

W. \Valtina)!, JCemhillville, liul. 

H. Kelso, Loj^juisport, J nil. 

John Miller, Colutubia ('ity, Fiul. 

F. IJiilclle, KIkhart, Ind. 

J.. A. (iotwald, J). 1)., .Sprinj^Miehl, Ohio. 

C. A. (Jelwieks, C^onstantiiie, Midi. 

K. VV. Erick, Harlan, Ind, 

K. Ka/.arus, ('hicai^Mj, 1 II. 

K. Kiee, \orth Manciiesler, hul. 

.J. M. J''raneis. Columbia City, Ind. 

I> A. Kiihn, North Manchester, Ind. 

<>. \V. ilowen, Albion, Ind. 

A. .]. Douglas, Silver Lake, ind. 

A. Leathers, ('olnnil)ia (Jity, Ind. 

I>. F. Kain, Monroeville, Ind. 

J'.. l'\ .Stiiiiz, (ioshen, Ind 

.J. M. Dustman, Middlebury, Iml. 

S. I'. Fryberi^er, iWitler, Ind. 

M. L. Smith, Wiiite I'lgeon, Mieh. 

K. S. Jtees, La (Jrange, Ind. 

(■■ J. Kiel'tM", Three Kivers, :\Ii(!li. 

.L A. West, K.ryant, iiul. 

.1. \V. Thomas, SpcMicerville, Ind. 

.1 . II. liiill man, Inionditlc, 1 nd. 

I>. H. llerrold, Albion, Ind. 

W. L. Tedrow, .\nn Arbor, Mich. 

\V. J. l''tinkey, Berrien Springs, Mi(di. 

.L C;. KaiiUinan, Los^ansport , Ind. 

I:. F. Cirenoble, t'amdi-n, Ind. 

N. J. Meyers, Elkhart, Ind. 

T. A. I'aitee, Fort Wayne, ind. 

J. S. Nelson, Fort ^Vayne, Ind. 

E. il. Mensel, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

I). JL Kidtnsh, Sharpsville, Ind. 

J. 1). Brosy, Auburn, In(i. 

l>. [I Bair, Elkhart, ind. 

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S. ,'\. />nnnecK, .\iMiersiju 
A. Z. l<'rybi'rt;er, Walton, in( 

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I). VI. lian-, Ellcliart, Ind. 

(ieo. S. hi.ven, I>o<;aiisport, Ind. 

S. A. Zmd)e(d<, M illersburji;, Ind. 

A. Z. l<'rybi'rt;er, Walton, ind. 

J. A. Jlurkrtt, Fairlitdd (enter, ind. 





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A Constitution for New Organizations. 

ARTK:LE l.—Namc. 

The name of tliis Church Bhall be Kvano-elical 

LiitJieran Churcli o\' State of 

AKTICLE l\. —Doctrinal liaHts, Etc. 

Its Doctrinal Hasis and Formula of (Government and Discipline 
sliall he those of tiie (ieneral Synod of tlie Evangelical Eutheran 
Churcli in the United States of America, and it shall always be 
connected with a District Synod of said General Synod. 
A K'J' I CEJ<: i 1 1. —Of Members. 

'I'he (iualiticati(;ns and duties of Members shall be those set 
forth in ('ha])ter V. of the Formula of Government referred to in 
Article II. 

AHTICEE iV. I'aslor. 

Si'X'TiON 1.- The I'astor of this Churcli must be a Member of 
the District Synod of the General Synod within whose bounds 
this Church is located. 

Si;c. -J.- His other duties and prerogatives shall be those 
enumciatcil in Cjiaiiter 111. of the Formula of Government and 

AKTK'I.E \ . -OiJuurs. 

SECTION 1.- -The olliccis of this (Uiurch shall be the I'astor 

Elders, Deacons, who shall also be 

a body corporate and legal trustees of this Cluirch. 

Skc. !>.— The Elders and Deacons shall be elected for a term 

<J'" years, and, having been installed, shall serve until their 

Successors are elected. 

Si.x'. :].— Their duties shall be those set forth in Chapter III., 
Section (i. of the Formula of (Government. 

kMTWA.K \'\.— 'll,e Church CnuuU. 

Skction 1.— 'J'he (Jliurch Council shall consist of the Pastor, 
Elders, and Deacons; the Pastor shall be ex-cdhcio president. 

Skc. 12.— The duties and i>rivilcges of the Church Council shall 
be those set forth in Chapter I\'. of tlie l''ormula of Government. 


Si:c. 3.— They shall annually elect a Se<!retary antl Treasurer, 
who f^hall iiert'orin the usual duties pertaining; to these ullices, and 
shall niaku (|uarterly reports of the linancial condition of the 

A RTICLE V r I.— /;/((•/ (■r»(,s. 

All elections shall be conducteil agreeably to Chapter VI. of 
the Churi;li Fornuda of (jovernnient. 

AKTICLE \\l[.— Title to Pn.perh/. 

The title to its property shall always be vested in the trustees 
of the body corporate. Hut if at any time this <'hurch should fail 
to elect oflicers, disband or change its ecclesiastical relations, con- 
trary to the provisions of this ( Constitution, tlien tiu' title to its 
property shall be vestetl in tlie ]>(jard of Church Extension of the 
(ieneral Syncnl of the i'^vangelical l.uthenin Ciun-ch in tiie United 

AKTKM.E lX.— Iiici>rj>t,rali(ni. 

it shall b(! the duty of the Secretary, immediately after the 
adoption of the Constitution, to present a '-ojiy of the same witli 
the names of I he ollicers <'lected, signi'd by liim-elf and tlie diair- 
m;in of the nu'clmg. to the cU'rU of Court in tlie couutv in wliicli 
(hi- Church is located, for lilc or ic^cord ;is the laws may providi". 

AKTRdd'] \. — Avuiulmfnt.i. 
No alteration or amendiuent to this Constitution shall be 
made unless recounnendeil by a majority of the Church Council 
antl approved \ty n two-thinls vote of the Ciun-ch at a congrega- 
tional meeting regularly called agreeably to C-hapter Vf., Secticniti 
2 and o of the Church Fornnihi: antl iu> alteration or amendjnent 
of Article 11., Article IV., Section 1, or Article Vfll., shall ever lie 
made so long as one Member of the (Jiiurch is opposed to said 
alteration or amendnient. 

\y. II. & F, M. SOCIETY. 


Oliicers Elected..., 






W. H. & V. M. SOCUKTY. 

Tlu' convention tlnit \va.s lield in June, 187i), in Canton, 
Ohio, for lilt; of or-ani/in-- a Woman's Hume and 
Foreign Mis.sionary Society in the Oeneral Synod was far- 
reaching in its elfects. Isolatetl worjcers and societies were 
broiiglit togetlier and a nucleus formed whicli forecast a strong 
and energetic organization reaching to the remotest parts of 
this portion of Christ's Kingdom. Prior to that convention a 
number of societies had been formed in various congregations, 
and a few synodical organizations already existed. A new 
Impetus was, however, given to the work. It was largely at- 
tended by i)astors and i)rominent lay-workers and these carried 
the enthusiasm and inspiration of that occasion back to their 
respective pulpits and congregations. It bore golden fruitage. 


At thut time, liowcver, nut a .-iiiule socnety existed ou the ter- 
i-ilory of this Syiu.d, neither was it represented in that eonven- 
tion. JJnt the h-aven was at woik. Earnest souls came in 
contact with tJKjse who went foiih from tliat assembly and 
showed themselves willing to a>snme I he duties of this cause. 
Filled with the spirit of tlu' gospel and anxious to see this good 
work advanced on the territory of this Sviuxl, Mrs. A. V. 
Hunter, oF C(dund)ia City, Ind., began the work ot organiz- 
ing societies in (uir midst. With faith and devotion albeit 
with nuiny anxious fears, slu^ gave herself untiringly to this 
cau,-e. 'I'he first society was organized in her home church, 
March 1(), 1«,S2. Uy personal vi^-itation and by letter she 
brought the work before the wonien of our vai'ious con'>-re«-a- 
tions, pleading its necessity with a tenderness and ])ersislence 
that touched and won other (iod was elsewhere bounti- 
fully blessing this work. ^Vhy shiuild he 11, ,1 heiv ? A vast 
fitdd for usefuliu'ss was opened. A golden opportunity hail 
<'oiiie to the womea of this S\ noil. W'oidd it be improveil? 
.\ natuial limi.lily e\i.>ted on ilu'ir part to assume snch duties 
and cares. Earnest and devnted as they were to (,!lirist and 
his church they were untrained lor, and unaccustomed to sucdi 
a liiu; of work. They shrank from the piit)licity whi(di it must 
of necessity bring, but when they heard " The Mastei- i^ come 
aid calleth for thee,'' like Mary of (dd, many of them at 
once and went forth to meet him. A sc-cond society was 
organized in the same nuMitli at IVu'rien Springs, Mich.; one at 
La (Grange, Ind., June 27; several in the IVfassillon pastorate 
during; one at White J'igeon, Mich., in September and 
oiui at Elkhart, Ind., in October, making a total of eight 
•societies with a combiiu-d nu'ndiership of one hundred and 


Mi;s. II. ,\. iv I II N. 

MKS. \V. .1. II N K i:V. 
.M i;s. \V. I,. TlMiKciU , 

M l:>. 1. I.. SUJM INK. 
NIKS. A. V. 11 I'N'I I'M:. 
\1K.--. J. M. h'l(AN<'lS. 

\V. IT. & l-\ M. SOCIKTV. 83 

ninety tive. These societies ])!\id all the travelling expenses 
ol* Mrs. Hunter and at the time ot" tiie meeting ot Synod, the 
latter part of October, tliey Imd already contributed one hun- 
dvvA and ten dollars to the cause of mis.<i(uis. A glorious be- 
• ginning of a l)Kssed work ! 

I'ropfi- j)ii'linnnary ai'rangenu'uts were made to Imld a 
convention in Three Kivei's, Midi., on the 1^7tli day ol' ()ct- 
obei', 1S^^2, I'or the pnijiose ot organizing a Hynodical Society. 
Tins convention was fairly well attended by the women, not 
oidy (d' the chui'ches in which auxiliaiy societies had bet'ii 
rornicd, bul also from othei' congrt'gati(Uis. Heing in coiinec- 
ti(m willi the meeting of the Synod, many (d' llu^ pashu's were 
proeni and showed great interest in the work. Mrs. Hunter, 
picsided an<l .Mis. Amy iJ. Stnllz was chosen set-retary jjro 
tciti. Mis. Ixev. A. McLaughlin deliverr-d a very cordial and 
beautiful address of welcome lo all those; interestc'd in the 
fouiilaiu whii'h .-lnjiild there be opeiietl, fioiu which should 
i^sue purling slreanisof li\ing water, which, she \\as conjideiit , 
•would broaden and deepen as thi' years rolled away, making 
glad the e-ity (d' our (Jod. The president I'esjjonded with a 
well-prepared address, selling forth the results cd' a few month's 
labor and showing the maguiliceut work which^the women (d' 
our church iii other Syu(»ds had done in the [last few years. 
Earnestly, eloipiently and In the iiuKst convincing manner, she 
portrayed the larger opportunities for usefulness that now came 
to the w(uuen (d' this Synod. <)ther papers bearing on the 
work in hand were read and enthusiastically received. The 
constitution j)rovided by the (General Scjciety was pi'e.sented 
ami adopleil. .\ |)i'rinaiient organization was effected by the 
election of the following oHicers: Pres., Mrs. A. V. Hunter' 



vice-pres., Mrs. S. E. Erick; sec, Mrs. R. F. Stultz; cor. 
sec, Mrs. J. N. Burnett; treas., Mrs. II. C. Gnissiiuui. 

Tlie territory of Synod was divided according to tlie con- 
ference districts and a committee appointed for each district to 
organize anxiliary societies during the coming year. A s[)len- 
did spirit prevailed all tlirougli tliis convention. It intensified 
in interest as the liours passed away. The founchitions were 
laid deej) in faitli and love. They will al)ide. They are 
worthy of such a structure to the glory of God, as woman's 
devotion, aided hy divine grace, alone can build. 

The develo|)m('nt of this work did not prove as rapid as 
might be expected from this beginning. Th<'re were hind- 
rances that were exceedingly difHcult to overc(»nie. Many of 
the congregations of this Synod represent almost entii'ely a 
ruial c(jn.^tituency, and it was found almost im])ossible iu get 
togellu'r for the monthly meeting. l^xiierienec teaches that 
where these meetings are not fail lifull \' .-M>taine(| the interest 
will wane. 'I'lu; work was new, very little literature and very 
few hel])s had as yet been provided. I*ro|)er infoi'mation is 
always needed to kindle enthusiasm, and the means for obtain- 
ing this were ncjt abundant. These with other causes, always 
ali'eeting the life of such organizations, sometimes lessened the 
membershij), ami in a ft;w instances caused societies to disband. 
But theie never has been a time since its ince|)tioii in which 
this work has not been aggressive. It has been a growing vine. 
Even when the statistics show less societies and a deciea.sed 
niendjership, the work accomplished I'eveals a healthy growth. 
A few less branches on the vine, but always riclu'r clusters of 
fruit. The following ta))Ie com])iled fiom the l)iennial report 

W. H, * F. M. HOCIETY. 


<»r the C'(nTe.s[)on(liiig secretaiy of the (Jencrul S(K;ietv will show 
the develojjiueiit of this work' to tlie ])i'e;-eiit time: 

No. of Socit;tit's. Mt!]nl)oislii|j. Coiitiibiitioiis. 
1883 11 H(i $ 80.80 

18S5 liO LMO 458.];") 

1887 -22 L'oO SiHi.riO 

1889 10 2(i() ()r>2.:^r, 

181)1 ■ 17 'Jli'J r)G7.()'J 

1893 21 394 908.(12 

These ('(MitrilMitioiis are var^lly iucrease(l hy tlie nioiiey ex- 
pended ill ihr witrk of the auxiliai-y and Synodieal .<oeieties, 
by till' sjieeial hel|) rendered on the tc.-rrilory of our(nvn Synod, 
and the boxes and other jj,ifts that lia\'e been sent abroad. 

Tile ('(hieational work of this soeiely in the eanse of mis- 
sions can never be eoinpiiled. Tin- oruani/.ation of young 
ladies' societies and of childicns' iiands is addini;; miudi to its 
<liiei(iiey and ii.-tfiilness. A m;\v jiciieratioii is beini( trained 
and di.M-iiilineil for this blf.--vd work in the .Ma-t(M-'.- kiiiL;doin 
ami I'liim it ma) be rxpeeted far iiioii' ^ ic-nlls. 

New inti'iest has been added to this cause by the action of 
the executive committei; in makinii; (he work a(^ Ann Arbor, 
Mich., a woman's mission. it is on our own tei'ritory and this 
Synodieal Society loidvs to it with peculiar interest. Around 
it slie will throw a sj)e<'ial fosterinty care and aid in making- it 
a monument of which sh(! shall never be ashamed. 

In this Synod thei-t; are ,s'e/v;?t/// congTeg-ations. 'idie min- 
utes <d' the last convention show that there; aiv; now seventeen 
auxiliary societies, and ihree children'H bands. ^Vhat a vast 
work remains to be done. No congreiiation can ailord to be 
without a woman's society. It will be stimulating to all the 



activitit's ol' tlie eliurch. Shall \\c not luipe that wilh a con- 
secrated iiiL'inl)L'i'.slii]) of nearly Toiu' huiiditHl (his work will he 
•speedily |tii.slied fofward until an aii.\iliar\' ^llall lie eslahlislicd 
in every Cdnyregatidu with the laiLi'e^-t |)(»ssit)le nienihership 
that the eluireh can give? 

Herewith is a})j)ended a li^t ol' the iSynodical otlieei-s I'lom 
the beginning, the I'ejxirt.s ol' the con-esponding seeretar)' and 
the treasurer at the eleventh annual conventioii and the eDUsii- 
tution ])rovi(led for auxiliary societies: 

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Constitution for Auxiliary Societies. 

AKTICLK \.-Na„ic. 
'i'iie Society shall be cialled the VV'Dinaii's Home and Foreign 
Missionary Society of the Evangelical Lutheran Church of . 

AirnCLE II.- Object. 
It shall be the aim of this Society, under the direction of the 
Synoilical Society, to tlisscminale missionary intt-lligencc, to cul- 
tivate a missioiiMry sspirit in its mendiers and in the churcli, and lo 
secure funds td promote the woris (d' the tieneral Society. 

AirricM-; \\\.—Mr,i,iHrshij,. 

The payment of a regular sum annually or in monthly instal- 
ments until paid, shall con.-.tilule mendicr.-hipm I he Society. The 
piiyment of ten thdiars at one liiue into Ihc- (leiU'ral fund shall 
con>lit ute life meiidiership in the (ieneral Society. Anygeutk;- 
mau may hecouu' an luuiorary meiuher hy au aunmil payment of 
one dollar, or au honorary life niend)t'r of the (ieneral Soi'iety by 
tlu' j)ay ment id' ten dcd la rs at one time into the < ieiU'ral {'"'luid. 

AKTK I.I-; W. (>ijn;rs. 
The ollicers ,-hall he a ['resident, \'ic-e I'lcsideut, Keccjrduig 
Secretary, Corresponding Secretary', and Treasurer. 

.\UTI("ld<; \'. /i((/./.'.s' i,/ Ojjicrs. 

Si;("rioN 1. It shall be the duty cd' the President to preside at 
the uu'etings, ami supervise the general work <d' the Society. 

Sioc. 2. The N'iced'resideid shall, in the absence of the. I'resi- 
denl, presiile at meetings, and aid her in furtlu'i'iug the interests 
of the Society. 

Si;<'. ;>. llecording Sei-retary. The Recording Secretary shall 
keep an accurate account of the [iroeeediugs of all meidings, and 
all the liusiness transacted by the Society, provide the pallor with 
notices of meetings, and also keep a list of t he names (d' nu'iubers, 
ollicers and comnrittees. 

Sioo. 1. (lorre.sponding Secretary. The Corresjionding Secre- 
tary shall send lo the C'orrespoiuling Secretary (d' the S^Miodical 

W. II. .V I'. i'\r. SOCIETY. 


Society a (juiirterly or annual tftaliisUcal refiort uf the Sctciety, and 
do all the coiTL's|)()ntlence of tlie Society. 

Skc. ."). 'I'rra.siirtjr. 'Hic Treasurer hIuiII (uilleet the due^,aad 
take charge of all the nioiie^^siot the Society, credilingall I'unds to 
the ohjectri lor which (hey were contrihuted, and remit ([uarterlj'' 
to the 'Treasurer (>( the Synodical Society witii wliich the Auxiliary 
Society is couuecleil. 

A KTICLK \\.-~Sl(in(lin</ C<niii,nllt'rt<. 

SiccrioN 1. IJhrary. A corniuittee ol' one or more •<hall lie 
chosen to Inive chari^i' of a circularmi;- lihrary, whose <liily it shall 
he to care for any books or jierioditals owned hy or loaned to the 
So<;iety, to keep a correct list of the same and names of pci'sons 
using them, and the im^ney paid on Iheir loan. 

Sijc. li. ( 'olU'clors. Theri^ uiay he a comnnltee clnjsen, whose 
duty it shall Ik; to keep a lisl cd' all memlxrs residiny; in their 
respective dislriid, and cidlect theii' mordhly contributions to the 
Society. It shall be the duty of Ihe I'hairman of this conunittee 
lo keep a correct lisl of all (he members of tln^ Society, and dis- 
Iribuie ihe sanu' amoui;- the member- of tne i-oinmiitee. 

M:e. ;;. Mi-.-iunaiy .lomiials. 'I'lieri^ >liall be a eommiltee, 
whose duly it >hall be (o solicit and receive subscriptions tor the 
J//.s.s((>/((07/ Jonriiiil , and keep a correct list of all sidjscribers, noti- 
fying each of the expiration ol his or her subscri])lioii, that it may 
be promptly renewed. 

A KIM ('id': \'\\.- DinhnrfffiKeiil of Monn/s. 

SKcrioN 1. All inoiUhly dues (jf Auxiliary Societies shall be 
paid \nU) the <ieneral fund. Si)ecial objects reccuiunended by 
the Executive Conunittee shall be jirovided for otherwise. 

Skc. 2. Contributions made to other objects shall not be cred- 
ited in the report of (he Woman's Work. 

Snc. ;>. Societies undertaking box-work are requested to apply 
to the Committee on Missionary Boxes <d' the, <reneral Society for 
informalion regarding mis^lonaries needing such helj). 


AHTIC;LE \'ni.—Mietin(j>i. 

Monthly meetings sluill be lield to prny for Mis^sionuries ;iiul 
Missions, to receive rej)orts of missionary work in home and 
foreign iieUis, and to transact the business of the Society. 

I'ubiic meetings shall be held aiunially and seiui-anniially 

wlien practicable, the aim of which shall be to create a missionary 

spirit by means of encouraging reports and addresses on mission 

fields. At the annual meeting the Secretaries and Treasurer shall 

read the annual rej)orts,and the otticers for the ensuing year shall 

be chosen. 

A HTICLE 1 X.— />'//- L« M.S. 

This Society may juake any^ tlud do not conliict with 
this Constitution. 

AKTICIjE X. -AUtrntUm^ (uiil .[mcmlincni)^. 
This (Jcnistitution can (jnly be alterei.1 or amended in the man- 
ner pre8cril.)cd for the alteration or aiuendment (jf the (Jonslitulion 
of tile (ieiieral Sociely, and by the (ieiicral Society. 

AKTICLl-: W. — Uvdtr <</ ICxt'irm-t^ <tl Muiillih/ .\fe,'Uii(jK. 

I. Keaduig of Scripture. 
'2. Ilyniu. 

.">. i'rayer for Missions and Missionaries in honu' and foreign 
fields, inlerspi'rsed with singing. 

-1. Reading of Missi(jnary intelligence. 

5. Ueading of Minutes. 

I). Report of Treasarer. 

7. Report of Corresponding Secretarj'. 

8. Reports of Standing ( 'oinmitte(!s. 
;•. Reitorts of Spec^ial Committees. 
Ju. irnlinished Business. 

I I. New lUisiness. 

rj. Adjournment. ■ ■ , 






This |) is coiiipo.scil of three eougretiiitions, with 
u coiiiltiiied iiieiiiltership (jT one liiiinlied and fil'ty. iSt. Mctrk^, 
nitiiatt'd in tlie heautirul vilhiMe <»!' iVIliiitn, Ind., was organ- 
ized A|)iil 1st, 1.S4.S, by luiV. dacol) Seidh', witli twelve 
eluirter ineiid)ers. \n the ei'eclion of the chureh binhlinu', in 
l(Sr)o, all other religious ,societie.s rcinU'red eon.siderahle aid 
aii<l for some yeai's woi'shijjpcd in it, as it was tlu; tiisl ehnreh 
liuilt in Allji(jn, the county scat (»!' Nohic coiint\'. The Mi. 
7Vr'(^ congregalion was organized l)\- the same jiastor, just 
one week later, April 8th, l-'^dfS, with oidv si.x (diarlci' mem- 
l)eis. 'Idle chur(di was built during (he scar bSf)!;. It is 
located in a beaulirul st'ction of coiinliv, and its membership, 
is compos('d of an excellent (da>s (d' pe(jple, who havcalwa\'s 
taken a great iutei-est in all the woik of the church. It had 
ihe smallest beginning, but has been the gi'cale-t power. It 
is regarded as one of ihe lie.~l iMiial con^regal ion.- in ihis 
Synod. '/'/((' lulmheth congregation, ,-ilualed i'our miles soiiili- 
east (d' Albion, was orgaidzed during the year l<s;")7, by Uev. 
Iv. F. Delo, and the church was built the next year, being 
dedicatetl -luiuj 10, 1858. Ir, started with eleven charter 
nuuubers, and has always been an active congregation. 
Changes have occurred in the development of the church in 
modifying the limits k)[ this charge. New stations weit' some- 
times addi'd and then congregations were given up to form 
other pastorates, but these three congregations have always 
been j)ractically under the same pastoral care. They wei-e 
first served by Uev. Seidle who began his labors earh' in the 


ye:ir 1848, ami continued al^out two years. He was succeeded 
by Rev. V. Exiine, and he by Rev. (J. Walker, eacb remain- 
ing about one year. Rev. R. F. Delo l)egan his labors Jan- 
uary 4th, 1854, and accomplished a great deal for the church. 
He served Tor a period of i'wv years, during which time all 
three congregations built th(!ir houses dl' worship. After his 
resignation, Rev. tl. II. Ilolfman accepted a call and preached 
for one year. Rev. J. N. Barnett bei-ame j)ast(n' during the 
year 18(J2, and continued his servic(;s until tin; close of the 
year 1S()7. His ndnistry included (he largcM' part of tliat 
dark period in (nir history \vii(;n communities and churches 
Avere divided, and ofttimes end)ittered l)y the great civil wiir, 
but under his skillful management the cliur(di j)io,s[)ered and 
was greatly strengthened, iiev. .J. Roone accej)ted a call . Jan- 
uary 1st, 18()8, and servcil \\n: charge for a short time. He 
was followed in a brief ])aslorate by Rev. (I. C Sink. Early 
in the y.iir 1870, Uev. W. Walliiam took charge, Rev. J. W. 
MiUn- .siTviug the Mt. I'Kasaut t'ongrigation. He served a< 
a Supply until NoNcmber of the same yeai', when Rev. N\'. 11. 
Killer accei)ted a call. He labored acceptably and success- 
fully until September i)th, 187.'>, and was immediately fol- 
lowed by Rev. B. F. Stultz wIkj continued in a faithful 
ministry until July 1877. Rev. O. W. Bowen succeeded him, 
laboring with success for a })eriod (d' four years. In Decem- 
ber 1881, Rev. Jabez Shatler acce])ted a call and continued 
for several years. December 1st, 1885, Rev. D. F. Kain 
became pastor and resigned February lb, 181)0. The annual 
meeting of Synod was held in the Albion church this year. 
It was without a pastor. A call was extended at this time to 



Rev. E. AV. Efick, who served llic. clutrae I'oi- a pei'iod of 
tliree yeurrf. Rev. li. D. Ih'irold assumed |):ist()ral eaic. ol' 
these ehiii-ehes Noveiid)er Isl, I.S!!.'}, and coul iiiiirs lo iviuh;)' 
an accej)l,ablc service. The coiio ri^natiou in Alhion had sus- 
tained serious loss and was alinosl, l)i()kon up when luv. Kaiii 
luH-auie pastor. liy him it was reoiiiani/cd, and llie c-hunh 
I'cmodtded thus, hciiio' started on a new era of jjrosperity. 
Tlie pi-esent beautiful hriek stiiirturc of the Mt. I'Jcasant con- 
gregation w'na f}uilt during the ininisliy (d Kt.v. < ). \V. I'xiucn. 
'Idds charge is in cxctdh'ut, working condition , and whih- the 
inend)crship is not huge, it is aggi'cssi v(^, and |)i'omis(;s l.dtei- 
things in the; not distant future. It has furnished it,- ,-ons for 
till' ministry and gives willingly fur all the hencvolent woik 
of tlu! church. d'hc history of two of it.^ congregat ions anlc- 
ilales that of the Hynod, and .-ome (d' its mendxis aic fandliar 
with all the work oi' this body. Thc.y hav.' been idenllied 
with it. ddiey shareil in its struggles and will soon enjo\ IIk- 


During the summer of 1892 Prof. Carl W. Reiser, a (Jeii- 

eral Synod Lutlieran minister teaching the Senntic languaiics in 

the University of Michigan, interested himself and others in 

tlie establishment of an English Lutheran (diurcdi in Ann 

Arboi', Michigan. For sixty years the Lutheran (Church 

existed here, and at this time had two large and Hourishin*^ 

congregations, with the services all conducted in the CJerinau 


nVNOI) ok N()1; Til IOKN I.NDIWA. 

Iiiiil: iia^f. 'I'lir yuiiiig j)(()]ilc luid liccdiiic ;is I li(ir(Hi;_; lily lOiiw'- 
lisii as their ain'c^ldis were (ieiiiiaii, and it was apparent- tlial 
the ljiithei-aii (Miureh iiiiist lose these from liei' iiieiiiheiship 
unless sIk; would Li'ive them the i^dspel in the lan^!uai;e in 
\vhi(di they had liec(jnie edneateil, an<l with which ihes' wove 
most familial'. The pi'ol'essor saw that tin' I i niversity contained 
a lai'ii'e niiml»er(d' l^nlheran si udents who ,-honld ha\'e a cliurch 
home (d' their own whil(> heiiiL:' prepare<l I'or their life W(nk. 
U'ilh these facts before him !u' liei^an l)\' lioldinL; an afternoon 
Sumlay Sclnxd in the I )isciple ( 'hiirch and oeea.-ioiially |)rea(di- 
ini:- I'or the people. lie ap|tealed to the Home ATission lioard 
in liehalf of the work. Hotli the ,-eeretaiies vi.-iled thecilv, 
and aftei- cai'eful incpiirs placed it upon the roll of llonie 
Missions. An ellorl uas at once made to >ec{ire asuilaide 
man. Dillicidly and delav followe(|. 'The Snndav School and 
all rcL' niar ser\'ices were discontinued on ac;'oiinl. of the pro- 
fessoi's o\'ei'-lini(lene(| work and failing heallh. Several ndn- 
i>ler.- \i.-iu<l the people, liiit wilhoul delinile le.Mill.-. Al the 
annual meeting of the Synod ol .Northern Indiana in Septem- 
l)er (d' till' same yeai-, its rresideiil, IJew W . L. Tediow, was 
instructed, il possible, to send the people an occasional supply 
that interest might he mainlainod in the work until a. pastin- 
cdiild be secured. At his Kev. M. L. Smith visited 
I hem in ()clober, preaching- moiiiing and evening and organ- 
izing a young pi'ople's society with tweiity-four a(;tive mem- 
bers, 'i'wo wetd'Ls latei'-Novembei' (i — the Tresident j)i'ea(died 
for them, and the |»e(»ple, thiough Prof. Hidser, urged the 
Mission iJoaiil to call liim to the work. This was <lone, the 
•cull accej)ted, and he began his labors l*\']jruary 1, 1893. 
i\rraiigeinoiits were now juade by I*'ied II. IJelsei- tu hold reg- 


1*^ *^ I 






.1 / i*] 

'ij?*"f"- *• 


\ . .1. K ri SON, 

(>:UNM.M, IMK.I 

l;l:V. W. I,. 'I'KllliOW, A. C. 'I'I'>SM Kit. 

(I'AM mi:,; 

i:. si: \i;s. 

IcIlN ,\l \ II l,lx !■:, 

ntoi'. ::. ii. mi:nsi:i,. 
V. II. iu:i,>i:i;. 

1 ll.\>. Mill-. I KlsD \vi:ini!I';k(j. 


, Miiilv l..illiri,iii I hm. h, Aim Uh-i M.di 

K. S. (iltl'lKN U'DCMi 



dial- SiiikIii}' nioniin^ and cvuiiiiiL;- sci-yiccs in ISewheri'y Hall, 
llu! liiiilvliiii;- of Ihc Students' Chrisliaii A><()ciali()n. Scivcral 
iiHMillis (>r jn'ciiai'aliirv woi-k inailc it ixissihlf i(, oi-o-ani/.i', and 
<tn l\a.<t( T Sunday, A|iril 2, assi.slcd hy IJev. S. 15. I*>aiiiilz, 
I>. I)., and ri'oF. I.. A. Oolwald, D. D., (he pastor oi-ani/cMl 
'•Ti-inity lOvani^cliral Lnllirran ('linr<-li of AnnAi-|>(.i\ Micli- 
i,L:an,' with Forty cliartci- innnln-is. A feu <>[' these, li.)\', e\-er, 
ne\'er heeaine active in the work oF the (•hui-(di. Ite\'. K. II. 
iMensel and Dr. I'\ II. llrown weiv (deeted (dders, and I'^\m| 1|. 
Indser and ( '. I). New i o/ner (h'acons. 'I'he pastor was Fornialh^ 
exlemh'd a call by the congregation, and holh pastor and olii- 
(•ers Were installed on Sunday al'teinoon oF the sanie (la\' that 
the oruani/.ation was elVected. Aj.iil L'od the Sunday S(diool 
^vas oriiani/.ed with twenty ine)n!)er>. I'loF. K. II. Mensil.a 
(Jeneral S)'nod Lutheran nnnister teaching;' the niodeiai lan- 
<j:;ini-;e> in the University (d' Mitdii-an, was (deeted superin- 
tendeiil. Anud iiioi-e than oidinary diflicullies in nns,~ion work, 
and a-ain>l vicdent opposition, ihe work wa< continued. The 
new Is oi-ani/ed con- ri'i:al ion , iliroii-h |\ 11. IWdser, soon 
ni'uclialeil For a lot >ituated in one oF the linest portions oF 
the city, on the corner (d' South I^Fth .\\f. ami l<]a.-t Williams 
Sti-eet, aiireeina- to pay the sum i>\' loui' thou>and dollai's For 
the sanu', om -hall' oF whi(di amount was recei\ed IVom the 
Hoard (d' ( 'hurch Ivvtension. The lot contained a large two- 
sFiU)- FrauH' huildiuM-, whi(di has since lieen removed to the 
west side to he used as a pal•^ona^e. The remainder of the 
lot alVords ample I'oom For the erection oi' the church hiiildini;-. 
Alxnit the sanu' lime that the lot was [)urchased the pastor 
visited the IvKecutive ('(tmndttee oF the Woman's Home and 
Foreign iMissiomiry Society at S|n-inglield, Ohio, and jjre- 



«ent<.,l (he daiin. of the work. It was dcci.!-.,] 1„ „nk,. it a 
WoMKUi'. Mission, th..y aoro,,,,. (o ni-l in . ,,,.,,,1 of (hr ,,as- 
^'-'•-""' 1^'t.T to assist in (he uvclion , a In. us. of worship. 
The scM-virrs W(.r<. continu..,! in Kvsv\>rn-y Hall with varyino- 
^•KTrss nnlil the. spring of lSiM,al which tinu- th. .on^n-jN 
M-i, was litlK,. .stron-.r than <.n th.. <iay of the or-ani/.a! ion. "a 
''^•^' '"-'"'"'•■■^ IkuI a.hh.l Iron, t inio f. tinir, iMiiscarn-ly 
•■'>on.h toMij.pIv th.. h....... Ahonton.. y..ara|•In•lhooroan- 
"="'""' ^'"^ ••'"""•" '""'^ a.lvancMl .d-j.s towani hnihlin-. 
I'l^ins were arrc.,,t.-,l, an. I a hnihiinn con,nu.t<-., (un.sislint, of 
^'^ II. Brlser, FhmI Weinhrro-, A. C. Trssiner, an.l It' (i 
^''•'■'■"^voo.l an.l W. M. S.ars as a-lviso.y nuMnhors, was 
'MM-nt.Ml. Th.. pastor auain visited the Kx-c-ntive Conunitlee, 
"'"' ="'-"'.^''"'<'"ts were n.ade to scmuv part of the money 
I'I'Ml-e.l forth., rhureh hnihlin^. It wa. .h'ei.h-.l t.. .reel (he 
<^''^"<'l""'i'i'^'^='iMl finish the ha.einent, lea vin;, , l.e an.litorinn. 
to Mich as the W..n,an'> S< couhl re(le..n, its pledge. 
'''!"■ ^•"""■'••> wa. awanl.a to A. ,\ . K il>on 1 or ^7,57;,..M), with 
''"Ini Mahlke a. snh-eontractor lor the mason \\ork The 
^^tnn-eh is [>2xh- a., with exaetly th,. san.e app..arane.. t.-wanl 
^■'> It will hel.nill of hriek an.l ston... The 
wall, nni.l." of e.,mnH.n iiel.i, has lu.en hnilf, an.l as high as the l.,p of the joist of the .ipper l!,',.,r- 
alMU.t seven leet above the gra.le lin.- The corner was 
l=n.l ..n Sun.lay ariern.MHi, An-ust 10, |,S04, in the pr..senee 
*'!■ a lar.v c.n.'onrse of p.^ople. Thr past.u' was assisie.l in 
M'.'-Tviees hy Itcvs. M. L. S,nith, il. J. Kid'er, an.l (i.ov^e 
M. Dill-.-mlerfer. key... John Nenman, of the ( iennan l.nih- 
eran Chureh, an.l J. M. (lelslon, ..t the I' terian ("hureh, 
were present, aji.l t..ok ].ajt in th.' exercises. Itey. M. ],' 



tSiiiitli ])reaclie(l the ^tTiiioii IVdin P.^aliii 50:2, " Out ol' Zioii — 
(lie pcrlrction oT hcaiil}', (idd linlli .shiiud." At the time of 
tlii.s \vi-itiii«j; (Sept. lsl)tlie brick wall.s are nearly completed. 
'I'liey are made of a fine ([Ualily ef 'rolcilo hrick, and ai'e laid 
in re(| nKular. The Imildin^, when completed, will pi'cscnl a 
ni-al and attractive appearaiUH-, and will alVoid a seating 
capacity for ahmit four linndicd. The conuiviiat ion expect to 
occupy the hasement eai'ly in Octoher. Sixty-six niendieis 
have ht'cn receiviMl since the work ln'iian, and they are ihor- 
(jiiiihly nruani/.ed. A i^ood Aid Societ\', a \\'oman'> Home 
and I'^orei^n Mi.-<ionar)' Soeiet}', a ^'rowing Snndav .-elujol, a 
vi,i!oi(ju.-^ Y . r. S.'('. ]']., and an eiieriiclic mendiership are all 
<hiin'; eire<di\e work " Vdv ('hrist and the ('hiircdi."" 


Se\eial l'riiitle>s elVm-ts were made to eslaltlish an h'ni^'- 
lish Lutheran <duirch in Anlmrn. 'I'he chief ditlicnlty in the 
way was that no ,suital)le |)Iaee for Indding church services 
could he secured. In May, 1.S74, Kev. Levi Rice, pastor of 
the Fairfield charge, directed his attention to this important 
point. It being the county seat, he I'egarded it as a center 
worthy to he occupied hy the church of his choice, especially 
since it contaim-d some excellent ijulhei'an families who were 
" a,s sheep without a shepherd." After considting with these 
families hi' made arrangements to preach for them occasioinilly 
in the baptist churcli. This he did in connection with the 
work of his own pastoi'ate until ()ct. 2G, IcSTf), when a meet- 
1 :': was calhtd at tlu' honu' (»f Jacob ^Valborn for the [xirpose 


.S^Nlil> Ol' NOi: I'll i;i;N INKIVNA. 

ol coiLvidci-iiiu (lie :i(| visiilii Ml \ nf uriiaiii/iiii: ;i new cliiii-cl:. Il 
was rc^iii'ilctl as an (i|)|)(iil iiiu' liiin'ainl ''SI. Marks Iv.aiiLidi- 
cal Liillici'aii chnrcli, u\' Aiiliiiiii, Imliana,"' wa- llicii (iiL^aiii/A'd 
willi iiiiiclccii charlrr nicinln r-. llic new m-Liaiii/al inn al 
(iiicc |niiTlia-('il of llir I*i'(-Im Icriaio " llnii' (jIiI I'lanic clinrcli 
('(i|- I lit' sniii ul' slioO.OO. \U\. Kiel' ('Mill in iifil in |iicaili I'or 
tlu'iii -ciiii-iiHail 111 \' IdI' (iiii- \.'ai\ alli r wiiicli liic ciai'j ir jal inn 
ua.- luadr a pail n\' liir- |i;i-ii)ial t aii<l \ir <-.inl iiiiud iTvini^ 
llirin nnlil <)cl.. I •'-^.S I , whui lie ioIl' ihmI . Ihiiini; lii- miii- 
i~lr\ llic iufMil)cr-lil|i :_:iaihiail\ iiicna.-ii I , ainl lin-ati-c a 
cIiIiitIi liunic \\:\> ,-crii rcil il a.-niiicil a |m riiiaiu nl clia rarl ci'. 
\\rv. ,S. l\i'l.-() r-ncccrilcd llf\. Klci , lull ichia i ii i 1 1 nlil\- one 
Vi'ai'. W'lirii ill! \acaiic\ iiuw nci-ii n i d \'\r\. \\ . \\ ;i II mail 
wliii \\;h ic,~i(liiiL' al kciida 1 1 \ i II'-. ti|i|>lici| llic cluiicli In. a 
Inirl jii linil, III <)i-l.. b'-'-'i, l;.\. \\. I >. '['rn\cr ImtMIiI'- |)rr- 
liiaiiriil [la-hn- aii<i la linri'il anmn;,;' I !i i- | m-i,| ,|c \\ i | h inaiki il -nc- 
(, ■ ['..III \cai- l,il>i- II. 1. -i.iuil aiiil WM- -lucr, ilcii li\ a 
lew niiiiiili- |iasliiiali li\ lies. A. < '. .li--ii|i, wlm wa.- Inllowcil 
in jMarcli, I.S.SN, liy llc\'. .\ . J. .Mrycis. lie was yuiin-' ami 
t'lUM-iiclic ami all Imiiij ii lie liad llm wmk nl' llic cuiii'i' l-'aii'lirkl 
pasliiralc, lie i;avc >|u'cial allniliuii in (hi' inlcicsls nf ilir 
clinrcli in .^iiImiiii. lie saw llial ili.' mii' m'cc~,-ily \\a.~ a new 
liniisc nl' w nislii|i wil II a lie I U'T Incal inii . ami all liniiii li llic- con- 
jiTt'Hatinn was small lie lira\rl\' ilctcniiim-il that il iiiii.--i lie 
;ic('oni|)lislu-(l. 'llic ncxl }car, l.'s.S'.), a ^^lilal)l(■ Inl was |ini-- 
t'liascd I'nr w liicli I he cm ;; '•(■jial ion paid S.IOO.UO. 'ria-ii lieiraii 
llir (IVnrl Insecure mean.- Inrtlie ireelinii id' a eliiiieli ImiM- 
ing'. riie inemlieis siili.- .'ilied likmal l\' and tfii> iii-pired 
ulliers to enme In llu-ir as.-i •lanec Tlie W'nik iiinved sli-adll)' 
I'ni'W'ard ami on llie 'Ad nl Is'nvemlier, JSMI, they dedicated a 
neat lirick .-t nict lire wiili a ,- iliiiL; capacily nl' !.*')<» in llu and- 

AUIil'llN I'ASroKA'J'IO. 


iloi'iiini ami IT)!) in the Icctiii'c i'imhii, wliicli is si'pai'alcd I'l'oiii 
the auililMiiiiin iiiiiiii hv niuvahh- pari il ions. 'I'li;' iiuiMiii^;' 
(•uiii|)lcic and rnrni<lic(l co^l almnl s7,l)()il.tlll ami -lands as an 
^'mllll•in^■ nmnuimnl of llic I'ailli and /.al df Ijc\. .\l(\cis and 
liis dc\olc<| |irii|di'. S\'m)d nnw L:i'anlcd lids conL: I'i'i.'at inn 
llir |iri \i IcL^c uf w il lid law iiiu IKnn iln- raii'lidd cliaiu:'' and 
rmndnt; a scpaialr paslmali-. SIkiiiK al'iiT iliis lie. .Mcyci's 
i'(>iu'm'd, and alWra lirirl' vafanc\ Ki-v. I'. \\ Kaiii arri-|i|cd 
a call. lOarJN' in llir \iar l^'^HI li:' |-( innsid iVoin .\nliniii, and 
was -niM'cidfd \i\ llcv. .1. I*. iJru.-v, ijn- |irc,-. ni |>a-lMi-. Ili> 
ininistr\ llm.- lai lia~ l/ci n i-.inark;dil \ .-m'l-i ^^i id . ll lia- ln-m 
I'l n il lid in lai'LJi' iimal lici'iiiL's and lia-dra w n In I In i-mh .; 1 1 'jal mn 
amlmm-rs llial n.-iiallv lill llif ciilin- r;i|i:i(ir., n| I he rlini'rli. 
'I lir imndii'1'.-li I |i id' llii- I l,nri-li imw niinihiis om- linmlii d ami 
ci'j 111 \ -.-i \ , and ol' llii,-,» Ki\ . iiiu.-v diiniiL! In- Innd' niini-lrv 
lia> ncfivrd nlir lililidliil and lIlMiN iiln . llir Si||ida\ ScllMdl 
lia- l-i'jil |)aci' \\illi llii' pr-ij i-r-- nl' iln , limrJi, and ilii- \'Miin- 
ri'ii|iK''~ S. ifici \ III' ( "111 1-1 ia II laidra \ 111', 1.1 'jaii i/i'd .\ .i\ . / , I s'. 1 1 , 
willi >c\'cii iiicnilici-, lia.- inric a.-td iinld il n n lidui-,- .-i \ I \ li \'i'. 
Tin- \\'iiiiian's Socicts', ni ;iaiii/i'd in ]'~<S.). h:,^ alsn jn-nvrd a 
V<-'|-\' iKdjiliil farlui-in the di'\adijj(imin liulli of lia- nialmial and 
s|iii-ilual inlficsts (if llic (dinndi. iMiiiiiL;- the \car IM).! a loi 
was puicliased and U|i(iii il was .cnctcd a ileal ami coin lin-lalde 
(Iwclliiiu- I'm- a jiarsniiaLK . Ileusi altmil S I .r)()U.()(>. .\ll lia 
liiiaiices (»r I III' idiiircli are \V(dl eared i'lii-. The scl I'-^aerilieiiiL; 
(dlurls (d' tin- |)ei,|ile to seeili'e llieir own (diiiiidi lioiiie has de- 
V(do|)i'(l inore I'lilly llie spirit of lilieiality toward all llie lieiiev- 
olcnL W'oik (d' llie (diiii'edi. The last annual reporl was l)\ Far 
the hesL in ils liislory am! will doiihlless provi' a iiloritnis 
{)ro|)liecy (d' iIk' lari:*'!- thing's thai will he aeeomplished in the 
yoais t hal are to i-oiiie. 



Fdiii- congregations comprise this pastorate. iSV. PaitVs 
situated in IJerrien Springs, the ( loiint)- seal ol" Uerrieii ('oiinty, 
SdlcDi, live niih's northwest, Mt. Tuhor, five and one-half niikiS 
southwest and A7. John's, three mile.-. e:>t in lierrieii (Center. 
It is composed ol' an excellent idass of peo|)le who are tho- 
roughly devoted to the intej-ests ol' their churcdi. With re- 
niai-kal)le iidelity they have lal)(U'ed and siu-ritiee^l, and in 
times of s(^vere trial and testing they have Fait h i'ull v .-^hown 
their lovi; I'oi- the (diureh of their (dioiee. 

Ivev. .I(din Boon who now resides among this peo[)h; was 
the founder u\' the pastoratt!. In the year JNIH) he hegau 
jireachiiig in a s(dio(d lioir^e not far from thi' present site of 
Sah'm ehurcdi. Seivici'S werr held eviiy two Wfnks foi' a .-IkmI 
time when an organization was elfeetrd witli a small mendier- 
>\\\y. ()ilnr> well added I'ldui lime In liuu' dniini; his minis- 
try, ami when ln' reMgiud there was a com[)arati V(dy strong 
congregation. I'^arly in the year ISO] he hegan preaching in 
u seliool house near tiie j)resent sit(' of the Mt. Tabor (diureli. 
Here he also organized, and in \^(V,\ he led the })eop]e in huild- 
ing a house of worship. It is a comforlahle ehur(di aud will 
seat ahout two hundred peo|»Ie. Kev. I)oon preached at-other 
points and laid the foundations for a work that did not appear 
until some years later. lie served the people faithfully for a 
period of seven years, resigning during tlu^ latter part of l(St)7. 
Rev. I). II. Reiter of the Reformed (diurch, who was at this 
time engaged in the drug Imsim'ss in JJerrien Sjjrings, was 
secured as a supi)ly. IJe continued for a j)eriod of three yeans 



ami was siicceedrd l)y Hcv. !>. F. Hills, April 1, 1871. Dur- 
ing' his niinisliy I he Salfin eoiigregation built its house ol' wor- 
shi]., and on iNlay '-'7, 1871, he or-:ini/A'<] St. I^aul's in IVirrieu 
Springs with twenty-three oharter niend)ci's. The, churches 
were revived and many were added to the nieinhership. He 
was suceessrul in his elVorts to up-hnild and strengthen the 
kingdom (»!' Christ. lie served for two and one-half years, 
and was followed Novend)e|- N, l;s78, hy Itev. J. N. Morris. 
His stay with the people eovei'eJ a period of twenty-one months, 
resigning August H, ]H7h. Itev. S. Kelso hegan his labors as 
pastor i\ov(;mber L'S, l.s7r), and i'(»ntiniied to March .'iO, 1S71), 
leaving the (diurches eompo.-ing the (diarge sli-onger in nuMu- 
])eiship and in a good spiiitnal eondilioii. Sometimt' during 
the same year Hev. l\ W . Weal lurwax was called to the j)as- 
toiatc. lInfortunat(dy for the (diurch and f(n- the cause (jf 
Christ, there wei'e sucdi iiicon.-i.-tcncies in his life as to ncc('ssi- 
tate .-vnodii'al in ve.-tigalion. lleal.-o made an cIToit to lake 
the (diurches willi him into a .-islci denomination, and wliile 
his elVort failed ami very few members were drawn away l)y 
him, tlu' inllnence (d the trial together with the causes which 
l)i'ought it about lingered for years and were detrimental to the 
W(n'k. His short pastorate of a little more than a year did a 
work whitdi recjuired a much longer pe)'iod to undo. l)ut(iod 
is good to his people, and will always, as Ik* did for them, lead 
Ihem out of darkness into light, from trial and conflict into 
joy and victory. 

lie was succeeded April 10, LS.Sl, by the Kev. \V . M. 
Smith, who proved a safe and comjx'tent leadiM- in times of 
trouble. The inllnence of liis genial. Christian spirit was soon 
felt, and the enthusiasm of his consecrated life started the con- 



grc-Miio„s ,.,,<„, a .,..w era ul' ,.n.>,,c.rit y. ][.■ ivii.aiiuMl until 

l(^^i>, and ill June 

"I I Ins yviu- was .mkh-.'.mIimI |,\' li,.\. S. S. 

Adams ulu. liad ron,|d,.K..l Ins ,■,,„,>,. in ihe Tlu.dn.MVal 
S.'ininary at Springfield. <). He <u-ani/,e<| ,S7. ,/./,,'. H.ureh 
=" l-mu. Cenl.r, .Marel, 2.S, iN.s.i, will, iiin,- el.arlrr ,nen,- 

'"■'■'• ''"''*''■'• l''''".^ ' "irr el,nr(d, in ihis ,dae,. i, ua,- n- 

.liardedasai, exeel|,,,t niownn-nl. S-rv n-. > uvn- Inld in ihe 
'"^^" '"'" ""'i' ''"Iv ;;i, l,S,s7, when , In.anlilul linle 
'''""■'■'' ^^"^ 'l><liral..d, l:,.v. Adan,> wa. al>,, sn.-,H.^.rnl in 
'""'''"'^;' "-"'n,de,Mnr,n,ahl. iKir^nna;.. d u rin, hr- n,in rM ry 
'"■'■''• '''♦■ 'diiiivlies w.-rr i-evived and 
iii'''';i>|'d nicinl)cr.^lii|), ;in,| 
•'"■'■^'' ="l^'n..vd. 11.. ,v.-„ned Jan.. L |^ss, and ua^ loL 

HrcnLiilK !M(| l)\- ;in 
ilil''l'f>ls (if ihe elnlrcli in 

I If .-;i/nr \'ca)-, 

Inwed l,y |;,.v S. I'. |'Vyl)rr-er .\,,\c 

"'■•■'"""""■•' ='^ l''''^l'"- I'""' .v:n> and luu ,nunlle, and -ne- 
'•'■'■'''■'' '" l"''>"--",U man^ |„ lurn (,, ,he Savi.n' and l,e r... 

'■"'^'''' ' ""• l-ll-^^-l.i,,nr I,,, elunvli. |;,,v. W.A. l-n,d.,.v, 

''"' l'"'^'"' i'^'^""'' ''•■"^'1 liis lalMu. Jnnr 1, l^;);;. ;,nd has 
"''■'■"'>■ '"'•'■•'''^^■'1 lln. n,endun>hi|. nearlv nne-lhird. Me is 
'•nrnest and a^o,.,,,Hve, and is pnshin. I he werk loruard will, 
'■'■"""■'^=''''" ^■'^"'•- '■' ^-'veral ef his e„n;,rep.iiwns he has 
.M-aniz.d y.MM,,, penple's sneinirs whieh are lH...Mninu' rri.ilf.ll 
ni.unnd wnrk>. No lineof wurk is n.,, I.eled. The |M.„pleare 
""!'•■'' ^"..1 Ihis pashnal.. prondses soon lo sland an,onu ihe 
l"'viiiosl ranks in the Syn.,d to \U,ieh it bejonu.s. 

;i:'i'ii i,i;iii;i\i and la orio PAsroitAi'io. 


inmii.Kiii'^M AM) LA orro i-astoilativ 

I'liis cliurtif is, coiiiiMi.-cd ol' two conLiiCLinl ions. N iiiiicric- 
;ill\' it is (iiic ol' llii' wciikt -I |)asti>r;ilc.- in this SvihhI, li;i\iiiLi a 
iMMii IiiiumI iiiriii|]('r-lii|) (if Ic,-- I hail .-ixl \ . 'I' In lli lli I, In m cli iiicli 
ua> (ii':.jaiii/AMl .laiiiian' 11'. IS.").;, |t\' Kcv. < J. \\ alkcr, willi >i.\- 
((■(■11 cliailri' iiii'iiihiT-. All tlii'.-r caiitf t'loiii ( 'ol mnliiaua 
< '(.iiiil y, ( )|ii(i, wiili Iclici-,- -iiiiiiil lp\- llrv. S. W'a'jiicr. TIh; 
liicin Ih'i ,-lii|) was >Im)|1I\' allciwai'd men a-i i| in lliiil \ -li \ i . Al 
liisl llic\' w ni-.-lii|r|ii-(| in Ihc Imiiic III' I'dri- Ili-icLci-, wlinddn- 
alcd a lilt ii|iiiii wlufli w a ~ i |-ir|(d a li.'j rlmiidi wliicli -iiV'd 
I III- ('DHL! ii-t:al i'Hi I'lir a |Hiiud id' 1 1 n \i ar-. Iln- pi'i -i-ni ,-i iiirl - 
nil-, a Heal and ri.iii lui-laMr riaiiir hiidiliii'j, \\a^ ci'i rU'd in the 
lallri- |iail 1)1 llir \cai' i'ill.'i, and wa- didicali-l .lanuai'V L' I , 
iMil. The |.a-li»i'. I.'rv. d, N. harnrll, \va- a>>i-lid in llir 
didicahn'v ~rr\ ifr- li\ KiN. W I'. llnlliiaiilV and Iv'rV. \\' . 
Wallinan I'Ih' Wiuk |>rii>|iri I'd and liir nirnilii i\-li ip I'l ai In d 
aliiiiil niH' linndi'i. d. 

'/'//'' I'lma iiiit'l ('(nmiTiiatinn was oiyani/rd \)\ lirv. I'>. !'". 
Stiih/, A|M'il d, jiSTd, willi i>ii:lit (diailfr nicinlHT.--. .N(ai'l\all 
id llii'sr cainc lidin tin,' l)clli lidnin ciniiii'c^al inn. Aclioii was 
ininicdiaUd V lakcn I'nr llin d'ccliuii id' a Innisr id' \\(iislii|). ami 
nil < )c|iilici' did id' I li" same s far t li(\ dcd ica led t lirir eh nicli li> 
tlic wnr.-liip id' A lini^lilN' ( did. Tlic new ni'Liaiii/al inn met willi 
coii>id('i-alilc (i|i|)ii.-itiiHi . hut it cnnl iniicd to Li'mw iiiilii the 
iiiriiil)rrslii|) niiinlicrcd aliniit sfxciit \'. I lic>c' Iwd cnno r(.u;i_ 
tiuii.- roniicd a jiari id' tin' .Miiion iiastnrale, and dnriiiL; (hat 
liiiu' ciiictynd I lie lai'iicst dciirrc of llicir |n-().~[)(M-it v. Hut 
idiaiij^cs caiiic, and llicii- iiiiinlicr.- wimc diniiiiisli( iI. W'itlioiil 



tlieir r-onscul tliey were detaclu'd IV')iii I he Alliiini pastorale liy 
the action of Synod in the year l<syO. It was the intention of 
tSynod tliat t hi' congregation at Avilhi shonhl he nniti-d with 
them, and (lie thi'ce comprise tlie pastorate. Since this action 
they have not been al)U' to give a(h-(jnatf' support to a minister. 
I'^'ather Biddle whose whoh' life has liecn a saciilicc lor the 
clini'ch served them for a time. I^'allui- W'altman has supplied 
tlicin for a while. At present they aresei'ved hy Rev. S. Ivelso, 
who liopes for iietter da>s foi' them. Their opporl unities ai 
.soim'wiiat limited, hut they area de\'oted people and lhe(i 
Hhe[dierd will \r\ leail them forth into green past ures heside 
the still wafers. 'IMie prosperity of formei' days will ri'lurn, 
and (;ven huger things will l)e enjoyed. (Jod is ne\ei' forget- 
ful of the interests of his peoj>le. 


Hi;i.\N r i'.\sr()i;.\'n:. 

Tills was fornuM'ly known as tlu! Jjinn-grove [jastorate, 
and consisted of the liinn-grov(!, Sharon, Hi'iaiit and JMiianuel 
churches, 'riirongh the instrumentality (d' Ivev. II. ('. (iross- 
nian the charge was divided in the year 18(S0 ,vhen liriant, 
Emanuel, Portland and boundary, constituted one pastoi-ate, 
and Linn-grove, Sharon, New ('orydon and Zion, formed 
anothei'. 'I'liis was a missionary expei-iment, hut it was ncjt 
long until Portland and Boundary were abandoned and the 
other two churches added to the former charge. The pastorate 
at present conii)rises the four churches — Bi'iant, New Oorydon, 
State Line ami r^manuel. It was thus I'ormed in the year 1888. 

KKIANl' 1'AS■1'()]^ATI•;. 


TIk' union heiii^- of such rocL'nt diite the lii?>((>i-y of the conj^re- 
giitions can only be j^iveu separalcly. 

The liriunt Churdi. — In tlu; fall of 1874 a iiunilx'i' ol" 
families, principally LulluM'an, associated tlienistlvcs together 
and elected ihree (nistecs. I'liey wei'e liios. Miller, I'ol.-doi'ler 
and Simon .Mineliart, with William I'Meming as clei'k. They 
at (mce determined lo hnild a church and .-oon let (he conl.i'acl. 
K(-v. Miller who was preaching at Linn-groVe was invited to 
come and nuni^ter to them. lie ai-cepled (he invitation and 
immeilialely hegan his labors, organizing !i chui-ch in the spring 
of i-S/f) with nine chailer members. Work began on the 
chnrcdi idilice, but it was not leady For occu[)anc\ nntil ,-cvei'al 
years had ela])si'(l. Meanwhile I )i vim: sei'vices were conilncted 
in the saw-mill, in tin; .m'IiooI house ami in a small building 
owned by Isaac K'ain. IJev. Miller serve(| the church for a 
period of about two year.-^ when he resigm'd,aml wa.- succeedeil 
I'V iuv. ('. S. h'inley. The church was dedii-iled Mav 12, 

l'^7.S, llev. d. l;. llelwig, I). 1).. and llev. H. V Delo. a>-iM- 

ing the pastor in ilu; .vtuvit'es. iMumgh was .sub.-cribed on 
Dedication 1 )a\' to meet all expenses, but not being promptly 
e(dhH'led a coirsiderable linancial burchai hung over the Weak 
congregation. .M'ter tw.> year's faithful service l\ev. Finley 
resigned and was followed by llev. J. I'^razier, who labored in 
the IJriant and r^nuuiuel churches for four ^ears. lie resided 
in Portland and there he died on Sumlay evening, September 
l;>, bS«r). During his ministry there were additions to the 
membership, but the congregation was yet strugg'ling and its 
burdens increased by litigation aj-ising from its imiebtedness. 
Alter the death of Uev. I'^razier the j)astoiate was s(;i'ved one 
year by the Uev. B. I). Ilcri'old. Hi' was succeeded by Ivev. 



'IMioina.'^ JJi'ilkc; who .served Ihiaiil and l^iuamud eoiii^rcizatioiis, 
occasiouallv pri'ac.liiug at New ('orytloii also, I'oi- a |)t'rio(l oi' 
one yt'ar, wlieii by reason of tlie iiiliniiilies of aue he was 
forced to relin(|iiish the work. Diiriiiii the siiiuiin'r of LS-S.S 
Mr. Uollnian, a stiuh-iit of Wit leidx'ri; College, supplied the 
ehar^", anil was instrumental in infnsini! new life inlo the 
church. 'I'he attendance increasid, Sunday School eidarjjed 
anti a I'ew suhstani iai improvements were made. dune I, l.'S'S!), 
Ikcn'. f) . A. \\\'sl lieeame |)aslor. I)urin<i the .■^ame year he 
I'ncoui'aiied tlie conureiialioii ami hv niTal ell'oii, w i i h some 
outside hi'lp, ihe hu'Lic indehlediie-s was cancelled. 'I'Im; next 
>ummei'lhe chnr(di was repaire<l and \'er\ much luaulifud in 
ap|)earance. The mend)er.--hi|i was ineriased and a new eia of 
pi-ospei'ily seemed dawning upon them. Unt (here wen' les.-^es. 
l)ealh claimed some of the idd and faithful si-rvanls who had 
Ixu'ue the heavy hui'dens in ihe da\> of advei'sily. Sinidu 
IMinehart wdu) had always heen the ieailer in linancial all'air,- as 
widi as ill spirilind thiuLis, hi> hehived and failhful companion, 
r>ru.-. Michael Mineharl. W'ondward and dthei-,--, irueand li'ieil 
friends of the chni-ch, wt re called to their reward, and othei's 
removed so thai the cons^renation now numliersr)o, liul is well 
organized for Christian woik. it has an active Sunday School, 
(Miri-tian l']n(lea\in- Society, a Woman's llomeand l'\)i-eiL;ii M is- 
sionary Societs', and is doing eU'ective si-rvice lor the Master. 
Kimtnucl (Jhnrvh. — Ivev. .1. W. IMiller also receiveil an 
iiivitatitju to come to the school house live miles northeast of 
Portland, which he accepted. lie preached theic once in two 
weeks for a ])eriod (d' about three nnuiths, and in the spi'ing (d' 
1S75 lu! organized with ten charier mendxus. Additional 
Mienibei's were leceived from time t(» time, ami at the end of 



hvi) year.- tlu; (.•uii-ivgatiuii ik-cidcil 1<j l>iiil.l a lioii^'j oT woi^liip 
OIK- mile iKji-tli ijf tlie])luct- ulieiv lluir meetings had Uecii lield. 
'I'll.- cdilice was rrcctcd during the <uiiiiui.'r .d' 1S77, hut the 
h^liMilI^• wa.s not cDinplctcl until one yoar lat.-r. althougli ser- 
vic-e-s ueie liidd in it during tht- wintei-. In i'oru it was c-oni- 
|d(lrd Itcv. -MiU.'i- iH'signcd and wa> .succlhmUmI l)y lii'V. ( '. S. 
I liiKv. Thr (k-dication occ-unL-d in Augusf, 1878, and the 
pa.'loi- was as.-ist.(l in the scrviecs hy Jl.v. A. d . Doughis and 
\U\\ I ). \\ Is^ain. A small ih ht n-tcd U|Mm ilu' (diundi and aller- 
waid iMcanie the s(Uiice ol' con.-idiiahli' lioulih-. f)uriiig the 
two \iais mini-trv of Uev. I'iidi-y ami the lour year's service 
of ilrv. i'la/.iei- till' eongrrgalii'U received >ome addili.jns and 
su.-taine.l some lo-.-e>. hut on the ma<le ^ome iuogre>,s. 
Tie- -horl |la^lolate~ of Ke\>. llerroM, I )iake and Ihdiinan, 
willi their col re>pondiicg vacancie-, did not add mmdi .-Ireiigtii 
tu this idiuicli. The outlook was di.M-ouraging, Imt tin- (dd 
].irmlMi- who yri r.niained. >tood faithfully hy the (diuieh to 
whieh lliev ha<l gi\.'U mucli linu- and lleaighl and moii.\ and 
j.ra\er. Itev. d. A. \\'e>l hecame |.a.-lor dune 1. !>>'.•. A 
f<:w months later >even good >uh-lanlial miiidi. rs were added, 
and these were fidlowed hy fourteen others xmie mouths alter- 
ward. ddie church hiiilding was repaired and a good hell hung 
in the towel' to call the people to \\oi>hip. With the advice 
(d' the rre>ideiit of Syiiud thechundi \\a- ha.-ed for a period 
o[' eight vears to the Freewill Baptist, to he occupied jointly 
with the Lutherans. The congregation now has 31 resident 
inemhers — has a good I'nion Sunday School, sustains a prayer 
jneeting and is looking hopefully toward the future. 

The New C'>rij<h,n Church. — The village u[ New C'orydou 
was visited .several times by Rev. H. C On..ssmaii when he 



was tnivding missionaiy oC the Sviiod oP Nortlicni Indiana. 
He gathered the Lntheran jjeople and l)r(.nght to tlicia Kcv. 
N. A. Whitman, who was elected pastor Hepleinher L'O, ]HU\ 
and on the lltii chiy ui' Dcccmhcr followino- iio or-ani/.ed with 
.sixteen charter lueiiduTs. Tlie liist (.(Hccis were ( ieo. Stoltz, 
(ieo. !\larlin, David Locker and Andrew Son(hiy. Services 
were hehl in the Methodist lOpi-copal chnicli 'Idie new organ- 
ization became ])art (d' the Linn-grove pastorale. After min- 
istering to them for several years Jtev. \Vhitman resigned and 
removed ri'(nn the liehl, hiH in threi' months he wa> rceaHcd 
and serve.l them lor a shoi't tinn;. The (dose of his mini.^lry 
was i)y a vacancy (d' some months whi-n liev. l-'ra/ier 
in(dii(h-d I his congregation in liis pa-torate and served it until 
liis death. Ifevs. Uerrohl, Drake and lionuiaii also served tid.s 
eongregalion during tlieir mini.-,tiy in thi< charge, ami dnriiK-- 
this time it became necosary to lind some other j)lace in which 
to hold their .vcrvices. A hall was secured and the mailer ul' 
Imdding a (duireh w as now agiiatcd. Il was ahvadv deeid. ,1 
to build when l:,v. West became past.,r, and during the sum- 
mer of l«SJ) a neat church e.lihcc; was erected. For it lh(M-on- 
gregation is ehielly indebted to the mnniticence (d' (lounge 
Stollz. It was d(Mlicated October L'i, |,S,s;), ihe pastor being 
a.ssi.sted in the services by Prof. L. A. (iotwald, D. I)., and 
Kev. Kniith. 'Idle (diurcli ivceived new members from lime to 
tnne, but lost i)y death some of its staunch suppiu'ters— (George 
Stolz, David Locker, Mrs. l<^-ed Martin, Mrs, Louis I'Yainig, 
and other laithtul members, were taken to the church triumph- 
ant. The congregati(m,allh(mgh only nund»ering J() members, 
IS in a good spiritual comlilion, and nucts all its timmcial .d)li- 
gations promptly, an<l is interesied in all the benevolent work 
of th(! church. 'IMuty an; a devoied pecjple. 



litate Line ChurcJi. — It is .situatt'd fivt; miles suutlieust of 
New Corydou, on tiie Ixjider (if Merecr (_\niiity, Ohio. It had 
its origin in a litlK' conipanv ol' I jiitht'ian |teo|)le assi:iiil)liiiy at 
the home of .Mr. I jeiniiimT, to hear tht,' word (it' <i(td jireached 
\)\ Ivcv. Cioehciiheimer, a iniiii.sler cd' tlic. lu'iOniied ehiireli. 
'I'he lirst olheeis were .loiiii I.,iiiiinL;er and John W^iles. For 
several years ihey ('ontiiincd and were al)oiii to dishand when 
other IjUtlieran i'aiinlies arrived and ^a\e sneli eneonra^cment 
to tlie W(n'k that a little lot; ehureli wa- luiilt. This was in the 
year IS")!?, two ye;irs hel'ort' the oi-;.;ani/.al i(jn ol' tlii' S\'n(id (d:' 
Northern Indiana. 'I'hey had to jia.-s lhroni;h all ihf hard- 
ships ol' pioneer life. The eonntiy wa.- new and the people 
eomparati \(dy poor. Soon after the hnildin;: of the ehnieh 
iiev. SjirinL; lieeame ])astor and siived them I'or two years. 
lie was succeeded h\' lve\'. IMiilip Ijoid^er, who c(jn(lncted flu' 
service.- cut irel\' in thelierman lan^naec. The (jld Iol;; clinr(di 
stood until I'S?-') when it wa> rephiceil 1»\' ;i ne-w frame >trnct- 
nre. Ke\ . 1 .ocker ^er\ ed ihe (huich I'ail 1, 1'idl V f'li 'J'J \ eai>, 
when liecause of ihe inli^miIic^ of ;i;_;e hi' re-iuned. IK' died 
May -■), liS;!!, and \\a> buried (dose \)\ ihe churidi to whi(di he 
had uiven such a lar^c part of his life. He was greatly htdoved 
liy this people and his memory will lone remain an inspiration 
for good. Key. I'^ager, a memher (d' the joint Synod of ()hio, 
tli(?ii lieeann' pastor, and the elinrch united with said Synod. 
Il(; continued his labors seveial years and was f(dlowed by 
Ivev. W. (J Nicol, whose mini.-try iu(luded thi'e(! years, wdieu 
he was suecH'eded by Kev. ('. Iv lleibst. May 14, l.S8(), a 
cyclone comph'tely destroyed ihe (diincdi building, and the 
ne.xt yv;\v till' present comfortable edilice was erected. 'idie 
congregation became dissatislied with its synodical I'elations and 



miilcd witli llu' Synod of Norihciii I;iii:i. It liccaiin^ a part 
ol till' IJriaiit pastofatt! (liirinii IJro. rxtllmaii's miiii,slr\' in 1 .S,SS. 
I'^'oin that tiiiK; all llic .scrvicrs liavr Itciii coinliictcd in Imi^ lisli. 
\iv,\' . West has served tli.- (diiii-cli ,-iiicc hicuniiiio iiastur of this 
fliai-ije, iiiid under his nniii>ti y is niakinn foiinnciidaMt: prot;-- 
rcss. The nieinliership now niiiidiers ti-l, and i- alis'e to all the 
iiilei-ests ol' the. chui'cli. 

Tiie pastoratt; allh(tn^li not nunuricall\' strong is coinjxjsed 
of an excellent class of people, and was peiliai)s ne\'(T in lielter 
condition to do elVecli ve work foi- the Mattel' than now . Iietlei' 
system prevaiU and nnder the jiidicioiis hader.-hip of llieii' 
])resent faithful leader the}' will move lorward to a lar-cr lite 
and greater jo)' in their service. 

HUTUsR PASroK.V'ld-: 

This idiar_L:e i.~ compiled wf iwo coHl; leLMl ions .S7. M,n'k',-< 
situated in thevillaueof llnihi-, and \l' lit, iih(r(j , live mile^ 
distant. The hit ter is one ul tlu' oldest congregations on the 
tei-iitoiy of this Synod. It was oigani/ed hy lu'v. d. Cathei', 
in l<S4o. It was never very strong numerically, hut for more 
than half a centur)' it has het-n doing i^ood service in the 
cause ol ('hri>t. It has in its mendxr.-hip some of the \-ei>' 
best citizens (d' t he communily , and lhe\' are all intei-ested in 
all the work (d' the (dinrcdi. St. Mark's was oigani/.ed hy 
Kev. d. \V. Henderson in l<S(il. Ilev. iMorris Oliicer heinti- 
present and assisting 'in the services. It had ahoiit fmiy char- 
ter mendjers. In the f(dlowing yeai' they huilt a large hrick 
church. Heing at a time when building matei-ial was at 




i'^ ^ «v 



Itl.V. u. W . lioWKN. 
Ui:V. .1 \ HI'./, Sll AM'KK. 
ItKV. .1. M. in ,^r\i \N. 

i;i.\ . I'.. I . >'n I rz. 
\i\:v. \. i.i:a ni !• i;s 

i:KV. .1. II. IKH I'M \ N. 



its liinlu'St, it was a hei'ciilcaii lask Inr l!if W'w iiioiiil)i'i'<, 
HOIK.' <it wlidiij \\fi-c lilcsscd uiili a .-ii|)cr-al)Uiii!aiiL-i' ul' ihi.s 
world's o'Odds. 'I'lic si I'licl ii I'l' wa- lm\\r\ci- coiiijilcli'd dining- 
tli('saiii(' ycai', Iml wilha Imrdtii ili;il siiincwlial ci'iiiiilrd its 
ellorts. Tlic cliiircli was drdicaicd duriirj llic aimiial cdiiximi- 
tioii id' llu- S)'i!(id (d' XiMllicni Indiana in llir lall .A' ls^\\], I'lc- 
iiui'iit |)asl(»ral rliani^i'S liavi; al-o limi a liindi-ancc |o liri- 
gi'calcst pro.-pcril V . In lln' -!'S V(ai-- id' lirr .Ai Icnr.', -\]c 
lias l)(!cii iiiidi-r Ihc iia-lural caic of Kin' . .1. W. 1 Icndi tm/ii , 
J. N. Mon-i,., A. W. l>iini<_ S. r. <n\d. r, William C llar- 
lifll, Jahrz Siiair.!-, I). I'\ Kaiii, W. I )irir, n lM(di and the 
pi'cscnt riicmiiliciil , lltv. S. I'. I'^-y l)i i'uim-. Hi \ . I )lidl'rn harli 
si'I'vimI llic (dniitdi I'ni- alioiil niiir v'lar,--, liiil all v)lliti> for a 
niindi .-lioiliT |n I'idd. I)urin^; tlir ycai- l.'-.'id, llic (dnin |i -nf- 
lfi-i-(| gii'at l(i-s of iiicniljii'.~lii|) nn arci.iinl ul llic r.aiioN al of 
tlic hi\'i>inn 1 Icad([nai'lci> and,-ln)|i- of llic \\'alia-li railroad 
many of ilic ciii|ili)\'c> hcinu mcndicrs (d' ilic (dmiidi. il was 
llic uccasiiMi of ihc lo>,^ MJ al l.-i.-l .-i\|.\ acli\c incmli^rs.d' 
lIuM'oiiLiri'caliim. I iidcr ilic I'aillilnl mini>lr\ id' llic |ncsciiL 
paritor, slir lias, liowt'Xi'r, already iicarl\' rdricvcd her los.s 
and scoms Lo liavr naiiicd aiinncr and more snl»>laiil iai hold 
ill the \'illa^;c and tlu' cominimitv than c\'cr lid'orc cir]o\-cd. 
'Idic IransiciiL idciiiciil has liccii c\(diaiiL:cd for a more |icrma- 
iiciit- one, and is i>ro[die(ic ol' a new cia in her hi-lorv. .\[oru 
siilistanlial work will he done and ihc iidliienec ol' ihc coiiyrc- 
galioii iiuisl liccomc slroiiger She i- ihorniiLilih' oi'jani/ed 
I'or (_"hristiaii work, having a good Siimhn .-(dux, I and an 
active I'^ndeavor sociidy of ahuiii ihirl\- mcinhcrs, and a 
Doi'cas society, doing raillifnl work lor (he ehiu'idi. The 
Liials and iiiisrorl lines cd' ihc past arc under tiud's gnidance, 



developing strength Tor the riiture. Tliey lue a devoted [)e()- 
ple, and under the ininir^try of their i)rc.scnt juilieioiis and 
energetic [)astor, they will moved forward to a eon.sjjicnon.s 
phiec among th(! worlving chiirchc's of the Svnod. 


Thi.s is one oi" tlie ohh-ist and ])astorate.s in tlii.'^ Synod. 
At |)r<,'sent it consists of two eongregali(»ns, with a e(»nihiiied 
mcinhershi|) of two hundred and ten. St. J'ctrr\-i (' is 
located in C'amden, ahout sixteen miles sunthwest of Louans- 
|iort, and tSt. PanTii Church is situated in (he vilhige id' I'^lora, 
ahout live mih-s south of ('amden. The foruiei- congi'egal ion 
was organized hy Ivev. Samuel Mclu'ymdds in the year 1H4(I; 
the latter was formed from a congi'cgat ion in the country not 
far distant, and its church hiiilding was mo\(il into the vil- 
lage. In it> early hi.-luiy I he churelus which now furm the 
l)eer('i('ek charge were ser\i'd in connection with these two. 
Hev. MeKeynolds becanii; pastor in the year l'S4<i, aiid contin- 
ued his labors until May 28, 1855. On Ocioher 1st of the 
same year, Kev. D. Smith took chaige, and continued fiU' one 
year. lie was immediately .succeeded hy Kev. L. L. Uoumll, 
who reniaini'd :d»out sixteen months. Itev. S. P. Snyder was 
elected pastor October 1st, 1858, and for nine years rendered 
eflieienl service. lie resigned Septemljcr 15, 18(>7. Ivev. M. 
L. Kunkleman followed in a brief pastorale, and he was suc- 
ceeded by Kev. J. I\[. Klsei'. The two pastorates (;over a 
period of about twenty months. .May 1st, 18G!J, Kev. S. li. 
liymau was elected ami remained (jue year. Uev. J. L. (Juard 



l)eg;iii hi.s I;il)()i-.s -luiie \'2, 1870, and continued to June 2, 
1878, :it wliicli liiDc tlie elnirge was divided, and Kev. (iuard 
continued to preach for tlie congiejj;ations i'oi-niing the Deer 
( Tcel< |»as(()ratc. dune tlieiUii of tlie same year, Kev. A. ,1. B. 
Kasl was electeil, and ri'mained pastor I'or one year. Kev. (J. 
L. Sluder snceeeth'd him diun' iM, and continued to June 12, 
1880. llev. 1). II. Siiowden, Ph. I)., was called November 
1st, 188], and resigned April 1st, 188."). On the 1st of Octo- 
ber, 1885, l|(!v. O.J. Kiel'er was elected and i-en(l(,'red etlicieiit 
servi.-e foi- lour years. He resigned ()c:tolier 1st, I88i). Ivev. 
I'. L. Sigmund was idected jiastor June 1st, 18!)(), and cIo.hmI 
his work in llu; >pring of iS'.li to accept a call to the mission 
at Cohiiuhns, (). The pastoial year was completed hy Uev. 
II. 1>. Helmei-. The present pasloi', Uev. 1>. V. (jrem)l)le, be- 
gan his labors August lo, l.S!)2, and continues to serve the 
people with great acceptance and l'a\(U-. KnvU congrt'gation 
Iki.> il^ lumse (d' winship, and iioih are neativ and comfortably 
fnrnislied. The old church in ('annK'n was replac-e<l b\' a new 
one in l87o, during the miinstr\- of Kev. J. L. tluard. It is a 
beautiful and substantial frame building. A large and e(ju- 
venicntly arranged parsonage was built i-ecenllv. The congre- 
gations are Ihoroughly (U-ganized, and t-oiitaiii some of the most 
active societies in the Synod. They aic int('reste(l in all the 
^ieneral work (J" the church, and havi' made a good record in 
(•ontributing to the various boai'ds. 




( I racL' I jiitlii'r;iii ('liui'di is ;i cliiM uf [luiiic Missions, and 
ever since its oiijaiii/at ion llic dlijr*'! oT (iod's sjucial lavoi'. 

In l.S-^li llrv. J. 1). Oliver, of l)a\l(.n, (Miio, a nicniher 
of llic S> 11(1(1, came lo llic villains of ( 'olunihia with a 
view ol' i;al licriiii;' t he Ln( licraiis into an (iiiiani/alion . lie 
wrolc a con.-l ihil ion, llicn -avc n|i llic woik and li'fl llic iicld. 
In llic followinu \'cai' llc\'. I'^iaiddyn Tcniidin canic funu l^an- 
caslcr. (Miiw, and on llic I'.lili day "!' April, 1^47, in liis own 
lionic cllcclcd an oi^^'ani/alion willi linl .-even (dialler iiKnihcrs. 
This new oru.ani/al ion w a.- (diii,-l en rd ''( ii acr L\il licran < 'hn i (di." 
'Idle (diarlered nioiiil)ii-> were: Mr. and .Mr.-. Le\ i Mc)irs, Air. 
and Mi>. dac(dj W iin(lirli( h . .Mr. and Mr.-. Adam Asay, and 
?»li-. dacoh Sailor. d'\\o(d' i lie.-e are .M ill li\inL!:, Mr-. Me\-crs 
and Mr. S:i\lor, dde orij.ani mi ieu heeaiec a iiunilu i- ol the 
()li\c r>ian(h ^\nod. and lu Id il- ser\iecs for several yi'ais in 
the Mel hodi.'.i M|d<co|ial ( 'hiirtdi. . • ■ 

'V\iv first (diiiKdi hiiildini; was erected in l.S.^il, l.y a lon^- 
and se\(re slrii'/ide, the nieinher.- hciiiLi' I'ew and poor, on the 
gronnd whei'e now stands the |ire.-enl l)iiildiii;i;. TIm.' total co.sL 
of the lu-w (dinreli w a- ;^ I ,000. il w a,- dedicated h) "l''ather" 
Wells and ijev. Scidle, Noveinhcr '.), l.Sdl, into ihe tower of 
(his (dinr(di \\a< hnn;; the lir.-l ludl i:Vei' ran^' in ihis city. 
'That hell still -wiiiL!'- in oui- tower. 

I'l'ior to tills dedication, ltc\ . d\ni|ilin re.-l;.Mied, and (he 
little .-Irn'j'.dini; hand was wilhoiil a pa.-Ior lor two )(;ars. 
Stroni;- in I'ailh and iineon(inerahh in pnipose, llie_> ludd on (o 
the work, keeping' up weidd) prajcr-ineel inys, hopin;^ and 



waitiiio;. Tlio lM.i(,ic spirit (,!' Levi Meyei^ kept the Hres eoii- 
staiitly hmiiino;. At last ( mkI aiisucreil llu- prayiTs of this 
iiohh? Lutheran hand in the j)ci>(»n of lav. "I'athei" Wcll.s. 
lie hc-an his pastoi'al work Oetoher 17, LSoL'. Tlu' Ifoiue 
Mission ('(ini:nitl<c -ave ti. K'cv. Tcniplin S2() a (piaitcr (luring- 
his niinistiy. and \\>v one yt'ar liave '• l'\ither" Wells the same 
iiinoiinl. He threw tlic wlnde \vciiiht of his cunscerated life 
and stronL;- inlcllcel ini I powers into this new enterprisi-. Iwuiii- 
dations were laid anew, hoj)e revivid in every heart, ehulness 
lillcd <'Vei'y souk as they saw the spirilind temple risinn, :,,i(-l 
anli<-ipal,ions lon-awaite<| ,u>w hein- realized. l-'ather \\'(dls 
• •an jnsti)' he eidled the " l'"athei" of this eluindi, niviijw- i.) it 
seventeen eonseciilive yeais ol' eanie,-l work the he,-t of his 
''''■• l"''"' what I he (dini-(di is lo-day she is indehted very 
hii-,!J<dy to |ld< failhrnl, sel f saeiillein'j and eliieienl man of 
<iod — i-'ather Wells. After the lir-l \eai' (he Synod paid :rl'()(» 
louai'il ihe pa-lor'> snpporl an.l llic' ehnreh S'_'(M), This latter 
amount was iner,a,-e,l nnlil ahont i,s;,,s when ihe ehnreh heeame 
sidf-sir-tainino-. In I ,s ;");") llm Synod of N(athern Imiiana was 
organized in thi- (dinreh. 

I'^alher W(dls was sneeeeded l.y h'ev. K'itz as past(n-, May 
1, iMIil). Hev. Uitz served theelnnvh faithfnily tor one yeai-. 

Il<v. A. J. I>on<ilas was called to the i)ast(nate to succeed 
Kev. i;it/. duiu- 1, I.S70, and served with li.lelity ami efliciency 
until duiH' 1, ksyi. Kev. Dou-las he-an his ministerial life 
with this (diinvh, uivin- up a lm-rati\e practice at the har. 

Kev. A. II. Slmlehaker was called as past(M- in dniie, kS72, 
j^-ivin-;- four yeais (d' successful seivice. The old huildin^;- 
having- now stood for twenty-two years, and the (:on^re^ation 
(^unstanlly growing-, a new, larger and more modern churcdi 


building becaino ii necessity. Tu 187') the corner stonr of t\\o 
present (■onunodions cluuvli was laid and (k'diraled the Inllow- 
iny year. TIr' liasenu'nt rodnj was t-oniplftiMl, in wliicli the 
services were held. TIh- tola! cost of tlic luiildinL-- was ?a |(',,;U»2. 
The iiidchledness when linislicd was s;!,(ili(i. 

Kev. J. n. Ball/.ly, 1). 1)., .-n.vccird Kev. A. II. Stude- 
baker,]). I)., April 10, l,S77. And unlil .March I, 1«70, gave 
the cluirch a consecrated, exeniplai'y niinisterial service. I>ur- 
ing lhes(' years (he church struggled again>l a heavy (h'ht, 
which was growing daily. A nundier of improveiuenls were 
inadi^ on the chiii-ch during his pastm-ale, and a niovenieiit 
inani;nraled whiidi eventually h(;caiui' sin-cessFnl in li(juiilal i/i"- 
the d( lit. 

Kev. J. N. HariU'tt succeeded l)\-. Hall/.l v < )cl(iliei' i, 1,S7!». 
K'ev. Barned's piiine ul.jecl \va- the caneellalion (if ihe (hht on 
the church. In Ihe live yeai', and (wo ukmiIIis oI' his ministr)' 
here the entire deht, which had now hrcome iiearls- sS.OdO, 
was liiiuidaled. In addition sonic .-uli-lanlial inipro vonicnts 
were niadf on the pro|)erlv of the chiUH'h. 

Kev. (-■. II. Kuckciy was called to this pastoratf; Fidirnary 
1, IScS-'^, and lahorcd faithfully with them for a jieiiod of seven 
years and nijie months. During his ministry man}' improve- 
ments were made in and outsiih' the church. In the spring of 
188(i lh(^ large two manual Pipe Organ, which stands as an 
essential feature of the ainlitoiiiim, was purcha>ed at a cost of 
$1,100. lu 1S(S8 the heautifid and commodious parsonage was 
erected at a cost of about |1,(JU0, and $H)i) improvenu'iit.^ made 
on the church. In 1889 the stone enrhing and jiarking were 
C()ni{)leted, the basement loom repapered, and new carpets pur- 
chased, and iu 1890 the stone walks ami steps were laid. 

COlATMin A OITV I'A.s TOUA Ti:. 121 

Karly ill January, l8!»l,tlu' lar<ro I'nrcv oF young people in 
the elinicli wi'ic organized into a ^'o^ln^• IV-ople's Society oF 
dliiislian l-']n(li'avor, divided into J nnior an<l Scnioi' Inanelios. 
Tliis society is doing- efficient wori^, and is of gfcat inlluenee 
I'or " Clirisl and tlie dliuieli." In t lu' wiiilei- of l.SiH the pai'- 
iors, dining rooms, and kitcdien (d' the ciini'idi were l)oanl ilully 
renio(hd('d and relillcd. 

In .March of this same ycai' the congregation i-eceived Ihc 
nio>t gcnci-ons donation id' a fniid \\y :iii nnkiiown and grac ious 
''■i*'ii'l, I'oi- the roinph'lion of the auilitoriuni. Nexcr was the 
(diiir<di ihe rceiphnl df >n(di -hid news. This gift was hcarlily 
:ii"l thaiddidly rci'civod, ;nid \\\v. wiirl-; coninienced at once and 
coniph'teil in S.-plcmhcr, at a cos' of ahoni $(),()()(). 

The, clMii-(di then decided to make all other inipioveiiienis 
necessary to the entire complelion of the Imihlin^. This 
included a n(;w tower, new cat hedral gla~s, stone .-ide walks, 
painting, etc. Thi> all wa~ cnniphled at a total c..<l of s| ,701). 

iiev. d. .Mdh.n k'ranci-. ihe prcM-nt pasior. Iicnan hi.- 
W(nk here Septeinher I , ISi).'!. 

77/e ('hvrrh J'yui/dihuj.— 'Vlw. (dinrch, as now conipleic, is a 
tw'o-sloiy huilding, !)() x (iO feet, with a tower rising HKl feet 
I'roni the ground. The lirst lloor, with a ['(Uirteen-root ceiling, 
has a main Sunday school and an audience room, (iO x i')A feet, 
with a seating capacity of ;")()(), entered fhron-h a vestihide (d' 
twelve feet, extending across the entire width of the (diureh. 
f" Ihe rear of this main inom are j)arlors, dining rooms and 
kilcdu'ii. Two stairways from front vestihule, and one from the 
rear, lead to the sam^tmiry proper, 7S x (iO fet't, with gallei'y. 
It is furiushed with anticjue oak with iv.vvd (^otta trimndngs. 
It is seated with pews arranged in am[)hitheater style, with silk 



plusli upliolytiMy. A two innmiiil I'ipc ( h-nan iiiiiiKMliati'l y in 
tlie rear ol' ))ul|iit, with aiiU' i-imhhs for pa.-loi- and ilioir. Tht' 
roijin is liglitcd l»y ciulit y-li\c clictiic liirlil.^, and luattnl hv 
tliriM' T'atric. runiaccs. Tlic walls arc rn>cucd in tnia cotla 
(•()1(U'S. Two /(/r s///(//r.s- of I (ftd)cn 's "('Iiri>t'' in relief liani;' 
on either side of t'he |)nl|tlt. The room has a seadiiLi; capacity 
in pews of (i(HI -with oallerv and (diair- DOd. This is one of 
the nio,-I coniplele and clei^anlU' fiii'ni.-hed chnr(dies in Xorth- 
erji linliana,— an honor to ihe cil\' and a pride lo the chni-(di. 

s()i'ii:i'i i;s IN iiii; ciinaii. 

W'oiiKiii's IlniHd and Fdnujii M i-<<iiiiiii n/ Soctcfi/.- This 
Society wa-5 (M'L;ani/,c(| Martdi, ISS2. Il indd- it.-> ineelinL;.^ the 
lirsl \\'e(lnesda\ of cacdi month. \\> ohjecl i-- the de\cli/pimnt 
of mis.-ionary >pi ril and lienes'olcnce. 1 1 - memlicr-hip dm .- are 
l$I.(H)a yeai'. Thi< ,-ociel \' now ninnhcr- ihirU' inemher,-, and 
has i^iN'cn for ini--ion- ahonl siaid .-ince il- ur^ani/alion. 

Liiilu-<' Miti Snriiiii,- 'I'hi- MicieiN w a < oi'L;ain/cd .)annai'\' 
H, ISSO. Its olijccl is Id I'endci- social and linanciai aid to the 
(dinrch. It meets on 'lduii'sda\ id' ea(di \\e( I;, ami ('(dlccls ul' 
its mend)eis live cents catdi a> we(d^h' dncs. It nnmhci-s forlv 
nuMnhers, and ha- cidlccfed sdJIOO foi' vari(nis (d)iects 
since it organization. .Monlhl> (dmridi socials aiv. sma'ess- 
i'ullv ludd under the mamii^cmenl (d' (his society. 

Sciiiar ) . I\ S_ ('. /'.'--This (M'uani/.ation was en'<'ctcd in 
January, IS!)1, at the home id !<>. L. .McLalleii. llsid)ject is 
e\cliisivid\' the spiiilual cnllure id' its mcndxr.- and the (dinicdi. 
No {('V^ are asked; no li lu's assess, -d, ciml rilmt ions are \olnn- 
tary. Meets eachSahhalh eveiiinu' at Ci : 1 •') for prayei' and con 
tiecriiLiun, and onee a month for r{;eular husuiess. 

' '1 


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TIic ri)iiy-scv(-ii years <A' the liisfory of (iracc Iiiitli(M-aii 
chincli lias hecii j^iovcfl witli tln' iiiiiinslakalili; ('vidciici' of 
DiviiH.' I'avoi-. Unccasin^f lias hci'ii tin; slrcain of (!o<l's hless- 
iii^-s. No pa^e of her history has hrcii wiiltcii hiil (JoiTshaiKl 
was (here. No forwai'd inovciiu'iil has been iiiaii^iiraled, hiil 
(iod laid hare his Holy arm in her hehalf. In t-vcry iiiiiii^try 
her iiitcresls have hceii advanecil in some direelion. livery 
year ha-; I'ound hei- in ad\'aiiee eirhcr in spiril ual wealth, or 
unmciical devi loinnenl, or mati-rial (■nlar;4'(Mncnl. Thr <lisin- 
t<'L;;ralin^- inllucnc^'s (d' no faction appear. Sh<', has tried t(j 
prove herself (me to all Inr (ddij;al i(nis. Slir is wholly free 
f|-oni drl)(. She extends always ihi' hi'j hi'st. ex prrssion of cour- 
tesy (o her paslor. She heartily enlists in all endeavors to 
promote the; W(dfai'e of the conimnnity. She ardently helieves 
in, and zealously sidzes hold (»f all e\ aniicdist ic woi'k lor a 
higher Cliri-^lian life, and for the immediate -alvation of tin.' 
\\,nld. A half cenlurs of liei- hisimy i- urillen in ihe.-e pai^e,-, 
another half cenlur)' is ludoi'e us. "What shall the harvest 

Ihiioii Coiter Ijdtlu'raii CJiurrh, Cufs.-^c, //((//((/(<(. The 
Union Center Lutheran (diuridi of Coessi-, Indiana, whi(di at 
pi-eseiit cmistitut* s [laii (d' t he ('olund)ia City (diari^^c. was oiiian- 
ized l»v Kev. "I'^atlu'i'" W'cdls, April S, lSr»7. Accoidini;- to 
appointment (wentv (diarter meinhers met at ihe Irome (d' Mr. 
dames AN'orden in I Inion 'I'ownship, (decled trustees, ihlers and 
deai-ous, and otherwise coiiHulled ahout the erection of a suit- 
able ehinwdi building!'. < )n motion I'len and there' it was re- 
solved that theyei-eet a (diurch buildin;^' neai' Coesse, to be 
forty feet long, thirty feet wide and fouideen feet high, aiuj 



tliiil ii «iil).scri|)ti()n he cii'ciilatctl iiiinu;<liatcly for that purpose, 
which was (h»iic and a neat frame structure was soon after dedi- 
cated to the worship of (Jod. 

Ill .luue, hSMl, durinn' the pastorate of iJev. d. N. I>ar- 
nett, (he ehiir(;h was jj,reatlv leiiiodehd at a cost of ^oiiT) \V/,. 
A steeph; was |)Ut upon the church, ihe liiiililiii!^- was painted 
l)oth iii>i(h' a'ld out-^iih-, a new slo\c, carpets jiiid oiyan were 
purchased, and L''eneial repair.^ done mi thi' LfromnU, so (hat 
to-day tliis coiiLireiiation ha.- a neal and very coniforlahle huihl- 
ing in which to h(dd tlieir services. 'I'he (diiirch >tands ahout 
a (purler of a iiiih' from ("oesse, on a phil id' ground ;^iven it 
hy i\Ir. Moses Winter. , wiio w a< one of ihe ohl and staunch 
su[)porters of tiiis (diiircli . This i:ift , and the \'er\' lihcial c(»ii- 
trihulioiis iiia(h' from lime to time hy .Mr. \\'illiam ( '. Mowrev, 
who was (dccted the tir>t (deik, phiced tin- enterprise on a sure 
liiiMiicial hasis. The mcinhei-^hip i- comprised of mosll\' farm- 
eis, who ai'<' a ^'ood, thrift\ , and indu>trions pioph', e\'er ready 
and williiii;- to advance the cause ;ind inlere.'-t (d' ("hrl.-l"s laiiLi'- 
dom. A Woman'.- Ilomi'and l'\ireiuii .Mis.-ionary Society was 
oryani/.t'd Aprils, iSS.'), with a meinheiship of twenty- 1 iiree. 
This Society is .still doiny- i^ood and active work for (he cause 
of missions. 

'Idle Youn<r peo|)]e )iave already heeii handeil toeether into 
a Youn^' l'('0[)le's Society of Christian l*]iideavor, and meet 
every Saturday eviuiiii^' for prayer ami praise. ( )iice a mouth 
they hold t heir socials, wliiidi are always successful, ami tliii.s 
h(dp along- the various causes of chiindi expenses. They have 
heconie a great factor both to the church and to the pastor. 



■(!( )NSTAKTliNK TAS'l^OKA rK. 

Ill April, 180;'), llic I\c'V. I'ctrr lM:i'>^stifs^.s('r bcjiaii wuik 
in the larj^e pastorale in St. Joseph county, Michigan, that 
liail heen previously oryani/eil and ,-erve(l hy Kev. A. S. Uar- 
t holoMKtW, a iiienilxr of '"'riie .Joint Sn'ikkI of ()iii(ian(l the 
aiijaeent states.'' In and alioiil ( 'on.-lanl ine he Idund a niini- 
lier ()[ inlluenlial citizens of the Lutheran Faith, and on 
March Ml, KSIjfJ, he orf^ani/.ed " Mes.~iah I'Aanuclieal Liith- 
eran ('hnreh, of Con-tanline, Ali(dii^an," with I hii1y-l liree 
chai'ter nieiiihers. < M' this nundur, Win. l'"o\, Saiah Vdk, 
('hristian Klapper, S. L. l)eiith'i-, and ( 'harles j^'iank, remain 
as active inend)ers. At lirsl the ser\ it-es wi're held in the 
Dutch licd'oim ( 'hnrch, the Lntheians pay in^' a rental of two 
(hdlais lor every meeting' lhe\' lu id in il. lu\'. l>erL:sl resser 
r(.'.-i;j,iied in the fall (d' l(S(i7, and was succeeded hy Rev. 
,1. N. [>ariu'll, who lo(d; cliaii;i' in No\endier of llie -anie 
year, pica( hiiii^- to the coni;re^ation in Moltville and White 
l*i;j,e(»n also. i'\)r live years and nine months alter lve\ . I>ar- 
nett became pastor, tin; con<j,reiialion in ('onstantine continued 
to worship iii the Dutch IteTorined ( hur(di. 

'Idu' pastor saw that the I'uture prospi'rity of the congre- 
gation de[>ended upon having its own house ol' worshij). lie 
was enei'getic and devoted, and he was prejiaring thom for this 
work. 'I'hey felt thai it was a gieat iimlertaking, hut they 
pushed I'orwai'd, working and ])ra}ing l'(»r the (h'sired end. 
After sunn(tunling many diflicullics, Itev. liarnett succeeded 
in having their [)reseut chundi edilice erected. It is a two- 
stoiy l)ri<'k structure, seating in the ainlitorium ahouL three 



liiiiidred |)(,'()[)li', uiid tlir, hii.seiucnt very i'oii vciiiiMitlv ai'ranged 
lor Siuidiiy siilioul and social jtiirposes. Tlir coiiicr-stoiie was 
laid Octiilicr T), 1.S72, and (lie cliiii-cli di'dicalc(l Si'pt 7, l'S7o, 
lu'V. I'\ W. ('i)iirad, 1). I)., a>>i.sliii- the |>asl(.i' in the dedica- 
Uivy .services. 'Idie con^i'e^al ion eontintied in eoiiiiection \vitli 
llie .Mcdaniilion |»aslorale uniil ()etolier 1, 187-'), when il was 
separali'd therelidni l)V tlw aelion ol' Svnod ami undertook 
the sn|>|iort ui' its own pastor. Iie\\ Uarnett aree|»ted a call 
ami succes>riill\ continued the work lie had carried i'oi'ward 
with such leniarkaMi' vigor. (J real crtdit is due him and 
this devoted people lor their I'aithrul work. This is one of 
the Very lew congi'egatious of this Synod that never recei\ed 
any nussiouary oi' (diurcdi exten.-^ion aid, and \v[ the/ ai'c 
among the most lailhrul in meeting 1 heir ohligat ions to lluse 
objects. in this parti(uilai' t hey have always shown the spirit 
for which Paul so highly commend.- the (dinrch at IMiillippi. 
Uev. Harnett continue<l his lalmis until Jannai'y 'J, l.S7t'), 
wlien he re.-igneil and .-hortls allerward renuixcd t>) anothei' 
lield. ill' was .--ueceeded 1>\' lie\'. (i. I*. Kauji, who entered 
up(m his duties Se[)teml)ei' 1st, of the same year. Il was his 
iirst |»astorate and he served il with all the vigor u[' his ^duth- 
I'ul ministry, heing honored ami loved lor tlie woik that he did. 
During his [)ast(»rate the hasement story, which had never 
hi'cn completed, was nitudy lini.^hed ami arraug( d I'or Sunday 
S(diool and social purposes. I>\iiling luallli caused him to 
resign in duly, l<S7l*, much to the, ngri't of the cougrega- 
tiuu. lu'V. 11. ( '. (irossman took charge flanuary-1, 18(SI), 
and continued for (jue year. He was a s|)lendid pi'eachcr and 
Icd't lasting impressions cjI' the tiaitli. During the suiinuer 
ul' 1881, ivev. (J. 11. Wirick, a student from W ittenher'' The- 



olo^iciil S(Miiiii!irv sii])|)lif(l the coiinrci;;!! ion , ami on Novciii- 
IxM-tilh, IJev. A. W. liiiiMis \v;is tl( ('(((l |iasl(ir. lit.- r(iu'i\(Ml 
a iiiiiiilicr of inrnilicrs into llif cliui'cli and f(inrnnic(l liis lalxtrs 
until N<)\'cnil)cr IT), J•S('^,';, when he soiil:Ii1 wlial Ik- llmniilit 
would he I'oi- liiin a more conL^cnial cuniiianinn.-lnii in tli.- min- 
istry of till' iMi'tliodist (.■iinicli. lie wa- -urcicdcd l)y Idv. W. 
]j. Tcdi-ow, l'\'|iriiafv 1, li'>.'^4. 'Idle cunurcual ion , hccansc (d' 
till' prcvioii.- lirirf pastoi-ali's and the consctinrnt \a('an('ii\s 
had suslaincd scscif los.-^, Inil |I;(a now lallicd alionl llicii' 
uvw |ia>toi' with coninuMidahh' zeal. lie enjoyed thtii' united 
syni|>ath\' and aid I'roni the veiy heL'ininni;-. "The people had 
a mind to work " and lo lhi> he atnilmlo \'ery lartiely ihe 
siiceesM of his lahors in iheir midst. I)uriii^ hi> pa.-loial 
oveisi^ht of ihe eoni.;i'('galion, lioth the material and spiritual 
inleresis (d' llu' tdiiireh were jjreall)- ad\aneed. A i^real deal 
of mone\' was e.xjiemled upon ihe ( hiirtdi property dui'ini:' 
his ministry. The audience- i-oom wa- ndrescoed, the pt'W.s 
uphoUleied, the window.- ehan-rd for hettif \ ( M 1 i la I ii Hi , the 
audilorium i-eearpeled, and, a lew \ear- alter lhi> wa> done, 
the I'allinL;' (d' some plasleriiiL; made further repaii's neee>.-ary, 
which were h!iniisoni(d\ and sidi.^lant iail \ made hy plaeiuL;- in 
the ciiurtdi a metallic ceiliuL:. A numher of sheds for the 
teams were huilt and a convein<Mit and desiiahle p)roperly at 
the ri'ai- of the (diurcdi was pnrelia.-ed for a pai'sona^c. In 
all this woik the peo|)le weie I lie mseU'es icady and willinj.,'- 
to give as ((Oil had pro-pered ilu-m. The pastor aitrihuted 
to them all the praise for theii- a<ddevemenls for \'ery lari:(d)- 
it \va> their work and md his. l)urinLj Kev. Tediow'.- min- 
istry the memliership was increased from ahoiit sevenly-live 
to nioi'c than two hundred, and all the inlere.-ts td' the (diurch 



\vere ])i()i)()i-ti()iially advanccil. 'J'liruiigli his inlliiciici' a iiiiiii- 
l)er of y(Miny prople were pei'suaded to j^eck a hi-ilui- udiu-a- 
tion and sevcM-al to prepare (\)i- the gospel ministry. lie 
continned as pastor for nine yeai's, resigning;- to acccjtl a call 
Iroiu the Home Mission Board, to e^lahlish an I*]nglisli Lnlli- 
cian Churcli in tin- eily of Ann Arlior. lie \va;s snceecdcd Ity 
Kev. ('. A. (iel\\i{d<s, June 1, LSlK], who soon won the lo\e 
and conlidenee of the people he was to serve, hut a nundu-r 
of causes cond)ined to soon sevei' these redations and he 
resigned and closed his labors in the hdter part of Augiisi, 

This pastorate is composed of a ehurcdi-loving and chnridi- 
going people. 'I'liey ai'e thoroughly (organized for ('hiistiau 
woik. Tlu; l^adies' Aid Seciety ha.s hieii a jiott'nt factor in 
the devcdopment of this congregation. Much of the sll(■^ess 
which thechnr(di ha.-enjnycd has hicn dm- to their laithful 
work. No iia>tur cuuld haw .-iicriTdMl wilhuiit 1 he as-i,-iance 
thrv rendered. In (lie hnilding of (he church umhT Hev. 
l>arnett's niini>tiy, in its i-efurni.-hing duiing lie\-. Tedrow's 
pastorale, and in I la; securing of ilu' large l)ipe (Ugan during 
the brief stay of Uev. (ielwicks, ihey have- bunie nn small 
part (d" the burden, and U> them is due iuu(di of the reward. 
'Idu' Sunday School has also been a great agency in pioinoting 
the wilfare of the eongrt'gatioii. llere we havi; an example of 
" the churcdi in the Sunday Stdiool and th(3 Sunday Scdioo! in 
the church." Mr. \). ( ). (I kidding has l)een its efficient super- 
intendent for more than half a scoie <d' yeais, with the execj)- 
tion (d' onv year, in which it was accejttably served by Mr. S. ,1. 
lleiiubach. A Chiistian Kndea\'oi- Society wa.- organized by 
Itev. Tediow, and a A\%)man's lioim- and l"\jreigii Missionary 



Rocioty hy IJev. ( iclw icks. IJotli arc doiny spleiidKl woik for 
tlic cliiirch. The foii^i'cixatioii has always ht'cii I'lcc; IrDiii 
any faclional spiiif, and to this, toLiclhci- with ihrir (h'sirc I'or 
a st'lth'd ministry, is lai'<j,c'ly due their success in tht' Maslci^'s 
vineyard. In the main they are hiyal to their pastcir, h»}al 
to theii' cliinch and h»yal to their Savior. 

.\<)rtli I'iirtfr.-'\i\ the ,-ummer id' liSST) Kcv. Tcdrow 
he^an preachinj.'' in a small Melhodi.~t ("linrch in the Northern 
paii of I'ortci- 'I'ownship, ('a,-s ('oiinly, Mic'h. It i.- alM)iil 
cii;ht ndles norlhw't'sl of ( 'onstanline, and there heini;' no 
|)rea(dnni!; (d';in\' denomination there he a^^reed lo ministei'to 
them every two wet l<s in the al'lernoon. l"'ormei'l_y tlie .Meth- 
odist ('hiireli had an oiuaiii/nl Ion there, hut owinti' to its 
remoteness Iroiii ol her |)reaeh inii places of I hat denomination 
the society dishandcd , they ,>lill hojdin'j (he chnndi properly. 
Ivcv. I)card-lee, of the I )iitch Iteformed ("huridi, of < 'onstan- 
tinc, tluMi preached I'oi' lliem occasionalh' I'oi' several years, 
Imi after hi.- re.-iti-nal ion ilie\ were aLiain hfi withoiii any ont' 
111 mini.-ler lo ihcm in .-acreil lhinL;>. Kcw I'cdi-uw acccjiled 
ihcii- invilali^) >, and conlinued hi- lahois as indicalcti until the 
eail\' spiin^' of liSM), when he held e vauL'^elisI ic services of a 
few w('( l^s dural ion, dui'ini;; which lime some lifly per.-ons pro- 
fessed ( Mirist. .Nothini;- then remained for him to do hut to 
organize a colli; regal ion. Thi.-i was done .\piil 4, l^i'Sli, with 
thirh-four charter mcmheis. lie continiie<l lo prcacdi for 
them as lonji,' as In; remained in ( 'oii.-tantinc, and there weie 
added to the iiicmhership from lime |o time until it numheied 
si.xty-seven. Death, removal, and apostasy all (.dainu'd their 
own from llii' memhership, and it has heen ureatly reduced in 
jiuinbers. iJut there is a faithful hand of devoted peoi)le, aiu] 



(lesei've to liavo I'aitliru] iuul regulai- ministrations of the 
Word. A l)(.'ttt'i- coiiiinuiiity it would Ijc (lifliciilt to liiid. It 
is a hcaiitirul section (d" connlry, and the |)co|dt; are cnluirod 
and rclincd. Tlicy ai'i' lilieral in tlicir support (d' the yosptd, 
ami api)ri'ciati' a i^ood ministry. lve\'. ( Jelwicks siu'ccedcd 
Rev. 'IV'drow, and was kindly received and did <:i'eat ^'ood. 
Tim ]dacc should, by synodical action, he connected with the 
Constantino j)astorat(;, and thus permanent proxision made; for 
its future. 


There is a (;on;^-reijation in \\'^hitle\' (Jonnt \', Indiana, whose 
histoiy antedates tirat of the ,~;\iiod of Northern Indiana. It 
is c(nnpose(l of an exc(dlenl cla~s of peopli-, and as a (dnirch it 
is as well and favttrahly known as an\' in tin; entire ci)unty in 
which it is located. While it has at |)re>(nt no s\iiodical 
connections, its lii>tory liuhlh liehiu^s to this .--Niiod hecau.-e 
located on her territoi-y, served h)' one of lier most de\'out and 
esteemed [lastors, and because the. jieople are in hearty sym- 
])atliy with her doctrine and tdiurcdi usam's. The eon^^'regation 
was organized hy lu'V. Philip IJakei- in tin; year l(Sr)o — and 
the services weri: then all condiu'ted in the (ierman langimge. 
Soon after the organization an eifort, was nmde to I'rect a church 
building. Mr. and Mrs. (ieorge Kbeihard donated a lot large 
enough for the (diuivh edilice and a burial gi-ound in connec- 
tion with it. Trustees were elected and the work t)f building 
was })ushed rapidly foi'ward -Mr. Eberhard being the leading 
spirit. The [)astor was assistcnl in the laying of the corner- 
stone by Rev. IJugh Wells and tin,' sei-vices were of such ;u| 

- 5 y. 

.*^i*%? . 



earnest elmracter as to cause veuewed interest in the work. 
Some montlis lat(;r the church l)uil(liiig was eumpleted and 
soh-ninly consecrated to the service ol' Almi^jiit}' (J(jd l»y tiie 
sauK; iiiinistrrs who hiid the corner-stone sluije. The advancu-- 
njeiit ol' thi' nniteriai intere.-t (jT the coniire;ialion ^ave a quick- 
ening- ini pulse to evei'y (h'partnieiit of its wmk. There was ru) 
iinnu'diate enlarijenient , hut a stead)- con.-tant ;^'-r()\vtli that 
ensured a healthy and leliahle condition. I'\)i- fourteen yeai's 
I\ev. liaker c(jntinued his \n\)i)\- as j)astor, at the close of whicli 
perio<l he resi;^nei| and Iie\'. John l\issel was elected as his 
siU'cessor. 'I'lie eliildren of these faniilies were being educated 
in rLigiish and the eoui^ieiiation >ho\\'ed its wisdom ami loyalty 
to the Ijutheran chureh hy meeting these new conditions and 
having the services condu(-led hencel'orlj] in Ixjth th(.'(ierman 
and ]']nglish langiniges. An example that many (jf our fier- 
man eongregations would prollt largely hy if they should 
iniilate it. Kev. l\is>el eontiuui'd to lahor sueL-essfull y in this 

liel.l uiilil the death angel ca and called him to his rewaid 

on high. in tln' heautitul eeiu( lery , that lies adjacent to the 
church, sle(-|)S the mortal remains (d' hoth these htdovecl pastors, 
and to theii- graves tlii' siii-vi\ing paiishioners (d'ten turn to 
find their hearts swcdling wit h gratitude at the i-enu'mhrant-e 
of their services for the congregation. Side; hy si(|e they will 
ri;st from their lah(»rs until that glad morn when the trumpet 
shall sound aud tlie^ sepulchre's seal shall he broken and they 
shall come forth to eutei- into the full and perf(,'ct joys of the 
churcdi ahovc!. " Blessed are the ilead who die in the Lord." 
After the <leath of Rev. Ivisscd the chur(di was .served and 
su))plied with [(reaching hy a number of diiVerent pastois, hut 
each oidy for a brief period. In the lattej- j»art of the 1<S7^ 


the cliurch heciuiio vacant ami coiitiiiiK'd witliout any rt'i^ular 
service until ()i;tol)ei' 1, ISSO, wlu^u IIcn . A. Jjcallicis hccaine 
pastor. With t!ic exception of a period ol' l\V(j and onc-liall' 
years lie ha.s preached for thi.s church ever since. j\t the close 
of a very successful revival of reliiiion in the hitler part of 
Januai'y, 1892, a ineetinji' of tlie con^rt u^alion was called to 
c'ousidt-r tile (piesti(ni of ri'[)airin<^ tlie oM chnieh or building 
a new oni'. Tlie iiieniher.s wen- uuaniinous in favor of huilding 
a new edifice. Proper notice was then given and at a siihse- 
([ueiiL meeting flohn Kherhard, Joseph iM iiUeiiddon and John 
Cap were chosen as a luiiiding c(jmmiltee. SuliscrijUioiis wtu'c 
taken and during the suininer and tin; folh>wing winter the 
material for building was secured. Tlie work id' building did 
not begin until the spring of 1 SDo. 'I'lu' corner-stone was laid 
on the '2t)tli day of June in the same year, Kev. O. W. Boweii 
preaching the sermon and assisting the pastor in the ser\ii'es. 
Hlowlv the W(U-k continued and on the Idlli .d' June, lSll-1, the 
ehiireh was set apart for the wiii>hi|i of the Triune (iod. Jvev. 
1). A. Kuhn assisted the pastor. Kev. II. Wells, who laid the 
corner-stone and dedicated the forniei' (diiirch, was also present 
and look part in the services. The church building is a beau- 
tiful brick structure and rell(!cts great credit upon the past(U- 
and his devoted people. it will stand as a iiionumeiit of their 
united energy and faith and will [loint future generations to 
the Savior whom they love and serve. Ft is said to be the best 
countiy chui'ch edilice in Whitley (,'onnty and is among the 
best on the territory of this synod. Larger things may also 
be expected as a result of the consecration (d' this house 
" builded for the Lord." 



Almost at tlu' beginning (>!' IIk^ work of this Synod, 
JOikliart was; thought ol* and Hpokcn ahont as a point of .special 
iiitei'est loom- cliuieli; hut il was not until tin' year LSl)5 that 
the livv. K. F. Delo located there to gather the scattered 
childri'n of tlu/ (Ihnrcdi oi' the Iveforination and minister to 
them in sjtiritual things. He oiganizrd with a chaitei' niein- 
her.-hip (d' ahont twenty, and worshipped for se\'eral months 
in the J3apti.-t Churt'h. 'Idien a hall was seeui-ed and fur 
nearly tw(j years the services w t're held there. During this 
time the memhership was more than douhhMl, and the Sunday 
s(diool gi-ew (pute rapidly, having an attendance ahnost equal 
to that of any school in the city. ihil there came a cry from 
the south conci'vni.ig cheap land in that country, wiiich caused 
great exeitenieiit all throutih thiscit\' and county and a great 
mai\\' peuple were altraeted hillnr. Among iIumu wa-a lari:e 
part ol llu' nieml)ei-s nf the newly organi/ed congi'egal ion. 
()ther causes also coutril)Uled to their loss and the I'eninant, 
not being able to meet the current expenses, was forced to dis- 

In the spring of l(S7''), Uev. John (J. Hiddle locale(l liere 
to begin the woik aiu'w. Services wei'e held in a small, frame 
building on South Main street, al>o, at this time, occupied by 
the (jierman Ijutiieran congregation. lie, (U'ganized with a 
charter mend)i'rship of "jJM. ilenrv d. 1 )elo and William 
Kreichbaum heing cdected elders, and J)avid ('(deman and 
Isaac Frain, deacons. During the year their labors were 
greatly blessed and many souls were- added. In the sj)ring of 


1874 a lot was purchased, (ni the- coiiicr of jNTaiioii and ninth 
street, for tlie .siini of four ImndrtMl doHars, j)aynuMit to l)e 
luadu al'trr tht! cliiireli was hiiilt and paid lur. II. ,1. Ddo, 
David ('oK'nian and William K ricchhanni were a|ipiMnlcd a 
hiiihling conmuttec. A lair sul)><Ti|)(iun lia\in<j: hccn rai.-^cij, 
the work was einnniencvd, the paslnr and inrndx'rs lalxu-in^' 
together with tiicir own hainU so as lo lessen expenses. ,lnne 
10, the eoi'ner stone was laid with apprdpriale seivit-es. The 
fiajne lor the stiaietnre was raised the next day and the 
work ])nshe(l vigorously I'oj'ward. When the outside work 
was aliiH)st linished, a storm swept over the city and the 
new ehurtdi l)uildin<,^ was eompletely destro\ed. Pastor and 
})eople wi're disheartened and talked ol' di.-i)anding-. ( >lhers 
said "No, we must double our std)scriplions and press for- 
ward." 'idiey did. '['he eily was reeanvassed with t^ood 
results. The I'aels were slated in the ( hin<di papers and an 
appeal made for a-si>tanee. A nnndiei' of t Inirelies re>|ionded. 
A new and heller .-piiil pre\ailed. (lod made ihe disaster 
a nu'ans of fnrlherin;;- his work. The ehur( h wa> rehnilt and 
was dedicate<l the lirst Sunday in l)eeeuil)er, |(S74. The 
sej-mon was jtreached by I\ev. S. 1'. Snyder, and the pasti/r 
was als(j assisted by IJev. .1. N. IJai'iu'lt, all indebtedness beintr 
provitled for on that day. Under Kev. liiddle's niinistiy the 
church grew ra])idly, large accessions having been made dui-- 
ing the year» '74 and '70, through his icvival elfoi'ts. His 
labors continued until the hitler part <d' the year, ](S7<S, when 
he became seiiously ill, and in spile of all medical assistance, 
continued to grow worse until the lOth day of danuai'y, 1(^79, 
when Uod called him to the church triuni{)liant. l)uring the 
lattei- |)art of his nunistry, having a [)ast(»rale of live churches, 



he was a.ssisted in his work by his iic'|ilicw, L, S. Keyser, who 
was coiiverhid through his instiuiiicutalit y. Al'tt'r iiis dcaLli, 
his l)rothei', Vwv. Vrvi\('r\rk l^iddh-, was called as ids succes- 
soi', Mr. Keyser coiitiiiuiiig as a li(d]»ei'. He (;oiiliinied as 
jja.stor (d' the entire eliarge for a [urind of about two years 
wlien Llie congrcigation petitioned Synod to he se{)arated i'roin 
tlie remaining eliurches thai llie)' jniglil foi'ni an iiide|)(;n(h'nt 
pastoi'ate. This was gianled. Ilev. lii<hne continuing to 
])reach t'(M' the country chiir(dies and the l%lkhart congrega- 
tion calling June 1st, 1(S<S(), Rev. T. A. Ilinies, who had just 
gi'aduated fi'oiu the Theological Seminary at Springlield, Ohio. 
During his l)rii'l' ministry the (hur( h huilding was some- 
what repaired and the work genirally was syslematize<l and 
advanced. He resigned August 1, lSSl,and on tlu; first ot" 
Septeml)er following, Ilev. II. ('. (iros.-nnin hecanu' his suc- 
cesstu'. His labors conlinm-d until May I, iiSy.'), when the 
cdiuii'h was again left without a pa-t((r, and Kev. \j. S. I\ey- 
sei' was called .luneo, KSS;!, and laluired for a period of live 
yeais with n'laiked success. .Many were added to the cdiureh 
and the niend)ership jjcrhaps exceede<l that of anv otliei' con- 
gregation in the Synod. The Sunday s(diool grew j'a])idly 
until it lilled audience room and gallery, 'idic material and 
benevolent woik also kepi pace with the numerical inei'(;ase. 
The parsonage was built during his ministry; and the, (diurch 
enjoyed a high degree of j)rosperity. He was suceeded by 
Ivev. N. J. Meyers, who assumed idiarge Heci'mber 1, 188ft, 
and he was followed by Rev. \\ . d. Funkey, who entered 
u[)on his work duly 1, 18U1. During his j)astorate the church 
was remod(d(^d at a cost of $l,r)()0 and the work intensified in 
all benevolent operations. A mnnber [)rofessetl convei'sion dur- 


iiig his special services, and were icceis'eil into the cliiucli. lie 
resigiuMJ in tlie siiiuiiier (»l' '!)3 ami was siieeetMkMl hy the pics- 
eiit |)ast()i-, Kev. 1). II. IJair, on the ir)(h of .Septeiuher I'oHow- 
in<;'. lie has been kimliy iTceived \)y the- peoph, ami lias 
ali\'a(l}' iiiluseil new life into all (hpail iiieiils of cliiirili work. 
(Several scoi'es have been adileil to tin; iiHiiil»(M>lii|), ihc Sunday 
school has |.n'o\vn in intei'est and nnniheis, the iinleav(n' soci- 
ety lias heconie more active, while tin- ladies' aid and mis- 
sionary societies are lahorin;^' with new zeal. An cncrjj^elic 
[jastor, a dev(jled people and a willinn- (iod are nniicd in tin' 
woik (d' this con^iejj,'ati(in. There is a .-Iidn;; pr<dial(ilil \ that 
a loi'ation will soon he .sceiu'ed in a nnn'o central purtinn ni' llie 
city which will ;:;reatlv enhanco the n^e^nlm•.■■s and inilm'iice 
of t he conjire^at ion. Sneli a inoxcmcnt will nndvc the Lntli- 
eran (dinrch a power that will hi' .~reund tn mme in the 

/mil's Coitijn {jittUm \> .-itiialed in llir luaniirnl -celimi ul' 
connlry, l\in,L' hrlwinii IdlJiart ami liri.-hil. hiilinna. Il i> a 
Conniinnity in whitdi the lu rorm> ami the Lnlheiair- have 
lived anti worshiped toLietliei' from tlu'ii- earlitst hi>l(irv. 
Originally, the organizati(jn was of tin; Keformed [X'l'snasion. 
It was eil'ected in the month of May, lsr>7, hy the liev. W. 
B. Sander. Their meetings were then held in a school honsi;, 
and there continued nntil it wonid no longer accommodate the 
gi'owing congregation. l'\'hiuar\' "_!, l(Sr)(S, a meeting was 
called t<i consider the (juestinn ol' ImildinL; a Imnse of wtU'ship. 
The decision was t'av(jral)h: and Daniel Anrand, J. A. Swim-- 
hai't, (Jeo. (iend)erlin and I'eter llilhish were appointeil a 
building committee. At the sann' lime I'hilip 1'. Kansh, Dan- 
iel Pontius and Samuel lloltz were eh'cted trustees. On the 



'lUih of Aiij^, 1<S5(S, :i coiiistitiitioii was t'ruincd in wliich 
lidlh the Iu-r(;niis and LiitlKM'au.s wrif rec(iL;:iii/A'(l , altlioiigli no 
Lutlifian organization then existed. 'I'lic coi-ncr stone I'oi' the 
nru' hnildini^ was hiid An<.Mist ^i) ol' llic same yeai' hy liie 
pastor, W. n. San(h'r and Kev. W . M. Ktid.of Tnla.-ki, 
<>hio. The Imilding- was eoin|ihled in due time and properly 
(hdieatfd to the worship (d' ,\hiiiaht\' (iod. Tiu' ri'Coi<ls do 
not siiow thai tiie llcroiincd people ever (decled a siieeessor to 
licv. Samh'r, but lor some year> luv. Oaniil Lantz, of ('oii- 
stantinc, Miehi;^an, pre;'(dii'd loi- the ron:^ rcL^alion ever\' two 

In the year ItMiT Zion's lOvaiiiiidicnl Lutlo-ran (diiircdi 
was organized hy Kev. Ii. h\ l)<do, id' I'dkliail, with ihc ful- 
lowing (diarlcr nnndiers: .Jaeoh i)iind)anL!h, Adam I'ontiiis, 
riiilip I'. Kaush, Sammd Suineharl, William Swimharl, 
Samiud ilcdlz, I'licr liertcdi , ( ico. iicippcil, M . Diiiiihaiii^ h, 
(1. Km lv.~i lant , Sarah llnli/., ('alhailnr Swinrharl. Leah 
• iainiaii, ('aroline IJan.-h. Sir-annah hiimhanuh. I\li/al)(l h 
I)uml)augh, Hannah Bi'i-|eh, Anna, ('harles and Caioline 
Kuekstraw. It conlinned nndeithe pa>loi'aI eare of Rev. Dcdo 
Tor several years. He wa.> siieeeede-d in l.'sCill l)y llev. .lohn 
(J. liiddle, who eontinut'd as pastor until his death in Ic'STlJ. 
lie was gi'eatly beloved b)' thi' j)eople, and duiing his minisiry 
the congregation grew (piiie lapidl)', II is brothei-, Ivev. I'\ 
Bi<ldle, became his successor and labored Icn' the congregation 
with proHt in connection with the l^Ikhait and Cleveland 
churches for one and one-hall' yeais, win n llu' pastorate was 
divided. Kev. liiddle continued as pa.-^lor of ihe two countiy 
chui'ch(!S after the division for a jieriod of seven years. IK' was 
followed by Kev. L. S. Key.s<.'r, whose work was abundantly 



blessed of (Jod, mid who \v:is in lii'eat favor with the entii'e 
couijregatioii. ll has .'^iiiee his insinuation l)ccii sci'vcd in turn 
by the pastors ol' the ]*]ikliait clinich, although it does not 
belont;' to thai ])astoi'ati'. The cMingrcLialion is eoinpo.-ed oi; 
tin intt'lli^M-nt and devoted ))eoj»h'. Tho two di'iioniinations 
have always \vorshi|H(l together in hai'nion\' and pcae-c. Tlie 
lld'ornis have not liad a pa-tor of linii' uun I'oi' ycai's, and 
iiuisl of them ha\'i' hceuinc i<h'ntitii'd with ihr Lutheran 
(diurtdi. All ai-e oiu' in .-jiirit and arc .-.t riving to bring forth 
the |jeac('ablc fruits of righteousness. They ai'e rc|)oitc(l as 
having one of the iiiiest I'uial Sunday sidiool.^ in llu: county. 
J'^athers and inotliei's take an active; part in it, and the; ycjung 
men and women do not gi'aduatf from it. The (diildrcn enjoy 
the presenee and ha\'c; tlu; licnclil of tin' members of the 
ehurrh in their nndst. ft is as every Sunday seliool should 
he simjily the teaching departnuMit of the church. liiidei- the 
pa>loral care of lu w 1 ). l'. Ihiir every deiiarlnieut of cliurch 
work is pro>|)ering, and iheyare unile<lly remh'ring acceplahle 
service to their liord. 

7'/;t; (Hecclund Township Liit/irran (Uiurcli situated in 
Elkhart county, Indiana, a few miles mirth of the city of 
l*^lkhart, was organized August 2(>, ISTS, with twenty-five 
ciiaitt;!' membei's by the Rev. John (J. IJiddle. lie sei\'ed the 
new organi/ation in connection with the woik in the I'ity, until 
death ended his earthly careei'. His labors here, as elsewhere, 
Wi're abumlantly blessed of (iod, and there were added to the 
church c(mtinually such as should be sa\'ed. liy tin; decease 
of their beloved pastor, January [0, 187!), the church was 
hd't she])hei-(lless, and sometime dui'ing the.sanu' year his 
brother, Rev. Fredeiick Biddle was calletl as his successor. 


Pie coiitimied to ist-ive tlii.s eoni^ivgation in t'oniiuctioii witli the 
otliei' rliurchys of the ]);ifttorate for a |ieriocl of about eigh- 
teen iiioiitliis, when llie pastoi-ate was iliviiU'<l and llev. Bi(hlle 
continued his laljors with tiie countiy churches, known as the 
Zion pastorate Tor seven years. After his i-c.^ignaticm ditli- 
culty was expiiicncc-d in securing a |)as((jr, and Kcv. 1.. S. 
Keyser ministered to ihetn as a supply i'oi some time. Tiien 
lii'V. I). I'\ tStiilt/ preached occasionally for them, and they 
were regularly served hy IJevs. N. ,1. iMeyeis and W . J. l'\in- 
key, as pastors of the church in lOlkhaif. (jreal gixjd was 
(hin(! hy hotli thest^ l)i'cthren, hut under tin; ministration of (he 
latter, they enjoyed a s])ecial outpouring of grace and the work 
was greatly i-eviv(.Ml. Ke\. Meyers, suh.-iMpiently , in the sum- 
mer of J8!I4, suj)plied tlu^ chur<'h foi- a few months, hut it is 
now vacant. 'IMie congregal ions ha\'e increased in the last 
Tew yeais ami are ccmiposed of an apprecial i V(! people. 'I'hey 
ha\'e a good Siinday .-choni and a viLiiir.Mis societN'of ('liris- 
tiau laideavor. The cengreisil icin own a vei'\' neat cliui-eh 
housi' and they po.^ses.s all the material thint:.> useful for a 
.str(Hig ami an acli\e congregation. Their one uvvd is a nujre 
settled ministr)' and it is hoped that such arraiigemiMits can 
soon be e Heeled. 


This charge now consists (d" three congregations with a 
memln'r.^hip aggregating al)out one hnmlred and seventy-five. 
The membership i.s scattered ovei* a large teri'itory but the 
cluirelies are so situated that it does not re(piirc an excessive 
amount of travel in order to reacdi the Sunday appointnieirts. 


Till' pasloral work is more difiicult, l)ut the jjoople are intel- 
lig-eut and (l(iV()U'(l and are not uuiisuall}' exactinti in tliis 
])artic'u]ar. Kac-li congregation lia« its own of woi'sliip 
hut the records do not show when or hy whom they were hnilt. 
VV/c 7i/t7//((/n/ ( V;(/('r (dinrcii was oiganized hy Uev. \\\ ^\'alt- 
nian with twenty-live ciiaiter nuMuhers in the yesir l<sr)5. The 
Fairfield Center church was orgiinized hy Kev. d. C^alher in 
l-sr)0 with i'ourteen chartei' memhei"s. The tSedait congregalion 
was organized in 1 (StiO l)y Uev. W. Wahnian with t wciity-eiglit 
niiudx'is. ()riginaliv these eongregalii)iis wci'c not united in 
ihi^ ."^ame chargi- and their history hehiiigs to diU'eient i>a>l(>r- 
ates. During the period of great missionary activity tlie 
records oi' tlie congregations weie not veiy rull>- nor accurati'i}' 
kept — l)Ut the jiastorate as sucli, appeal's on tiie lirst records of 
tile synod. Ivev. W. Wahmaii served it in connection with a 
numiiei' of ol her churches for ahoiit one year wlieii Ik; inllu- 
ciiccd Kev. J. Calliei' to lake this part id' tlie work. lit' 
conliiined to >eive i[ for ahonl iliiee \eai's. 'I'liere is a pi riod 
of ahout two veai's in which llu' cliurdu'S seem to have heen 
supplied hy nt'ighhoriiig pastors when K(,'V. W . W'allmaii was 
elected and served for eight years. Kev. A. Jjeatliers hecaiiie 
pastor near tlu; close of the year l(S(i(S, mikI continued I'oi' two 
years, when he was succeeded hy Kev. H. l'\ Hills who 
remained only one year. Kev. L. Kicc was elected in 1872, 
and Tor nine years the work was successfully carried forward 
under his direction. lie was lollowed hy Kev. S. Kelso 
Decemher 1, 1881, ^v'llo served Lin; pastorate for one year, 
after which Kev, Waltman sn[)[died the peojile with the lireaJ 
of lAl'c for a short time. In Octoher, 188.3, Ivev. W. J). 
Trover was eha;ted and fur four years continued to streugtheu 


iuul iip-l)iii](l tlie eliui-clies. R('V. K. C -fessiip accepted ii call 
Octohcr 1^3, l'S.S7, and |)i'eacli<'(l for tlii-ce iiKintlis. lie wa.s 
succeeded in x^^al•cil, 18(S(S, hy Kev. N. J. i\reycrs wln) was 
iiisl riiiiieiital ill Iniildiii^; a iu;\v cliiircii in Aiihiiin. 'I'lic. synod 
convened in this new hnildini^- in the fail (»t' ihi^ yi'ar, when 
tlie church was dedicated and hy its aclioii the h'aiiiiold 
])a>turate was divided and tin; Aiihiirn couMrei^al ion l)e('anu'. 
independent. Itev. Meyers remained witli the new pastorate 
and on Sepleinher !(), IHSII, llev. '!'. A. rallee reciMNed ami 
accepted a call to this ciiarL'c. Ilis ministry continued to 
July I, 181)1, and on |)t'Cend)er 1st of the same veai' Kev. (i. 
y. W'aliicr hecaine |)aslor. His lahois einhd Sept(/ml)er 8, 
18!).'!, and was succee(h-d Xovemher !ilsl of the same year hy 
the pre.-eiit pastor, Kev. -I. A. liurketl. The many pastoral 
ehanjji'S have heen (h'trimeiital to the hest interests of these 
churches and on account of l're([uent vacancies have cause<l 
them to ret loui-adi- when lhe\' mi^^ht have advanci'd. 'I'he 
pastorale is, however, at |ire.-ent in a ;^;ood condition, and 
promises larjj;er thim^s in the I'liture. The |)eo|de were not 
always the cause cd' tlu; siioit pastorate ami are not in s\'mpathv 
with it. They an- (h'Voted to tiieir (diurcdi and are willini; to 
sacritit'e for her peace and |)!'o,--perit \'. ivudi eiui^re;jat ion 
imuntains a j^ood Sunday School, a Woman's Missionary 
Society and a vi^iu'oiis Y, K. S. (,'. h]. 




On Tiiesdiiy, July l!i, 1S!)L>, Kev. .).S. Nclsdu visited Ft. 
Wayne witli the view of estalili-liiii^ a (ieiuial Synod IjuIIi- 
eraii ('Imrcli there. Several iieiMHis were seen wlm i'X|n-e>sed 
tlieir wiilinj^Miess to iielp in tlie oiuani/.alion. 'I'lie lirst 
.services were 1k-I(I in the \' . M. ('. A. Hall two weeks laler, 
al)ont twenty-five peisons l)ein^■ present. A iranijcinents for 
the room with n.~e of ])iano and l>o()ks, etc., wei'e then made 
with a view of doinj^' some work |)i(|)aialoi'\' to (»r;_''anizin<j'. 
Faidi servic(! was nH)i'e promisiiiL:' and thei'e were elear evi- 
dences that, a s|) lend ill opjxtrl unit v was at hand I'nv the < leneral 
Synod to oeeiipv this hi.-^torie Lulheian <il\. In ()et(]lier fol- 
lowin;i', the woi'k was presented to the S\nod of Northern 
Indiana and I'eceiveil a hearl\ indoi-.-ement. Hitherto the 
elVwrl^ weri' >ueli a.-- Itev. Nel-oii eould !_:i\e In conneetion with 
the laliois of his own pastorale at Spenerrvilh'. Theaelnal 
woi k of the nussion did not hei^in until ()elol)ei' IT), l.s!)!:!, 
when he removed his familv to l''t. Wavne and estahlished 
Sunday Scdiool and [)rayer meetini;' services in connection with 
the reij,iilar Sunday nn)rnini;- and eveiun^ appointments. The 
orj^ani/ati(Ui of the (dinrcli was completed Xovend)er 1.'!, LSil'i, 
with lifty charier nu'inhers, I'dd'. L. A. (iotwald, I). I)., heing 
present and assisting- in the services. In January, 1SI)3, a lot 
was purchased in tin; veiy heart id' tln^ city for ^5, ,")()(). 00, of 
which the Hoard of Chui'tdi extension furnished 5];2,r)00.()(l. 
llp(Mi the rear of this lot a churidi huildin^' has lieeii coni- 
nieiiced and is in process of erection. The foundation walla 
arc already built and it i« hoped thai (he slriu^ture may soon 







he t'ompleted. The n-^uliir .^ervice.s arc yet lit'ld in tlic rooms 
ol' the V. .M. ('. A. hiiildiiig. Siiu-L- the work hegaii 124 [)('r- 
soiis liavc hecoine idfiitificd witli it as ici^ulai" coiuiiiiiiiicaiit 
iiii'iiiliiis. 'I'lio lo.-^s 1)V dralli and rc'iuoval lias huen 20, leav- 
ing' till' present nKMnhiTslii)) lO-l. 'I'licic arc 44 male and lid 
female members. A live and vii^oron.^ ^'. I*. S. (!. Iv lias 
hceii maintained I'lom the very Ix'^innini;- and has aided mater- 
ially ill every line of (dnn(di work. \\ . 11. .Myers and l'^J;_Me 
M. Jveyser have heen the elHcicait |tresident> of tin,' soeii.-ty. 
The Sahhath Stdiool has an enrollment ol' To. 'Idie odieei's are 
,]. H. Keil and ,1. \\ .Merillal, eldeis and ('has. A. Sin.^rey 
and John L. Horn, deacons. Tlu' Hoard of Home Missions 
has hi'en aiding in the >u|)|)ort of the pastor to the exti nt of 
^.')U(*.()() per annum, and small amounts have heen voluntarily 
eontrihnted hy con L:rc<ial ions and societies of the Synod of 
Northein Indiana, liul the support has imt heiai what it should 
he in a eit\' where all li\inL,' expense- are ver\' hluh. 1 he held 
is an important one for many reasons wliieh must a|>peai- to all 
hut espeeially so from the fael that the city is surroundeil hy 
(Jenei'al Symxl Ijutheian ehur(dies, and their nu-ndxrship is 
beine- constantly draw n to t his i-enler ui' popidation and eom- 
mere,'. 'I4ie outlook for the mission is promisine' and it should 
have th(! hearty support of the churi'h at \-Ai>^r until it is estab- 
lished upon a tii'm and sidf-suppm'tin^ basis. 




I'^or some years Hev. 15. F. Stull/, prcnclicd in (lilTciciit 
|»ast<)rate.s in tlic vicinity (if (!(i.<licn, linliana. He >a\v lliat 
many of oui- LiitliiM'an people were mo\iii^ inlo llii> heaiiHl'iil 
and (liiivinj^ city ami became veiy mueli interested in tin- 
estahli.sliment of a (ieneral Synod Ijiillieian (dmrcli. He laid 
tlie matter lielore iiis own Synod ami also presented il to the 
Honn' .Mission lioard, Init no one reeo^^nized 1 lie necessity ol' 
imnu'diate action so \v(dl as he, and the work was d(da\'ed. 
Deeply im])ressed with the inijxntam'e oi' ihe work, with a 
stronji; I'ailh in (Jod, he secured a small hall and on -lannai'y 
2'2, 185>2, Ix'^an a s(i'ies of e\cinn^' nu'ctin^s, and a canva>s 
ol' tlie city, with the pui-pdse of origan i/.in<^' a (dinreh. (hi the 
2()th of the same nidiilh ihe oi'^Mni/.ation was idl'ected with 
ihirty-six cdiarler memliers. lleiiiL:' jia^((M' of the Silver l>ake 
idiarm', situated in Koscin.-kn ('(innt\. nearlv IHrU miles di-- 
lant, he could do nothing more l\iv the iieuh' oii^ani/.ed con^^re- 
•^ation than to j^ive them an occasional Sunday or miil-week 
sei'vice. "^riiis he did until < )ctol)ei' of the same scar when 
Ids Synod uri;-ed him to L'ive his (iitire time to this work, 
pledgint^ him its sympathy and sujipuit. ( )n JNovmher 1 o, 
1892, he removi'd his I'amih' to Ihe (dly and with his own 
hands fitted up an unoccupied store mom as a ]>lace for idiundi 
tiervices. lie devoted himscli' assiduously to the work and in 
danuary, IS'd^i, the nrLiaiu/.at ion was si reii^l lieiied hv the addi- 
tion of twenty-seven new niemhers. On l'\'ln-uai'y 12 a Sun- 
day School was or:.';anized with fifty mi-mbers. The school was 
more than seU'-suppovting fruiii the beginning ai^d has rapidly 


;^r()\vii in strength and numbers, having a i)re.sent ineuibershi]) 
of !()() and an average attendanee of 120. A Christian 
KncK'avof Society was organize(l in eDnm-etion with lln' clinrch 
in January, 181)4, and uikUm- the etiieient leafhMship of l\ ('. 
Jvaiilz is doing (excellent service. 'Die congregation has its 
mid-week j)rayer meeting, that lias an unusually large altend- 
anc(! and which has proven a great Messing to the church. It 
is a prayer meeting in the most liteial sense and there is no 
necessity of "taking up the tinu>" wilh a lengthy leclurc. Jn 
Fehi'uary, ](S{)4, a special series of meetings was held wliiidi 
resulted in tlui addition of t hirty-fiuir to the memhcrsliip of 
"such as should Ixi saved." lla<l there. I)een no losses thei'e 
would now he the names of lOf) active meml)ers on the roll of 
this church, lint time has nuide its inroads and leaves a mein- 
l)ersliip of 7r>. In October, 1802, this earnest, self-saci'ilicing 
congregation began the erection of a house; of w(uship on a lot 
])ur(duist'd by them on the corner of .\orlh Thinl Street and 
()ak i\idgc .\ vciuu'. The idiurch is a frame hui Iding, ;i"J x nO 
feet with a lecture room separated IVom the auditorium by 
folding [)artitions and, biung completely furnished, it gives the 
congregation a very neat and church home. The 
building was com])leted and dedicated -July Itl, 1 (S!).'5. rr(d'. 
1j. a. CJotwald and Rev. S. H. Baiiiitz assistecl in the services. 
It was christened "The Wells Memoiial Lutheran C'hurch " in 
in honor of liev. Hugh \\''ells, the " father" of tin; Synod of 
Northern Indiana, and who was tiie pastor of Kev. Siultz in 
his early life. 

'J'his congregation, although one of the latest organized in 
this Synod, is already rising rapidly toward the front ranks and 
is full of promise for the future. It is thoroughly organized 


for all pi'actioal work and has an earnest devottul nieinhersliip 
to exeeiite its plans. It will endure as a livinsj,- witness of the 
I'ailh and self-saerilieiiig spii'it of Rev. and Mrs. t*^lul(z and 
■will he a means (d' lifting- men and women lo a higher life lonj^ 
al'tt'r the)' havt' exehanu'ed I lie ehiireh niilitanl I'oi- the ehui-(di 

?iori^:b pastor a 'r]<:. 

Five congregations eom[)(iS(i this charge. The eond)ined 
niemhei'ship is ahout three hundi'ed. Rev. IJ. Wells, the 
lra\(dling missioTuiry of Synod, hegan a series of mee'tings in 
the llallicdi s(diool house, rrune D, ISoi), and on the following 
Sunilay fourteen pei'sons gavi' I heii' names ami re(pieste(l lo he 
organized into a Jjulheran (diuicli. ( )n the 'Jod of Jul}' a 
meeting was ludd in ,lae()l) llatlieli's liani and the organization 
(d' tlu' lloit'h (diiirtdi \\a> t IVrcIcd with li \ c additional meinhers 
ll* In all. In eonnei'l ion wiih this iiuclihL! the .-aeiamcnl of 
the Lord's Supper was admini.-Iered. Riv. \\ ell.■^ ^erveil this 
congrt'gation until the fall of I8()4, when he i-esigned. Ahout 
six nu)nths later a call was e.vteuih'd to Rev. A. d. ( 'I'oiner, 
three other congregations uniting in the call and forming the 
Ilor(d) ])astorat<'. <S7. I'diiT.s congregation was organized hy 
lu'V. II. \\'(dls, Jidy .')(!, l8o!), with eleven tdiartei' nuMuheis. 
'l'he>' worshipjied in an old l)i'i(d< ehuich until the year 1880, 
wlu'U it was toiii down and a new and larger one ere('le<l in its 
stt ad, the Lutherans and the Reforms uniting in the work. It 
isa conveni(;nt building and .-erves l)oth dcnondnations adinir- 
ahl}'. fSf. Jdhirs was oi'gaidzeil in the >ear Ic^"),') in the home 
j)l' Joseph Seaman. The [ireatdiing was then in the ( «ei mail 

iiomcn I'AtsrouATi:. 


laiigiuige by a pastor ol' tlic Missouri Synod. Por a while the 
.s('i-vic'('s were h<'hl al- |»rivate resideiuuis, hut rioiue lime after- 
ward a h)t was (h'e(h'd lo the tiaistees ami a small Iol:' church 
ercclcil upon it. The " Mi.^souri '' pastor conliiuicd hi^ lahons 
until lh(^ year ISdO. ( )ii (lood I'^'iday of this year a meeting 
was ludd, tlic cnnstitulion changed, tln^ iMiglish language 
adopted, and (he congregation di'cidcid to unite with the Synod 
of Northern Indiana. Thi'ee of the chaitcr meud)ei's yet sur- 
yiye and one, I'^alher Seaman, has heen the ])iesidcnt ui' the 
joint council i^yer sincu; its oi'gani/.alion, with the exception of 
two years. In l(S(il a new frame church was erected on tin; 
site of the. old log cliiii'(di whi(di was now l(jo small. The 
huilding was repaired in 18iS!) and again in I8!''5, and is now 
in good condition. i\lt. Zum congregation was organized 
Maich 4, iSlil, hy Key. II. Wells, with eleycn charter mem- 
heis. The lir-t commuinon ser\'ice was held on Sunday alter- 
noiiii in the Iolt church helonuinu to the I'liiteil lirethi'en. 
l"he chnr(di hnildin^ which i- .-iluatctl in IMeasanl d'ownship, 
Alhii ('ounty, was dedicated hy Key. Wilson, Ma\' lo, 1870. 
,S7. 4/(//7,:'.s On iM'h. 11, 188;j, Key. d. C. dacohy began 
j»reaidiing in Sugar ( J roye stdnxd hou,--e. d'heri' was a desire 
to haye a church huilding in that community. liel'ore an 
organization was elVecti'd subscriptions were taken and the 
contract for the work made. ddie church was organized June 
18, with 'Jo cliailer members. ddic building was coniplete(i 
and dedicaleil ()ctober7, I88;{, by the pastor, assisted b)' Key. 
d. L. (laurd, 4'he congregation has grown rapidly and is to^ 
day oni' of the strongest in tlu; pastorale, d'his chai'ge lius 
been .served by Kevs. II. Wells, A. d. Cromer, F. I^iddle, W. 
Widtman, S. 'V. Douglass, I\r. S. iMorriM)n, d. V. Ja(;(d)y, T. 



A. Pattee, A. J. Douglas, and is at present under the pastdi'al 
care oL' Itev. J. II. IlDil'nian. It is ('oinjiosed oC an intelli- 
gent and enterpiisin^' class of ])eop]e wlio are faitlifully dr- 
voted to the service of, the Master. They are iutei-ested in all 
Ihc work of the church. An honest pride i-< taken in their 
own (diurcdi alVairs an<l exhihited in their conifcM-tahh' houses 
of worship; hut they look heydiid and willinulv aid in the 
advancement (d' the gener'al interest.- ol' iheidiiirch of their 
choice. 'Idiey ha\(; had their da\- of saerilici; and li-ial, hut 
look forward and hehold the height.- tinged with the golde.i 
light of pros polity. 


■Mt. Zion, St. John and I'idon ion^ are nniteil in 
this pa-lorate. 'I'h.N- are ?o .-itualed tlial ihe di-tance dot- nut 
I'l'ipiire e\ee>-i\e lra\el, ami lo-elhei' loi ni a \eiv pha.-ant 
Held (d' labor. 

The Mt. Zidii Conijrc(jntlon is located in La (i range, the 
beautiful county S( at of La (< iang(> Count v, Indiana. It was 
oi'ganized by Kev. (Jeorge W^alkei', ( )ct. iL', l(Sr)4. The tdiar- 
ter mend»ers wei'c Mr. ami Mrs. i\Ii(hael ILdf, Mr. and Mrs. 
Reuben Trexlei', .Mr. and Mis. William Sigler and iM-iijamin 
1'^. Hills. The last mentioned entered the ministrv so(Ui after- 
ward ami is now doing faithful .-ervicc' fur the cliur(di in the 
state of Kansas. In l.Sdl- ()'_I a frame (hureh was built in the 
Houthern part of (he \illage where the\ worshipped until LSS!) 
^vllen they bought an<l reniodided the oM .Melhodi-t church 
which was located in the central jiart (d' town. The entire 



cost was lU'urly 1^4, 000. Tliis coii[,n'i'gation has a ])re.seut inein- 
bersliip ol' 1 50 and is thoroughly organized i'oi' (Jiiiibtiau work. 
Tt has an cxcidlenl Hunchty School ol' 125 nicndx-rs, a Woman's 
Home and I'\)rt'ign Missionary Society and in l.SOli a Christian 
iMnh-avor Society was organized and now lias a mendiership of 
nearly 50. These societies aie all a<'tiv(- in the woik of the 
church and are proving sph-ndid auxiliaries in its great 

iSt. ,/()/ni\i congregation is locate<l light miles southeast id' 
lja<ii'aiige and was oigani/.ed in l.S5(( ]ty iiev. .1. <1. liidille 
with tlie i'olhiwing idiarler mcmhcr.^: Micdiaid lloll and wife, 
from ihe Ml. Zitui congregation, I'^lias I'lank and wife, Tobias 
Aich(leand wife, Philip Als[)augh and wife and Mrs. Maria 
'i'eeler, all (jf whom have exchanged tin; (diurcli militant for 
the (diurc h liiumphant except- Mrs. i'lank and Mrs. (Teeler) 
Miman. In l^i5(S-5!J the congregation enjoyed a memoi-ahle 
revival in whiidi the nieinlK r.-hip wa- iuc'rea-ed to mailv 50. 
In [SOO til ihe preMiit (duncli was erected and ilediiaud. It 
is a convenient IVanie siructni't' and is admiraldy adaj>te(| to ihi; 
use of th(! congregation, situated in a community that has 
other idnircdies its o|)portunities ai'e sonn'wdiat linuted. The 
present memhership is 1)1. 

The Unluii congi-egation was orgaiuzed in 1S57 by lie v. 
J. (i. lii<ldle. It is located four mih's southwest of \a\ (!i-angc. 
Tli(;y worshi[)pi'd in a s(dH)ol house until 1884, when they built 
u neat, octagon, britd; cdiurcdi at a cost of nearly $2,000. 
Ik'ing so close to the village, some of its best members have 
gone to the Mt. Zion congregation and it leaves the mendjer- 
ship about 30, with :i Sunday School of about the same num- 



Ivu'h cougrc'ii-atii)ii ikiw 1ms its own house (,!' wdrsliip, and 
is equipped for ^^oml sci\ ice. A parsitiuiui' was )>ui('lias('d in 
the year 1M)2 on the site oT the old clmrch in La (iian^e. 
'Idle i'ollowing ai'c tlir names id' tlie >cvc'ral pastoi's with the 
time eaeli served fineit t he oruainzal ion of ihe |)a>torate. ddiese 
<hil(,'S inehnle all vacancies incident (o pa-loral changes: 
llev. (Jcor-e ^\'alkeI•, ' I.So-l tu Lsr)0. 

" d. (1. Middle,; lo isiir). 

" A. J. Cromer, l.SC.r) t(. 1871 . 

William W'allman, l.s7 1 lo l.sT-"!. 

" dahe/, Shaler, ISTo to ISTd. 

" A. \l. Smilh, IcSTC) lo IS7S. 

" L. S. Kevser, , iS7S (o iSSi. 

" Levi nice, ISNI lo ISSO. 

" \k I). Ilerrold, 18SI) lo ISSS. 

" 1). d. Milieilin-, 1S^,S lo iSiiL 

" -M. L. Sndlh. IS'.ll lo ISD-I. 

•• Iv S. lie,-, |S;i| to 

riu lir-l l.nllu ran chnrch in I .a (iiaiiLie \\a- Imill under 
ihe p;r-l<M'al care of Ke\'. J. (i. Inddle, also ihe one at Si. 
John. 'The laiion (diui'ch \va> Iniill duiing liev. !;. Uice's 
luinislr}-. The eongreiial ion of La ( i range iimved from iheir 
u\d churcdi home a! ihi onlskirls (d' ihe \illai:e to iheir |/i-esent 
commodious ]>lace of wor-hip in ihe central pari of town while 
Ivew I >. ,). Alilteiling was their shejiherd, d'his was one of 
Ihe iimsl important and hemlicial movements e\er made hy the 
cdiur(di. Lev. Milterling was :dso in-t runa nial in h;i\inL', the 
Si. John s coiiuregalion re[iair their idiureh and \'ers' much 
hcaulil'v ils appearance. 

The [)arsonage was [)urehased during Lev. SmilhV- min- 



TIr' prc.-^fiit |)a:-tor ln'uiui his lahoi.s on the ol' May 
aixl ill feu iiuiiith.s iia.s already eiuh^arud hiiuselt' to all 
the people. The eliarge is united and working liarnu)nioii.sly 
Tor one ureat end. 

i.od.wspoirr I'asi'okatk. 

The organization (it* an iMiglish Lnlhtian ehiireh in (he 
eity of Logan.-|iort was a sniijeet ol' (lisen.-->ion I'di' a nnniher ol' 
years. Yrvy t'arly in the history ol' thi> S\'iiod ihe nii-siuiiaiy 
eoinniittce K coiiiincnih-il it as a (hsiral)h' ticld to he ocenpicd. 
I )iHieiill ics piesciiled t,liein>clve> and year al'lcr year passed 
lieforc a linal deeisioii was made. Ilcw .1. L. (Jiiard and ollici 
neighhoring ininislers who nndeistood ihe silnation hept (he 
inatlcr hcl'in'o thir Synod and ui'gcd it upon the lloinc .Mi.-.-ion 
U'Kiid for iheii' coir-ideral iun. Thf\ -imwrd il> iinpnilaneo hv 
[loinl iiig lo ihf nninhi'r nf niiMl eon- regal ion> h\- whieh ihe 
eily was sni'roninh'd, and liy calling aUeiilioii to ihr manr 
native and r(M-t'ii',n i^nt licrans who residc{| there. The Se(;re- 
taries (d' Ihi' Uoard \isited the eity and wore eoiivineed that an 
important held was heing neglected. It wa- placed on llie roll 
ol' Home Missioirs, and in June, l.SNd, Iv'ev. .). .). rnrcell was 
cominissioned to act as inissionai-\'. lie <'nlered upon the work 
with enthiisiasni , and on I he 'J"Jnd ol' t he -a me month an <irgan- 
i/alioii was eir.'cted w il h ( w enl \ -.-e\cn charier mendiei-. .\ 
I'lill corps (d' olHcers was elecled and installed. IJegnlar divine 
Sci'viees were inaugurated and a Snnda\ s(diool organized in a 
city selio(d hiiilding locale(| on Market >lreel, helweeii Mel river 
Ave. iind l<'irst .street. A vacant lot I vim^' side hv ,dile w it h the 

152 SYNOD OF NOirrnrcRN Indiana. 

scliool [)r()jK'rty, and being at the Soutliwrst coi'uer of and 
JNIurket streets, was found to be availal)le, and by the aid ol' 
tlie Board of CMuirch Extension was |)iiieiiased. Tlie hn-atiou 
is not only central, but tor many other reas(jns as a ehurch site 
it is oiu.' (jl' the best in the city, 'i'he work nf raising money 
Tor the erection of a .suitable building was eoinnienced with 
tavorabli! results. The pastor |»i'esented the needs (jT the mis- 
sion at the annual nieetingot the Synod in ( )ctober ot the same 
year, and seeiiicd the I'dllowing action: 

'' Ju'siihvd, 'J'liat this Synod assume t»ne thousand dollars 
towards the j)ureliaHe. ot a ehurcli propi'ity tor the Logansporfc 


'Idirough the earnest ell'orts ol' the; ndssionary, warmly 
assisted and enconi'aged by the jiaslors, the larger part id' that 
amount was .soon raised. The neighboring j)astorates, Kock 
Ci'iM'k, ('amden and \\'alt(Ui, icsponding vrvy liberally. The 
Aym-k proL! I'es.-ed. .\ugii.-t lo, ISSo, wilnc-.~ed the laying of 
(he conuT slone, llev. S. .\. Orl, 1). I)., preaching the sermon. 
The woik of building was carried torwaid with suliicient spcHMl 
to enable the congregation to occupy the new church by I)e- 
cembt'r lo, when ;S7. Jjuke's Uvaiu/elical J'Jnglh/i Lutheran 
clmrch was dedicated to the service ol' the Triune (Jod, Kev. S. 
A. Ort, 1). 1)., [)rea(diing the dedicatory scu'mon, and llev. V,. 
J. Kiel'er, pi'ea(dung in the evening. lu'vs. -J. \j. (iuard and 
J. (I. -lacoby wci'e also pri'sent and assisted the ])astoi' in the 
services. At the close (d' the feast (d' dedication it was 
announced that tiie ell'oi'ts ol' the day had I'esulted in the licpii- 
^lation of all the debts incurred in the ei'ection of the house of 
Avorshi}). The edilice is ol' brick and stone and comrortably 
seats a congregation of two hundred and titty peoj)le. The 


seating and pulpit furniture are very liandsonie and tlie win- 
dows are ol' stained glass, and were eontri hated hy dilVerent 
congregatiuns of tiie Synod of Northern Indiana in honor of 
their several pastors. From that time forth the growth of tiio 
ehureh was steady and substantial. Uev. J. J. Pnrcell retiivd 
from the i)astorate of tiie ehuivh .September 1,.1S8S. One 
hundred and eight mend)ei's were reeeivcMl into the cliureli 
during his iiieumb(/ney and the work was in a fail' eondilion. 
After a vaeaney of seven months Ifev. A. H. .Mc.Makin , who 
had just retii'ed from the editorshij) of the /./////(•/■(o* Knaiyclist, 
took charge of tlie W(»rk. During his a(biiinistration the 
(diurtdi l(»)k oil new life; and th(; prospects of the mission were 
nevei- brigliter, when siidih'iily th(Mlealh angel came down upon 
tlie scene and the little flock was again lefl without a shepherd. 
la-v. .Mc.Makiii's diicease was lameiiled tiinmglioiit the entire 
city and the (•hiircli at large, and in the history of St. Luke's 
ciuign-gatioii no greater calamity ever came, than bel'el them 
•hat l.eaiitiful day, May 'Jl', ISDI, when the spirit of their 
beloved pastor was wafted away. During his ministry the 
*S7. Liihc'fi Herald, a monthly paper devoted to the interests of 
the ehiii(di was launched, and its pulilication was continued 
until near tin; cdose of the lalxus of his immediate successor. 
One hundred and fouilt'cn nu'inberswere added during the sec;- 
ond [)astorate. Uev. S. Kelso, then residing in the city, sup- 
plied the pulpit until September ], 18!)1, when Uev. II. xM. 
Oberholtzer became pastoi-. During this pastorate much liaid 
labor devolved upon the minister ni charge, largely on account 
of the increased si/e of the congregatimi, a fact which is well 
attested by the ministerial acts transcribed in the chui-(di rec- 
ord, lie resigned December 1, iSilo. During his ministry 



tliirty-.sevcn nieniheis wcw juhlcil, und llu' parocliial repdil to 
the 8yii(t(l shows that at this time the chuich hail unv huiidretl 
and srA'cnty iiiuiubei's in good and regular standing. At'lei' 
what death, lenioval and ajiostasy had wiought, there was nn- 
t'ortunately aiiothef scvtni niontli's vacancy, making in all 
ahont a ycai' and onc-liali' oF vaeani-ies during the lii>.t ten 
years (d' the hist(»r^• of the congregation. .\ot\vil li.-landing all 
this the tdmridi has grown stcadih' and sulislan liall\' , in num- 
1»( rs, in liherality and in inllucnee. It now slands well toward 
the I'ront among I he id in re lies (d' the city as well as among those 
of the S\'nod. 

Itev. .) . ( '. Kauirnnm accepted a call and heuan his lahois 
as |»asl(n- .1 nly S, 1S1)4. Idie t-ongregai ion has ali'eads' rallied 
t(i his snppctrt in a commendalile manner, and the iidluence (d' 
his earm st consecrated life i> hi'ing fell in e\'erv (K'|iarlmenl of 
(diui'(di Work. Willi his ex|)erience in mi-.-^ion woi'k and with 
hi- devotion lo the clmrcdi, >n|i|iorli'd l)\' a con-eciaied |ieo|ile, 
N/. l.tiL('s i> .-^larling on an er.i ol |)i o>|ieiil \ ihal will .-oon end 
in s( II -siij)[ioi-i. 


As it is now known, this (diarge has a peculiar history. At 
] I resent it is (•onipo>ed of six congregations, \ iz , , .Massilloii , ( 'on- 
cord, .\ntioch, I'dal Ko(d;, Alonroevil le and Manpnirdls. And 
each (d' I lu' ahove coiigregal ions has somew hat of a separate his- 
tory. 4'lu' Massilloii congn'gation, lieing wilhoiit donht the 
iirst (ieiieral S\iiod Lntheran ( 'ongregal ion organized in Allen 
counlv, Indiana, and the one. out of wliicdi ihe others of ihe 



Pii.stonitc have t;'ro\vn, is entitled to speeial luitiee. It will 1)0 
ri'iiieiiilx'iH'd, that Mas.-illon, at tlu! date Id which we now rri'er, 
wa.- a small villane with a po.-tofiice in a piavate hi*;- eahiii, and 
a coinnioii ])ni'|io>c LToci-ry stoic in a similar huildiiiu'. Tlu'i'e 
were no railfoads, neilhcr puhlic iiiuhways of any kind what- 
ever, hut simply a densi' forest, with here and there a; 
.sini.-hine, let in hy some ventnicsome pioiu'cr anxious to pro- 
vide a home lor hiniself and his lapidK' iiHM-ea>in^- Tamil}'. 
l''rom one of ihese pro-pecti ve honio (o another 1 lieiH; were 
wa^du I'oad-, oi-dri\-e wa}-cut tlironL;li lie- \'.o(]ds a- harely 
made it possihie for om neiijlihor lo lind another, and tlie.-e 
temporary road< wer^' not din-et line- hadiuL;' from plaee to 
place, hut were IocjiIimI (Mi ^-mdi uroiind as appearetj, ;il least, 
J)arl of the year alii)\'e the water. This, southeast- corner (d' 
Allen (\iunty, usnall)' known as (he h'lal Koek counlry, would 
have l)een hetter named, hy onnlliuu I he lalter pari, foi' ihe 
/I'nc/. pari ,d' it i< not here llo\\c\-rr, w c >|iall not lnird<-n thi> 
hi-lory w II h an tdaliorale de-ciipl ion ol' ihecounhw, hul -hall 
coullne (Mir work to the hislui\ ol' ( i rnei'al S\-nod Lul lierani^in, 
as il has hei-n, ai d is now in our und-i. \Ve ai'C pleic^ed to 
find the preamhie to the lir-l con~litulion ever ailopled in this 
charge, and it is as lollow>: 

" '!'he first meeting' of the friends of the Lullieran of 
JNLassillon, Allen County, Imliana, was calleil Ijy tlio Kuv. Solomon 
JMtz, on llie L!!)d of Septendter, ISoO. Atter preachint;- se\eial ser- 
mons, ho formed the. organization of an I'ls au^eli(-al Lutlieran 
ehiirch, whieli consisted of seven (7) members, Ihu. \. W Smith, 
Sister Surah Smith, Bro. Samuel Davis, Sister ,)ane Davis, Mro. 
Jacolj Jless, Sister Harriet Hess, 15ro. Nelson Smilh. 'i'lie cluirch 
then elected 15ro. V. V. Smith, i'llder, and iJio S. Davis, Deacon." 


There is nothing peeiiliar eontiiined in tlie eonistitutioji 
then iRlo])ted by these simple hearted, juire minded and de- 
vt)ted j)eoj)le, except what is t'onnd in the seeoiul, third and 
sixth articl(!S, wliich read as I'olhiws: Art. '2nd, We believe 
the Holy Bible to be a sutHeient luK: of tiur I'aitli and jn-actioe. 
Art. od, ^\'e rt'eeive the Auiisburg t'onl'e.-sion, as a summary 
ol" onr i'aith, so far as it ayrees with the word of (iod. Art. 
6th, No one eniiauc^l in making' oi' tralHckiiiL!' in into.\ieatin<!' 
liquors can be admitted, or continued in this church. 

riiis simph; and yet Godly basis upon which these honest 
:ind unpretentious men founded iheii' laitli, aiul the, clear 
appreluMision they had of the chui'ch's most dani;erous foe, so 
as to bar it by oi'^anie law, no doubt accounts for the unswerv- 
ing stability and fortitude by which they were; held togetluM-, 
under all t he disinlcgialing forces of those most trying times. 
That devoted, l)iil now sainted man, '"Solomon Kit/.,"' (Jodly 
in heart, pure in life and aggressive in spirit, impresscvl llio 
church foi- Liood, and ('.^[uciallv in this count I'v, '• Thougli dead 
he yet speakelh." 

Soon after the adoption of the constitution thi- church was 
left vacant for tiie space of nearly two years. ^Vhen at the 
session of the Wittenberg Synod, held at I'lymoutli, ( )hio, 
Se[)tember 20, 1^52, Ivev. S. Spiker was dirt'cted to visit the 
little hoosier fhu'k in connetitiou with several other places, 
which he did on ( )ctober 10, ol' the same year. And here is 
the record of the meeting held on December 18, lsr)2. 

"Saturday, Dc'ceiidter IM, l(Sr)2, the congregation held a 
church meeting for the purpose of electing a ])astor, and to 
attend to other iinportant business. \'. 1*. Smith was appointed 
cliairnuui of tlu; meeting. The congreiialion then elected llev. 


S. Spiker (by a unanimous vote) a« pa.stor of the congregation 
for one year, witli the promise of tiCty (h)narri sahuy." We give 
these records just as they were ma<h; at the time. The foliow- 
ing members were then received by letter, and achh'd to tiie 
original seven, two of whom liad gone, heaving I)Ul five, Win. 
A. (Jalvertand wife, l)aniel Knoir-c and wife, John M. Smith 
and Mary I^]. Smith. Tln'ce ni' whom are slill mcml)t'is, viz , 
,I()hn M. Smith. ]\[(ither Knoiisc and .Maiy Iv Sndth. Tlie 
others ha\'e gone Iriim hdxir Id i'('rri'>hnn'nt. 

Kcv. Spiker served the congrcgalion, preacliing at out 
points wht'rc he found encouragement until tlu' snmmei.' of 
I'ST),"), ;ind dui'ing his I'ailhful servit'e the chiiicli gi'ew, and 
persons from -some distance came, on fool and (»n hoi'sehack, 
and hungiy for the truth, while tiiU! to their t'arlier tea(diing, 
connected themselves with the church until the ohl hive 
became st long enough to swarm. And the result was a {)i'each- 
ing point was eslablishcd at what wa- then known a~ the 
'■ ( ioi-.~line's Sidnud llouse." Thi.- is I he chuicdi now known 
asthi! ( "oucord Congregation. It is located on the east bank 
of ihe St. Mary's River, alxMit two miles south of the Allen 
(,-ounty line, and in Adams (/ounty. lie v. Sfiiker continued 
pi'caching fur these j»eo])l(! at this ])oint witlumt effecting au 
organization, until he resigned in 185(1. He was succeeded by 
lie v. C Caskey, who t(jok the care (d' the charge in April U>, 

Ivev. Spiker, a man of precious nu'inory, preached his 
farewtdl sei-nu))! to the IMassillon congregation May 4, iHoti. 
About tliiee weeks after Rev. Caskey was on the held. And 
during the month of March, KSfj?, liev. Caskey comlucted a 
series of meetings in the above named school house, the result 



of which wti.s a luiinber of acc(?ssi(»ii.s and the roriiiation of an 
orgaiiizatiou, whicli was the oriuin of what has siiico hceii tlie 
useful and aggi-essive Concord coiiiz relation. The charter 
members in the infancy of this cdiiirch \\ere thi'se: John Woy 
and wife, Pliilip Jlaiik and wife, Benjamin llauk and wife 
The al)ove named wer*; meml)ers of tlie MassiUon church, and 
to support a new organization, as well as to have services nearer 
hoiiu!, moved their Jiiembership, and with iMarvin (Jorsline 
and wife, entered the new organization. 

From this date (March, lNr)7),u]) to the present, the 
history of the Coiu'ord Massilloii and Anlioch congregations is 
a parallel, and they have been under the care of the sam(! 
pastor, except for a short piu'iod, when the Coiuoid people; 
Were served by IJev. I'\ l^iddle, and (he others by Kev. K. W. 

Aiifioc.h. \Vc are not fully infoimed, and the rccoi'ds 
which were kepi seem to cunlliet, as [n ihc dale, and 1)\- whom, 
(his congi-cgaliiin was tir>i (.rg.nii/cd ii nm-i Imvc htHii dur- 
ing the ndnisliy of Kev. S|)iker or eai ly in that of licv. Caskcy, 
at least it \vas not earlier than bSat), and not later than ISo!). 
The church lioirst', by the side of which there is a b^-autiful 
eenu;tei-y, is located near lloagland, twelve miles southeast cd' 
Ft. Wayne, and in the same county. 

'I'he iirst (diurch house was a hewed hjg structure, fur- 
nished by the commuinty, and served a gotjd purpose, provid- 
ing a place for the people to mei't togethei- to sing and pray 
and hear until an enthusiasm was created for good, and I rom 
that early center theie have radiated a light and an iidluence 
which together have given us one of the most enterjirisin^-, in- 
telligent and pros])erous comnjunilies to be found in tlu; county. 



'The old log cluii-cli served iJic people until LS74, ^vllen 
inereased nieiHi)er,<hi]), as well as ability with holy jn-ide made 
it jiive jdaee to the new and convenient IVanu' hnildini:-, which 
has about il all that- niakt's a church house atlractivt' and 

Most of thc! charter meiubers of this cdiureh upon whose 
lieai'ts and liands she restcid duiiiii!' her childhood and depend- 
ent years, have ^one to their reward, and a well eaiiied one it 
must be. A few remain, Alex Adair, Mother Neioiter, I 
believe are all that linger on this shore. 

Uev. (!. Caskey served thiscduirge as ))ast()i' al)out three 
years, his work here (dosing in the tail of i8o!). In Sej)tem- 
ber of the same year Uev. I'\ Middle became (jastor, ami as his 
aj)pointments came due but oih'c in three weeks, we aic led to 
btdieve that he sei'ved in connection with thest; (diurcdies, some 
congi'egations located in \'anA\'ert Counly, which later wci'c 
sepai'ated and taken into the cai'c of the W'iltenberL:' Svnod. 
Ivev. IViddle while here pa»ed ihi-ough ihe crucial period, lor 
minislci's, viz., tlu' yeai's ot the war ol' the llebellion, and 
much credit is due those brave and sulVering men. iSaeritices 
many had to be made, and ])ersecutions borne whi(di doubtless 
would test the ])roressional minister of t lu'se good roads, ami 
fine (diurcdi house times. It will n,)t be out ui' [)lace, but per- 
haps illustrative of those linu's to slali-, that (Ui dill'eicnl oci;a- 
sious, liev. Hiddle had his buggy loaded with old dcca\'eil loos 
and slumps eti'., while he was preaching to the people. And 
at diU'ereut times would lind his hai-ut'ss cut and in other ways 
damaged, when going to his team after .sei'viee. P(ditical dif- 
ferc^nees was tlur explanation. 

i)Ut nolw'ithstanding smdi a cool i-eception, Rev. l)iddle 



remained with these people and hxbored witli alternating suc- 
cess and Failure until eight years of his best life wei-e spent. 
The war being ovef and the jiL-opK' more united, tliese ehui'ches 
gr(!W. and he I'esigned the |)astorate, h'aving it mucli sti'onger 
and in better (-(judition than in its earlier iiistoi'v. During 
tlie Synodieal years ol' 18t)7-'7<>, the; Kev. V. l^Lxliiie, \vlu)se 
home was in N^mwert County, Ohio, seivcd thest; ehui'ches as 
])as(()r, and with m;irked sueccss. h'atlu'r Kxline, as we 
learned and loved to call him, was possessed of many |)eeuliar- 
ities \viii(di distinguisheil him from other men of his time. 
And while many thought it wise to renuii-k lightly on these, 
yet he ])ossessed (Uie of the finest and most penetniting minds, 
guided by a heart as |)ure as his tdVoi'ts with the ludp of (J race 
cuiild mak(^ it. 1I(^ died in appai'ont ohscniity at his country 
home, W(dl wofu and ripe in years, as well as in conditif)n, (it- 
ting him for ihe reward of the faithfid, one ol' whom he cer- 
tainl\' was, Ilis memory is precious and dear to those among 
whoni hi.- arduons lalioi> were ,-piiit. \\ C hesilale lo eea.-e 
S|)eaking well of tho.-e whose whole life was a gift tt) the 
chnreh uncompensated, at hast on earth, and who have gone 
forth " Sowing in tears " where we are reaping in joy. Age 
and distance from these chundies ma<le a short pastorate neces- 
sary, ami l'''ather Kxline's sei'vices lu're eiid(;d in the f;ill of 
1870. Soon thereafter Kev. d. W. Miller was called and 
Served the pastorate for one; 3'ear, after whicdi it remained 
vacant for near six months, when Tvev. 1). I'\ k'ain, who had 
lieeii licensed at the meetings of the Synod of Northern Ind., 
iield at Constantine, Mich., in the fall of 1870 was invited to 
care for the charge until the (dosi; of the Synodieal year. llev. 
Ivain was then in tluj rough, having had no preparatory course 



ill college and no ('iu'oiii'agii)g' surrouiidinjxf^, hut was prevailed 
u|)()ii i»y tlio ministers who hest knew him to suhmit 1o an 
examination and accept the result. lie was at this time a 
young married man, having completed a course in a liigh 
sciiool ami exhibited some nnuks of native ability. The exam- 
ining committee thought they saw in this man the gi-rm (»!' 
what might, undei' })roper care, be a useful man, and with the 
great di-mand I'or ministers at the time, liceii>e was i>>ued. 
Ouringllic winter ol' l(S'/T-'72 he accepted the chai'gc' until 
the tall of the same year. His services giving gooil satisfac- 
tion, he was again employed as jtastor i'or anothei' year, and so 
on until the fall ol' ISiSO, when he loigned tlir pastorate, his 
heallli liaving been bad during the summei'. 

The past<nate then (-ailed Kev. ^\^ D. Trover, who came 
to our Synod from the east, a man of inl(dlect and of energy. 
His work among us Was successful. A Iter three yeai's of faith- 
ful service, Rev. Trovi-r also resigned and was followed hv 
Key. A. .1. l)(Uiglas, wlio>e labms here began in<>clober, iSSi), 
ami ciiutinued until thi' i'all of bSS7, when by reason of age 
and failing health, Kev. J)(Uiglas iesigne<l the ('liargf!, tlu; work 
being entirely too burdensome for a man ol' his age. The peo- 
ple i-egretted very mu(di to have him withdraw from their 
midst, but consented for his good, and he is kindly remem- 
beri'd on account of his genial friendshi|> by the old and 

Inunediately upon the resiginitiun of Rev. Douglas, Rev, 
(). W. liowen was invited to visit the charge, and as a result 
was called as its j)astor. His sei-vices continued until the fall 
of l«i)2, when he resigned. Rev. Rowen was well received by 
the pastorate ami he was successful in moi'c than one way. It 



Aviis (luring his pastorate here that the heautifui church house 
at j\Iassilh»ii was erected, costiuij' ahdut ?r(3,00(). The Antiocli 
chur(;h liouse was also repaired and likewise tlie Monroeville 
church huildiiig. After the i-esiguation of Rev. Howeu, a call 
was extended to liev. 1). i'\ Ivai.i, invitini;' him to his second 
j)ast()rate on this field, 'i'he chui'i'hcs li;|ving grcjwn strijuger 
and also inoin- numerous, the sahiry was inci'cased S^UO. liev. 
Kain accepted the call and took charge Decemher 1, 1892, and 
is the ])resent jiastor. 

()f ihree of the churches, composing tliis charge, nothing 
lias been said, viz.. Flat K(;ck, JMoni'oeville and JMar(|uailds. 
Flat llo(di is located four miles souLh-east (d" Monroeville in 
the c(»rner of this county. ()f its eaily history we have Ijut 
little knowledge. It was organized quite early in tlie hisloi'y 
vi Lutheranism in this seetion of the country. Most of the 
first mend>ers have gone to the (•hur(di triumphant. W we are 
Correctlv informed, there are hut two of the charter mendx-rs 
living, vi/.., llenr\ Mi^^er and M r,>. dacoh JJower. This con- 
gregation was not direclh' connected with the jMassillon pastor- 
ate until the fall of 1874. lUfore this dale it wa.^ a part of 
the JMonroeville charge. Two of the congregations composing 
the oi'iginal Monroevilh^ tdiarge were located in Ohio, known 
as the Conway and Sugar Kidge congregations, and by the 
action of the Kynod of Northern Indiana, taken at Con.'^tan- 
tine, Mi(diigan, these two congregations were left uudt'i' the care 
of Wittenberg Synod. The jMonroeville congregation asked 
the Synod to recoginze it as a station, feeling able to support 
a pastor alone. This being granted, the l*'lat Ku(dc congre- 
gation was left witlu)Ut past(»rate relations, and being located 
convenient to the JMassillon -pastorate, which at that lime con- 



taiiicd ))ut ihrcL' congregations, it nuidi! :i])|)iic;ition and was 
admitted as an integral i)art tlierefjf. I tliiniv this Was done in 
the fall of IST-J, and I'l^oni that time nntii the present she lias 
been served liy the same pastor, and has a paralKd history with 
Ihe other eongi-egatioiis. Ihuh'r the ministiy of licv. W. I). 
'I'rover the congregation excliauged liu' old log church house 
lor a handsome new hrick one and are to-day doiny- a "ood 
woi-k for the comnuinity. This ecnigregation is somewhat 
unfortunate in its in vironments. It nestles in among a iium- 
her of other (diurclies, there heing four within two and one- 
half nnles of them, ami on two side-.-, they are lianlu'd by a 
dense (ierman settlement. lint with all thi- they live ami 
lahor and are a good [)eojjle. 

Monriicville Coii(/i-e(/(t(iou — Has a history separate from 
the olhei' Massillun jjastorate. It was organized hy Jiev. K. 
\V. I']i-iek ahoiit 18t)7 or ISliS. Key. l^-ick at this time was 
pa-lor of a part of the .^ra^.-illoll chai--e, while l(e\-. l'\ Uid.lle 
\\a> .>erying the ( 'oeoi'd congicgal ion of said ehai'iir. Some 
miMinder.-tanding, or pirhaps dilferenee of opinion on the part 
of the congregation, brought these; two good brethren on the 
iield at the same time. \Utv. Krick's services were accepted 
by the Antioch and Massilloii congi-egations and Key. Riddle's 
by the Conccn-d. Mis labors at Moni'oeville were highly suc- 
cessful and soon a large membership was gathered and a pronns- 
ing organization ell-ected. Two lots were secured and a pai'son- 
age built, and the following year a beautifid church house 
erected, whieh I'emains as an evidem-e id' the enterprise of the 
])astor and pi'ople. The town of l\ioni-oeyille, at the time 
referred to, was a gi'owing one and had the promise of a city 
in the then near future. Large manufacturing establishments 



wtM'c liere, tiiubei' was plenty, and in fact tlie wliole conntiy 
hereahonts was hurdentHl witli a dense forest of desiial)le 
tind)er, l)ut the town soon I'eae-lied its noon-tiile. Tlie tiiuhei' 
was exhanstt.'d, factories moved away, and laboring iiumi went 
witii tlieiii, and tlie prospective city sellled l)atd<. lo the iiatnral 
business its sun-oundinL''s ad'orded. [>nt the Lulheian eliureh 
I'eiiiaiiied , and witli l''hit Ivnek, Sniiar Kidiic and ('onvoy was 
sei'ved by llev. l\iick a iiundier of yi^ais. 'idie jiastoi's, ser\'ini;' 
this chargi; during its histoi'y, came in the foHowing ordei': 
Jlevs. \:. \V. Krick, M. S. iA[orris(in, A. J. J).mgia>, A. W. 
l)urns, and J. 1>. iMilK'r. The latter two brethien served tlie 
Armiroeviik; congregation ahme. At the (dose of the jiastorate 
of Jiev. -]. H. ]\riller, whicli was in the I'all id' ISTK, the eon- 
gi'egation was jiut under the care of Ivev. ]). i*\ Kain, who was 
at tliat tiuH' pastor of the Massiliion charge, and llev. Ifidtlei-, 
who AVas at the same time seiving a mi>sion peint at Decatur, 
fi)urteen miles south ami tlie counl\' .-tat of Adani^- ( 'iiunt\-, 
tldi>lale. 'riie>e I \\(t brel hrt-n vi>iled and held services for 
the congregation, alternately, oncit in (wo we(d;s, until the fall 
of IcSSO, wlu'n llev. Kain resigned the .Mas.sillon jiastorale and 
was succeeded by Kov. W . D. 'I'rover who moved to Mouroc- 
ville, theri' being a pastorate at that place. The parsonage (d' 
the original Massiliion (duirgc was located at Aronmouth in 
Adams county. During the stay of Ki'V. Ti'over, this C(m- 
grcgation was c(jnnected with the JNIassillon [)astoi'ate and 
vi'mains a part of said pastorate. Tlu're is oiii' oth(;r congrega- 
tion which is a member of this pasloiate which will completer 
our list. 

The " ]\far<iuar(U^' C^oiu/rcydl ion . - This (H)ngregation was 
organized by llev. W. D. Trover siine lime in the }('ar 18X2, 



and is locati'd tlirct' and one-half miles noit li-\vest ot' INIonroe- 
N'illc, in a well settled and enti'i-prisin^- neiti^hhoilKjod. 'I'liey 
now lia\-e a int;nd»erslii|) of ahont sevent \'-live, with a jiOod 
.Suiida} S(diool and a V. 1*. S. CJ. Iv 'I'hey have a heautil'nl 
hriek eliureh hnildmg, every thini;- eonneetetl 1 herewith he- 
tokens a prosjx'rons and sneeessiiil I'utnre. 

tSniiii)iari/.--'V\\i^ pastorate at [)ieseiit rein'esents six eongre- 
gations, six Siinda)- Sehools, fonr V. !'. S. ('. I<]'s. Three 
hriek and three f'raiiie church hnildini^s, all in liood repair, two 
parsoimue hiiildinus. one; of which is a ino<lern and heautil'id 
home. I']verythinu- is i)aid i'or, and to com|)lele the outfit, 
ojic preacher. 


'Idle Middlelniry ehar;4e eou>ists of iuur conureuations — 
Si. rani's ( .Middh'iMiry ). (niiici-'--, S|. J,.hn"-(lM>h i.aki'), 
and \'i>tida. 

I'ritn- to the year bSdi), tli(,' (diai'i;e was known as ihe 
" IMillershui'ii- char-c,"' heeanse of the fact, that tiie church 
in that phu'e was served in connection with the (Jiinei', l^'ish 
Lake and N'istula eoUjri'egalions, and further, l)ecau.-e that 
village was the i-esidi'nce of the paslois. ,\l a joint t-ouncil 
meeting of the charge in the summer (d' iMIil), it \\as res(dved 
to i)etition Synod, to lake i/iV the iM illershurg chureii I roni 
till! charge of which it had l)een a memher, and add it to 
the Salem charge. At its meeting in the fall of the same 
year, Synod latified the action of the council, and the i<iiiaiuiiig 
f(»ur chui'ches received the name of • ' MiddlchiiiN charge," 



and from tluU tiiue, Middlohuiy Ix'Caiiu' tin' place ol' residence 
for j)ast(H!S. 

Alioiit 1(S7S, the (:har<^i' ptir(diasi-d a piopcit y for jjar.<t)n- 
age, wliich is adniiraMy adapted lo that end. It cdniprises 
two acres of iaiul at the west side of the- village, and is l(icatf(l 
on a cominandini;- hill-side, which ^ivcs a lieaiiliriil view of 
tlu^ town, and the distant country ht'vond. A good house, 
barn, shed, ci'il), well, cistern and many large and hcarini'- 
fruit trees, ami (he aj)purleminc(!S thei-eto belonging. it is a 
room}', (dean and healthy home for a [lastor. The parsoiiaiic, 
as W(dl, as all the (diuridics nl' the ehaige, are free of all 
encundiram-e, and the properties arc iu excellent, con<lition. 
Herewith follows a biief synopsis of the hist(u-\' of ca(di church 
composing the charge, as we could be>l gather the fads. 

/S7. l\ii(V^ Churcli, Miihlli hiiri/. In the year LsT-l, Hev. 
(I. Caskey, who, at that lime, was jia.-lor of what was then 
known as t he " M illei'^hui-g (Jhar'^iC," ciunpo<ed of (he Mil- 
h'r>bnrg, i''i>ii l^al^c, (.iiineraml \' i-l ula cougrcgal ion>, bc^un 
holding regular sei-vict's in the ISaplist cdiurch, in the village; 
of iMiddlebury. Ife continued to preach regularly for about 
two years, his congregations Coidinuing to grow in numbers 
and in interest. At the end ot that time, he ri'S(dved that iIkj 
favoi-able condition of alfairs jnstilied an attempt lo organize 
his iiderested hearers into an organic bo(h'. ()ii the Idlh day 
of A])ril, 187(i, the organization was alfected in the iJaptist 
chui-ch, with thirty-live charter mendiers. After the adoption 
of a constitution conformable to the i-t'Commcndation oi' the 
General Synod, the following otlicers i>\' the; new oi'ganizat ion 
were elected: Deacons, I.J. Woodworth and William (!ole. 
elders, Amos Staulfer ami Jacob IMehl; and trustees, J. II. 

M 1 1) D L 10 H I ) I ; V 1 > A S TO 1 i A T E . 


Meyers, Eli C!liii<^ersmitli and 8. J. WoDdworlli. Two of the 
original l)oar(1 ol' officers, Aino^ StaiilVci- and d . li. jNleyci-s are 
still ill the cluueli, the otlmr.s liaviiii^' died oi- iuovimI away. 
<)!' the original thirty-tive (diarlcr iiu'iiil)ers, at the organiza- 
tion of the eluireh, eighteen years aiio, tw(dve are still doin^ 
serviee for, and are devoted to the chnreli for whose 
sueeess they so ardently toiled and ))ra\-ed; t went v-three hav- 
ing- die'd, or wvw dismissed lo other elmr(dies. The infant 
chnrcdi was hapti.-ed in faith, ami |iiayer and eonrage, and 
ieceived the name of '"Sl. I'aiirs h]vaiig<dieal JjUthei'au 
(diiirc h." 

I'liriiii:- ihe s;tme }'ear, the congregatinii purchased of the 
I5a|)li~l people (heir (dinreh propei'ty, including three lots of 
grniind, iijton which the church was located, a most eligible 
site. The old (diiirch soon proving ilstdf loo small to accom- 
modate the (-onstantly growing' congregations, it was res(dved, 
call}- Ihe next year, KS77, to erect upon the iiewlv aecpiired 
site a imiie comimidious himse. The (dd frame Inuise was 
moved away, and the proeiil cominodion> and snhslanlial 
hritdv strnctnre was made to lake its place. The hnilding was 
erected in the .summer of l(S77, and was dedicate<1 to the 
Triune (Jod, as St. J'aiil's Kvangidical Lutheran Church (d' 
]\riddlel)ury, Indiana, on the l.'ith day of January, I.S7N, Rev. 
J. ]?. llelwig, I). I)., of Springlield, Ohio, preaching the d(!di- 
catoiy sermon, assisted !))■ Rev. 1». F. Delo, and neighhoring 
pastois. Till' (diurcli has recently heeii papei'ed, painted and 
varinVhed, and .is now a beautiful and comfoi'tahle church 
home. Hev. ('. Ciiskey, having resigned the charge in tlie 
autumn of 1.S77, Rev. .]nhv'/. ShatVei- was called to the jias- 
torate in October of tin; same year and seived St. Raul's 
Church one year. 


On tlie 2Sth day of February, 1.S79, Kov. E. W. V.vwk 
assiiiiK'd Llie passtoral relation to the (•hnrcli, which \va:s hij^hly 
})U'asant and ])i'<ililahK;', and t'onlinued till the 14lh day of 
March, 1885, when hi« resignation took elVect. 

( )n the same day that Kev. lOrick's resiu'nation took ell'ect, 
]{ev. 1>. 1'^. Stultz was extended a call to the pastorate, whicdi 
lie accepted, and assnnied the duties of the (diarjic Apiil 1, 
ly.Sf), and continued as j)astor till soiiietinie in l.s'Jd. 

Hev. W. J. I'^mkey hecanic pastor of the church, and 
assumed his duties as such, N(jvcml)i'r I, 1<S!I(), hut owinii' to a 
unanimous call, sup[»orted !)}■ an inipressisc appi-al from the 
clunxdi at I'^lkliart, he tiMidered his it'si;ination, which was 
acci'|)ted l)y St. Taul's church, fJiily 1, hSOl, alter a pasloiate 
ol ciijlit months. 

Iicv. ('. ^\' . Pattec, u c lergymai\ of tlii' Radical United 
Hrethren church then served the church as a supply one year. 

In.lul}', lS'.t2, llev. J. JM . l)uslman, (he present incum- 
licnl, a mcnd>cr ol W il imlu'rL: S\nod, rrcci\cd and accepted 
a call to to the Middleliury charge, and assumed his duties a.^ 
pastor, Septemhcr 1, 181)1:!. The conareL!'ati(Ui l'(»i- a ((luntry 
village is large, and steadily growing in nund»t'rs and elli- 
ciency. The Sahhath school numher^ ahoiit one hundred, and 
is in a stale of de\elo[)ment . The mid-week seivices are 
healthy in tluur at tendance and interest. Tlui W'onuin's llonu; 
and [''oreigii iMission Society ludd regular monthly mei'tings 
which are attended with interest in that line of work. 

The Y. I*. S. (!. ]*]. hold regular ami interesting meetings. 
Mr. \V. II. Schrock, one of the most faithful sous of St. 
J'aul's chui'cdi, is now in his s^enioi' year in the .seminai'y, and 
will I'utei- the ministry in 18!*-). 


The present board of tlie cliiircli is composed ol' tlie fol- 
lowing otlieei'.s: Deacons, J. F. Nusbauni and G. W. Leh- 
nnm; elder, \'\ I'tielfer and J. W. IJalyeat; and ti'ustees, 1). 
('. llo^telter, J. Nusl)anni, and (i. \V . (ire,s<o. 

(Iriticr C'hnirh. — Ahont the year l<SI>0, Kev. d. (i. liiddh-, 
who was at that time ])astor of the La ( I rant;e charge, and 
residing at La '-range ('enter, eommeneed making week-day 
visits, and preacdiing in tlie evenings in what was then and is 
still known, as the '• ( J riner iieighhorlKM.d," t w(j miles sonth of 
the villagti of .M iddlelmry. The s(dio(d house in whleh hehegaii 
pi'eaehing soon became too small to accommodate the e\'('r- 
inereasing congregations, and as a imiltiM' of eonvenienei', the 
j)rea(diing ])lace was (dianged to the hugei' sehool house in the 
'' Kin'.-nydei' neighhoi'hood," abont lhre(t miles iiorlhwi-st oi' 
llie roniier phiee of meeting. llere the congiegat ion Wiir- 
shi|>eil till the i-omplelion of the ehnrcdi in the '"(Jriner nei;;h- 
bdrlhiod." The elmiTh was ergani/ed in .Ma\', iMil, by llev. 
,\ . ti. liiddle, in a liani at the leddenee ol' jiro. Lhili|) (liiiu'r 
(now dei'cased ). The farm and b;irn is now owiud by Mr. 
i)avid Nusbaum, and are near the ehnreh. 'I'he church, 
because (d' its (dose ))i'oximitv to the town, and there being m) 
Jjutheran (diureh in the village, reeeixed the namt' of the 
" INIiddlebury l']vangelical Lutheran Church." 

The organization was elfei-ted with 17 (diarter mendiers, 
nniny (d' whom wei'e (jutherans from IV'tinsyl vania and ( )hio. 
The form ol' constitution prescribed by the (b'ueral S\ nod 
l)ecame the fundamenlal law of the chuich. 

The present neat iind sidistanlial rramechurcli was erected 
in 1<S7.'), under the ellicient pastoral care of l»ev. ('. C.'askey. 
iu'V. II. \\'ells, the pioneer pasttn' (d' the Synod of Js'oi'thern 


Indiana, preached the dedicatory senuoii, and was ascii!^ted in 
tlie services by the jtastor and neiiihl)()ring- chji'gymen. Since 
its (M'ection the chnrcli lias nndergone iin|)r()ve)nents from time 
to time, until at llu; present it is Ihe neatest and most cozy 
house ol' worslii]) in the immediate community. 

'i'he most sensational event occunin;.;; within the hounds 
ol' tlie congregation, aud Tor thai mailer, witliiu the hounds (d' 
the entii'e chaige, was the celehrated dehate upon the mode ol' 
liaptism hetween liev. (iuinter, repi-esenting the Dunkard 
chui(di, and Kev. li. AVells, rcipresenting the LutluM'an church, 
'idle discussion was ludd in a heautit'ul grove, just south of 
where the' (Jrinei- (diur(di now stands. 'Jdie challenge was made 
l)y the Dunkaid people, and the pro[tosition \vas: 

'• Jiesolved, 't'liat immersion is the only valid ( hristiiui l!apt- 

Ikcv. (^uinter alliriued and IJe\'. W'l lis denied. It was 
ln'aulirid weather in tlie autumn of ]M)7. 'I'he o[)eninL:' id' the 
ciuile.-l \\a>iu ihe presence ol' an immeUM' llirongof piHijtle, 
whitdi increased rather than diminislu-d as the grt'al contest 
went on. Two days the battle lasted and waged more and 
moi'e inteiwsting to its vei-y close. iM'cry hearer was hd't to 
his own judgment as to the result, and as usual, every one 
h(d<l about the same opiinon aftei', as Ixd'ore the debate, only 
that lu' was more coidirnied in liis faith. Though this was 18 
years ago, there has Ixhmi no (dudleuge given nor received to 
<liscuss !)a])tism in this community since. The event still lives 
in the memoiy of th(^ older people in all its freshness and I'l'a- 

The c<nigregation is now lai'ge and in a pi'ospei-ous comli- 
tion. An interesting ami [)rogressive Sabbath s(diool i.s sus- 

M 1 1 )I)LEB U U Y r A S'i'C) 1{ AT 1', . 


taiiu'd winter and snninior, and a vijz'oi'oiis Y. V. R. ('. K. with 
40 in('nil»c'i's is d<jini;- ell'cctive W(nk in its lini; of operations. 
A lar;^e niajoiitv "I lli*' inenihcvship of liic ciuirch licino; activ(^ 
young i)t'o])l(^, the ouliook I'or the I'lituii^ cliui'cli is vciy hrij^lit. 

The pastm-s of llu' cliuich have iH'en — Kcv. .) . (i. IJiddle, 
Kcv. Iv S. K(.'('s, llcv. C. Caskcy, Kev. ,1. Shallcr, Uvv. K. 
W. Eiifk, lu'V. 1>. I'\ S;iiltz, Kev. W . d. Funkey, and Kev. 
('. ^V^ Palter, (supply) Kev. d. M. Dustman. 

'Idle present oilieers of the eliuieh are: Deacons — I). S. 
8(diroek and C'. W . Work; JChKis W. Iv Pence and d . Luke; 
and d'rustees — S. Haines, P. Pidlips and d. S(diwin. 

/S7. ,/r>/r/,'.s Church, Fish //(/Ar. The early sel tiers of the 
I'Msh Lakt; counti'y weic largely \'ir;^inians and <)liio pcopht. 
'I'hose IVoin N'^ir^inia wei'e Ironi tiie I'ainous Slunaiidoali Val- 
ley, and were; liv liirtli and rdui'ali(»n Lutlurans. 

h'ai'lv in I he hislory of the eoniniunity the Methodist 
people planteil a eliureh liei'e, and for want of any pro^pict (d' 
a eliureh ol their fallieo, the I.ulheiaii ideiiieiil in the neii;h- 
hoihood round a home with their ^letliodist I'lieiids. All went 
well, and the church })rospeied till the .summer of 18<)1, when 
tlic civil war became the all-ahsorhing theme of th(uiu,lit and 
discussion, ddie past(U' of the; (diureh, like many otheis of that 
day, ahandoiied preaidiinj^- the [;osp(d for jueachint;- jiolitics. 
His pulilic utterances were of the most radical and inci'iidiary 
type. Such expressimis as "all deiiKnuats are reliels," and 
''Southern peopli' are traitors, and deserve to he shot on 
sight," were not such expressi(jns as met an hearty approval 
from a community largely demo(;ratic, and a majority of whom 
wei'c from the State of \'^irginia. 

The church expostulated with tin; pastoi', and asked for 


till! gospel aixl not politics, but all to no purpose, his arraign- 
lueut of (leuioeiats and Southci-u jaopK', without any distiiic- 
tiou or ((ualilicatioii, still went on. 

'i'he i'()ngri'<;ati()n called a nuHitiiig an(] invited tlu^ ])astor 
to meet wit li them and make some explanation of his radical 
statements, as the whole communih' de>ired peace and good- 
will. This he refused lo do. At iher-ame meeting 44 persons 
aiii.Ked the wmd '> \\Mthdrawii " to their namew, and went out. 

The little hand of unorganized people, hy mutinil consi'id, 
secured (he pastoral labors u\' |{ev. J. J. Sclndt/., a l*resb\ier- 
iau nuiiistcr, who alter prt'aehing one year, left the lillle hand 
without an atlem|)t al an organization. 

In JfSOj!, the ne.xt yearallei- (he cXodus from the Metho- 
dist chur(di, Hcv. .1. <i. l>iddh-, a Lutheran minister, then 
residing at La <irange, and ser\'ing the newly (U'ganizcd con- 
gregations al ( i liiuMS ami iMillersburg, was invited to pieaeh 
I'or Ihem in their destit uti(Mi. d'he [>eople, especially lho>e old 
Lulhci;in> ot I he Slu'nandoah Wdley, hailed the ad\iiil o[' a 
(ii'Ui'ral S)iiod Lutheran mini>ler with ureat enlhu>iasm. 

Lnder the wise and [)ru(lent and conservat i vi; policy of 
liev. Liddle, tin; iulluenct! ol the [xdilical cyclone soon ))assed 
away, and under the (dear, blue skiivs of the sunimer (d' LSI)'.?, 
and in the same log (diur<di in whicdi the exodus from the 
Methodist (diurcdi had occiiired the \'ear pre\'i(tus, ^^t. flohn's 
Kvang(dical church was orgainzed \)X Kev. ,] . (». 
Biddle, with 44 ediarter menduus. .Xmong tlu' most t'onse- 
crated, devoted, and sidt-sacriticiug, and churcdi-loving peo])h! 
<d St. -Ldin's (diuridi, from the da\' of its organization do\sii to 
this wi'iting, we can nund)ei' these sanu; Virgiiua p(M)ple and 
their desceiidunts. 



After tlie organization oP the clmi'cli, Ilev. Riddle preached 
re^iihirly at this place in connection with the (Iriner and Alil- 
Icrshiirg chnrcln'.s, till he resigned the chiirge some nine or ten 
years later. 

\l(\\ Hi(hlle was ('(illowed hy Kev. 1*]. S. Rees, who re- 
mained only ahont seven months. liev. Ifees was followed by 
Kcv. (!. Caskey. In l.S7()-7, during the last years of Kev, 
Caskey's |)astorate, diiVerences and complications would arise 
helweeii the two chnrehes woishiping in the .^ime house. Then 
it was that the Lutheran people res(dved to huild a church- 
home (W their own , and late ill the fall of 1.S77 the structure 
was completed. |'::irly in 1S7.S, under I he pastoial can- of Kev. 
-lahe/, Sliall'er, the church was dedicated lo the service of the 
Triune (jod, as St. John's Evangelical Lulheran church of 
l''ish Lake. The dedicatory sermon was preached hy K'ev. S. 
A. Ort, of Springfield, Ohio, assisted hy K(^v. K. \\ Delo and 
a numher of neighhorinij,- pa-tors. 

This church is the laigol and the lin.'sl in the charge. 
r>uilt of hrick, with high and massive walls, .h)me(l ceilings, 
stained glass memorial windows, and furnished with an extra- 
ordinary bell and organ. Tin; church lias just been thoroughly 
and most beaut ifidly j)apere(l, with the, trimmings and pews 
varnished, which gives it an eidivening and cheei'fnl appear, 
ance. The church, as it now stands, is siipeiaor to any in the 
country about it, and many in I he suriounding towns. 

Kev. Shall'er resigned the cliuri'h after serving one vear, 
ami was folh)wed by Key. Iv W. h:rick, who took charge in 
February, 1879, and remained till in March. ISSo, 

Kev. li. F. Slultz assnmi'd the duties of the pastorate 
April 1, lS(Sr), and continued in its service till some time iji 



Rev. W. ,1. Fiuikey took char^^e of the claireli Noveiubor 
1, LS'JO, and rcsii^MHHl after a pastorate of eioht months. 

Kev. C. W. Pattee, a minister of the Radical Dnited 
Brethren church, took ehariie of the ciiureh as a supply, iol- 
Jowin*,'' Kev. Funkey, and rt'iiiained six months. 

lu'V. J. iM. Dustman, the |)resfnt incumheiit, a mend)er of 
WitlenlnMo- Synod, reeci\n-d anti aeeeptt-d a call to the .Middle- 
bury chari,^e, and assumed the duties of |)astor of St. John's 
church September ], 1892. 

The iiiend)ei'ship of the churcii has, in nx-ent years, been 
^M-eatly impaired throuw;h rennivals of .dd and youni^Miut of the 
coMimunily. 'Vlu'w. is still a fair active mend)ership, with 
many friends and adherents. .\n inicr.'.-tini|- Sabbath s(dio(jl 
is \v(dl sustained. The present (/ilicers (.f the chai-ch are: 
I)<'ac(ms - II. S\vin(diaif and .\. ]<]. l'r.,iioh; JOldm-s -.John 
Lnt/. and Samuel Sho\valt.-r; Tru.-tecs -d. ('. Carlston, II. 
Swiiichai't and AT. < ioodyc'ar. 

\'i.-hila Chnrcli. The church at \'i.-tii!a had ils incip- 
leiicy in occasional preaidnno- in a scliool, threi- miles 
east of the villai^e, where a few families of Lutherans iuid 
located. Ifevs. Bartholomew ami d. N. Harnett, when servim-- 
the White Piireon charge- as pastors, IVe(piently visited the 
•conimuinty and i)reached to the people. 

Previous lo the year l8(i!>, Pcv. d. C. Piddle commenced 
[.reachini;- rcoulai'ly in Vistula, in connection with the (Jriner, 
l-'ish Pake and Millersbiir-' (diurches, already oriiani/.ed. On 
the eighth day of iAfarch, iNC.i), Pev. Piddle organized the 
church in the village school house, in X'istula, with twenty-six 
chai'ter members. 

Inimediat(dy after the (U-gani/.ation of the ch urcdi, the 



heroic little ])an(l, stimulated by tlie courage of tlicii- faithful 
pastor, went to work in earnest to liuild a honic in wliicli to 
worship, 'riiouaii poor in this worhl's goods, yet I'ich in faith, 
they worki'd with /.eal and in hannonv, and they soon found 
tluMusc'lves in possession of a neat and ccjinfoi-tabie fi'aine 
l)uilding, free of encumherance. 'i'he (hite ol' the dedication 
of tlie chiircli could not he learne<l, hui it occurred in ;i ica- 
soiKible time afliT the organization of the churcdi. Ilev. R. 
F. Delo, preached the dedicatory sermon, being assistt-d hy 
the pastor and neighboring ministers. In 1898"'4, imj)rove- 
jnents in the way of reseating, refurni.-hing, pa])ering and 
and painting the house to the value of i^'ZiH), has made it one 
of tin; most charming and cozy churches of the community. 

The congregation is n(jt large in the sense of numbers, 
but in the sense of a working church, faithfulness to <luty, 
and a consciousness of its obligations, it stands in the i'ront 
I'aidcs witli much more imposing cnnL;reL!,ations. 

.\ Sabbath school, though not. large in numbers, yd 
faithful and earnest, with an unusual large per ct'ut. of the 
older members of the church as regular attemlants and work- 
ers, is regularly in session, winter and summer. 

The "Jlelping Hand " society, a society of tlu; ladies of 
the church, having for its object the a(lvaucemeiit of the soiual 
ami financial interests of tlu' churidi, and most heartily su])- 
poi'ted by the male mend)ers, has fully demonstrated its useful- 
ness, in nniking a success of everything that comes within its 
province. This congi'cgation has sent one young man into the 
gospel ministry, Ilev. W. M. Ilabey, who is wow serving his 
lirst year, as pastor of a (diurch in Illinois. 

The ])astors of the churcli have been; Hev. J. ('. iJiddle, 


llev. E. S. Rees, Rev. C. (Jaskey, Rev. J. Hluiffer, Rev. E. 
W. Erick, Rev. B. F. Stiiltz, Rev. W. J. luiiikey uud Rev. 
C. \V. l^ittee, (supply) Rev. J. M. Dustman. 

The i)resent ofHeer.s of the church are: Deacons, .1. B. 
Hahey and S. tS. Zook. H]hh'rs, J. !>. Ilahey, Joseph Lech- 
ner and R. Brinin<ier. 


Up to the annual meeting of the Synod in the year 187!) 
the charge known by the above Jiame consisted of the church 
in INlillersburg and three congregations now in connecticui with 
the IMiddlebury pastorate. At that meeting a [)etilion was pre- 
sented by the joint council of the pastorate asking that the 
congregation in Millersbui-g be i)laced to the Salum charge, and 
that the name be changed from ]\rillersl)urg to I\ri<ldh-bury 
pastorate. This riMpust wa> granlt'd. In the viar I.Sil'J ihe 
Sah'Ui congregation was scpai'atcd from the rt'st of the charge 
known by the same name, and formed a separate jjastorate. 
To avoid confusion the remaining cliii relies were recorded on 
the minutes of Synod as comprising the " Millersbui-g i)astoi-- 
ate," although no oHicial action appears for such change. 
The next yeai' the C(mgregation was restored to the charge 
again, but the pastorate continued to be known as tht' Millers- 
burg ami not the Salem ])astorate. With tiiis change the [vMi- 
torate appears now on the recoi-ds of Synod and seems to be 
adoi)ted by common consent both by the people <yf the charge 
and the mendjcrs of the Synod. It is now composed of four 
congregations with a c(jnd)ined membcrsliip of about KiO. 



They are widely separated and for this reason they iiave had 
lunch irreguhir service, one congregation being siipjdied at 
times l>y one man and anotlier hy another man, and the same 
reason may be given for the lack of records from wliicli to write 
a complete history of the different congregations. It lias also 
caused Iretpient vacancies to occur and tiiese have l)een detii- 
mentai to its best interests, lint they ai'e n(jw consolidated 
and are working togetlier harmoniously for the accomplishment 
of one great end. Their history henceforth will be a unit as it 
is the determination that they shall be served by the same 

The Ivutheran church in Millersl)urg was organized in 
June, 185(), by JJev. A. 11. Scherer. in the fall of the same 
year its constitution was ])resented to the Synod and approved 
and received as a part thei'eol'. riny woishij)ed in a school 
house until the summer ol' 1857 when a church was build by 
Kev. ,1. (;. Biddle, and dedicated -January 5, 1858. Ivev. II. 
\\'ells assisting I he pastor in tiie ih'dicatory .-ervit-es. The 
church was christened as St. /V/rr'.-;. 'IMie Salem congregation 
was organized March 2, LST)!!, by llev. John (i. Biddh', with 
eleven charter members. During- the next few years the con- 
gregation grew in numbers and etHcicncy, and in 18()() prepaia- 
ti(jns were made to build ii house of worship. It was dedicatiMl 
the first Sunday in October, 18H]. 

The I law Patch congregation was organized l'\;bruary 1), 
1855), with seven charter nicnd)ers, by Kev. .1.0. Biddle. I>^or 
several years they worshii)ed in the school house known as 
" Imlependent." Under the faitlifnl ministry of Rev. iiiddle 
the congr(!gation continued to grow and the need of a church 
home was deeply felt. An effort was made to i-aise funds for 



the work aiul it proved'ul. Tlii- clmri'h (.(liHei' was 
hiiih and .solemnly dedicated several yeais latei-. 

In the eaily |)arl of l^t)7 lav. d. W . IVIillei-, then jireaeh- 
ing- in the soiitlieni part ol' Nolde ('onnly. Indiana, lell an 
appointment to preacdi in the ^ehool house al ('romwill. .\t 
this meetiiiii,- he asked and rcerivi'd permi>sion to h(dd a series 
ol' meetinji's there. A iran^rmeiit.> weic made and the meetings 
held, at th(! elose oi' \\hi(di he oi'gani/.cd iMartdi 2, kStiT, the 
Cruinwc/l Lut/uiudi ('/mri'h. The little hand immediat(dy set 
to Work to secure a housi- of worshiji. The small amouni <>( 
m<mev secured was iiivesteil in hnuhei-, which was heing dried 
for tin; use of huihiing when it caught liic and all was con- 
sumed. The hopes of expectant worshiper.-^ w<re huried in the 
ashes (jf the nuilerial fin>m which the\' thought to erect a neat 
chapel. \>[\\ they were not dead. .\ fair hree/.e fanned them 
into llames and soon they were at woik again [u relrie\e iheir 
loss. .New lundxi- was secured and h\ lh<' approacdi of winter 
ihc huilding wa> enclo>cd, and in dids . ISl'i.s, it was solemnly 
deilicatcil to ihi' service of (iod. Kev. M illcr continued his 
lalxus for ahoiit two v*;ii>' :i'id was then -lU'ceetled l)y Kev. d. 
(t. Jii(hlle. It is impos-iltle to give the dates covering the 
labors of the various nnnistei's of this pastorate. The follow- 
ing have served eithei- a pait or the whole of this (duirge at 
dilVereiit times and for varying periods mostly Iti'ief: Revs. 
Cather, Delo, llolVman, Millei-, IJarnett, C'askey, Douglas, 
Jicathers, Howen, Waltinau, Shaller, l>iddle, llerr<dd and /iin- 
beck. This sketch is very im|)erfect, but foi' no lack of (dfort 
to ascertain the facts. The (duirge nee<ls a more settled minis- 
try. Tt contains some »d' the vei-y best peoj)le in this Synod, 
and with a united etl'ort of the congregations it wdll soon ris(; 


. - , 

MISS I, II. I.IAN llol |.'.\l AN. \ii;s. A. I.K \ri I K i:.--. 

\li;s. A. IIII.KKIM. MKS. I'JIII.ll' KA\, M i;S. K. W . KKICK 

.MISS DAISY K\V. MltS. li. K. STC l.'l'/. 

NoHi'H MAN('iii:sri:it I'astouati: 


to a (•oii^^|)icii(iii> |)(j.<lti<)ii amoiii;' tlir pastorates with wliich it is 
syijodically (•oiiiU'cli'd. Kcv. Ziiuheck lias hccii |ia>loi' a little 
iiioic ilian one year and the I'esults u[' his eaniesi hihm's are 
alr(,'ady manil'i'.-l. The outlook is lio])erul and blcs-i'd ihinLjs 
will lie attained and enjoyed in the not distant Inlnic. 


Zkjii I'J'Uiiii/vlicid Lutlitidii CliKrch, Nijiili Miijirlie--<t)'r, 
hid. I'lior lo l(S-l(l the Few Lutheran jieople who ri\-idtd in 
ami neai- North .Mamdieslei- had iieilher an ori^anizal ion nor 
]ilaee to \\or.-hi|i. In ihe >]irin;j, id' l.Nlli, IU:\. .1. 11. ()li\ir, 
(d i)ayl<in ()hi.i. then a youn^ man jnst heiiinninL; in ihe 
l^nlheran ministry, came west and located in North .Mam hes- 
ler. Tiie .-ame -priny he ori^ani/.ed the J.ntheran cdiiiiidi hi're. 
llmhi||di r.i(d^el and family, lu iihen Smilh and wife, dnhn 
Shauherl . Si, . :(iid wife, John Shanherl, Jr., John \\'aL:ner, 
John h'redeii( Iv , Daniel Shanheil, and a few olluis eonsli- 
Inled ihe nu'inhei's of the orgaid/ation, which took place Mav 

2,s, i,s-i(;. 

Services were ludd in private Inuises and .smdi pulilic 
places as could be secured during' the siiiniiu'i' and winter. 

In the fall of 184(), active measures were taken to ert'ct a 
house of worship. Most oi' the money was raised during this 
year foi- said, and in the fall the house was lieiiiin, and 
linished in the following;- spiinj^-. The house was a one story 
frame structure, located on south side of Main street, west of 
Market. Size 34x44 ft. Cost $1000. In Novemher 1847 
it was dedicated for Diviiu' worship, by the pastor IJev. J. 13. 



Olivt'i- assisted hy Ivevs. A. 11. JMycrs and \U\y:h Wells, of 
ludianai)()]is. These hiu.'tliren came here on iiorse hack, a 
diatan('e of one luindi-ed ajid ten miles. 

Kev. Olivei' conliniied as pastor aliout two and one-liall' 
yeais, during which time the ehureh [jrospered and the nieni- 
l)ershii) j^reatly increased. 

lu'V. Oliver was succeeded hy Kev. I'\ 'remplin m l.'S.jO, 
who contiiiueil as pastor I'or ahont two years. 

His successoi- was K'ev. llui.di Wells. |{ev. AN'ells served 
this congrei^^ation in eounection with the ('olunil)ia City 
churcdi from the spriufr of ]6fy2 to the sj)rin<^- of IM.')!), when 
lie tendered his i-esignation. (In 18r>r) a l)ell was put on the 
(duirch, costinji: $\2i^).) 

.May 1, 18r)i), llev. P. S. Nellis was called as pastor, and 
sei'ved the chuch one yeai'. June 1(1, l.S()(), i;,.v. (J. W. 
Wilson took (diarjit' of the couuregation and continued as 
pastiu- until! ill health caused him to rc^ii^n in the .-prinu' ol' 
1S71. I >uriiii;- K'ev. W ilson 's pasliuatt' he spent more llian a 
year in taking up some additional studies at c(dh'we duriiiii- 
which time Kev. Levi Ki(;e su]»plie(l ihe couiiregation. 

Kev. II. Wells became pastoi' of this church a second 
time July 2o iS71. He seived the Silver Laki- church in 
connection with this for sevt'ial years, also a country chuicli 
east of town tor Some time. Kev. Wells i-esijj;ned ,]u\\v •"), 
1881, after beiiii^- pastor ten years; ])ut he c((utinue(l to prtach 
a few months for the people until his successor was elect('d. 

Kev. 1']. I). Snuth became the next pastor S(;pt. 11, 1S(S1. 
80011 after Kev. Smith began his work heic, jjastor and mem- 
bers coinmeiiced the agitution of a new and nnjie commodious 
church buildin<f. 



The old cluii'ch, which had served a good })uri)ose for 
tliirty-tive years, was now deeiiKnl inadequate to the needs and 
times, so a new huihlinu,- seemed to he wluit was needed. In 
the spring- of 1882 a l)uilding committee was appointed, con- 
sisting oi' ])ros. J. F. Kichholtz (Jporgc AV. Kichholtz, Louis 
Petry, J. J. N'aidenei'e, i\[icliael Ilemm and a few otiiers as 
advisoiy memhiTs, and the erection ol' a liouse of worship was 
commenced. Thi- cornei- stone was laid in Novend)ei', 1882. 
Ivev. 11. Wells and K. D. Smitli oHiciating. \Vork continued 
on the new huilding, and in the fall of 18HI) the house was 
iinished and dedicated by tlii' lUv. Dr. S. A. On, of Sj)ring- 
Held, Ohio. The church is a one story hrick stnu-ture with 
stone trimmings, 80 x 45 feet, \vith a hell tower I (i feet sqiuire 
in front center ahoui 100 feet high, the wlioh' huilding 
covered with slate. The inside walls and ceiling are Jiicely 
frescoed; the windows of importtul ground glass; the furniture 
hamlsomc and complete; the huihling heated hv fiii-uaces and 
lighted hy elccliicily . 

The cost id" the building, eX(dusiv(!of grounds, was some- 
thing over (1^10,000) ten thousaiul dollars. It is the second 
largest ami finest church in this Syn )d. 

After serving this church foi- about five years, Rev. E. D. 
8n)ith resigned and ai;cepted a call to St. Paris, Ohio. The 
cduirch then I'emained without a pastor for a year. In June 

1887, Key. O. W. INTaggart was called as pastor, antl served 
the church for one year and three months. His successor was 
Rev. W. ,J. Funkey, who began his work here November 1, 

1888. In connection with this he served the St. I^eter'.s 
church, eight, miles east of North Manchester, which had been 
added to the charge by action of Synod. Duiing Uev. Fun- 



key'.s iiiini.stratioii, lie riuccet'dcil in raising- sevoM'al liundred 
dollars toward li(|iiidating the indebtedness (jn the chnreh 

l!e\. !''nnke,y resignefl the charge ( Ictoher 17, J8!)(). after 
sei'vinif iheni I'or ahont two years, and acce}>ted a call tl^ 
Middlehnry, FJkhail county, to which place he moved Noveni- 
l)er, 1, LS9(). 

In l''el)rnai')', 1891, the |n-esent pastoi-, i{ev. [). A. Knhn. 
rcceisc'd a call tolliis (dmrch, and alter some corre^iiondence 
acce|>led. lie \isited and j)i'ea(du(l a few times after this, and 
OH April 1, ISDl, moved here with his fannly, entered npoii 
the Work as pastor, and is now sei'ving his lonrth year among 
thi.- ])eople. r)ni-ing these years as pastor, nniny valiuihle 
accessions have heen nunle to the nn'ml)e),--liip, and not a few 
lost to the ( hnrcdi l)\' death and removal. An old indehled- 
ness of ahont seven hnndreil dollars was paid oiV, the wli(ile 
andit'irinm newly caipetcd, and otherwise * inipro\ed and 
lieautilied, all of which impioN'ements weie paid for li\- the 
Ladic- Mite Societ)' and the \'oiing People's Lntlier Alliance. 
Mi's. I). \. Kuhn, Supt. Sunday School, ( '. II. I'dook, A.-.'-ist. 
JinI one person a mend)cr of the (diundi now wdu) was in the 
organi/.ation in 18-1U, viz. Mrs. Louisa \\'agoner. 

The ))resent council is composed of the f(dlowing: KIders — 
J(din 1"'. iMchholtz, rK)hn Naher, \Vu\. l\ Macey; Dcacon.s — 
(J. II. I'^look, (jcorge HecLer, Ahm-r llce((;r; Trustees- I). 
(nnther, M. I)., J. F. I^:ichholt/,, Abner Heeler. 

.S7. J'etcr.-^'g Church. — \u 18451 a few eariu'st faithful 
(Christians of the Lutheran faith lived in this m'ighi)oi- 
hood, I)ut had neithei- paator, organi/.ation nor place (d* wor- 
ship. Dni'ing this year, Kev. Peter Ilauck living in ()hio, 



:iii(l quite ;ij:'i'<l, \v;is iiivilcil ti) (•(iiuc ;iiii())ig tlli^ [)0O[)le and 
prcacli foi' lliciii, ]\cv. llauck ami liis wilt' weie given a 
lionic in part of a cabin owned liy one of tlu' nienil>er.>. 
Tliougli inj regular organization was cnV'cled lor some time, 
yet .laeol) Myei's and Danitd l-'ausl acteil as elders, (Jeorge 
I'^'ance and -laeoli Wetters as deacons. Kev. Hauck i'emain(;d 
with them until IS.")], when lieeause of old age he ceased his 
lahoi's. l''oi' a year or moi'e ihev had no preaching, save an 
occasional sermon from avi>iling preachei-. In 1 (S53 a regular 
organization wa> ell'ecled, under the auspices ol' the (ierman 
iJerornu'd (diurch, and called the deiusalem congregation, hut 
I'or sevei'al yiars had no regular pastor, yet they had their 
stated times id' worship. 'Idie following persons con.-liluled 
the (diai'tei' nu'inbers of the organization; ilenry Bolingeraml 
wife, Anthony liolinger and wife, Ilenry Jloneiistiue and wife, 
(Jeovge ..Slussei' and wife, Benjamin Slusser, Samuel lvuid<le 
and wife, Ijcvi and Noah Ivunkle, Michael I.engley and wife, 
( J eorge l''ram'c and wife. 

Idiey worshii)ed for se-veral years in a school hou.s(! two 
miles east of tlieir present iocatitni. In ISi)!! they undertook 
the erection of a (diurch huilding. The mendicMship lieing 
small, with hut little money, l)ut with nnudi iiuergy and de- 
termination, succt'ede<l in eix'cting a log huilding 20 x 80 feet 
o\\ the nortlnvest corner of ihe-Iuhn l*\ink farm, the same yeai'. 
'This house wa.s huiU by volunteer laboi- and donated luinbei- 
and timber, and mimed the l"'unk church. Ki'V. IMiilip JJaker 
was their second regular pastor. He to(dc charge of the little 
Hock in 185!:> and continued as its spiritual she))herd f(jr 14 
years. lie also taught and catechised their ehildi'en. Up to 
the close of Kev. Baker's ministration, whi(di was in l.SdrS or 


18Gi) all the services were in the (Terimui language. Kev. 
John Kissell was the next pastor in 1872, who served them 
i'aithi'ully for two years in (ierinan and English and greatly in- 
creased the mend^ership of the church. 

Ife was succeeded by Kev. John Miller as pahtor, who 
continued For four years. Dui'ing this time the name of the 
organization was changed from that of Reformed to Evangeli- 
cal Lutheran. Rev. A. Leathers became the next j)astor and 
served them acceptably for several years in connection with 
the Kbcniiard cliurch. During Rev. Ijcather's pastorship a 
new building was com|)leted and dedicated to take the place of 
the log church which had served them as a place of worship 
for 85 years.* The new building is oi' brick with stone trim- 
mings, 18 ft. ceiling, well (inislu'd within and surmounted liy 
a 400 lb. bell. Tiie size of building is 40 x (50 ft. It was 
<ledica(e(l in Septendx-r, 1(S82, Father Wells assisting Rev. 
Leatlieis in the services. The church, costing §4,000, was all 
paid lor bei\)ri' the day (d" dedication. The building ci)nimit- 
tee consisting of Thomas Holinger, Henry llonenstine and 
George Hanover (Lutherans), with Jacob Early and .Jacob 
Shoemaker (German l^aptisls'), as the latter had some interest 
iu the church and occasionally held service there. Rev. 
Leathers was called as pastor the second time and resigned fin- 
ally about 1886. ITj) to this time this organization formed a 
[lart of a charge in Huntington County. Fn Novend)er, 1888, 
Rev. W. J. Kunkey became pastor of this church in connec- 
tion the Manchester church, giving one Sunday in each month 
to this church. He served them for about two years, during 
which time quite a number was added to the membership. 

*The name of the church was changed from Funk's to St. 




llev. Fiiiikey was succeeded by tlie present pastor, Rev. 
D. A. Kuhn, wlio took charge in A))ril, 1891, and is now 
serving tlieni the I'ourtli year. During this time, ])esi(U^s some 
valuable accessions to the menibei'shi|), increased attendance 
and large Sunday Hchool, the church building has been hand- 
somely ])apered and varnished within anil painted without, 
besides other im})rovements of an external kind. This is the 
largest and most complete church in that section of country. 
The ])resent officers are Thomas Bolinger and ( leorge Hanovei', 
(elders); Jacob Schwartz and Abraham Keel, (deacons); Wil- 
liam Wetters, sr., dohn Kberhard and Thomas liechtold, 
(tiustees); William Wetters, (Su])t. Sunday School). 

The oidy surviving membfrs of the oigani/.atii)n are 
Ileni-y Ilonenstine, Anthony ]i()ling(;r and wile, and Michael 
I^engle and wife. 


Originally this formed a pait (d' the C'amtlen charge. 
The division was made January 1, 1878, when the two congre- 
gations known as Mt. Fingdh and Ehenczer were separated 
from the rest of the pastorate. It was a mutual agreement, 
both sides willing to have the division made in order to lessen 
the burdens of the pastor and to give opj)ortunity to occujiy 
several new points which needed attention. Kev. d. L. Guard, 
wdio was in charge of the entire work chose the new pastorate 
and immediately entered upon his duties there. Up to this 
time the pastors who served these two congregations were the 
same as those whose names appear in the history of the Cam- 
den charge. 



'IMio Ml. J'i'<(/ali cougregat i(jn was ori^auizcd A iiniist 2S, 
1852, by Rev. S. iMcKeynold with twenty-iiiiu' rluirttn- iiu'iii- 
l)ei>. I^^or several yeai's the service.s weiv held in private 
residences and ill •• the old plank scdiool house." During the 
niinistiy of Kev. S. P. Snyder, in tlie yfar IS")*.), the chureh 
ediliee was i)iiilt. It is a frame suiicture and still serves tiie 
congregation as its plaee of worship. Mort' than one hun- 
dred nienihcrs were achled during l{e\'. Snydei-'s ministry. 

The Ehcnczi'.f c-hureh is situated two miles south ami two 
miles west of the (;ilv of Logansport, in one of the liehest 
ugriculturul eoiumunities in the State. It is a hejiutiful hriek 
building and rnlly a<lapt(;d to such services as tin- entire eom- 
munit\ (-(juld desir(\ The eongregati(Ui is numerically weak 
and always has been eomparati vidy so. 'i'lie organi/atiou of 
the. eluirch in I jogansixnt drew I'lom it some (d' it> best lani- 
ilies, thus ilepleting their ranks. It ha> been i'uithei- weak- 
ened by a hudv (jf regulai' -ervices during the past ti\'e years 
and the [)ie>enl nundier.-hip i> small, loil with a good church 
building, with solne .-tauneh, lirm and devoted mend'ei>, and 
with a eoinmunity now ''white unto the harxcst'" it needs only 
some eonseerated ministi'r of the word to establish it lirndy 
and to make it a mighty power for the cause of Christ. 

The Ml. Olive Chitrcli is situated in the village of West 
SoiU)ra. It was oi'gani/ed by Uev. ,1. L. ( iuard, Marcdi 2(1, 
I88U. A convenient frame church was built during the fall 
and winter of 1880, and was dedicated danuary 2, 18.S1, the 
pastor being a.ssisted in the dedicatory services by Hev. S. U. 
IJainitz. JVIore than oiu; hundred and lifty members were 
added to the church during Ilev. (iuard's ministry. 

The ,S7. I'anr^ Church was built in ISSO. It i.> a neat 


\ '-\.,^ 




I I r 




M i:,,\ 11 , (..'(I.NSTAN 11 M.;. 

~i'KN('ioi;\i I.I.I';. 

.^T. I'K'rKK's, \()l;'lll \lA.\CIIi;.-^'rEk 



brick sti'iictiirc and is sitiiutcd in Lilieily to\vu^<Ili|), C!a^5.s 
comity, Indiana, witldn two luilet^ of the Khcnczer tdiurcli. 
lis (dose pi'oxiinitv to tiic city ot Lo;i,'ans|)ort, has been the 
means of roiisidcrabh' loss, \'ery tew niend)ers remain, and 
liavini;- sn(di a biuiU'd tirhl ihei'*- is very small Impe of the 
eon^rei^ation being again bnill np. 

These tonr ehnrches compose this pastcji'ate and ihey all 
coutiiuied to ])rosper under the taithtul nniiistry of Jiev. ( iiiard. 
Tit' was instrumental in building three of the chui-ches, and in 
adding large niimliers to the membership. He resigiu'tl Sep- 
tcMuber 11, IS,S!), and was succeeihil by Rev. (i. V. ^^''alke^•, 
-June 1, |.S!)0. Wv eoiitinucd in a prolitable ministry to 
Decend)er I, l.S'Jl, and was followed May 1, I.sUl', by [Uv. 
'V. A. Tattee. His health tailing he was torceil to rernnjuish 
the licld <in the lirst id' ( )ctober of the same year. Kev. JMiiil 
Shultz sujiplied tlu' eongi'egations for thi'ee months during 
the sumiiiir of ISlU. The pa>torate is at pre-ent vacant, but 
i> de.-ri'ving (d' a :^ood, laithfut minister. There arc lieh 
prondses for its future, anil initler a .-ctllctl nduisiry lluy will 
unfold into a glorious reality. 


In the village of Sharpsville, Luliana, resided f(U' some 
time diii-ing the last years of his life the Kev. A. II. Scluuer. 
Ill' had long been interested in the establishment of a Lutlnuan 
church ther(!, and it was directly thiiuigh his influence that 
such W(U-k began. He gathered those interested and on March 
2o, lS(S(t, organized St. Peter's Kvangelical Lutheran church. 


A very comfortable brick chapel \v;i!S built at an expense of 
about one tliou.sand dollar,^ for the congregation. But the 
ditticvilt}' of «Mpj)lying it with regular services at once presented 
itself. No othei' Lutheran church wiis near enough with which 
it could be connected. Rev. Scherer had already advanced to 
such age that it was impossible for him to minister to their 
needs and the result was that from the \ei'y beginning they had 
irregular services. Rev. Kulnish, oil the United J^rethren 
church, became intei'esled in the congregation and rendered 
them invaluiible servicx'. At the annual meeting of Synod in 
1890 he was received into the ministry of the Jjutheran church 
and subsequently became pastor of this congregation. During 
the summer of 1891, Rev. Ellis R. Rurgess, a student of tin; 
Theological Seminary at Gettysburg, supj)lied the congregation 
with gratifying results. Subse(juently Rev. Rubush served 
the congi'egation in connection with his work as a practicing 
physician, but he has found it necessary to relinquish his pul- 
pit labors iind the congregation with hss than lift}' members is 
now vacant. The members hope that Synod will push the 
work of organizing in Kokomo, and that the two points may be 
connected and served by one man. It is worth the ell'ort and 
there should be no delay, as it would doubtless soon result in 
the establishment of a good charge. 




This piistorale is at j)rc.sent coinposcd of three coii;^' lega- 
tions and has a comljiiieil iiieiiil)ershi|) of ahoiit one liundred. 
Although iheir nninhers are small they are an excellent and 
devoted i)eo[)le. 'I'he oldesl congreizal ion is in the village of 
Silvt'i' liake. It was organized \i\ Hev. (I. AV. Wilson, pastor 
of tlie Lutheran eliuich in Nortli Manidiestei', l'\'ln-uai'y 15, 
l(S(;o, with eighteen charter inend)ers. Kev. Wilson had 
preacdied Tor the few Tjiitlieruns that were located there every 
two weeks Tor ahoiitsix months prior to the organization. The 
congregation became a i)art of the North .Mancdiester charge 
and was served i)y its pastois. There was a gi'adual increase 
in the nuMnhership and in all the work of the churcii. J)itH- 
ctilfv was ex})t'rience<l in not having a church home. The 
congregation worshipped in the church of the I'liiled l^rethi'en 
in rhri>l fr()m the lime ol' its organization until ihe year 1(S()7. 
For aliout one year theii- services were held in the school build- 
ing. Denied thi' use oi this building they decided to erect a 
house of theii- own. A })hiin unpi'Ctentious building was 
ei-ected at a cost of about ^7()(», and was dedicated to the wor- 
ship of the Triune (jrod. Hev. H. W(dls assisted the pastor iu 
the dedicatory services. In the yeai- 1(S79 the congregation 
was separated from the North Manchester ]>astorate l)y the 
action of the Synod. 1^'or a short time the congregation was 
sui)plied by Hev. II. l>i-adley, a licentiate of the Synod of 
Northern Indiana. fn June, l.S.SO, Rev. -I. J. Purcell, a licen- 
tiate of Synod, was regularly I'alled as pastor. They pledged 
him a salary of |225. N(jt disheartened at this meagre sup> 

1 90 


j)()i-t lie tliri'W into the work all the ciieiuA' of his voiiiiu ainl 
devoted life. Alioiit four miles in llie coimtis' tluM'e was a 
congregatitin helongiiiii to t he ( u'linan lu'i'onned dendmination. 
It could not l)e readied hy any pashir of ihcir own ehnieh and 
was not able lo siij»port a ininistcr ainiic. luw i'liiiHli wcnl 
llicre and preached so ai'cejiialdy Id them that ihcv I'liiiam-d 
liini as their |)a.stor. IJe j)reached For them evei'v two wcek.s 
in the afternoon. 

In aiiot her (lii-ecdioii I'lom the villauf there resided Sf\'cral 
worthy ramilies o1' the Lulheran laitli who de-ii'ed |n-eachin>i 
in a neiiiiihoriiiLi; school housi'. Ilcv. I'lircell heyan pieai'liinL;' 
there. These ramilies IVnined ihe nucleus For a new or_L;ani/.a- 
tioii wliiidi was elVecled a l\ w moid lis later. On I he 'iOlli uF 
November, liScSI, tlu-y (le(licale(l a very c(ijnlorlal)h' hrick 
(diiirch, l{ev. I>r. Ihdwi^' assi.'jlini;' t lie pastor in ihc services. 
The chiiri'h cost aliont ;? 1,^^00. This congicLiat ion is known as 
Sniifli Plfii!<i_iiit. These Iwo poiiit,> added CMii-ideralile >lrenulh 
til ihe pa-loiale. The Sil\er Lake t-hiirch \\a> also ^real !>• 
Iilosed and slren^lheiied during luv. I'nrceirs inini.-liv. lie 
resigned Movi'inher 1, 1(S(S:^, Inr the purpose (d' coiil iniiing- his 
studies in lln' Tlleolo^•ical Seminary at S|)iini;iiidd, ()hio. 

For more than a year Ihe pastorale was siip])lied by Kev. 
II. Wells, cd' North Mamdiester. In May, \^K}, a call was 
extended to lii'V. 1>. V\ . M. Slieech'r, who had just gi-adiiated 
from the Theological Seminary. Diu'iiig his ministry the (ler- 
iiiaii Kerorm congregation was reoi'ganized and a<lo])ted the 
constitution of the Lutheran church. It is now knijwn as Ht. 
Mitttlieivs. By action of the Synod it was received and made 
a part of the Silver Lake pastorate. The church wa.s remod- 
elled and enlarged during -Rev. Sheeder's ministry, which 



Cdiitiimed :i little iiioi'i; tliuii two year.^. Mev. Iv ^^'. l*h-ic-k 
suc(;('t(l('(l Kcv. .ShtMHlcr in a brief hiil siumh'SsI'liI pa.stdvate ol' 
about two years, and he was followed by Ili'V. 15. I'\ Stultz 
(.luiini; \s hose niinisliy the chiirches were continualh blesse<l. 
After his resiuiiation IJev. N . .1 . Myers was eaUed ;ind his 
^vork continued until April 1, 1M1)4. Kev. A. .). l)(iUL;las 
iinint'diatt^ly took up the work where his piedecessor had laid 
it down, and under his faithful eare the ehurches (-(jnlidtintlv 
ex|)ect lariic and jjlorioiis blessin^^s from the hand of the Lord. 

S 1 ' K* FNCi F [ FA A) V A S1'( ) 1 { A T K . 

["'oruK'rly this was a part of the Speii(;ei-\ille cbai'Lie, and 
its history is tln^re given up to the lime of the divi-^ion. At 
present it is composed of four conureiiat ions with a cond)ined 
iMember-lii|t of one liundi'ed and liflv. The .S''//r/;( eoii'_:reL:a- 
(ioii \s as orLiani/ed 1)\ \\r\ . Win. Wail man Sepiendier "_'.'), l(Sr)lf, 
with thirteen ehailer members. l''or H\'e years lliey worsluped 
in a school iiouse at which time it was decideil to build a 
church. AVork soon eomnu-nced and on the "Avd of October, 
1858, the new building was dedicated free of debt by ive\'. \V. 
Waltniau, assisted by Kev. lSU)aii of the East Ohio Synod. It 
is located in Spriiigliehl 'ro\vnship, Allen ('oiintv, Ind. This 
church was handsomely repaired during the pastoiatt' of IJcv. 
E. \\ . Erick. The lUirnrtt Ohapel is sitmited in Milan Town- 
ship. It was organized by IJev. li. !'''. Hills January 7, 1<S()4, 
with twenty charter members. The congregation worshiped in 
school InMises until 1878, at whicdi time a neat and convenient 
cluip(d was built. It was dedicated l)y Kev. E. \\ . Erick, 


assisted by Jievs. J. N. Barnett, A. J. Douglas and Jabez 
Slmtl'er, iSopteinber 14, 1873. The Erirk Cliapel whieli is 
located in Oedar Creek TowJiship, began its history with twelve 
members. It was organized by Itev. C C. tSiidc Septendjer 25, 
18G(i. Worshij) was maintained in a seliool house uiili! 1(S75, 
when the ])astor, Krv. K. W. Kriek, called a meeting oi' the 
I'ongregation Tor the jiurpusc of c()nsi(h'i-iiig th(! advisability of 
building a church. It was decided to build, and in the month 
(d' Septembei', 1875, the new sti'ucture was dedicati'd to the 
\V(jrsliip oi" Almighty (\od. The pastor was assisted in the 
dcdicat(jry sei'vices by Revs. J. N. Harriett and B. F. ,Stultz. 
In August, 1885, at a joint council meeting of the Spen- 
cerville ]>asLorate it was determined to divide the (diarge. It 
was agreed that the above three congregations should uiute to 
I'orm a separate jjastorale, and the Synod in its convention of 
the same yetir I'aliHed the action of the ciMincil. In ()ctol)t;r 
Ivev. .Ial)ez ShailVr accepted a call to this work and inune- 
ilialely began his laboi-s. Shortly afler\vai-ds a parsonage was 
])urchased for the sum of ijftiOO. In the month cd' March, 1<S,S(), 
Rev. 'ShaH'er organiz(Hl a church in Alaysville, kncnvn as St. 
Marks, with sixteen charter members. The old Methodist 
(dinich was purchased and repaired b\' the congregation at a 
cost of $1,100, but the congregation is outgrowing it and will 
])robably soon erect a new building. Rev. ShaU'ei' i-esigned 
January 1 1 , 1800, and on May I 1 of the same year Rev. S. E. 
Slater l)ecame tin; j)ast()r. He was universally loved and 
accomplished u good work. He resigned May 5, 181)1, but 
continued his labor., until dune 1st, at wdiich tinu! Rev. I). l<\ 
Kain accepted a call. He renuuned until December 1, 18^)2, 
preaching with great favor. The charge was without a pastor 



until October 1, 18i)3, at wliich time Rev. E. W. Eiick, the 
prtseut |):i^^t()r, hegaii his work, lie had roniu'rly .served them 
when in ei^nnecti*^! witli tiie Spencerville ciiarge, and i-etnrned 
to find that his former labors had not l)een in vain. An a))lo 
pieaeiier and an excellent ])astor, he enjoys thereby the love 
antl esteem of all his j)eopl(% and will leatl them forwaid into a 
larger and better life. "They have a niintl to work." 


Rev. J. Carther formed the first organization of the 
Lutheran church in Concord t(nvnship, Delvalb county, Indi- 
iina, in tiie month of October, 1849, at the home of William 
Doums, with twelve charter members. Subsequently, lie 
preaciu'd for them about two years, and was succeeded about 
.January l.^t, 1851, by Rev. John Sidel. Soou after he be^an 
hi- lal)ors in tliis field, special JMangelistic si'rvices were luhl 
in the old Spencerville school house. Tiiey n-sulted in the 
conversion of many souls, ami the young congregation was 
greatly strengthened and encouraged. A moie thorough 
organization was ellected, but during the sumiuer the devoted 
pastor's health failed, and in a few month's he was taken fiom 
his labors in the church militant to his reward in the church 
triumphant. In May, 1.S52, Rev. William Waltman was 
called as pastor and continued his labors until Sei)t. 18, 185*). 
During this period the church was greatly blessed, and the 
nuMnbershii) increased. B.'ing without a church home, a con- 
gregatiojuil meeting was called in the year 185G to consider 
the question of building a church, It was favorably regarded. 


by all and in a vei-y sliort time <:,i'0iiu(l was broken Tor the 
Hi\<t eliureii l)uiUliiig located in the viihiye ol' H'pencerville. 
'I'lie tSynoil of Noitliern Indiana convened in tlie new ehni'cli 
in Septendjer, l.So.S, at whieii time it was .soU'niniy dedieated 
to the worship (jf Almighty (ioil. On lids occasion tiie sei*- 
mon was prcaclied by lU-v. II. \\\dls, and tlic buihiinsj, wlii<di 
cost about ijrL'.OOO, was (K'dicaled i'wv, of (h'bt; liev. W'altman 
Iiavin^- rcsi<^ned a call was extended to llev. (■. ('. Casiiey, 
who began his hil)oi\s (3ctol)er lU, 185',). The pastoi'att; at this 
time consisted (d' four congregations, viz. : Speneerville, St. 
John's, Salein and Kichlaml. Some dilHculties arosi' and Uev. 
C!askey resigned at tUv (dose of hi.s first year, continuing, how- 
ever, to preacdi Tor some monllis to the Salem cnngrcgalion. 
'Idle othei- three congregations uniled in a call to Kew Wall- 
man, their lurmer pastoi-, and he served them again from 
October 1S()(), to October ISli;}, with the same acceptable and 
])i'(>iilable services that hail characterized his lormer yi'ars (d' 
labor in their mid>t. lie was micccc ded by l!ev. 15. I'\ lliUs 
w hdse minislry ctrntiiiuinl until October ISd.")^ and lie was I'ol- 
Jowi'd by liev. C C Siidc, who was |)astoi' for a period ol' 
nearly two years. In the year l.ST)?, iiev. A. Leathers became 
the pastor and served veiy raithl'ully for nearly two years. 
Duiing his pastorate there was a large increase in tin; mem- 
l)ershi}) and a )>arsonage was bought. In the yar l-'Sbl), liev. 
K. W. Krick entered upon the work and continued until 
3871). This is the longest pastorate in the history of this 
■charge, ami shows man}- of the advimtages ut' a settled nnn- 
istry to any people. Uev. l-^rick had the true missiomiry 
S])irit, and while serving his people orgaiuzed and sustained 
several new eongregations. lb; was justly populai- and turned 
till his ijdluence to advantaLft; I'oi- the church. 

si-j.:n('icrviij.e pastorate. 


Kev. S. Kel.-^o siicceedod Rev. Krick. Ho began liis 
labors in Ajyril, 1.S79, and continued until Septendter, 1881. 
St. doe eongregalion was organized by liim and the cliureli 
built at a cost of about 13, (HM). 11!^ hdiors wei'e ol' nrcnt 
\ainc to this charge. After his resignation I lie l{cv. !•;. K. 
r..d<er was calleil and lie continued until 1885. At the 
of Ills ininistrati(jn the chai'ge was divided into two jiastorates, 
Spencerville and Springfield. On ,Septend)er ]:\, 1885, Rev. 
S. l\ Fryberger accepted a call to the loi-nicr. The char<'-e 
<"onsistcMl then as n(nv ol' two congregations, SpencervilK- and 
St. doe. During his niinistiy the congregation built a ntw 
chui-ch in S])encfi'ville at a co^t of ,^!I,OOI). It is a beautfid 
structure, and is said to be (jiie of the ino-( convenient cliuich 
buildings in the Synod to which it belongs. The laltci' part 
(d' the year 1888, lu^v. J. S. Nelson became pastor and .served 
ac('eptably for nearly four years. He wa.- succeeded October 
1, IN*.*-!, by Rev. d. ^V. Thomas, the present eilicicnt and pop- 
uhii pasim-. During hi.- iidnislry tlu' old parsonage, bought 
in KSlli), has been replaced by a new one al a cost ui' about 
<1rl,70(). Tin- work id' the church is widl oigaiiiztMl, and great 
inteiest is taken in all its benevolent operations. Sincte the 
(ugani/.ation of the S[)encervilJe congregati(m in 18T,), it has 
been served by thirteen diU'erent miiusters, all of whoui are 
living ,suve two— Revs. Sid(d ami Caskey. The [)astorate has 
a ])resent mcmershi]> of two humlred and sixty-seven, ami 
cliui'ch property estimated at a value of ;>14, ;■")()(). The con- 
gregations are only three miles apart, and are composed of an 
intelligent and dev(jted class of people. It is om; of the most 
])leasant and desirable pastorates in this Synod. 



It is not possible to write the true lii.stoiy of a cliureh. 
The real or iimer liistory may he written in (Jod's book n\' 
retiieiiibranee by the divine j)eniiian, hut it can not be recorded 
by hnnian liands. Sonu; of tiie facts connected with tlie exter- 
nal organization and work can be recorded so that some i(ha 
i:aii be formed in regard to the efficiency of tlie organization. 

Hut the metliods of organization of churches, and of cai-ry- 
ing on of the work are generally very similar, so liiat the liis- 
toiy of our church must of necessity be Juuch similar to that of 
another. But there is u sense in whicli each congregation lias 
u history ]»e(uiliar to itself. Som(^ oi the chai-acleristics (jf the 
organization and development (d' this work we will attempt to 
portray, and thus give the [)eculiai- history of this congregation. 

The chuich was (irganized as a mi.-.-ion, and foi' lifteen 
year.-^ w a.^ deprndenl on tlie lioard uf lloine Mi.-.-ions i'or >up- 
pdit. The origin of the work was on this wise. 

At the ir)th annual convention of the Synod <jf ]\'orthern 
Indiana, held in 3809, the North District Conference reported 
a good opening for a Lutheran chuich in Three IMvers, JMiidi. 
The Synod reijuested lievs. J . IS . Barnett antl B. F. Hills to 
visit the place and make a full report. That this committee 
l^erformed its duty is veiy evident from the fact that befoi'c 
the Jiext meeting of Synod the work was already well ail- 

The INIissionary was commissi(,ined on the first day of 
March, l?i7(), and on the third day of April the congregation 
was organized with twenty-nine charter mend)ers. This nnm- 


l>er was {iiigmented liy the mUlitiou of two more before the 
Jiieetiiig of Synod. 

Rev. K. F. Delo was the ini.ssionar}' ajypoiiited, and at tlie 
Kith annnal eonvention of Synod, hehl in North Manchester, 
Indiana, he presented tiie following as the lirst re))ort (jf St. 
-John's Lutheian ciuirch. 

" [ was conniiissio)ied hy tlie li()ai'<l of the General Synod 
to labor at Three Kivers and vicinity on the 1st day of March, 
1870, for six months. I h;ive during that time preai-hed at 
Three llivers, I'Moweilidd and Pleasant \'alley. I have (H'gan- 
i/ed a congregation at TIii'im; Rivers consisting now ol' thii'ty- 
onc mendu'i's. 

"An elfort is being math- to erect a churidi edifice with tli<' 
following results. \Ve have secured two hjls and 3<2,r)()() on 
subscription, also the 8tones i'uv tin; foundation, an<l we art; 
warranted in saying that the subscription can bi; raised to 

At (his meeting of S\ nod the coii.-t il ution of tin chuich 
was presented, and the congregation was received. The unth-i-- 
taking was looked upon with great favor, and was considei'ed 
vtuy imjjortant and promising. 

'I'hc i-eappointment of R(;v. Delo as nnssionary was recom- 
mendetl, and the following action Wiis taken: 

" A'c«o/'('C(/, Tbat tlio congregations of this Synod be open dur 
ing the year to welcome Rev. Delo to take subsfinptions for tbe Mis- 
sion, and also that the treasurer be autbori/ed, if iiect^ssary, to 
borrow money to sustain said Mission." 

The ett'ort for the erection of a church building was suc- 
cessful, and on the 14th o{' Se^jtember, 1871, the missionary 
wrote to the President of Synod, "That thert; had been general 



j)i().sj)erity in tlu; "^riirce Kivers Mi.-^sioii, niid tliat. the new 
church cdiHce woiihl he hiiished in (lie cuily ])art ot" tlie 
winter." It was, liowever, not completed until in tlic spring 
oL' 187-?. The I*resi<lent ol' Synod in hi.s rej)i)it ])i'e.sented to 
Synod October 10, 1872, says: '"May 12th I assisted I'astor 
R. F. Delo in the dedication ol' (heir beaulil'nl chur(di in Three 
Rivers, ^[ich., wliicdi is a nioilel ol' neatness, and a nionnnient 
(d' patient, steady work an<l sell'-deiiial. 1'he building is brick, 
and worth nioi-c than ii?(),0()0. A debt ol' 5f70U remained to be 
lifted on the (tecasion, which was promptly done, with a surplus 
ol' about $400 with which to carry up the spire. 'I'he success 
(jf this two year old nnssion is iiiarv(dous. To (Jod Ix; all the 

The original history of this work is thus very largely 
taken from I he (original congregational and s\'nodical records, 
and told in the language of tho.-e who were engaged :ind iiitei'- 
o-led in it at ihe time. ll .-lartid \rv\ encouragingU . The 
niendicr.-hip were acli\i' and enl husiasi ic, and the Synod \\a> 
ready, not onlv lo give encouragemeiil , but also to lend assist- 
ance. But it was not all sunshine, 'i'heic wei'i-. many discour- 
agements and trials. ]>ut these have not been rt'coided so 
fully. Sonuitimes the burdens almo>t crushed the hearts of 
both [)aslor and people. I'^'equenth' tlu-y searc(d\- knew what 
to ilo, or wh<M'(! to turn foi' help. J>ut ihey \\er(^ laboring in a 
good cause. They wei'c convinced that il was of (iod, anti so 
they bore the burdens manfully and pre.-.-^'vl on. 

Key. Delo i-emained [)as((jr of the mission foi' live years 
and three moiilhs, and during this time eighty-four mendn'rs 
had bee'ii recei\'ed. lint (jf these some had died, some had 
removed, and others had become disheai'teucd. Not wit hstand- 


ing tlie success \vlii('li had atLouded llie wurk thus far, it '.vas 
new and iiee(h'd hut littk' to discourage the nienihership. 
Alter Ihe, i-eiuoval ol" tiu! pastor trials soon came, and for some 
time I'eai's were entertained ol' tiie failure of tlie wori^. After 
success discouragement seemed very liard to hear. A mt'eting 
was soon held, and Rev. A. d. C-i-onier was e]ecte<l and called 
to hecome the jiastor of the ndssion. The call was accepted 
and the new pastor entei-ed upon the work. But f<n- some 
cause, the pastor and people did not harmonize, and he remained 
but a slioi-t time. Dui'ing his })astoiat(; seven mend)ers wen- 

After his departure there was no pastor for almost a year, 
and the mission siilfered greatly from discouragenu-ut and lack 
of a pastor's care. Had it not \)v.v]\ f(ti' the zeal of the faithful 
few Ihe woi'k would have been abandoned. 

In July, I.S77, Rev. Alexander McLaughlin was called as 
pastor, and n(jtwillistandiug the unpromising outlook, he ac- 
cepud the call. As he euttu'ed upon the work he found many 
lliiuL:.-; to di.-hearleu. On the 'I'Awl .i|' Se|)Uinber a meeling of 
the church coiiiu-il was held at which a delegate to Synod \vas 
electt.'d, and a repoit was prt'paicd loi- him to ))resent as the 
I'cpoi't of the mission. Thi.s re[)or( contained four items, as 

'■ Ist. jMombership. Number of inombers of tlio mission, 27. 

2nd. Vacancy. The mission has been without a pastor for one 
year. Durinj^ tuis time rt;i)eated elf(jrts have beeji made to se(aire a 
pastor, but, until recently, without suecess. 

:3rd. Tndtiljtedness. On building,' sOOO.(K) 

On Or^'an $170.00 

•Itb. Prospects. At the present time we have a pastor, re^ni- 
lar servieeH ev(viy Sabbath, and a Sunday school nnmberinjf about 
fifty persons. If we can succeed in lii|uidatin^f these debts, which 
are pressing us very hard for payment at [)resenl, the prospects for 
the futuie are good." 


Di.scoui-ageinent is breatlied in every sentence of tliis re- 
jxirt. After an existence of seven aiul a half years and the 
reception of ninety-one members, only 27 couhl he relied ajjon, 
and after all these burden bearing years the mission was yet 
groaning under an indebtedness of almost ^1,100. 

To the work of removing this liurden the new pastor (h'- 
voted his ett'orts. Synoil once more rallied to the help of the 
mission and pledged aid. Appeals were also made to the 
cluirch at large, and responses eaine in from dilferent sources, 
but they were not many, nor for large amounts. The entire 
pa.-^torate of almost seven years was devoted to this struggle, 
but fiindly success crowned the faithful eiforts, and when the 
[)astor left tlie woi'k in 1884, he did s(j with the consciousness 
that the great financial burd(;n was renmved, and that his suc- 
cessor (M)uld turn his attention into another direction. These 
seven years weie years of faithful and nntii'ing effort on the 
))art of both j)astor and [leople. Seventv-twct new members 
Wi re added lo the fluirrh during thi.-^ pa>lorate. l)Ul there 
luid also been nuuiy I'emovals by death and otlu-rwise. 

The good which was ac("omplished during this j)astorate 
cannot be measured. It is not so apparent as that which has 
been accomj)lished during other pastorates, and burden^ were 
removed and foundaticms were laid for future good which time 
has since been revealing, and which will continue to appear. 
^^'e will not attempt to measure the good accomplished by 
these several pastor.^, hut in ilue timelJod will reward them 
for their faithfulness. 

Within thi'ee months of the removal of Uev. IMciiaughlin 
and on the 2d day of ^lay. Rev, L. ( •. lloutzahn was unani- 
mously elected as his succ(^ssor, and a call was extended, 


Ai>\.M i.i;m/,i.i.;i;. I'liii.ii- i;\\. ini: i;i i 1'i,m;i \ m i; 

I!. (). (JLADDINI,. ^|_ .1, jns.<. 

u . .r. w ii.i.k: rs. |, ii.ham'. .i. >. (ii:.\ r/.i,i::i!. 


whicli was accepted, and in Jnne he began liis work as pastor. 
Wlien lie came he found the clniicli out of debt, and the 
luembiu-ship iiiiifcd and hanuonious. The, nicnibership was not 
laro-e, but tlic tinancnal burden was goiu;, and they had a heart 
to labor in other departments of the work. A committee was 
appointed to revise the chnrch record, and it was found that 
tlieie were -'57 active and 10 ina(;tiv(! m(Mnl>ers. The jjrospect 
was not very brigiit, but the pastor entered upon the work 
with zeal and energy, the m(uid)ership rallied to Ids >upport, 
and tlu' blessings of Ilejiven descended abundanlly upon the 
new relationship. W-yy yuon a new lifr began to be manifest 
in all branches of the work. During tlie year ot) m(;m- 
bers were added. During the second year (IS member.s were 
received, and al the end of (he second year of tlii.s j.astorate, 
we lind iec(»rded in the minutes of the congregation tliat self- 
sujiport was assumed, and a resolution of gratitude was ordered 
seni lo the Board (d' Home Missions Cor its long continued and 
l"">''.^ i>''l. Hoth the lloard and the Mi~>i..n felt thai it took 
a long tiuR' to reach this point. Sometimes the boani almost 
resolved to give up the attempt. Ami the Synod, which at 
the beginning had so heartily encouraged the work, in the con- 
tinued days of di.<couragenient longed to know what to do with, 
(»r how best to get rid of the Three Rivers Mission. But when 
finally success came, it was glorious, and has been continued 
cv(!r since. 

Uev. Kout/ahn remained pastor of the church for .ught 
years, and every year was a rich hai've^t. The good accom- 
[•lished can only be revealed by eternity. There is no earthly 
means of measuring it. Tiie years were a continued chain of 
success. The entire pastorate was lilled with liarnnuiv and 



blessing. Three liundred and sixty-three nteinhers were added 
to tlie church. New societies were organized to assist in the 
din'erent departments ot' tlie work and to increase the etficiency 
of I hi; church. The Suhhath School grew to he an inspiration 
and in (ivery hranoh oL' the work life and energy manifiisted 
itself. During this pastorate the church and Hahhath School 
grew to he t(jo large foi- tiieir acconiinodations, and it was (h;- 
cichul to ri'iuo(h'l and enlarge the church huihling. This was 
done at a large outlay of money and the church was inucii 
heautiiied and the seating capacity fully doubled. A veiy 
beautiful and sweet tone<l pipe organ was placed in the church, 
a j)resent to the congregation \>y thi' families (d' Mr. 11. II. 
Webl) and lion, ^^^u•|•en .1. WMIIils, two veiy active and cou- 
sticrated families of the church. Tln' sweet and melodious 
music of tluN organ is very much appreciated by tlu; many 
worsliipers, and the donors will evei' lie held in grateful 
remendirance hv a (h-voted pcopU . 

The eight years of Uev. Koul/ahns ministry in Three 
iii\'ers passed by verv swiftly, and seemed verv slnu't to both 
pastoj- and |)eo[)le, but the community had bi-en very much 
changed, ami the cliuich very largely increased in numbers 
and elliciency. 

On the evening of Mai'di 28, 1892, having received a call 
to the idiur(di in Salina, Kansas, he temleied his resignation to 
the church I'ouni'il to taki; ell'ecl on tin; 1st of May. The 
ri'signation was reluctantly I'cceived, and referred to the con- 
gregation for linal action. 'IMie coiigi'egation acquiesced in the 
action of the council, anti ado|)ted very ti'uder and i!xpr(;ssive 
I'esolutions a(d<.nowIedging flu; blessetl work, whiidi, under 
(jiod's guidance, he had accomplished, and (;\pressing tin- high 
esteem in which he should ever be held by this people. 



On the 24th of April, and liefoie the de])artuve of Rev. 
Iioiitzahi), llvx. C. J. Kiefer, of Denver, Colorado, was unan- 
inioiisly elected to become hin sueees.'^or. The call was aece])ted 
and the new pastor entered npon his work the 1st of August 
following;. During the two years of the present pastorate the 
former success has ))een continued. During the lirst year 84 
menihers were received, and during the second year })1 have 
hceii added to the church. 

The people are harmonious and zealous, and much good is 
Ix'in,: ai'complished. The societies of the church arc all suc- 
ceeding nicely. The Jiadie,-' .Vid has long shown itself to he 
an eflicienl help in the linancial work. The W(>nnin's Home 
aud l''oreign M i.-r-ionary Society , organized in l8S'i, is a vigor- 
ous and heljd'ul organization iu mission W(.rk. The Y . 1'. ,S. 
(". M <»rganized duiing the adminisi ralion of l{i;v. Iloulzahn, 
is a eon.-tantly growing society, having at present a memlier- 
>hip u\' o\er 100, and i> doing uiueli lowmd the development 
of the young in Chrisliau wiuk. The ,1 uuior Cliristiaii lOn- 
deavor, very recently organized, is ahead)' full of prouiise. 
Those especially interested in the work are greatly cheered \>y 
the pri'senl prospect. 

Tin- Sahhath School is prospering iindei- I he luagniliceut 
leadership of lion. Warren d. Willits as siquirintendent. lie 
is vi-i-y efficiently aided hy .Mr. Murray J. Jiiiss as assistant 

The primary school is supei-intendecl hy Mrs. James Eggles- 
ton, as with the hand of one prepared hy l'rovidenc(> for that 
especial work. (indersutdi efHcient management the scdiool has 
gained the honorable distinction of being the largest and iiio>t 
interesting aud successfid Sunday S(diool in the coiintv. Us 



enrollment now contains the names of about 500, and the 
average attendance is over ;jOO. 

The church itself is in excellent working i-ondition. 
Everything is harmony and peace. A zeal i'or the success of 
the Lord's work is manifested on the part of tha peo])le, and 
notwithstanding the long continued success, there is promise 
of much more aggressive work being done; toward the realizing 
of yet greater things. The membership of the cliurch is at 
present about 375. The prayer meeting held reguhirly on 
Thuisday evening is nicely attended, and very helpfid. 

1"\h- tiie Sabbath School the organ is presided over by 
Miss Nellie VVillits, and for the chuich services by Mrs. EiHe 
Kobinson. A lai'ge choi-us ciioir is doing excellent .service in 
tile way of leacUng the music of the chuich, wliile tlie cougic- 
gation joins heartily in llie singing of the songs of [)raise. 

Ami iKjw I have lelated the exteriials of tlu^ work, but 
what tin- work really is, and imw ai'eeptalile it i^ to llie great 
makei- of u.- all mu^t remain unrexcaled until the great da\' 
when all things shall Ite nuidc! known. Shall we not treasure 
the piecious hope that when it is revealed it will far surpass 
our most exalted expectations. 

Tf: ^ ^ ^ ^ 

The Moovepark CoiKjreijalion although now small, is one 
of tli(! oldest in the Synod. The editor made every elVort pos- 
sil)le to secure the history, but failed. h'or the j)ast few yeais 
it has been served in eonneetiou with 'I'hree IJivers. 




On November 4, 1^<()0, Rev. ,] . N. lianiett orgiuiized 
"iShiloh Kv;iiiL;elical Lutheran eliureh ot AValton Indiana" 
with ten ehartei- inembeis. Tiie nii>>iuiiary >|)irit ut the Synud 
wart intense. The Hehl wa.s w'hitu untu ihe harvest. Ki^liteen 
new congregatidns were oruani/.cd dnrinii- tliis .synodieal year. 
Kev. liarnett was a youn^- man jnst entering updU the work of 
the miui.stry and carried this spirit into his new entei'prises. 
At the meeting of Synod in iSeptembei', previous, he liad been 
recommended to tiie Pai'ent Home Missionary S(i(.'iety Tor aid. 
It was receive(]. In 1^(51 a chureli was built, but was not 
(h;di(;ated until the year 1870. Kev. IJarnett rc.vsigned ii; (Jclo- 
ln'r, 1802. 'I'he ehurcli remained vacant until ^January, 18(J.'i, 
at which time [ivv. W . 11. l'"erris was called. lie served the 
chuich raithfully and with marked success up to Decembei", 
iMii*. 'riii-ough his ftVorts two new stalion.> \vt rr addt'd to the 
I'harge-Mt. Zitui and Mt. Iloixb — the services being held in 
school houst's. In January, 1870, Uev. \\'illiam l''i-yday 
became pastor and continut^d to serve the charge I'or lw(j yc^ars. 
Kev. S. Kelso was called in January, 1872, and icniaincMl 
until Novend)t.'r 0, I87r). A vacancy occuri'ed to May, 1870, 
when Kev. S. I*. Snyder was called. It was deemed best now 
to drop the tw'o stations wduch ha<l previously been added, and 
al'tm- a special revival ell'ort St. I'aul's church was organized 
and a building ei'ected during the year 1877. Fi'om that time 
the pastorate was comj)osed of these two cdiurches, Shiloh and 
St. Paul's, and they now constitute the charge. Uev. Snyder 
remaine<l until January, 1882, and in November of the same 


yvnr Ilev. >]. ('. Jacoby hticainc jjii.'^toi-. lie was an cai'iuvsl and 
enei'getic >V()rkci- and Gdd lilcsst-d liis lahorir- and made tlieni 
I'liiitrnl in tilt- n|)-l)iiiidini: of liis cause. lie remained until 
iMarcdi 28, l(S,S(i, and llie ehuiclies were aj^ain williout a |)ast<)r 
U|)'to Octohei' 17 of the same year, when I{e\'. ]j. Iviee assumed 
tiie leadership (jf a soniewliat diseouraj^ed peo))le. Jle was 
much beloved by the congregations and they were sorely dis- 
tressed when in Octolxu', 18!:)2, on aeeonnt of failing- health, he 
found it necessary io lay asidi- the duties of the active ndnis- 
tiy. Again, nearly one whole year passed without regular 
services. Tlu^ people became disheartened. The churches suf- 
fered sevei'c loss, but a few faithful ones in each congregation 
encouraged the wt^aker and r'allied them lo renewed ell'cjrts. 
Ke'V. A. /. {''ryberger was called on tlu' 1st of September, 1H!)8, 
and with him came in-w life — (Jod was with tlu'm. The 
churches were revived. Niw members were added. The 
prospects brightened. Every department of (diurch woi'k was 
(piickeui'd. Willi a cond)iucd meudu'i-.>liip of (Uie hundred 
and seventy-six, in full sympat by wil h the pastor, with two 
Sunday schools of about one hundred mend)ers each, with two 
well organized ^'oung I'eojjle's Societies of ('hristian l']ndeavoi', 
and with a Woman's Jlome and I'^oieign .Missionary Society to 
carry forwanl the work of the Master, this pastorate ccjnii.huitly 
€X|)ects a new era ol' prospc-i-ity. 




Tlii.s [CLstorate is coiiiixiscd of three eoii^Tegiitioiis-, two of 
which ale situated in Soiitiieni Miehi<i:iii and one in Noi'them 
Indiana. The ohlesl eoiii: relation is loeatt'd in Mottville, .St. 
Jo.sepli Co., Mich. I'reliiniiuu-y stejis were taken ior the 
orLMnization July 5, 1857, wiien a eonmiittee ol' live was ap- 
pointed to dral't a eonstitution. 'l'\\<. of lliat eoniniiltec^ ai'c 
yet living- and ari' active menduTs of the eliui'ch — Joseph 
iJitti'nlieinh'f and J. IJ. Jones. At- a coni^reoatioual nieeliiio- 
held .Marcli 5, i.SoS, a eall was extench'd to Ivev. A. S. IJarth- 
ohiinew, wliich was iinnic<liately aceepltMl. 'I'he liehl id' ids 
hilioi-s included ail tiie territoi-y now occupied liythe Mooie- 
[)ai'k, Thiee liivers, Constantine, AVhite ]'ig(;on and Middle- 
Itiii-y, rn<liaiia, pastorales. Tht; call pleilot-d him a sahiry (A' 
!>]r)l).0(» I'oi- his laliors, which he pi-ohaM\- i-ecei\-('(l. Tin' con- 
i;re-aliou was at a iireal di>ad vanla-e, haviui: no regular 
place in which to hold its services. Ilcpeati'd elVoits wcie 
made to huild, hut the peoph^ did not lind suiticient help to 
acconii)lisli this desirable ol)ie(;f. A t a (N)ngrei;ational meet- 
injj:, Oct. 30, 1850, a eonmiittee ]>reviously appointed, reported 
that a house suitahle for a church and parsoiia-..^', with six lots, 
could he secured for ;ij;700.00. It was purcdia.sed. Here the 
pastor lived and the people worshiped until tlu^ new church 
was huilt and dedicated. Hev. liartholomew, a menihi'i- (d' ih.) 
Joint Synod of Ohio, contimieil his lahors until Se|>t. .11, 
18()4, when he resigned. In the sprin>r of 18()5 Uev. Peter 
Bergstresser took charge of this work. In Oct., 18(;(), the vari- 
ous churches comprising the pastorate uiiit(!d in a petition to 


Synod, asking that their synociical rehition.s l)e changed, and 
that they be transferred rroiu (he Oiiio Synod to that oT North- 
ern Indiana. This re(inest was granted l)y a mntnal agree- 
nuMit of tlie Synods. Ivev. Bei'gsti'esser did excellent mission- 
ary services, contin\iing his hdMn> until the latter })art oi' the 
year, J 867, when he r(!sig;ne '. In Noveinl)er of the; same year 
he was followed by Uev. J. N. IJariiett. He was an earnest 
energetic worker. Dnring his ministry the church at Mott- 
ville was built, at a cost of about $4,000.1)0. It was dedicated 
Aug. 22, 1809, the pastor being assisted iu the services by 
llevs. \V. C. Barnett, B. V. Hills and J. G. Biddle. He also 
built the church at Constantine which he served in connection 
with this ])aslorate until it became seIf-su])]iorting. 

The White Pigeon congregation was organized in the year 
181)7, by llev. IN^ter Bergstix'ssei'. Ivesiguing this field of laiior 
soon afterward, very little nmre was accomplished at this pdint 
dnring his ministry. After Kev. Barnett became pa>tnr he 
sui'ieeded in pureha^iug the pre-eiit rhureli bililding from the 
liaptists, the(u'rman Kefui'uuMl congregation taking one-half 
int(;rest, Dnring his ministry, the mend)ership was greatly in- 
creased and the church placed upon a lirni basis, lie contin- 
ued his hibors until Oct., 1873, when the pastorate was divid(;d 
and he accepted a call to the ('onstantiiui Church which had 
th lough his efficient ministry advanced to such an extent that 
th(;y could support their own pastor. In March, of the fcd- 
lowing year, he was succeeded in the Melanchthon charge by 
llev. A. McLaughlin. During his ministry, ,june 27, 1874, 
the third congregation of this pastorate was organized at Van 
Buren, La Grange Co., Ind., with 24 charter members. It 
was christened St. Paul's. For two years they worshiped in 


the Metliodist Episcopal Church, at which time they were ob- 
liged to hold their services in the school house. Preliminary 
steps for the building of their own house of worship were 
taken during the ministry of Rev. McLaughlin, but it re- 
mained for his successor to carry forward and complete this 
work. He resigned after three and one-half years of faithful 
service in the entire pastoi-ate, Sept. 1, 1877. Rev. B. F. 
►Stultz was called and inunediately began his work. He was 
earnest and devoted and he entered upon his labor with strong 
faith and determination. The enthusiasm of his life was soon 
felt in all the congregations. The church at Van Huren, 
which is a comfortable village house of worship, was built and 
dedicated during his mini.stry and the membership was sub- 
stantially increased. At Mottville he succeeded in i)aying a 
debt of $1,000 that remained on the church building and in 
making other necessary improvements. At White Pigeon the 
interests of the Reformed congregation in the church were i)ur- 
chasi'd and the building re|»aiivd at an expense id' nearly 
$l,r)00. The uiend)ersliip of the charge was increased until it 
numbered more than two hundred. Through his lal)ors the 
pastorate was lifteil to the front ranks in the Synod. He re- 
signed March 1, 1885, and was succeeded by Rev. K. W. 
Erick, who began his labors on April 1st, of the same year. 
He was exceedingly popular and was well adapted to the ad- 
vanced stage of the work where his predecessor left it. The 
congregations continued to grow all through his ministry and 
he strengthened them for more substantial work. JMuch to 
the regret of the church he resigned Aug 25, 1888. A va- 
cancy followed which continued to June 80, 1889, when Rev. 
A.J. Houk accepted a call. During this vacancy Rev. Ted- 


row, of Coustiintine, supplied the Mottville congregation for 
several months and added nearly thirty to the nieinl)ersliip. 
Kev. Ilouk resigned Sept., 1890, and Avas followed l»y Kev. 
W. F. Rarnett, June 1, 1891. Jle gave liiniself unselfishly 
to the work, hut his efforts were cri])pled hy a factional spirit 
which had crept into several of the congregations. He re- 
signed in Sept., 1893, and the charge was vacant until Feb. 
15, 1894, where the present incunihent Rev. M. L. Smith 
beciinie pastor. He is deservedly popular and has already 
<lone much elVective work. The charge is Ix'ing thoi'ougly 
organized and under his eHicient leadership we jna\' justly 
ho})e for glorious things. 





In almost every organization in wliicli men are associated 
tt'or a common purpose, tliere is some one wlio appears as a cen- 
tral figure. Various reasons may he given for it, but usually 
it arises I'roni his own personality. Others recogni/e in such 
an individual tlie qualities that are essential to good leadership 
and they gladly aceoni to him the j)osition that he tills. This 
has been pre-eminently the case with Kev. Wells in his rela- 
tions to the Synod of Northern Indiana. From the time of 
its organization to the present day he has lu;ld such position 
among his brethren. Every one who has been connected with 
the Synod has regarded him as its leading sj)irit, and the intiu- 
ence which he has wielded in all its eilorts to advance the 
inti^resls of the jjutheran church during these forty yeais has 
corresponded thtieuilh. -'Eather Wells" is the I'amiliarname 
liv wliicli he is kuown all ovti' (his va>l territory. This arise> 
not >o much from the advanced age that he lias attained, ni)r 
jet from the fact that he is literally the ••father"" of the 
Synod, being the leading .spirit in its organization and tlie 
one through whom chielly the organization was brought about; 
but more i)articularly from the fact that lie was consjiicnous 
in all the hi.story of the Synod, and in every important move- 
ment that has l)een inaugurated upon this teriitcny in the 
interests of tlie Lutheran church. His position and influence 
have been commanding, and they have not waned with 
approaching years. They are his to-day, as truly as in the 
•days in which his energies were being expended for the 
•church, and he will continue to hold the one and to wield 



the other, as h)ng a.-^ God permits liim to ruiuain witli us in 

the ehiircli militant. 

Kev. Wells was horn in Highland county, Ohio, De(3e'u- 

ber 22, 1812. With l»is ]mrents he removed to iMarion county, 

Indiana, in the spring of 1839, where he resided until the year 

18r)(>. His ])aren(s were mendxtrs of the K|)iscopal 
(•hiirch in whirh he was educated, and foi- which he preached 

the iirst nine years of his ministerial life. Diu'ing most of 
this tune he taught school in connection witli his work as a 
niinist(;r. .Mere local circumstances lead him to begin preach- 
ing loj' smne i^utheran people in his coiiiuiiiiiitv in the year 
184(5. Othci' influences were at W(<rk in his mind which finally 
lead to a change in his church relation.-. lie united with the 
Miami Syn(»d at ( Jernnintown, Ohio, in the spi'ing of 1,S47. 

Dming that Synodical year he wa.s engaged ciiiefly in niiHsion- 
ary work lor the Lutheran ( hiindi in that seclioii ui' tin; state 
of Indiana where he re.-^ided. He p,,sse, iheival mi-.-ionarv 
^1'"'" ''i"l eiiteied u|i(ui this work with an (nlliu,-ia>m that 
never abated. Tin' Lord blessed his labors an.l made them 
abound in gi.od works for the church. All the fire of his 
young life glared forth in his incessant toils and it set the em- 
bers glowing in other souls. They felt the inspiring touch of 
his con,-<ccrated life wherever lie went and it aroused in them 
higher ambitions and stronger <let,erjiiinations U, seek better 
things. In April, 1848, the Miami Synod convened at Ham- 
ilton, Ohio, and during that convention the nuMubers who 
resi(le<l in the state of Indiana were authorized to call a con- 
vention and organize a Synod for their own state. In the 
jnonth of October of the same year Rev. Wells and live other 
clerical brethien organized the Olive Branch Synod in the city 



oi' liuli:u)ai)()li.s. In lii.s new Synodical relalion.s he ('(jntinued 
his juissionaiy lalK)r.s as tliey had Ijih'.h l)ef"t)re. He went to 
Lutlieran C(»ninuinilie.s that were (.lestitute oi' the means of 
grace and raithi'ully ministered to their needs. IJe haptisep 
their eliihh'en, organized clinrches, and <i,athered tdgetiiei' the 
scattered slieep <;!' the lud'ormation preacliing and administer- 
ing to tiiem the sacrament of the altar. Whihi he was per- 
foiTiiing these hitxjrs for the chnrch he snj)]>orted himself and 
family j)rinci[)ally fi-om the income of a small farm of which 
he was the owner. His success in this liiu' of work lead the 
Olive Branch Synod to elect him as a traveling missionary at 
hei' third annual convention in LSoO, at C'amdcn, Indiana. 
He was pledge(l a salar>' of .'if-'loO per annum and was recjuircd 
to heal' liis own expenses. There was great need of this kind 
of woi'k and none seemed so well fitteil for il as lie. The plan 
pi'oved a suc(;essful one. ^^u^•h g(jod was accomplished. 
Weak cliurclu's were str<'nglhened and eiic()uraged and new 
organi/.alions were ctVccted, Little c\pen>e wa- Inought to 
the Synod. lie collecleil nt'arly all of his own salary and 
other expenses were light. There were no railroad fares to 
pay for there were no railroads to carr)' him frt^m place to 
place upon this territory. A horse perfcM-med this service for 
him and did it with great satisfaction to the owner. liy night 
and by day the faithful creature hore its nmstei' from place to 
place iu the performance ol' his duties foi-the church. Similar 
were the labors that he [)errormed for the Synod of Noi-thern 
Indiana. In its fomth annual convention, J85y, Rev. Wells 
was requested to devote six. months of the year to the work of 
a traveling missionary and was promis(Ml |250 and traveling 
expenses. He found it impossible to give more than three 


jiiontlis to the work, and during that time organized several 
new congregations and visited others who were not supplied 
with preaching. He was continued during the Syiiodical year 
of 1859-'0U on a salary of $500 and ex[)enses. The entire 
yeai' was devoted to the work and untold g(>f)d accomplished 
foi- the church. At the end oi' the yeai- Synod was indebted 
to him to the amount of lill.27, he having collected all the 
rest of his salary and expenses from the people to who he min. 
istered. The services that he rendered the church in this 
capacity during these years w(U'e of incalculahlc hcuefit and 
many important centers that are now destitutt: of [jutheran 
churclies would he occupied could he have ])eeii continued in 
tluit blessed work. 

After serving the<)live Brancli Synod as indicated he 
renn)ved to Ladoga which iic made one of his missious. In 
two years the congregation had built for itself a neat brick 
structure and by uniting two county ccuigregations with it into 
one pa.>toraIe llu\ liccnim' .-ilf-^uppoiiing. in 18")'J he re- 
jiioNfd to (\)luiid»ia City, Indiana, and made it a central mis- 
sion [)oint. The Olive Bi'anch Synod held its second conveii- 
ti(ui th(!re in 1(S49, which was the tirst time Kev. Wells 
visited the place, llev. I^^ianklin Templin was the |)astor loci. 
The meetings of Synod were then held in the Methodist 
church. But ]vev. Templin and his energetic band went to 
work and soon erected a frame house of worslii|» which was 
dedicated in Novendjer, 1S51, by Rev. II. Wells and Rev. 
Sei(U'l, of Alljion. A fter his removal there in 1852 he took 
charge of the mission and also of the work at North Man- 
chester. To this work he was to devote one-half of his time 
and the other half to be given to evangelistic woik for which 



the Synod agreed to pay him $200, which aiuount he collected 
from the churches as usual. When he became pastor at 
Columbia City there were only seven meuibers. They had a 
church partly furnished, but in debt. The members were poor 
but active and liberal. It was a struggle for life of which 
few at the present time can have c()nce])tion. Hut(Jo(l blessed 
theii' labors and the cause prospered. All indebtedness was 
met and in a lew years the church became self-sujjporting. 
Pastor and people labored together harmoniously and success- 
fully for a period of 17 years, when he was induced to resign, 
but he has always regarded it as a mistake that he left the 
pastorate when he <lid. Ih; served the missii^n at VanAVeit, 
Ohio, for a periijd of two years with gratifying lesults, but 
failing health caused him to resign. At this place he luet 
with severe financial misfortune. Dishonest bankeis changed 
his com[)etency into comparative pov(nty. In the spring of 
1^71 he remove to his house in Columbia ('ity and the next 
year acci;pli'(l a <-all lu th(> North Maiiclirstfr |)a.-^lorale and 
removed there. lie C(jntinned to serve the charge for a period 
of teJi years, and iHuler his ministry it was greatly strength- 
ened. Being again compelled to re]in(|uish the work on 
account of failing ht'altli, he retired to liis home in tliat city, 
being elected })ast(jr emeritus of the charge, to which he had 
faithfully devoted a decade of the best |)art of his life. 

it was ehielly through the efforts of Rev. Wells that the 
organization of the Synod of Northern Indiami was eifected in 
1855. He was chaiinian of the committee which framed the 
synodical constitution and w^^is elected as i\\i\ first ])resideut of 
Synod. He was elected to the same position at the second, 
thirel, seventh, eighth, f(nirteenth, twenty-third, and twenty- 


fomth iiiuuial couveutious. He was electetl sy nodical secre- 
tary in 1859-'71-'72, and was its trcasiiier during tlie years of 
18Gl)-'67. He represented liis Synod at all llie meetings ol" 
the General Synod from IHoT to 1 8()!) and was frequently 
elected to the same jxjsition after that time. During the 47 
years of his ministry in tiie Lutheran chui'ch he has been in 
attendance at nearly all the conventions of the General Synod 
and in that time has attended all the meetings of his district 
Synod, except one. In 1852 he was elected a member of the 
board of directors of Wittenberg College by the Olive Branch 
Synod and has served a iiund)er of term.s in that ca))acity from 
the Synod of Northei'n Indiana. 

liev. Wells is a nuin of luoad sym))atiii('s and as his work 
will show came close to tlu' people in his efforts to have tlieui 
saved through Christ. He has been a preacher of far more 
than oi-dinary [)o\ver, and when the books ai'e opened and every 
man's work shall be ri'\'ealed in the liuht of eternity, there 
will !)(• manv to ascribe llu' jo\- of their salvation to his humble 
lal)ois in ( 'hrisi. 

" And after ho is tloail ^md gone 
And e'en Iuh niemory dim. 
Earth will bo more Bweet to live upon 
More full of love liecuube of him." 


i;i;v. w. .1. iiMv l;^ . 
Ki':v. s. r. i'i;\ i;i;i;(,i:k 

UKV. .\1. L. SMiril. 

i;i \\ ''. .1. K II, !■ i:k. 

l:i;V. .1. .\1. I'KAMCl,- 

REV. R. F. DEI,0. 


l^EV. U. V. \WAjO, 

One op I he tireless workers aiul of the energetic spirits who 
organized and snccessfuUy cai'i-ied forward the wt)rk of this 
►Synod was the suhject of this sketeli. lie wa.s born near Knox, 
Clarion Connty, Pa., October 13, 1827. For several years he 
attended the Academy in the village of Clarion and subse- 
quently i)ursu3d his stutlies in a Lutheran institution in Greens- 
burg, Pa. In connection with Rev. J. A. Dehj he then received 
private instructions under the Hev. S. I). W'itt, after wliich In; 
entered Wittenberg College and gra<l(iat('(l I'roni llic Tiieolog'- 
ical Seminary in tiie spring ol' \^-')'2. lie Avas licensed to 
preach the gospel by the Miami Synod dune (i, LSH'i. At the 
request of the Pi-esident of the Synod he went to ( ireenville, 
()., where he spt'iit tin,' first yeai' and one-half of his devoted 
minislry. (iod blessed his labors and made them fiiiitfnl for 
Chrisl's kingdom. hiiring this brief [jcriod he organized four 
congi'i'gations, but in llu' midst of his successful labors In- wa> 
compelled lo i'elin(piish the fudd because of malarial diHicnlties 
from which he snlfered. l\i'(;eiving medical treatment I'oi- 
some months and resting from the excessive labors of a large 
missionary pastorale he regained his health. Decembi'r 2(), 
1858, he was nmii'ied to Miss M. C. ^lunn, who provecl a faith- 
ful heli)mate in the arduous duties of his life, llavijig re- 
ceived and accepted a call to Albion, Ind., tiu;y journeyed 
hithei- arriving in Lisbon, Ind., -lanuary 4, iSf)-! , who'e they 
began their labors in the Albion pastorate. 'I'he charge con- 
sisted of three cougregatiiMis and oui; station with a cond)ined 
nu'mbership of 78. After .some months of faithful work he 


called a meeting in Albion for the purpose of taking action for 
the erection of a house of worshij). Trustees were elected, a 
building committee appointed and tlie work pushed vigorously 
forward. On the 25th of December, 1855, the new church — 
the only one in the County seat of Noble County and the only 
Lutheran church then in the county, was di-dicated, Rev. 
Samuel Sprecher, J). I)., president of Wittenberg College, 
j)reaching the sermon. The Mt. I*leasant congregation 
built and (U-dicated a new church during the year 1851!. In 
1857 he organized a congi'egation four miles southeast of Albion, 
and built for it a church during the following suniiuer. It wsa 
dedicated June 10, 1858, and was named "Kehoboth." About 
tin; .same time he orgaui/cd a ( Icrman-lMiglisli cougregalion in 
Avilla. Tliis congi'egation is n(jw in connection with iheCen- 
eral Council aiul is in a fioiirishing conditiim. During hi.'^ 
ministiy in this pastorate which in(diide<l a pcuiod ot iive yeais 
the Synoil was organized and lie bi'came one of its charter 
nil Hdu'i>. II is .•^rr\ ii'is I'ur ihe Sn nod were ie|i(;Ui'dh' recog- 
nizcil by being called to till important [)ositiun> in c(Uinection 
therewith. lie served her as I'lesident during the years 18(i<), 
1873, 1874, as secretary, 1858, 1851), as treasurer, l.'S(;8, iS(il), 
was twice elected delegate to the General Synod and served 
two terms of foui' 3'ears each as director to AVittenberg C(dlege. 
In the meeting of the (ieneral Synod at Vl. Wayne he was an 
advocate of ])eace, and because he I'eh thai iiai'm must come to 
th(^ church by division he refused to vote. 

Sei)tend)er 24, 18()1, he was appointed Chaphiin of the 
3i)th Reg. Ind. V. I. and served with aliility ami distinetion 
for three years until the expiration of the term of ids enlist- 
ment. After his return from the army he removed to h^lkhart, 

REV. R. V. DELO. 221 

lud. , organizing u congregation there in 1865, one three miles 
east of l<]lkliart and one near Bristol, Inil., in the year 18G7. 
In 1870 he moved to Three Rivers, INIich., organized a congre- 
gation there, and one in Pleasant Valley, Kalamazoo County. 
During his ministry in Three Jlivers he built a church which 
was dedicated May 12, 1872, the President ol' the Synod, Rev. 
J. N. Harnett, assisting in the services. 

During the year 1875 lie was called to Brook ville, Ohio, 
and this lermimited his long and useful career in the Synod of 
Northern Indiana, but his work abides and will tell the story 
of his unselfish life to generations yet to come. Pie continued 
his work in that pastorate until June, 1877, when the Board 
of Directors of Wittenberg (Jollege elected him as its financial 
secnitary. He served in that ca|iacity until the annual meet- 
ing in .June, 1887, when he lesigned. His work for the col- 
lege was of untold value, and will form an impoj-tant chajiter 
in the history of that institution. It was tlie era of Witten- 
hcrg's great material progrc-s aotl in it tlie timincial secretary 
holds a prominent position. Por several years he continueil to 
reside in Springfield, and in l8!io he moved to Salida, Col., 
where he now lives. Although he has almost reached his 
three scon- years and ten his passion for saving souls has not 
declined and his love for preaching the gospel has not waned. 
He is sujiplying the mission at Colorado Springs, preaching 
twice every Sunday, and travelling nearly three hundred miles 
<ach week. 



One ut" the busiest and most sell'-sticriticing workers of this 
Synod hiis been the subject of this sketch. He \va« u cliarter 
member of tiiis organization and has attended all its annual 
conventioi:s. By the AVittenberg Synod he was set apart to 
the sacred office of the ministry, and continued for a few year.s 
in connection witli that body. He has (h)ne much hard 
woi'k for the establishment of the Lutheran church on thia 
territory, and tliat work will abide to declai'e to coming 
generations the triumph of his faith in the Savior. Denied 
the pi'ivileges which young men who enter the ministry 
to-day have in our .schools and c(dleges for a thorough prej)a- 
ration for tlieir life work, he devoted himself faithfully to the 
study of such books as he C(nild o])tain. lie was born in Bed- 
ford (/ounty, Pa., May .'51, l-Sll), at which time the best school 
advantages were included in a tln\e months' sui)scrii)ti(in term. 
Hi.s |>arents lived on a farm, where his early life was spent. 
Borne years later they moved to Richland (.'ounty, Ohio. 
Tlu! country was com[)aratively new, and they were situated at 
least five nules from a Lutheian church. This distance he 
walked whenever there were services. He continued several 
years on the farm, and then leai'ned the carpenter trade, 
ut which he continued to lal)or until the work of the ministry 
was taken uj). He was married Aug. 13, 1843, to Sarah A. 
Smith, and in September, 184(), he renu)ve(l with his family to 
Noble County, lud. He studied hard in connection with his 
labors, and above all became a devout student of the Bible. 
He received some theological instruction from Rev. Seidle, and 
in August, 1852, was licensed to preach the gospel by the 



Wittenberg Synod. His work began as a missionary in the 
truest sense. He traveled Ironi place to place gather- 
ing our Lutheran ])e()ple and enct)U raging them in the 
faith. After Kev. Heidle's death he was urged to take 
the work of the lari-e ])astorate in which he had labored. 
It embraced the territory now occupied by the Spencerville, 
Fairfield, Auburn, Springfield and Salem ])astorates. There 
were seven organizations and four stations, besides new points 
that needed to be developed. It recpiired three sermons every 
Sunday and a number of services during tiie week. Several 
years later the charge was divided, but he continued for eleven 
years and he was taught sotnethiug of its liard work. This 
discipline develop(;d in him those ^^turdy traits of character that 
distinguisiied his entire ministerial life. It made liis self-sacri- 
ficing labors for the church easier to [)crform, and doubtless 
was the means of bringing many future joys to his heart. 
I'^rom I'arly life he showed a peculiar fondness for Ixtoks, and 
wouhl gladly iuive availed himself ,,f th,- privileges of a higher 
education had the o[)[)ortunity bet;n alVorded. He studied the 
catechism thoroughly, committing it to memory when a mere 
lad. it was during the time of his catechisation tiiat he 
received his first impressions for the ministry. His })astor did 
not fail to hold uj) this work before the boys, and while he 
entreated them to give their hearts to tiu- Savior he also urged 
them to give tiieir lives to the preaching of the gospel. Ho 
would take the boys aside and talk to them privately about the 
ministry. The inn)ressions thus made upon theii- minds were 
lasting. In William Waltman they grew deeper with the com- 
ing years. He was confirmed on Easter Sunday, 1836, and 
would then have willingly entered college had the way been 


Opened. After resigning tlie Speucerville pastorate, he thei> 
served the Fairfiehl charge nine years, La Grange three 
years, Horeb seven years, Albion two years, Salem three 
years, La Otto and Bethlehem three years, and supplied 
vacant churches for two years, retiring from the active 
ministry in the fall of 1893. The compensation received 
was very small, but his love for the church is evinced in the 
fact that he gave to the churches over seven thousand dollars 
of his own money over and above the salary that he received. 
During his ministry he built and repaired six cliurches, organ- 
ized seven congregations, baptized 218 infants, and added to 
the membership of the church nearly live hundred. He served 
as President of the Synod for two years, as treasurer for nine 
years, as Director to Wittenberg College six years, and was 
elected three times as delegate to the General Synoil. He has 
always enjoyetl the fullest coididencc of his brethren in the 
ministry, and in the evening of his iilc he presents a record 
tliul cludh;nges the adMiiralidU of tlie entire church. To it she 
will ever point with pride, and the good that he has done will 
enshrine his memory in warm and loving hearts for many years 
to come. 




L'^)^ uKjre thuii ii score (tf yeiirs one ol' the most usel'iil and 
influeiitiul meniber.s of this Hyiiod was llav. Levi llice. He 
was horn near Lewisburg, PrehU^ Cu., Oliio, June 17, 183(). 
His early life was spent npon the farm, hut did not pass with- 
out storing his nund with useful knowledge. 11(; reeeive(l a 
tliojough education in the puhiic scliools, and there qualified 
himself fen* the woik of teaching. His etiiciency in that 
capacity was snon i-eeogiuzed, and for eight successive years he 
taught in the schools (jf his native count). A nund)er of cir- 
cumstances condjined in shaping his religious charactfr and life 
and in causing him t(» become id(;nl ilied with (Christ's kingdom 
on earth. He became a mend)er (d the iMi-thodist l<jpisc()|Kil 
church in the year !>>()(). It was not a mere foiinal act, but 
an earnest, whole-hearted const'cration. lie entered upon his 
work f(tr the Master with a zeal that never abated. His recdg- 
ni/ed abilily as a teacher made Idm piMminenl in the work of 
the local church. He was called to superintend the Sunday 
school, was appoint(,'(l class leader, served as steward and was 
made local pri!a(;her. 7VII of these positions he tilled with the 
utmost lidelity, and won the confidence and esteem (d' all with 
whom lu; came in contact. 

Dui-ing the year 18(54 he found it necessary to break loose 
from all tlujse associations and endearments of early life. He 
went westward and setth^id in the vi(;inity ol' North Manches- 
ter, Indiaiui. Tin; following year, March .'JO, l-Slir), he was 
united in mai'riage to Miss Susan King, who has jjroved a 
faithful help-mat(; in all his self-sacrificing services for the 

Master. An opportuiuty o})ening for him to enter tln^ active 


work i>[' the niiiiistry he now I'omid il necessary to clian<;e liis 
clunrii relations. 'I'liis he did in the year ISlwS and became a 
inend)er oFtlie Evan^cdical Liitheian Church. Feb. Mh of this 
yeai- he was, (ui the I'econinienchilion^ of iunr nunisters in lids 
Synod, o-raided an Ad Interim, license to preacii the gospel by 
tlie President ol' Synod. I niniediately lie toolc up tlie work 
anioni:- the ptMiplc where he lived. |'',,|- a period o[ two yt'ars 
he served as a <npply for the N(,rlh Mancdiester pastorate dnr- 
ini^' the ((unporary absence oT the pastor. At the meeting- of 
Synod, in the l'\ill of 1S70, he was (U-daincd by the laviniz' on 
of hands, according- to the solemn and impn^sive rite of the 
I.ntlieian chiiicli, before the con_i;reualion to whom he had 
been faithfidly ndnisleriiiii. lie serve.l the /ion pasl.n-ate 
from that liino to 187.!, when he became ])astor of ihe T'air- 
liidil chai'i^e. His labors here; extended over a period of nine 
years, and (liirinL;- lliis time he ori;ani/.ed, ( )ct. 2;!, iSTo, St. 
Mark's Lnlheran clinrch in Auburn, the beautiful county seat 
^•'' l>e Kalb (\muly. lie >aw (here an opi)orlunilv lor the 
church '>[' his choice, and adlhoimh already burdem'd with the 
duties of a lar^e [lastorale, he felt that it must be imjtroved, 
and assunu'd the additional care and labor n[' a new con'n-etra- 
ti(ni. lie became pastor at Latirange, lnd.,in l<SSl,an(I 
continued his laboi's until 188(), when he removed to Walton, 
Ind., and served this jiastorate until the year l«l»2, when by 
reason of failino- health he was loi'ced to I'etire fi-om the active 
work of the nuiustry. lie removed to his little country honm 
in the vicinity of North Manchester, where he began his nunis- 
terial work. As a i)reacher he was earnest and devoted to the 
word of (Jod, always proclaiming it witti a simplicity that nnide 
it profitable to all (d' his hearers. As a ])astor h<' was very 



raithfiil, ever ivady to niiiiistcr to those in need, and l)y liis 
fidelity he alwa)-s gained the love and conlich'nce (d' his peojjle. 
'I'iuduuh his elVoi-tri many were led t(j the Savior and rejoiced 
in the Idessed assni'ance (jf forgiven sin and the precious hope 
(d' everlaslino- \\[\-, 

lie always eni()ye<l the largest contidence cW his hrethreii 
in ihe niiidslry, ami was often callecl h\' them to the 
positions (d' honor and trust thai they could give. He sei'Ved 
as Secretary (d' Synod during the y<'ars hST-'i and 1.S74, and 
was elected I'lvsident in l.SToand re-eh-eled in |,S77. JIc has 
stMved K(!vei'al terms on the lioard uf 1 )irei-|(,i'< lo W'illen- 
hei'g ('(diege, and Was (dioseTi at dilferenl lime- as Delegate to 
the (Jeneral Synod. I'\>i' a nnmliei' (W \'ears he was a member 
(d' the Advisory Hoard of Home .Missions, and also a imanher 
(d the Pastors' i-'iiml Association. ddie impress of his lovint' 
('hi'istiaii spirit has heen stamped upon the S\nodical nn-etings 
and is hearing ri(di fianl for the .M;i~ter'> kingdom. In many 
homes whei-e he carried ihe li^lii and clieer of ihe i;o<ptd, in 
many (diiirclnvs wIi.m-c he lailhf ii ll\' ndnisleix'd ihe Word and 
Sacramcails, and in the Symtd to which his whole miid-terial 
life was given, will his inlluence long ahide to nndve the kim--- 
dom on earth more like the kingdcun of Heaven. nndi;r great 
Itodiiy afHicti(m he now lives in his (juiel home, a nohle 
e\amp](! of the resignation to his l'"allier's will which he has) 
piH'acdicd to others. d'oward him the thought of the church is 
often turned, and the eai'uest pi'ayei' is hrealhed into the ear of 
Heaven that the evening of his life may he calm and peaceful 
as the clost! of ti cloudless .summer dav. 


\\':is l)()ni in ('miiherhiiKl Coiinly, Ha., Dei-. '_';), \^2:i. Wliea 
lie was uhoiit seven yi'ar.s old his parents removed to Hichland 
County, Ohio, wliere liis early life was spent with them upon 
the farm. Ifis educational advantages (hiring tliat lime were 
very fair, so far as the i;ommon s(diools wei'e eoneernecL He 
improved them and prepared himstdf foi' the work of teacliiiii"-. 
Suhse(|ueatly he attemhid for some time a seh'et seliool in whieh 
lie was heller iiltt'd for liis work, and whieh ereate(| in him I In; 
(hrsire for a hiuher education. Slionly after this he all(!n(h;(l 
for one year the ()tter])ein liniver>ity, and from private sources 
j-eceived some instruction in theology as a |>ie|)arati(iii for the 

lie was lic(;nsed to j)reach the g(jspel hy the Sandusky 
Confei'ence of tin; Uiuted Hrethi>'ii ( 'hurch, .Sefjl. 20, ]«,■)(», 
and entered what with that deiiominaliun i> known a< the //('/*- 
craiirij. II i> laltois prosed .-uccrs-fii! f.M' [he church, and on 
llm l!)tli day of Septemhi'r, ISr);!, he was solemnly ordained to 
the sacred oflice of the (,'hrisliaii ministry hy the laying on of 
hands \)y the hisho|) and elders of the same conference thai 
had liccnsi'd him to preach. lit' continued his lahors in favor 
with (i(»d and man and enjoyed j)rosperity. Twice was he 
called to serve his church in the ca[)acity of presiding elder, 
and was highly regarded ami much hidoved hy the entire dis- 
trict to which his lahors applied. In the year 18()0 he changed 
his church relations ;uid hecame pastor of the Congregati(»nal 
church at Lexington, ( )hio. l''roiu Dec. 1, iSti-i, to Dw,. 1, 
1870, he .served with gratifying success the ( 'ongregational 
church of ^^'est xMillgrove, Ohio. Dui'ing this period he was 




brought to look iiu^re closely into the ih)etriiies and polity of 
the Jjiithej'aii ehurch, and was so impressed with theii- scrip- 
tural character that it drew him into the juinistry of the 
Lutheran church. After due examination, he was received 
into the membership of the Synod of Northern fndiana at its 
annual convention in 1871 upon the leltei' of dismissal from 
the Congregational Association of Ohio. dan. 1, 1872, he 
took charge of tin; Walton pastorale and continued his lahors 
until the 27th ol' Novenjhei', bSTo, when he lesigned in order 
to accept a call to the iJerrii'ii Springs chargt', where he 
remaiiHMl until the laltei' part n[' March, l'S7!). rmiiiediat(dy 
Im; I'emovcd to Spencerville, Ind., lo wlii<-li place he had 
accepted a call, and served with favor until the 1st ol' Decem- 
l»er, 1(S(S1, and then removed to Auhui'u, ulieic his woi'k con- 
tinued nnlil the summer of I.SSo. In Scpleinlici- id' this year 
h'^ Went lo Illinois and served in succession the Lancaster, the 
0|iir\' and Dc Solo pa-loratcs dnring a period u( <cyi'[[ yeais. 
II. ihrn r.'Inrnrd lo Indiana, localinii in Lc>-an,-j)ori , Init did 
not resume llie active woik of the mini>ti'\', excepting to sup- 
ply the Logansport Mission during the vacancy that Hdlowed 
Re\'. A. 1). McMackin's death until the present Svnodical year, 
when he began to |n-each I'oi- the Lethlehem and La <)lto con- 

iu'V. K(dso served as Treasurer (d' the Syn(jd of Xorthein 
Indiana liom the year 1877 to the annual meeting in the v<'ar 
1S<S2, and was lilected to i-e])resent his Synod at the meeting of 
the (ieneral Synod at (,'aitliage. 111., and also at the meeting 
in Springliehl, Ohio. lie was an ellicieiit nuMidx-r (d' the com- 
mittee to examine young men seeking licensnic and (udination, 
and served in that ca])acity for seseial )'ears. His abilit ies as a 



picaclicr oi' llic \\'()i(l ixnt of iiuMe Tliaii ordinary cliaractei', 
aiul lie has doiK- raitliFiil .servicu in the juistoiatcs to which he- 
was i;alleih ( Jcnthiinatily in all his intcrcoiiisc -vith the peo- 
ple, and with a marked (Miristian eoiirlesy in his lehitions to 
them, he has won his \vay int(j their hearts and will h»n^;- he 
niniemheied hy them. The p-astoial iclatiun ehanii-es, hut the 
iiienioi-y ol' him who i'ait hfull)' ^iiides the pcoph; in their 
seai(di for a hiaiier and hetfer life, linticis with them and 
remains an iiieenti\(' to action in the ,■^ll li>e(|(ient yeai's of their 

life and toil, 

■■ Ever remembered, 
Only leiiiendiered, 
Jiy wduit he has done. " 

\{K\'. JOHN (;. I'.IDDLK. 

Amonu' the hills df l-'ayelle coiinl\. IViinsy Ivania , there 
li\('d a family id' pious ami drvoted Lutherans, wlio>e sous 
Were destined lo he eminently suci-es-l'ul miidsters (d' lhe>;-os- 
ptd of (Jhrist. They were nol rich in this world's ^oods, hut 
ihey aimed to lay up for thems(dves li-(;asures in lieav(.'n and 
the influence whi(di ihey exerted in the woild was alwa\s u])- 
liflin<i' and helpful to men. It adorned the home with the 
beautiful graces of the (Christian faith, and lingered in every 
community where they <lwell to Itdl of (iod's goodness to men 
and of his wondi'ous love in saving them fioni the powei's of 
sin. In that home was hoiii the subjeci of this sket(di, on the 
l.Stli day of May, \62:\. W \\r\\ a mere infant his j)areuts 
ivmoved to Ohio and settled upon a .-mall farm in 'I'useai-awas 
couidy, m;ar the vilhiiic of Sham'sville. There in- received 

KK\'. .lOllN (;. IJIDDLE. 


tliat (Miltiirc that was so cliaraftciisi tic of his fiiturc life. In 
tho i^ical sc-liool (.r Natiir<' lie Jcanicd soinr of tlie most help- 
lul h'ssoiis. Amid the j)ictiires(|ii(' suiTouiHliii^'s of diihlhood, 
\hr rich powci's of mind and iicait thai were liis hy nature, 
^-•ave (|iiick i'es|)oiise to the divine voices that .-^poke to him on 
eviT) liand. 'I'heic wi'ie inspirations tliat came to his ,-(uil 
which hroaih'iud his sympatiiii-s and intensilied his hive, and 
theie wei-e aspirations that lifted him u|i iido th(i realm of a 
iar;jcr life. iJnt tlie early years of hi^ exi.~l(uice wine not 
tlreaniy, visionary ones -lor \\v was trained in the hard school 
of inilu-lry and manual toil. At the aue of fourteen, his 
lather apprenticed him i,, the ^unsnnlh trade al which he con- 
tinued iiiiiil he had attained hi^ majoiily. Slmrlly afler this 
he nmi'iicd tlie woman who stood faillifullv hv him in all his 
hardships and toils, and wa(( lied with him in lho>e hours of in- 
docrihahle anxiet)' when his ,-oul was ho\crin;j, on the confines 
<d' two woi-lds. \<\,\- hve vears afti^r his marriage he c<,idinued 
:»' hi- Iradc when h.' r.'inoved wilh lir- famdy to l),l\;illi 
ctuinty, intliaiia, w heic h(> pur(diased lortv acres of land. it 
was mostly timhered land and re(piired mmdi hard work to 
'•'■iii^' il into a -ood .>tate of cidlivation. lie lahored int'cs- 
santly on his little i'arm turning- to his fornu'r vo<-ation only at 
convenient times. \<\>v six years he continued, and then laid 
iliside his farmini,' implements and the tools of ihe workshoji 
that he mi^ht uiyc himself wholly to the work of saving' souls. 
Hitherto he had not heen an idler in the vineyard, hut the call 
now came for him to preach the gospel (d' the l-Cingdom. lie 
obeyed that call, and at the tirst meeting;; id' the Synod of North- 
ern Indiana, he was licensed to prea(di, Sunday eveuinij;, < )cto- 
her 2(S, 185,"), in (he old Lutheran church in ( !(dninhia ( "ity, 



Till' Puroeliial ivijxjrt of fclie next ycai' shows tliat his 
pastorate; contained tiiree churches and four regular stations. 
Tlu; Salem congregation sent a papeV to Synod testifying of 
liis elHcient services and*askiiig that Ik; he, continued on the 
pastorate. This was an unusual reiiue.^t, as the polity of the 
Lutheran ehureli is congregational and the Synod has only 
advisoiv power. l)ut lu' was only a licentiate and the (diurch 
in their love and admiration foi' him <lesii-ed not oidy to testify 
of his etiicieuc}' as ii minister, hut also to show their apprecda- 
tion of his W(jrk. During this time he resided in Syracuse, 
Kosciusko county, Indiana. His license was renewed for an- 
othei-year, and he continued a course of special study as was 
recpiired at tlu; time when he lirst received license. Sometime 
during the next year he j'emoV(;d to La < J range, Indiana. 
'Idii.s congregation was included in his piisiorate (d' the previ- 
ous yi-ar, and his lalnns were now continued in a part of the 
original (diarge that he servt'il. lie w as oidained to the gos- 
pel mini>lr\' tlie ne\( \ear, Sepleinlier "-'(i, l.^.)7, at ('nmdeii, 
Indiana, lu'V IJ. I'\ Dido, preaidiing the -seiinon from .Matthew 
10: Hi. The story id' hi^ long and usefid services in this charge 
can hest l)e told in his own language, in a leport which was 
made and puhlished hy the reipiest ol' the (diurch rouneil after 
his I'esignation had heen presented. 

"At the organization <d' the Synod (d' Northei'ii Indiana, 
ideven years ago, the memhers saw lit to give me license to 
preach thegospid. and directed me to I ja <iraiige and I'nuni 
congregations. These wei'e thiiiy uulesa[)art. 1 found in La 
(Irange Hi memhers, and those living far aj)ar! . ... in 
my lahors of eleven years on this work, I had the happy priv- 
ilege (d' haptizing lOi! infants, Id.S adidls, contii'me<| 17(1, re- 


eoivocl on profession of faith 173, by lett(M- 74, organized nine 
congi-egations, built 3 houses of worsliip, [)i-e:ii;luHl '28(58 ser- 
mons, attended 252 funerals, married 1(14 couidcs, visittjd and 
prayed witli 488 raniilies, traveled 9U3() miles, expended of my 
own means earned before 1 entered the niinistiy 3^1200. OU for 
building ehurehes and su])porting myself while the ehui'eh was 
not able to su})port me.'' 

It is the reeord nf an untiring and un>eltish life and the 
a|)j)reciation of tiu^ pastorate was expressed in a long series 
of resolutions. 1 1 is resignation took elfeet ()ctol)er 1st, I8t>(). 
The I'esignation was aetu'pted with such reluetiinee that the 
retii'ing past(u- agreed t<i supply them with preaehing until 
a suitable, man eould he secured. ( )n the Kith of the same 
month Syncxl conxcueil, and the largi' pastoiate was divided 
and licv. ])iddl(; became the [)ast(U' of souk; ehui'ches on the 
territory now oeeupied l»y tin; iMillerHl)urg and iMiddlebury j)as- 
tor:ite<, \\v residing at Milhu-sbui'g, Indiana. It a[)pcars that 
(he organi/atioH pi',\iou-l\ cIledtMl in M iller^liui'ir had di>- 
handed.aml in .Ma^■, I8(i7. l!e\ . Uidd Ic organized a congrega- 
tion lher(; with o7 chaitei' members. 'Tlu- church building was 
erected lanh'r his ,-upervisioii , and de<licated in danuai> , 18()8, 
liev. II. Wells assisting in ihe services. The ehurehes were 
greatly built u]i and strengthened dining his pastorate. In 
the spring of 187o, he located in I^lkhait and began the work 
whicdi was so suct-essfiilh' carried I'orward unlil cut -liorl by 
death. In the building of the (diiirch he was a hard wiu'ker, 
and ill winning smds foi- ('hrist he \\a> eminently sncccssful. 
The Lutlna'an chnrch in thai city is Xi'iy largely indebted (o 
him for its ])resenl pi'osptu'ity. His was a comman<ling inilu- 
( ncA' not onl\' in evei'y pai't of the city, but in the surrounding 



country as well. J'^veiyoiie, young and did, knew and re- 
spected him. l'\n- evervont^ lie liad a kind and enrouraoino' 
word, and multitudes tloeked loj^etlier to hear him preach. In 
the very midst of his j)o[)ularily and usel'ulness disease laid its 
sti'ong gras[) upon him. I'\ir sciventy-iive day.s he lingered 
upon the bed ol' affliction. The h)ng and weary watchings and 
waitings by his side grew painful, as it became apj)arent that 
he could not recover. liut into the darkness their shown a 
constant steady ray ol" light, no murmui- (;ver esca|)i:d his lips; 
his faitli <lid not fail him. The gosp« 1 he had so raithfully 
j)reached to others was his su])port. The halo (d' a perfect res- 
ignation seenuid to rest upon him and made resplendent the 
scones of his last days. Ijike an<^ther, lu' wanted " to depart 
and 1)(! with ('hrist." To him it was "going hoiu(,'," ami on 
the evening of January 1(1, hSTl), "he wa^ not, foi' ( iod took 
him.'' Ilis death was as glorious as his lab(Hs had been, pa- 
tient and persi.-ifiit , and il c'ast luudvwaid o\( r hi- life the 
gleam- of ihal fadcle?.- lu.-ire ihat camr li-(im the kingdom 
above, lie was gi'i-ally loved. l'eo[)le thronged al)out hi.- res- 
idence during his last days to enc^uire coiu'ciuing him. Hun- 
dreds followed his lenuuns to their last resting place. The 
whole city felt the loss. Tlu' ministerial asS(j(!iation declared 
that they had always found him '• in full sympathy with every 
good work,'' and that he was by theuj, '' a brother held in very 
high eslei'ui.'" lie is dead. l'\u' alnmst a score of yeai's his 
labors have ceased. 15ut he lives. liis life, his work and his 
unsidtisli labors for the church are often talked of still. The 
inlluence that he exerted has been inwoven in (diaracter, and 
will abide not only in time but through all eteinitv- (Jloii- 
ous is the reward of smdi s<'lf-sacrificin^' devotion to ('hrist and 

Ki:v. I). 1. i; \i II. 
i;kv. ,1. A \vi:-r, 
ti;v. 1.. >. i<i;s si:i;. 

i;i;\'. .1. N i; \ i;Ni: I I'. i:l.\. .i. \\ . TiloMAS. 

i;i;v. K, I . (;i;i;Nni;i r. ki;\ . .i. <■. k \i i-fm \.\. 
i;i:\'. 1.. I', lioi: IV, \ UN. i;i:v. .i. i'. l!t^<).•^v. 

K]:\ . fi;ki>i:1!U'k iuodle. 


liis churcli. •'Tlicy that Ije wise sliall .^hiin' as tlie l)rightiiess 
of the finiiaiKMit, and ihcy thai turn iiiaiiy lo righteousness as 
the stars I'oiever and evei'." 

KKX. fiifj)i-:i;k;k biddli:. 

'I'he history ol' some men's lives ean never he written. 
Into tliem tlu-re enters so mueh of sfll'-saerifice that no words 
can ade(|uatcly ])ortiay ihe good wlileli they l>ave done. Tlie 
woild has ri'eeiv('(l the hlessings id' ihcir ardiKoi.-- toils, hiil has 
(d'lcii Tailed to rccdgni/.c il> indehlediie.-s to lIuMO. It was thus 
W'ilh llic Master and is noL nnrrc(|iu'nl ly sd with many of his 
n]o>t I'ailhriil and devoted di.-^ci[dcs. I"jternity alonr can icvcal 
the line slory of their nn>('Hish sacritiees for the uiidilling and 
the ,-alvalion of men. The minimi r\ (d' lv( v. I'^rcdcriidc Hiddle 
has lici-n a remai'kahle one ll has hecn almndantlv hlessed of 
hiavcn. llims(di' a modest, nna--iinMng man, l)Ul wholly de- 
\-olrd lo ihc worh (d' .~a\ing .-oul-. \\r cnliird upon hi- min- 
isti'y with ihf deep eonvielion thai he wa.> <all(Ml lo had nun 
to Christ, and to sti'eiiglhen and huild them ii|) in the faith <d' 
the gospcd, ami he has allowed nothing to lurn him aside i'rom 
this ])urpos(; or to hinder him in attaining this end. Allhoiigh 
his educational ad\antages were lindlcd, he has proved a man 
ol' rtanarkahle power in the prea(dnng of the word. His Favor- 
ite llieme has been "('hrisl's unl'ailing love for men," and he 
has witnesse<l that love coiKjUi'ving the .--trongest hearts and 
subduing the mostohstinatt' wills- men have eomt' asking what 
they must do to he saved, and a.> ihev weic pointed to the 
Lamh of (iod whicdi laketh awav the sin,- (d' the woild they 
have found joy and peace in hcdieving. Through his preach- 


iiig more tlinn two thousiind souls professed their faith in the 
tSuvior, and over iiftecn hundred of ihese were received into 
the various ehureiies whit'h lie served. Sonioofthc most intt^r- 
estiiig and successful revivals of religion ever enjoyed in the 
communities where he preached occurred during his ministry. 
In these he will long he remend)ere(l and those happily con- 
A'erted will often (hink of (hem with gladness, ;iiid will grate- 
fully call to mind the faithliil preaciier. 

Ivev. Hiddle w;is hoin in Fayette County, Pa., in the year 
]^20. lie w:is only aliout threes year,- old when his jiaicnts 
removed to TusearaWiis County, ()hii.. At the age oi' thirteen 
he hegan an apprenticeship in the villa^;e (»!' Sli:ine.-\ ille at the 
shoemaker's trade. Here he continued for a |>eri<id oi two 
yeai.i, and then went from place to plaei' doing sucdi work in 
that lim- as could he secured. During all thi- time he was also 
diligent in attaining an educati.m. lie applied him-elr to thi' 
study of the \'ery thin'js in which oihrr lio\'-- ol' hi- aiii' were 
r< eei\ iiig insliuelion in lhe>ehools. ll( read .-ueh h M.k> as he 
could seeure and ioinied a haliil of reading which aiiied very 
much in making him |)roli( lent in his life-work. 15efoi(! he 
entered upon his apprenticeship at that early age he had heen 
so deeply impressed with tlie thought of heeoming a minister 
that he consulted with his paicnts concerning it. Thev \\-ere 
poor and could see no way in w hich he could he propeil\' edu- 
cated lor such a work, and so th<' thonghi was Im' them of nec- 
essity practically ahandoned. IJiit not so ea>il\' was it hnr-hed 
aside by him. It lingered with him dtii-ing the years of his 
apprenticeship, and in his suhsecpu'iil work at his cho.-~en voca- 
tion it hecame the incentive foi- faillifnl and studious ellort^. 
Some years later he married a vwy pious and devoted young 



woiiiau wlio hud in't-viously kneeled with Idin al the altar and 
heen conlirnied aeeoiding to the cu^toni u\' the Lntheran chni'cli. 
To hei- he had often talki'd oi' hi.s desires eoncej'iiing the minis- 
try, and they luoked forward in fond iintieipation to the woi-k 
which they would togethei' do for Chi'ist and his church. But 
her health failed and it heeaine apparent that their h(j])es mur^t 
he l)Iightc;d. He, howt'Ver, atttiuded .schuol aflei' his niai'riage 
f(jr a period of two years ami then gave himself to the work of 
teaching. She died in the year l<sr)2, ha[)j)y in the c(HiS(;ious- 
ness of the Savior's pi'csenee and love. l''or some tinu^ he con- 
tinued his work as a teacher, and was snhse(piently wedded to 
her who has heen with him in all his years of stdf-sacrilice for 
the Master, as a heloved companion and co-worker in a cctm- 
nion cause. In the year liSoH, at the fourth annual meeting 
of the Synod of Noilhern Indiana, he a|)peared hefoi-e tlu; 
e.vamining committee who after lliorough examination iccom- 
memleil him f(tr licensure which was granted. it was leneweil 
one year later, and on Sumhw afternoon, September '2',), l.S(l(l, 
he was soh'uuily ordaiui'd to the work upt)n which his heart 
had heen so long and so lirmh' set. 'IMie conviction that was 
so al»iding and yet so often haliled at last led him to viitlory. 
Purposes inwrought hy the s})irit of (Jod may he hindeied hut 
not defeated. He who (dierishes them and pushes his way f(jr- 
ward with linn deti-rmination will see the day of triunjph. 
Immediately after his licensure hy the Synod he removed to 
N^ui Wert, Ohio, and there Itegan his lahois for the Master 
He continued his labors for several years in that [)astorate with 
great success. Several churches wei'e oiganized and he added 
more than two humlred to the mend)ershijt. It was a hard 
charge and retpiired a great deal of ti'avel. Sometimes when 



tlie I'Oiulrf were in comliti'tu tliat lie could iu»t tiiivel on liorse- 
hack lie would walk a.siuucli u.s louilccii iiuhs and jncacdi tlii-ee 
times the same day. His appointments were always iaitlifully 
kept regardless of tlie inconvenience of reachiny- tliem. About 
the year JStil he received a call from the [)astorate then known 
as " l*^lat Iv(jck," and removed hither. i'\ti' a period of lu'ai'ly 
nine ycjars lie lahoreil with that people and <iod Idc^sed his 
lahor,^ to the salvation of many immortal souls. At the exjiir- 
atiou of that time he was calle(l to the lloreh cliari^'c iu \\'ells 
(!oiinly, Indiana, whei'c; he conliniied until the death oT his 
hrother, Key. John (J. JJiddlc, at j'^lkhart, Indiana, when he 
was called lo he hi.s successor. I'^ir a period of eighteen nionlhs 
he served the entire pastoral<' and added many to its meinher- 
ship. Tin; charge heing then di\ided he couliuued his lahors 
with the two country chiirtdies for seven years, when lu' 
accepted a call to the Moorepark church and ,-,ei'\'eil it r(»r a 
jK'iiod of ucaily two years with gial i I' / in u' success. .Vfter a 
few monllis' rest at his home in lOlkharl he accepted a call to 
the Salem pastorate whi<di he ser\cd ahoul one and one- half 
years, and then accej)te(l a call from the IJethlehcm and La 
Otti) coiigrt'gations. lie continued ahoul J -S months when he 
was comptdlcd to relincpiish his lahors Uy reason of sickness. 
•Since that time he has not taken (diarge ivgularly although he 
has fidly icgaiiied his health and preaches with the same cuei'gy 
and power that he did thirty years ago. Indeeil his experience 
makes him a far more interesting preacher now than he was 
then. There is no "dead-line" for a nuin of his ( lu'igy and 
consecration. His services are even more valuahh; for the 
<diureh now than they have been at any previous perictd of liis 



It is to hiiu a source of joy that auionjj^ those whom lie 
recei veil into tlie eh iireh and .-tarlcil on lh^;ir christian career 
lie now linds thi'ee — liev. 11 l'\ Stultz, Kev. I). F. Kain and 
llev. Ahrahaui l^eatli(M'S, faithfully and successfully preaching' 
the gospel, and several others prcpai'liig for the niinislry. His 
work will thus he pcrpel ualing il-clf for niaiiy yeais to come. 
Kev. IJiddle is vvvy highly esteemed ami ver\' dearly IxdoN'ed 
hy the Synod which licensed and ordained him to his saci'cd 
odice, and in whicdi almost his entire ministerial lif(; was s[)ent. 

iiiov. AMUHosi] II. s('Hi:ki:i:. 

The pioneei- pi-eachers td' this Syn(»d wei'(^ l)ns\' men. 
Their Work was attended with the greatest dilliculties and 
liard.-^hips. They were pious and devoted and weii^ content in 
using the means which (lod jilac.ed in theii' hands. They were 
mil indilfereiil to the results of their lahnr, hut they showed no 
doiie lo exnihit ihe^e hcloi-elhe wnild. Their records are 
often imperfei'tly ke|)l. it i> sonnlimes impu>sil)le therefore 
to gain llu- facts necessary to ])reseiit a true history of their 
lives. iMiudi as this is to l>e desired, we must in some in-tances 
content ourselves with the thought that there ks a record in 
which all has been faithfidly enteitd. 

<)iily a fragmentary history of tlu' active life of Kev. 
Scherer can he given. Of hisahundant labors in gathering souls 
into the kingdom very little has heen recorded, it is, however, 
of suidi a nature as to suggest very mucdi as t(t the usefulness 
of his life. 

He was born in Gilford County, North C'arolina, November 
22, 1822, and was married to Miss Sarah A. Patton C)ctob(,'r !), 


1850, iit Pitt«l)iirg, Carroll County, ludiaun. In early life he 
was deeply iin[)resse(l Avith divine truth and led to give his heart 
to tlie (Savior, lie attended eateehetieai insti'uetion under Rev. 
A. Reck and was received hy him into membersliip of the 
church in Hendricks County, Indiana. lie received j)rivate 
instruction in theology from K(;v. Jacob Scherer, Jr., at Olney, 
Illinois. About the year 1850 he was licensed to [)reach the 
gospel and was ordained to tlie sacred ottice in October, 1852, 
at Ladoga, Indiana. His labors as a minister were laigely of 
a missionary ciiaracter, and was instrumental in organizing a 
niunber of congregations and building for them houses oi" 
woiship. Mt. Zion church in JMorgan (!ounty, Indiana, he 
oi'ganized Septend)ei- 15, 1^50. So(»n ailerward he organized 
liethel congi'egatiou, not far distant. In Sc[)tember, liS5l, he 
gathered some Ijutheran families in Howard (/onnty, Indiana, 
antl organized what was known as I nion church. lie then 
became [>astoi' of several coiigi'rgalions in (Minton t'ount}', 
Indiana, and remained wiih ihcm about thicc \■ear^. b'or a 
short tinu! he served the Mt. IMea.sant chnreh in Aicadia, ami 
organized Kethel congregation at Cicero, huliana, October 12, 
185G. In June of the same yvav he organized 8t. Peter's 
church at JNIillersburg. A congregation was oi'ganizcd by him 
near Sharpsville, Indiana, June 2'>, 1(S57, and Salem church 
in Madison (,'ounty .lanuai'y D, 1850. Stt)ny C'reek congre- 
gation, in Hamilton County, he organized .lune 1, ISilO, and 
Union church in Tipton County March lil, 1809. A number 
of these congregations he aided in their strut!;";le to build their 
churches, ami by his labors they were strengthened and I'e- 
enforced by the addition of new mend)ers. Huring the later 
period of his life he suifered great bodily afflictions and retired 



with liis family to his home in Sliai'psvillc, Iiitliaiia. But his 
active spirit could not rest, and he h)ngH'd to see the cluireh of 
liis ehoice establislied in this vilhige. St. Tetei's congregation 
was here organized by him in 1890, and it was largely thit)iigh 
his instrumentality that their beautiful church ediiiee was 
built. Mc died A]n\\ 14, I8i)2, having attained within a few 
months man's allotted period of three score years and ten. 
His funeral sermon was ))reached by the I'lesident of Synod, 
Kev. C H. Kockey, and his death was mouineil by a large 
circle of friends. 

UKV. J.UTIIKR A. (Un WALD, 1). 1). 

As early as y>">() there weri; ()0,00n (icrinan Lullierans in 
I'ennsylvania. This surprisingly large number of the same 
faith and the same Fatherland ])0})ulated the fertile valleys of 
the central and southeastern pai't of tlu; state. Theii" colonies 
extend from tin- Sus(|ueliaiiiia and its trilmtaiies to the l)(da- 
ware, and their skillful husbandry convei'ted llie wlmle iiaet 
into a garden. 

To their sturdy characteristics and sterling nu'rits as a 
people, can be traced the; glorious heritage which oui' Lutheran 
church enjoyed in the early yearn of the present century, as 
well as her j)resent supremacy in that grand old keystone stale. 
15y theii' lidelity to tli(;ir mother chuicli and by their conscien- 
ti(nis care of their children, there was developed a strong, vig- 
orous and (hn'oted nu inbership, and a consecrated, Ciodly and 
powerfid ministi-y. Fioin this hue ancestral soui'ce si)rang the 
subject of this sketch. 

Jlis ancestry on both his father's ami mother's side was 
distinctly German. At an early day they settled in York Co., 


P:i., ;ui(l ill tlicir relij^ioiis I'iiilli \V(!ic ardent Ijdthci'ans. His 
i'aliier was Itev. Daiiid Gotwald, wlio, in his day, was one oi' 
the most earnest, aljle and ehjqueiit Cjeruian Lutiieran [)i-eaidi- 
er.s ol' this country. Frecjueiitly, inimonsc congregations gath- 
ered i'ruin I'ar ami near to hear liini preacli, and often the 
entire vast multitude was meltetl to tears, and many were 
moved to ask wliat they must do to ))e saved. He was es})eci- 
ally faithrul as a catechist (d' tiu; young and hy this time-hon- 
ored Lutiieran custom acc()m[)lislied great nood. 

Soundly adhering t(» the Augshurg confession as the sym- 
bol (d' the Lutheran faith, he lel't an aliiding and positive 
Christian and Lutheran impress whei-ever his ministry was 


'I'lie mother of the subject ol' this skel(di was a woman of 
pre-iuniiieiit piety and of transcemU'iit faith. Her int(dlei',tual 
endowments wen; of a high ordc r, hut liei' education was quite 
limited. She was a nuuhl ('hri>lian mother, devoting herscdf 
iiohly to ihc I raining of lier idiildren lo|- ( 'hrist and his church. 
Shi' was an adndrahh' disciplinarian. SIk' ruled "i'cntly, yet 
lirndy, (|uietly, yet elVecti\'ely. llei- daily lialiit, after the 
birth of her lirst child down to the cdose of iier long life of 
eighty years, was to I'ctire J'or pi'ayer for ( Jod's Idessing ujion 
lierself and iier family. After her husl)and's death a double 
duty was upon her. 'IMiis she pi-omptly assumed, and the 
spiritual and temporal care of lu'r eight l'atherles.s children was 
far from slight. Daily she conducted (Jod's worslii|) in the 
family, reading from her (jerman Bible and ollering ])rayer in 
the same rich tongue. 

Lutiier Alexander Gotwald, the sulijcct ol" this paper, was 
born January 31, 18JJ3, and was the seventh child of eleven 

Ki:\-. i,iri'iii;i; a. (ioTWAi.u. n. d. 


cliiMicii, coii.stiliitiiiu tilt' I'umily. In inlaiicv lie wa.s baptized 
\>y luw. Prof. Dr. S. S. Si'liiuiicker, of ( ivtlyshurti', and in liis 
sixteeiitli year he confirmed lii.s baptismal vowvs im a menilier of 
the Kvangelieal Lutheran church. l')()ri) of Godly parents, 
and reared under CHiristian discipline, he steadily and con- 
stantly matuix-tl iiis (Ihrislian life. lie can, therefore, point 
to no s})ecial date ol' "conversion": to n(j rauliiu' nud-day 
vision, nor to any ^reat spiritual change eithei' of lieart or life, 
occuriMng at some one tinn^ lie believes himself lo have been 
regenerated in baptism, and that that nen' life, then S(j gra- 
ciously begun, lias been nurtured and matured b\ a Codly 
Lome and tin; means of graci' in the church. 

His falhei- died in |,Sl;;, having his widow and eight 
children lo survive him. Of these, Liilher was liflh in age of 
the 'number then living, being but ten years old. The family 
thus bereaved was left destilut(i and de])endent upon their own 
exertions. JjutCiodwas faithful to his promises and always 
*lid he open up lln' way of relief, and supply llie wants of the 
widow and the fatherless. The older children soon secured 
jiositions in which they could contribut(; toward tim family 
comfort. Luther, when about eleven yeais of age, was em- 
])loye(l as errand boy in a stove. In a few years he was clerk 
with increased wages. Ijixter he learned the jirinter's trade, 
and with the larger wages earned, not only kept himself, but 
nobly aided his mother in the family support. 

At his very birth he had beeji consecrated by his Godly 
parents to the work of the Gospel ministry. ( k)nstantly was 
this high calling held up before him as his life work. One of 
the very last acts of his father, as he lay upon his dying bed, 
was to call Luther and his mother to his bedside, and, placing 

'244 svi^^OD OF nortiii;kn Indiana. 

his attenuated hand upon the hul'.s head, (U'Vott- liim to tlie 
holy work t)i' [)reaching Christ, and then witli hi.< dying bix-ath 
lie charged the inutluT never to cease her i^it'orts and prayers 
until she wuuld see him in the high olhee to which he had thus 
been given. Tliat dying act was never forgotten hy the boy, 
and tiiat holy consecration was not disregarded. Kroni that 
moment he determined, with God's help, to assume his I'ather's 
mantle, thus dropjjcd in death, and to succeed him as Christ's 
aml)assador among men. 

Tliat (btdly wife and mother also did all in hci- power to 
secure the dying father's wish, and she lived to <<h', not only 
this son, but also two of her other sons an<l two giandsons and 
a son-in-law in the holy ollice. Tlins lichly did (lod answei- 
His faithful servant's prayers. Lutliei-, after vaii(jus expei- 
iencuis, began his jireparation I'ov llie inini.^tr^ in l^o'J, as a 
student in the i*i'eparatory r)e[»artmeiit of Wiltenbeig College, 
Spfinglield, ( ). Here lie remained llnce \'ears and a half, 
struggling with gieat poverty, and enduiing iiian\- jiii val ions , 
until the cl<j>e of the .'~^o[)homore year in tlu' colh'i^iate e(jnr.--e. 
ri(.vidential leasons then deteimined him to complete his 
eoui-se at IN'iinsylvania College at (ieltysbiirg. 'riii> he did, 
gradiuiting in 18.">7, and taking one of thi' hoiioi-s of his class. 
The next two yeais were s|)ent in the Tlieologieal Seiiiimir\' at 
(ii'ttysburg, from which he went forth a>, a graduate in I.Sol*. 
Soon after his gradinition, and after being licHMised by the 
Syncjd of West Pennsylvania, he became pasloi- of the Lulli- 
(;ran church at 81ii])i)ensbui'g, Ta., where he remanied until 
1803. JJis next j)astoral field was at Lebanon, I'a., where, for 
satisfactory causes, he only spent two years. In 1 <stjb he 
acce])ted a call to the hMrst Jilnglish Lutheian church at Day- 

JtKV. I-U'IHKI: A. (iOrWALI), I). 1>. 


toil, (). lien;, at tlic end of four years, hi; was conqx-lled to 
resiyii. His health was utterly broken, and a rest oC a vc-ar 
was necessitated. In l.STO he aL'cei)ted a call lo the Ijutheran 
<dairch at Cliaiidterslniry, l*u., wliere he lal)ored until ] (S74. 
In April, 1S74, he hecaine jjastor ol'St. Paul's l^ulheran idinrch 
ol York, I*a., where with constant and ^reat success, he prose- 
cuted the work of the niinistr}' for twelve years. 

Tudei' special providential i^uidance he was led at the 
close of the yi'ar 1885 to Ix-coiue j)astor of a .struggling mission 
ent(;i|nise in Springfiidd, (). , an eiderprise which is now the 
largi' and lloiirishing Second l^utheran church ul' lluit citv. 
Under liis ministry it soon rose into a lai-gc, s(dl'-supporting 
and most inlluential church. 

This closed the record ol' his W(uk in tin; actisc ministiy, 
(•((Vering a period of thirty years. In all ol' these places Mr. 
<<otwald wa.- ennnently successi'ul, heing honored of (iod with 
a useful cai»ei'. Ili>ministi-y was characteri/ed in each pas- 
toiale li\ large additi<ins to the cdiurch and a mo>i niarki'd 
<iee|)ening ol' the s|)iriluality of his congregations. lie was 
over noted as a ])re-eminent pastor, with tine social talent, 
•all'ahle manner, warm lu'ait and winning wavs. Asa pastor he 
was known as one whom excry one loved and wlni had the rare 
power to mala- all feel that h(; was their true and especial 
friend. As a preacher Dr. (iotwald is w<dl known, ami in his 
pulpit (dViU'ts has few supi'riors. 

Scludarly, tlnuightful, spiritual, earnest, tender and con- 
vini'ing, his preaching i- at onc-e hotli inti-resting and edify- 
ing, and in hi- earlier and r-tionger years, it rose to genuine 
ehxpieiu'e an<l swayed his hearers ri'sistlessly . 

i\s an ex|)erienced and successful pastor, l)r. (iotwald had 
specially manifested the characteristics nee(led in one called to 


train othei's For the rninistiy, and lieiu'c, in 1888, wlaen the 
cluiii- of Practical Theology at AVittcnhcrL;" Sciiiinai'v, Sj)ring- 
tiehl, ()hio, l)ccuiiic vacant, lu; was iiiiaiiiinoiisly chos(Mi hy the 
l^oaid to (ill it. In this new position he ha.s <:iven entire satis- 
faction l)otli to the students and the Board of directors. His 
chair end)races Moiniletics, (Church History , I'astoral Theology, 
Biblical (!ritici>in, Chnrch Polity, Apologetics and y(;t other 
iinp(trlant hranches. 

In all prohahility he will continne in this high work of 
li-aining yonng men for the <,iospel niiiii>try, for which he is 
.so aptly lilted holli hy gifts and (experience, during the i-eniain- 
der of his days. 

Dr. (Jotwalil received his title ai' l)()ct(U' of Divinity 
in IS7-1, from his Alma Mater. He has been a proliiic 
writer, and among same of his pul)lishe(l writings are the 
follow ing: 

."^imdaN .'-^I'huiil .^eriimn, ISli?; •• Propn-ed KeligiDns .Vmend- 
ment to our Nalimial ( 'onstil ul ion , " Lutheran ( ^hiarterly, 1, 
2'Jl; " Al\va)s Thankful," Thanksgiving Sernu)n, 187;>; "The 
Halvability of the Heathen," Lutheran (^nirterly, II 1 , 41 1 ; 
Si'rnn)n at the funeral of ('has. A. Moi'ris, York, Pennsylvania, 
1874; Sei'mon at the funeral of Mv-i. Sarah Hay, York, 1.S1J4; 
"The Developiuent and Direction of La\' Work," (the third 
lecture on the Pice I*^oun(lati(ni, Theological Seminarv, < iettys- 
hurg, 1874), Lutheran (^uvrterly, W , ;;(ill; " Pastoral Letter 
to the Mendters of St. Paul's l^vangelical Lutheran ('hui-ch," 
York, i*enn,sylvaiiia, 187"); "< )ur Hi-lory and ( )ur Success," 
Sermon, ^'ork, l(S7t); "The Divine Pule ( "oncerning (Jiving, 
(»!■ till' ('hi'istian Lse of Pro])erty," sei'mon delivm'ed hefoie 
the York and Adams ('ounty Conference ol' llu'. ."^N'nod of 

liKV. LUrilEK A. (iOTWALD, U. J). 


West I'fiiiisylvaiiia, 1.S77; JMeinoialiiliii (toiiccniiiig- the llev. 
Lucas liaiiss, one of the early ininistei's (jl" tlie iM'augelical 
Lutheran (!hui'ch in Anieiiea, includinjj;- an account ol' liis 
anec-tors and (lesceinlanl.s, 187('1; "'The Apparition at Liuh)r," 
l^utlieran (iuarteriy, VIII, o'2l; "The Human (Condition of a 
(iood I'i'ayer Meeting," JjUthtnan (Quarterly, IX. -17; "Church 
O^'dei's, or the Necessity of a liight Call to the Ministi-y," 
H<jlinan Lecture on Ai'ticle XIV, Augsburg Confession, 
JjUtheran (^uaiterly, IX, 80; "A Leaf from Honu; Missionary 
Life," ISSl; "Luther \'oice> i'l-om ("ohuig to the Luthei-an 
Ministry," an ()r(linalion .Sermon hefore the SyiKjd of \W-st 
l'eiin>ylvania, IHSo; "A I'a.-tor's Addr.-s to Hi- People." a 
trad; "'riie Iveformalion the Work of (iod," a .-ernion, \'oi-k, 
l>^'^i5; "'rhe Ministry Manifesting l)iviiu; Tiaitli, a sei'iiion 
hefoic, the We>l Peuns) 1 vauia Synod, Voik, 18H.'?; "The 
( 'ollege and the Nation," i(SS4; •'Holy Memories — Kev. J. C. 
1 )eininL!er." IS'^o; ••Sini.-el at Noonda\," funeral >ermon, 
York, ISN.'); •■(ioldm Shoek.-., oi' Ivijiemd (Irain loi- the 
Heayeidy (iai-ner," a funeral sermon, LScSo; Inaugiiial Ad- 
dress; •' Practical riieology as an Ldu(;ating; P'orce in .Minis- 
terial Training," Wittenht'rg Theoloiiical Seminary, LSSi*; 
" I hiutilized I-'orces in our (-hurches, a l'a|)er in Practica' 
Theology," 18i)l ; "Our Lutheran (!hurch a Missionaiy 
('hiirch," LulluMan <,)uartei'ly, 18',)'^; "Lutheran ('onfession- 
alisni in the (ieneral Synod, a IJeph' li» the Cliarg-cs of my 
Assailants," 181))); "The IJesurrection (»f ('lirist," Lutheran 
(^lart(■rIy, 18H-1. 

In his the(dogical position, I )r. (iotwald nuiy he classe«l 
among the Lutheran ( JonsiM-vatives; accepting lu'artily and 
fully the .\ugsl)Ui'g Confession as the very hest expression of 

24 s 


(JIu-istiaii I)o(;trine that has ever l)een piuiiiulgated helieving 
in the use of soine Litiirgieal forms in public woi-ship, and 
lioidinii' finidy to tlie historic faith and usages of tlie Lutheran 
church as, all in all, the purest and hest that are taught and 
employed. Because of his rigid l^utheranisiii, charges tluring 
the j)ast year ( IXDo) were preferie<l against him hy some Indd- 
ing a h'ss positive Lutheran posititMi, and the ell'ort was made 
to icmove him from the chaii' (d' Theology whi(di he holds. 
The IJoard of Diii'ctors, however/ unaninioir-ly ac(piitted him 
of all (diarges prtd'ericd against, him; and he now enjoys the 
c(jnlidence and cstetMu of the diurch morc^ full\- than evei'. 

Hesidcs th(! active pastorates and the professor's chair, 
l)r. (lotwald has filled many jjosition^ of trii^t and resp(jnsil)il- 
ity in the (diurch. lli- wa> a Director of Witlenherg Colh-gc 
from IcSCiT) 1); Tiiistee of his alma mater from 1878-85; Direc- 
tor (d' 'I'heological Semiuaiy, (Jeltyshurg, 1871-80; ]\Iend)er 
of the iioard (d' ('hur(di Lxtensioii since 1^71; Mendn'r cd' the' 
Una id o I' lliiUie Mi>sion.- from INSI; rii.-ideiil ul' West I'eiili- 
.sylvaiiia Synod, 187;) (>. IL; has hetm a f!e(|Uent delegate to 
the (J*;neral Synod and has always taken a leading part in her 

Dr. (Jotwald was married to I\lary 10. King, of S])riiig- 
tield, (). , ()(ttol»er 13, 18.")!). She has heeii to him a blessed 
hel|)er in his entire ministerial career, and to her is indirectly 
<lue much of his ministerial success. Their faniilv numlii-rs 
nine (diildreii, seven sons ami (wo daughters. The seveiilh son 
died in infancy. Tlii' fourth and sixth suns, Lnilier A. and 
William W., aged respectividy iifteen and st'ventcren, died 
Avliile prosi'cuting their .-ollegiate studii's for the ministrv. 
Another, the second son, K'ev. ( ieori;(.; I), (iotwald, died in 


KKV. i:. ^. iii:Ks. 

\IK\ . i:. n. .s.\i I'i'ii. 

i!i;v. ('. \s . .\i.\ni A iri'. 

i;i;\ . A. /. I'li-i liKucii; 
Ki:v. i;. 1). iiKitKui.i). 

1;LV. N. .1. MKYKKS. 



KiinsasCity, Mo., Jaiunivy 12, 1890, al'U'r a ministry of lour 
and a half years. lie was a man ol' superior Christian charac- 
ter and pre-eminent pastoral (jualitieation.-. Ifis short ministry 
was remarkably useful and gave bright [)romise of still better 
things, when he was eiit off from his labors at the early age of 

Still another son, Frederick i\., is at present the pastor of 
the Fiftii Lutheran (Miurch in 8[)ringlicl.l, O. , where he is 
eminently useful. 

All the children are members of the Lul heran ( Miurcli, 
and are living (Jodly and ('hristiau lives, as becomes their 
Christian baptism and training. 

Dr. (lotwald is now (l«l»4) si^vty-two years (,l.l. His 
constitution is vigorous and healthy, and the prayer of the 
church is that many more years may be addcil lo his already 
loni'' and useful life. 

KEY. dOllN Lr'rilFU til'AKI). 

In Newtown (now Stephens City), l''redcri(d< County, N'ir- 
ginia, on the twentieth day of April, l.s:];5, the subject of this 
sketch was ))orn. His father, Jacob (uiard, was engaged in 
the transportation, by wagon, of merchandise from Wiiudies- 
ter, N'irginia, to the southern states, lieing absent from home 
the greater part of the time the care and training of the family 
(U'Volved upon the mother, Margaret (iuard. She was a pious 
and godly woman and earnestly labored and prayed that siic 
might bring n\) her children in the fear and athnouition of the 
L(»r(l. The father died in March, l«4.s. dohn who was the 
youngest member of the family was now at the age of lifleen 


left l() (lepoiul ii|)oii his own resourceis, and lie decided 1(j Icain 
a trade. For two years he worked as an a|)|»rentice at the car- 
penter's bench. During tlie wintt'r of I.ST)! at a jirotracted 
ineetin*,' ludd in the lAitlieran chui'ch, under the i)astoral care 
of Kev. K. A. I''ink, lie was ctniverted and united with the 
church. The desire which he had often liad when a mere hoy, 
that he niig-ht be a minister of the gospel, was now intensified 
and continued to grow strongiu- within him. He thought it 
over again and again, but it seemed like a mere r(!Verie, for 
there was a great and appai-ently insupei'able diriicidty in the 
way. He knew the long years of tiaiiiing luicessary in secur- 
ing a proper education, and had some idea of the expense in- 
volved. He had no nieans of his own, and theie was no one 
that he knew from whom he coidd expect any material assist- 
ance;. H is desire seemed therefore only a vain audiition. liut 
" man's extremity is ( iod's opportunity," and it j»ro\cd to bi; 
so in this young a>piranl to ihe mini-try of the word. Kev. 
S. W . Harkcy, I). l).,\vh.i, with olliers, was engaged in olab- 
lishing a college ami lln'ological semimirv at S|>ringii(dd, llli- 
m)is, was canvassing the chui-ches of the (Jenei'al Synod for 
money and for stinleiits, and he came to Newtown. He soon 
learned of young (iuard and of his desiic to be a minister ami 
at once sought an interview with him. 'I'he young man was 
persuaded, (piile readily, fm- it was the oppoil unity earnestly 
sought, that he should go west and prepare for the ministry. 
On the 2nd day id' October, 1X5:5, he hfi home to join liev. 
ITarkey at h'rederick <'it}', Md., ami a lew days laltM- started 
for Springlield, 111., at which i)lac(! tlu'y arrived the latter jtart 
of the same month. Tlu,' young man now found himstdf far 
from home among strangers without one dollar of money in his 



pusserft-idii. 1 1 Wii.s :i (lark lime in iii.s exj)erieiiet', l)ut the God 
in ulioni lie tni.sted for guidance and protection did not forsake 
him. Boirowing a siitiicient ,siim of money from Rev. Ilarkey, 
lie with another young man, now Kev. John M. Lingle, I'ented 
a room over a stoie, bought a f^eeond-hand cooking stove, made 
some benches, a table and a bunk for a lied, and thus ecjuipped 
tliemse!ves to begin theii- new work. TlK'y also look ihive 
young men to board, Kev. (ie(jrge A. Jjoweis, a Air. ('ressam 
and Mr. l'\)X, chaiging ihem each ¥l.5<* |>i'r week. Al the 
end of lh(! ycai' the two had cleai'ed enough to pav their own 
boarding. The second year young ( i iiai'd entered ihe fresh- 
man (dass and continued in llu; regular classic course until the. 
close of the junior year. Then he (■nteicd the tlieoh)gical 
dejiarlnujiit and took a two years course. nd'ore leaving the 
si-miiiary In; received a call to become pa,>loi- of the chargi- at 
IH.xon, 111. lie as.~umed pasUu'al control of the woi'k and 
prea(dud his tlr>l .-ermon on Snndav, dniv IS, |,S.i,S. lies'. ( !. 
H. Thummel, Trtv-ideiil of [he Synod of .Norlluin I llinoi^, m;, vr 
him ihl iiilcrtiii license. The S\nod in it.-- annual con\'ention 
at Mendota, St'ptember 20, 1858, orilaiiied him a minister of 
the gos|)el of our Lord and Savior Jesus ('hrist, by the imposi- 
tion (d' hands acccu'ding to the scdemn liles of the Lutheran 
chui'idi. ('. 1). Thummel was I'resideiil and (leoi-geA. Hower.s, 
the associate; of his lirst }eai' in college life, was now the secre- 
tary. Se])teml)er, 27, LS.^),S, he wjts united in mai'riage t(j iNlis.s 
Anna .May (ialnd, of Sprin^liehl, III., who pro\e<l a faithful 
compaidon in all his sacrilices and toils. 

The Lutheran peojde at Dixon whom he was called to serve 
had a church edifice in town, but the membershij) lived in the 
counlry. Only one mend)i'r lived in llu' town of Dixon at 



tlial time. Threes jJiTachiiiy' [)()iut?r eonipii^i d liis pastoi'ute. 
Dixon, the brick .school liouse east and the I'hl school house 
south. IJetweeii these points the nienil)ershi|t oi' from two to 
three liundred was about e(iually di\ided. When he took 
ciiari>e of the work at Dixon there was also a small coni;rega- 
tion of (ierman Lutherans worshijdny in the same lujuse. 
About a year laler the(lermans di.-banded and all the mem- 
bers united with the Imi^IIsIi ehuich. They gave as the reason 
for their action, that they understood Kev. (Juard's preaching 
ix'tter than the (ierman. 11(; (-ontinued his laborw in this pas- 
toiate a little over two years. During that time he preached 
liM) Sermons, received 2<S new member.-, I)apti/e(l L'4 infants 
and 2 adults, married 7 couple and prciached 14 funerals. 
The jjeople were very kind to their pastor and on the whole 
co-operated with him in all churcdi and christian wurk. Hut 
['oi- reasons suliicienl in his own mind, he deemed it his dutv 
to seek a new Held of labor. In dune, IMil, he received and 
acccpti'd a c-all li> the Trivoli pastorate in I'eoria county, Illi- 
nois. The first Sunday in July, IMbl, he preaidied his tii'st 
sermon. The charge was composed of two churches — oni' near 
Trivoli on l^ennsylvania Ividge, and the other in a small vil- 
lage called Kickapoo, sixteen miles northeast. The par.-onage 
was on the ridgi-. Neither of the chuiches was very strong 
numerically. It was just at the comnu'ucemeid of the war of 
the rebellion. The c(Midition (d' the country occupied the 
minds of the people, and lillle else was tliought of oi- talked 
about. I>ul the new [ireacdier went to work in eaini-l, in the 
fear of (iod, and the state of t hings changed somewhat. lie 
was soon told, liowevei', thai his pi'ayiug' for the president and 
the s<ddiers was not agreeable to some of his congregation, that 

Ri:v. JOHN Lurm^u (uiard. 


lie was iiu'ddliiig jn p(j|iticri by .so iloiiig, but the |)iH'aclior eou- 
timied to do Ids duty, both to hi.s (iod and liis coniitry. lie 
lived on the lidge six years, and then he moved to the otliei' 
congregation of the pastorate, whei'e he resided tliree years — 
in all nine years in the Trivoli charge. At Kickapoo ho l)iiilt 
a new ehuich edifice J'or the congregation. This nas his iirst 
expeiience in that direction. The entire nianagenieiit of luiild- 
ing wa;^ thrown iij)on the pastor. lie collected the luouey, 
di'ove the team that did most ol' the hauling, waited on the 
masons, and in lacl made a full hand in llu' work during the 
election ot the l)uildiiig. 

In the tall of IMO.'S, his wife took ^-ick, and oii the .JOth of 
< )ctohei- slie die<l. it wa^ a dark and trying exjicsrieiiei'. l''ive 
children, one daughter and I'our sons had been boi'ii to them. 
'I'he third son, William L, is now a minister of the g"osp(d, 
having charge oi sevi;ral l.nthcian churches in Shell>v couiily, 
Indiana, Imt at the time of Mrs. (Juard's death ihey were small 
an<l lueded a moliiei'> care. (Iod, luiwc\er, ordered other- 
wi.-e, ami llu' respoiisibilit \ wa> thrown upon the lather. lie 
determined with (iod's help that lu' would keep his children 
together. The people were kind and in many things lie could 
see very clearly the hainl of (Jod ludping him. His salary was 
tlieii $000, but by i'arming a little and by the strii-test econ- 
omy he managed to get along and keep out of debt. Decem- 
ber Hi, l?i<)8, lu; was united in holy bonds of matrimony to 
Miss Mary Jane tiraiit, whose parents lived near J-Jrimtield, 
Peoria county, Illinois. She was a most excellent Christian 
woman, an aiVectionate ccunjiauion and always ready to assist 
in church work. During his ministry in the Trivoli jiastorate 
he pleached over U0() sermons, baptized 4o infants and 11 



adultrf. lieoeived into tlie cluiich <S4 new inonibers, married 
2(j couple and attended 23 funerals. He resigned the last 
Sunday in INIay, 1870. A eall wa.s extended him troni tiie 
(!amden pastorale in (!arroll county, Indiana, wiiieh liu ac- 
cepted and pi'cached his lirst .sermon the sc(;ond Snnda)' in 
June, 1870. The recej)tion wlucii the people extended the 
new pastor was very cordial and ins])irinu. lie at once I'elt 
greatly encoui'age and entt^rcd upon his work with high hopes 
of success In doing the Master's bidding. The charge was 
com[)osed of thi-ee organizations, and cacii congregation had a 
phiin but comrortal>h' house of worship. St. Petei-'s, located 
in ('amd(!n, St. Luke's seven miles sontlieasl of C'amdcn in 
Monroe township, ami Mt. Pisgah in Washington township, all 
in Carrcdl county, Indiana. The salary was seven hundred 
and lifty dollars and j)arsi)nage free. He had been selthd in 
his new home, but a fi^w wi'cks when bis entire family were 
seized with fe\ci- and ague and for more than two years suf- 
fcri'd rri)m (he leri'ilile di.-ease. There Were .-e\en in the fam- 
ily and some days not one able to wait on the uthers. Viui they 
were surrounde<l by kind peo[ile and help was uever wanted 
when needed. 

The teri'ilory occu|)ied by the Camden pastorate was full 
of Lutheran material. JNIany i)oints could be taken up and 
made of great advantage to the Lutheran church. It was not 
long until instead of three regular churches he had five other 
preaching places. This necessitated much preaching, much 
travel and much hard work. Every other week he would 
leave home on Saturday moruing, ride twenty miles, preach 
the same evening and three times the following Sunday. This 
lie did for nearly eight years, on this territory he organized 


four new congrcigiitions :ui<l l)nilt lour iicw clnuH'lios and a new 
})ar!S()nage. Two ot' tlie coiigi'eyation.s were located in Cass 
County, Ind. 

During tliis time llev. diuard wa.s c-alled upon to endure 
I'or tlie second time a grcuit aHiiction in lii.s I'amily. In the 
summer of 1<S72 his wife was stiicken dt)wn with spotted fever 
fi-om which she died July oO, 1872. 'JMie family of children 
were yet a great care and he was sulfeiing from I'heumatic 
difficulties which made his lot all the harder, hut (jiod did not 
forsake him. lie was his refuge ami strength a very pi-esent 
h(dp in time of lrt)ul)le. 

Aj)ril 2'], 1873, he laid the eornei'-slone of a new church 
in (.lamdi'U. The work of securing suliscriptiotis di^volved 
lai'gely upon liim, hut he had the iiearly co-operation of a 
liheral [)et;i)le, which grt;atly lessened the hui'den. In the fall 
(){' the same year the new church was solemnlv dedi('ate(l to the 
service of the Tiiune (iod free from all indehLcdness. It was 
a day of great rejoicing. The >Ujiri'me head of the church 
continued to l)less hi,> clforts to huiid up /ion and to save 
souls. June 24, 187(), he organi/.e<| M. raul's Lutheran 
chui'ch in the village of Flora, with l.S (diarter niend)ers. It 
was the first Christian church in that. town. A school huilding 
was purchased and converted into a very comfoilable house of 
worship. The congregation gi'ew in numhei's, interest and 
influence. Januaiy 1, IHH], he organizetl Ebenezer church in 
Cass Co., with 29 members. During the following summer a 
very beautiful brick church was erected at a cost of $2,000. 
The building was dedicated in the fall of the same year. Rev. 
Joshua ('rouse preaching the sermon. During Rev. Guard's 
ministry here the membership increased to more than one 



St. John's cluiveh was built during tlie I'allof 1877. Rev. 
(juanl preached the tir,-^t seruiun in it l*\'l)riiary 23, 1878, hut 
the Ituildini; was not dedicated until Maich 24, 1878, llev. S. 
1*. Snydt'i' j)reacinn<^' the seriiion I'loni the text, Psa. 84:1-2. 
The coMgi'egatiuu was organized March 22u(l with 22 chartej- 
nieinhers. During the revival then in j)rogress nine more were 

'I'lu' ('aniden ))astorate was divided March Hi, 1878, at a 
joint council meeting, and Synod sul)sc(jucntly ralitied the 
action. Si. Pctei''s oi' Camden and St. Paul's of Flora, con- 
stitul('<l the Camden pastorate, and Mt. Pi^gah, St. John's and 
I'jhem'zei-, the Pock Creek charge. lie\ . (luard resigned tiie 
("amden pastorate the last Sunday in May, 1878, and imme- 
diat(4y accepted a call I'rom the new charge I'oiined hy the 
division. Duiing the spring u\' tiiis year he hnilt a j)arsonage 
in the Pock Creek charge at a C()st ol' ahout ^tiOU, and on June 
4th tin; pastor with Ids lamily mov(-il into it. With the three 
or;^;ini/cd i-hurchcs ihcrcwerc adileil two iTgular |iicachiiig 
placi's. At Deer ( 'reek — one of those points an organization 
was soon ell'ected with 42 charter mend)ei's. The orgainzation 
was formed Martdi 2(1, 188<>. In January, 1881, a very suc- 
cessful protracted meeting was held and (52 a<lded to the mem- 
bership. In the fall of 18>)() a new church was built and wjis 
dedicated -lanuary 2, 1881, Pev. J. N. Parnett pr(;aching the 
sei'mon. This new church was greatly favored of (iod and 
continued to grow in nund)ers and in iidluence for (yhi'ist's 
kingdom. \t this lime the Pock Crvek jjastorate had ftnu' 
oigainzatious each with its own house of worship. Pev. ( iuard 
spent neai-ly twenty years of labor as pastor of the jjiitheran 
churches in Carrcjl Co., Ind., during which time he preached 

RKV. JOHN LLrriiKU (iUAHi). 257 

2,020 senuon.s, besides t'recjiieiit lectures and addresses, re- 
ceived into tlie cliurcli nearly 600 new inenibeis, organized four 
congregations, built live new cliurches and one [)ar.^onage, mar- 
ried 175 couple, baptized 122 children, and ])reaclied 251 
funerals. He was niarri(?<l thiee times. His jiresent wile was 
Miss Anna F. Kdschker, (^1" Caniden, to wlioni he was united 
in holy wedlock Jul}' -i, 1878. \lc resigned the Rock Creek 
])astorate October 27, 1889, having received and accej>ted a 
call from the Connei'sville pastorate, Fajette ('o. , Indiana, 
prea(diing his lirst sermon there Novend)er 24, 1881). The 
charge was ccjmposed of three churches, St. Matthew's located 
in Dan-town, ()., St. i'aul's at Jjyon'^ Station, Ind., and Linion 
(duiicli in ihe country. This chai'ge is coni|iosed of an excel- 
lent <dass ol' j)eople and gave the })a.-tor their heartiest supjioi't. 
St. Paul's c(nigregali(Ui had a very plain house of woi'ship that 
had slooil since l<s5o. They decided to build a largci' and 
more c(jnvenient structure -~an<l on the 2!)th day of .\pril, 
1(SU1, Ihe (•ornei'-.-lone wa.-- laid. The wdrk wa- carried to 
completion and on Snnda\', ()cloher-l, IMM, the ntwSl. I'aul's 
of Lyon's Station, Indiana, was solemidy iledicaleil to the ser- 
vice and Worship ol" Almighty (iod. l\ev. S. A. Ort, I). I)., 
preached the sermon From 1. ('or. 2:2, an ! raised !|1,()00 on 
that day. December l;5, 18112, a bell w*;igliing 511 pounds 
was placed in the tower. The church is heated willi a furnace 
and the entire cost of tlu- building including furnitui'e was 
about $8,000. (,)n account of lailing health he rcisigned Feb- 
ruary 18, 1894, ami on the 15th of the same month removed 
to Camden, I ml., where he now resides, bearing great bodily 
alHictioiis, but hap))}- in the consciousness of having fought a 
good light and kept the faith. lie has always l)e(in greatly 


loved aud esteemed by his hi-ethren in the iniiiistry, and they 
arc daily remembering him in his afflictions before the throne 
of grace. Six different times they honored him in electing 
him as a delegate to the General Synod, aud lie alscj served 
\vith credit several terms as Director to Wittenlicrg College, 
and was twice chosen as President of the Synod of Northern 
Indiana. With his best thonght and energy he has served the 
church and has made for himself a splendid record. Jjike 
another he has said by his life, " For to me to live is Christ," 
and when the "silver cord is loosed" and the "golden bowl 
is broken " he will know the fullness of the truth, " and to 
die is gain." 


Entwined in the history of the Synod of Ncjrtliern Indi- 
ana is the larger part of the ministerial life and labors of the 
fcubject of tiiis sketch. He was born of Lutheran parentage 
\\i Eairlield county , Ohio, April U), bSll. His parents were 
earnest and devoted members of the church, and threw around 
their children the hallowed intlueiices of their pious and con- 
secrated lives. In the midst of the arduous toils of pioneer 
life, they did not forget their own nor their children's spii'itual 
needs. Religion lightened the burdens and increased the joys 
of their lives. In 1852, they removed with their family to 
Northern Ohio, which was then a great forest land. The sac- 
rilices, incipient to the settlement of a new country wei'e theirs 
to endure, but with them came many gleams of happiness aud 
much true joy. Their children all united with them in the 
church of their choice, and the family tie was strengthened by 
the bonds of gospel love. The youngest son, Abraham, (pial- 



itied liiiiiiselt" aiul began teaching in tlu; pul)lii' schools «jl' ^'an 
Wert county, Ohio, when only seventeen years of age. He 
was very successful in this jnii'suitand his services were lai'gelv 
sought. Two years later, iit the age of nineteen, lie was con- 
verted and received into full membership of the church by 
Rev. Frederick Biddle. His pastor, u])on whose heart rested 
the needs of the church, saw iu him the elements of a success- 
ful preacher of the word, and he urged upon him the necessity 
<»f giving himself to this holy calling. This influence, together 
with a natural inclination and a thorough consecration to 
Jesus, caused the conviction that he ought to preach to deepen 
in his heart, but the means of educating himself were not at 
hand. His case was presented to the Synod at its annual 
meeting in 1863, and after careful examination by a committee 
a])i)ointed by the Synod the following repoi-t was jjresented 
and ailopted: 

" Your coinniittee, having examined tlie young brother, Al)rii- 
luun Leathers, in reference to his conversion, his motives for 
seeking the niinistrj^ and his standing and intentions {o be a 
faithful jitudent, report that the examination has lieen very sat- 
isfactory, and he is tlierefore, recommended to l»e taken upon tlie 
beneticiary fund of our Synod." 

It was voted that the central committee of Wittenberg 
College lie requested to grant him the funds belonging to the 
Synod from the I'ai'ent Education society for his support dur- 
ing the current year. This was done and he entered the col- 
lege in the fall of 18()3. The next year Synod voted him an 
appropriation of one hundred dollars, which he gratefully ac- 
ce[)tetl and continuing his studies and gradiuitiiig in the year 
180H. On the 22(1 t)f September, of the same year, he was 



iiiunicHl to Miss S. A. Joliiisou w lio has hceii a raitlilul liel[)- 
niate in the work for which he was preparing liiniself, and wiio 
has risen to pi-oiiiinence and great usefulness in the Woman's 
Missionary work of the Synod. Me leturued and studied 
theohjgy at Wittenl)erg during the years l(S(i8-()9. Pie was 
licensed to preach tlie gosj)el at the meeting of tlie 
Synod of N(jrthei-n Indiaiui, at Moni-oeville, in tlie year 1861), 
and 1)V the instruction oi' the ministerium was ordained one 
year hiter hy the North District (\Hifercnce at its reguhir meet- 
ing iudd in La(«range, Indiana. lie lias served the following 
jjastiirates during his nunistry: Speiuu^rviile, Indiana; Fair- 
iield Centei', Indiana; Salem, Indiana; Claremont, Illinois; 
Salem, Ohio; Broad lvi|)ple, Indiana; and on the iirst of Octo- 
ber, ](S<S(), he hecame pastor of the Ehenezer churtdi, which he 
has serv(;d ever since, with the exception of a period of two 
ami one-half years. His labors have been blessed of (lod and 
the material and spiritual interests of the charges which he 
served have lieen advani'cd. A nnndier of new church build- 
inizs ,-Iand a.-> monuments of his paliei:! and per>isii'nt toil, and 
jiian> souls have through his preaching been lead to the source 
of all light and lil'e. He is a plain and practical and eainest 
preachei' of tlu^ word, and in all ids ministrations does not for- 
get the divine injunction '"preach the jireaching that I l)id 
thee." Loved by his peo])le, esteemed by his bretlu'cn in the 
ndnistry, and blessed by the Saviour to whom he consecrated 
his life so fully years ago, he is acconn)lishing a work, the ful- 
ness and glory of whiidi will only be revealed in the Kingdom 
o\' Heaven. 




Ministers uf the go.spel liiive been called from every pur- 
suit and vocation in life. Men have formed their plans for 
the aeliievements of certain ends, but (lod has sometimes laid 
liis hand upon them and directed them tt> ditVerent S|)heres of 
activity and toil. He has turned them from seiMiiai' pursuits 
when they enjuyed tlie higiiest distinction and shared with 
their fellowmen the greatest honors, and directed tliem to the 
moi'c sacred calling of ministers of the \voi<l. In the midst (jf 
their successful career lie has often stoppt'il them and directed 
them like Saul of Tarsus into the multij)lied activities of his 
<'hurch. It is intei'esting to note; the dilt'erent pursuits from 
which tlie a|)ostles and the early disciples came, and it is inter- 
esting still to see how h<; calls his sci'vants from the various 
<luties o[' their chosen i)rol'essious. Human nature^is varied. 
Its wanti are diversified. It netds men who understand its 
dillereul phases (o touch and call forth all that the hi'art I'oii- 
taius. Tlu! ministry has in its raidcs those who know the dif- 
i'erent sides of life and who are familiar with the dilTerent 
pursuits that they may call forth antl develop the possibilities 
of men's nature's into the highest and most symmetical char- 

A. d. Douglas was a biilliaut and prcjuiising young man 
in the legal profession when (Jod s])oke to him an<l tui'ued him 
into the sacivd calling of the ministry. He had alieaily 
gained a i)rominence and attained a distinction which mtuiv 
much older in his j)rofession might well have envied. P)efore 
him were the brightest j)ros])ecls foi- wealth and honor from 
his fellowmen, but these were cast aside as naught when (iod 


made clear to him the pathway of duty in a very different line 
of activity and toil. He, " became obedient unto the heavenly 
visio)! " and gave himself unreservedly to the labors and sacri- 
fices of an hiimljle minister of righteousness and peace. 

He was born in llichland (bounty, Ohio, March 22, 1827. 
Flis early life was spent upon the farm, the place (jf his 
bii-ih, in the jterfoi'inance of such duties as a life of that kind 
inevitably brings. He attained a fair common .school educa- 
tion and at tiie age of 19 he left home to attend Vermillion 
Institute, located at Hayesville, Ashland County, Ohio. Here 
he I'ontinued for <jne year when his limited means were ex- 
hausted and he was foi'ced to turn away and I'eplenish his 
treasury. He engaged in the work of teaching and subse- 
(piently attended the long term of the Ashland Academy, in 
Ashhind, Ohio. Tiien he found it necessary to again turn 
aside and continue his labors in the school room. All the 
while he was storing his mind with useful knowledge and in 
the hard school of srlf-cuUuie lu' was gaining tliat discipline 
which was (K'stined to lift him to a wortliy ciuincnce in tiu; 
])rofession upon which his heart was already set. During tiie 
collegiate year of 1849-50 he attended Wittenberg C^^lb-ge, at 
ngfield, Ohio. In the fall of 18o0 he took charge of the 
schools in Upper Sandusky, Ohio, which position he tilled for 
two consecutive years and in which he gaiiied for himself a 
reputation as an instructor that made his sei'vices eagerly 
sought. Hut he had already determined to make the legal 
profession his life work, and at the close of these two years he 
entered the oiHce of Kirkwood A Burns, in Manslield, Ohio, 
to begin the study of law. Here he remained for lliree yeais, 
diligently applying himself to his work and gaining a pi'otic- 



ieucy that was regarded as prophetic (jf a brilliant career, lu 
1855 lie was adiiiitti'd to the practice of law in the city of 
Maiisiield, l)ut only a few months later his uncle, Jacob Wolff, 
urgently insisted that he take charge of the Wartburg Sem- 
inary, which he had just established near Coesse, in Whitley 
County, Indiana. Tt was a hard struggle to bring himself to 
believe that he should turn away from the j)rofession for which 
he had fitted himself and to which he had just been admitted, 
but he finally yielded, and in October of the same year he 
entered upon the duties of this new position. His personal 
j)0])ularity drew many young men to the institution, and his 
pnjficiency as a teacher gave the institution from its very be- 
ginning a desirable reputation, 'i'he very brightest prosj)ects 
were before it and large things were jtredicted of it as a seat of 
learning. Unfortunately Mr. Douglas, after IS months labor 
in that ca})acity, withdrew and turned his attention to the work 
upon which his heart had been set for years. 

Imnu'diatelv he bfgan the practice of law in (\»luml>ia 
('ity, Indiana, in which he conlinuetl until the year liiTO. In 
his work he rose rai)idly ami somi enjoyed a very lai'ge and 
lucrative business. lie was popular with all classes of i)eo|)le 
and had many ardent admirers. He was elected and served 
one term in tlie Mouse of llepresentatives and one term in the 
state senate. In both these positions his legal abilities and his 
ready repartee soon brought him into prominence. He was a 
clear and forcible speaker and was leganled as a rising man in 
the political world. But in the very midst of this the voice of 
God came to him as it once came to INIoses fi'om (jut the burn- 
ing bush and called him into a new sphei'c in life. On the 
first of June, 1870, he began pleaching for the Lutheran 



clmicli ill (V)luail)iti City, where lie had resided ever since he 
h'l't till' Wuvtbiirg Seminary, and on the loth ol" July t'tdlow- 
iny he iiirormed the president of the Synod that he intended 
to enter the Lutheran ministry. On tiie 21st of the same 
month l\ev. John Miller sent to the ju-esiihiiit the request ot 
Mi: Douglas and of the congregation which he served asking 
for Ad [nterim license which was immediately granted. This 
license was renewed hy the Synod until its annual meeting in 
Columbia City, 1872, when he was ordained to the sacred otHce 
according to the impressive rites oP the Lutheran church, he- 
I'ore the congregation to wiioin he had jjreached. During tliese 
years his services were also sought for teaching and he was 
elected superintendent of the public schools in C'olumbia City, 
which positi<jii he tilled with great acceptance tor a })eriod of 
ten years. During six years of this time and for two years 
afterward he tilled the ])osition of comity superintendent of the 
public schools, hi this capacity he servi-d eight years and 
[\\v luonlhs. rt'sigiiing aftrr his liftli a|)poiiitimiit that he 
might give himsi'lf wholly to the work of the ministry again. 
He had st'rvcd the c-ongregation in Columbia ('ity in connec- 
tion with his school work for a period of tW(» years. The lab- 
ors of both [tositions were too burdensome and he was com- 
pelled to relinquish the one that the other might have his undi- 
vided time, hi 1881 he accepted a call to a pastorate in Ken- 
tucky, where he did good service for the church. He remained 
there for several years and then returned to Indiana where he 
lias beeji faithfully serving the church ever since, with the 
exception of two years, when he labored in the Carey, Ohio, 
pastorate. His work for the church has been greatly blessed 
and he has been instrumental in leading many souls to (Mirist. 







w |a3^ 

^^%. ^« 



uuiii;i; cm i;( II. 

ST. .MAKK's, IMONPAl.i:. 

S'l'. I'Ari, S, I NION DA [a:. ' 
\VEI,1 's .MKMOKlAl,, cnsilKN. 



His work has usually heeu in our largest pastorates, but lie 
has performed it nol»ly and well. Always did lie have the 
fulhist confidence of the peoj)le whoni he served, and was jxip- 
ulai- alike with young and old. Mis genial sociahle nature 
brought him close to the i)eople and they in turn have given 
i-esj)onse to the enjoyable conipanionshiii of their pastor and 
friend. He has been a " brother beloved " to all his brethren 
in tlie ministry. Tliey have frecjuently caHed upon liim to 
.ser\'e the Syn^od in its highest places of honor and trust. 
Twice was he elected to the presidenc}' and has several times 
been delegate to the ( Jenei'al Synod, and also director to the 
AVittenberg C'oUege. In all thest; places lie has discharged his 
duties with satisfaction to his Synod, and has given cause for 
the complete confidence that his brethren have rejKjsed in him. 
I)uring the past year or more he has been sulTering great 
bodily afllictions, but it is sincerely hoped that he may lie 
fully restored to health and be permitted to enjov some years 
mort' of pleasant and prolitabU' labor in the kingdom of (iod 
on earth. 

JIEV. J. N. KARNl^yiT. 
Rev. ,]. N. Bainett was born near (lireencastle, Franklin 
County, Penn., October 5, inHf). He entered Wittenberg C!ol- 
lege in 1851; read Theology with his brothor, Rev. W. C. 
Barnett; was licensed to preach at the fifth meeting of the 
Synod at Cicero, rn<l., in 185t». During tlu' fall and winter 
(d' that year and the spring of 18(50 he .served a small congre- 
gation near Liberty Mills. In June he received and accepted 
n call to the AVnlton j)astorate, which tlieii consisted of a small 
organization at I\Iillei-'s schooldiouse and David's ('hurch in 



Clinloii county, about twouty-seveu miles distant, witii a 
station at Galveston. While in charge tiiere he organized at 
AValton with eleven members ant! at Anoka with about the 
sanje number. A neat brick church was built at Walton. 
Three of the five male members were brick-layers. The other 
two, with the pastor "tended mason," all laying aside every- 
thing else to build the church. In October, 1862, he took 
charge of the Albion pastorate, of which he remained pastor 
till November, 1867. While here a new house of worship was 
built at Bethlehem, the Albion and Mt. Pleasant churches 
were rebuilt (exce})t the frames), and the Kelioboth church 
repaired. Removing to White Pigeon, Mich., in Novend)er, 
1867, the Baptist church was purchased by the Lutherans 
and(Jeinuin Ueformeds jointly and occupied tliat winter. In 
1869 a new church was built at Mottville, at a cost of ^4,000. 
In ]872-;5 tlie church in (!onstantine was built ut a cost (d" 
about ^11, (}()(). Wiien completed the pastor resigned the 
NN'hile PiucDii and MuttvilK- i'(ingi;egations, retaining the chuich 
in ("onslantiiie, which, from a mend)ersliij) of thirteen lU 1867, 
woi'shipi)ing in a rented church eveiy second Sunday, in the 
afternoon, had grown to be strong enough to build a line 
(diurch and support a pastor, in March, 1876, he removed to 
New York, taking charge of Gilead Lutheran chureli, near 
Troy, in the llartwick Synod. While there he wrote a history 
Of that <dd church, which was organized in 1746, whicii was 
published by tlie church. Returning to Indiana, he preached 
his introductory sermon at Columbia City, October 5, l879. 
This church was burdened with a debt that was accumulating 
at the rate of about two and a half dollars a day. Within the 
live yeai's ami two months he was pastor there, about ^11,500 



wore raised, tlie entire debt cleared off, tlie vestibule finished, 
the stairway built, the basement repaired, and a new ehurcli 
built at Coesse. Removing thiMi to Goshen, he took charge of 
the English Lutheran church. There he built a line new 
cliurch at a cost of ovei- $10,000, tor which he drew the plans 
and supei'intended the building, as usual. Having contracted 
a severe cohl, which brought on chronic sore throat, he was 
coni})elled to resign, which terminated his long service in the 
bounds of this Synod (twenty-seven years). He is now a 
niend)er of Wittenl)erg Synod, having charge of two churches 
within its bounds. He served this Synod both as president 
and secretary. He has built or re-built sixteen churches, and 
dedicated twenty-three. He never missed an a})pointment 
unless by accident oi' through sickness, and less than thirty 
from any cause. He has been an able and ehxiuent preacher 
of the word and has lost none of his remarkable j)ulj)it power. 
(Mear in thought and apt in illustration, he cond)ined elements 
llial niadr him pi'|)nhii" whrrever hi' pnaciird. He has won 
many soids for ( 'hrist and the churches which he servi'd were 
always l)uilt up spiritually as well as materially. Systematic 
in all his work he was successful in carrying his methods into 
the c(jngregation that he served and in this })articular alone 
the fruit of his labors may yet be found in every congregation 
that he ever served. His life has been characterized by an 
intense love for his church and he is devoting his maturer 
years I'aithfully to her intci'ests. In llif highest sense he is a 
successful p«stor and ))reacher. 




I^^or !il)()iit a score of years oiii' of the useful aud ('flicient 
members of tlu; Synod of Nortliern Indiana was Uev. flal)e/ 
Sluiil'er. He was horn in Carroll (bounty, ()lii(). May 11, IH.'J)), 
and was converted and united with the ehurch when fourteen 
years of aye. ITis early life was spent in eonneetion with a 
sister denomination, and he entered her ministry in the year 
1857. He was received into tlu^ inend)ershi|> of the Synod of 
Northern Indiana at its annual meeting in Coii^tantine, Mich- 
igan, in the year 1871. By special arrangement witli Rev. (i. 
W. Wilson, ]*re.sident of the Synod, he was permitted to visit 
some of the vacant pastorates in tin; Synod with a view cd' 
accepting a call ])rior to his rece))tion as a memher of the 
Synod. April '2(), 1871, he informed the |)resident that he 
had I'eceived a (;all to the Witti'uherg, now the Butler [)astor- 
ute. He entered upon the work and supplied the charge until 
his ^^ nodical rchilions wtie reuularly formed when he was also 
rt'guhirly iustalli'd as [)a.-Ior of said (diargc. His ministry was 
earnest and devoted and resulted in great good to the church. 
His })reacliing was clear ami pointed— full of gospel truth, and 
it found its way to the heai'ts of men and induced them to fol- 
low in the footste])S of Him who came to redeem the world 
from sin. He continued his labors in this pastorate until the 
fall of 1878, when h(> resigiu'd and accepted a call to the I^a 
(Jrange charge. With varying success he continued for several 
years in this somewhat ditHcidt iield, and resigned to accept a 
call to INIillersburg, Ind., in what was then known as the Salem 
})ast(jrate. December 20, 1881, he informed the President of 
the Synod that he had resigned saitl charge to accept a call to 



the All)i()ii })a!5t()i'ate, where lie hibored until 1884, when he 
removed to the Springtield pastorate. He served here foi- more 
than live years in a very laborious field. January J4, 1890, 
he took his letter of dismissal from this Synod to the Witten- 
berg Synod, where he has siuee served the Lucas and the North 
J{()l)inson pastorates. In Siiptendjcr, 1(S1)4, he returned to the 
Synod of Northern Indiana, pi'esenting his letter from the 
Wittenberg Synod and also I'etnoving ids family. Failing- 
health has eaust'd him U>v some months to lay aside the active 
duties of the ministry and to st'ek its restoration through rest 
;ind hiss exacting toils. He has been a ])n;acher of remarkable 
power and he has bemi an eariiesi and i earless worker in every 
line of moral reform. l'\>r some years he has devoted himself 
especially to the tcunperance woik in connection with his min- 
isterial lal)ors. His fearful arraignment of the liquor t rathe, 
his scathing rel)ukes to an imlilVeicnt church, and his elo(|uent 
pleas for the pi'olection o[ the home against this monstei' ini- 
(juilN, will lo.ig be I'cmcmbcred. Much lime and labor have 
l)cru glNill gl'aluitoush' lo ibis cansr. Ilr .--owed good Srcd. 
Ill' occujdt'd no neutral ground. lie laid the axe al the I'oot. 
lie belit'vcd in tin; t>xtermlnat ion of tin- entire nefarious busi- 
ness, and his convictions weri' appaient to all who listened to 
him. Not the least of his good work was along this line. 

The Syiu)d of Northern Indiana rejieatedly called him to 
positions of honor and trust. He was elected I*r(!sident at the 
annual conventions in l.SS;5 and IfSJsd, and represented the 
Synod at the meeting (d' the (icneral Synod held in Omaha, 
Neb., in 18(S7. He' also served for a number of years upon 
the comnnttee e.xamining young men presi'nting applications 
for tlie gospel ministry. He was tluu'ough and earnest in all 


his work. Many warm frieiulrf remain all tlu-ougli tlie teri'i- 
toi-y of Synod who unite in praying for his complete restoratiiju 
to health and for years of service in the kingdom of Ohrist on 


One of the foremost members of this Synod during the 
past twenty years was the subject of this sketch. He was 
born in the western part of Tuscarawas county, Ohio, April 
15, 1841, of Irish parentage. The grand-parents on both sides 
came from Ireland and located in Pennsylvania, where his par- 
ents were born. Later they removed to Ohio and settled upon 
a small tract of land among the hills of that beautiful county. 
Here they tarried for awhile and to them was b(jrn the son 
upon whom God laid his hands in after years, and set him 
ai)art to the sacred ofli(;e of the ministry. In the fall of 1850, 
they removed to Wells county, Indiana. At that tinui the 
country was new and sparsely settled, and for three years after 
their settlement in their new home, there were no schools 
within their reach to which they could send tlnur son. From 
the age of nine to twelve he was, therefore, without school 
privileges, and they were not very flattering in the years that 
followed. For the next seven years, the greatest length of 
tinie tluit he was permitted to attend school in any one year 
was thirty-five days. All things considered, there was nothing 
very inspiring in those ])rivileges. He enjoyed the advantage 
of sitting on a bench nuide from a round pole, split in halves 
and supported by round wooden pegs. The writing desk was 
a h'Ug board attached to the wall just beneath the o|)ening 
from which a log had been renu:)ved to admit some day light. 

' t 

RKV. D. F. KAIN. 271 

Boys and girls to-day would consider that a pretty hard lot, hut 
to this lad there must have been something unusually exhiliar- 
atiug and inspiring, for after about two hundred days of such 
advantages he passed a very creditable exarainaticni in the 
various branches then taught, and received a license to be him- 
self a teacher. In this he was successful. His services were 
eagerly sought, and it was to him a means also of self-improve- 
ment. It was perhaps the best schooling he ever had, for it 
turned his thoughts in the direction of disciplining and train- 
ing men's natures to fit them for larger usefulness in the world. 
It alforded him also some pecuniary advantages. The first 
winter that he taught he saved enough to hire his older brother 
to supply his place on his father's farm while he attended a 
select school at Koanoke, Ind., and also to bear his own ex- 
penses during the spring term in that school. Later his father, 
however, consented to give him his time provided he would 
continue in school and would meet all his expenses. This he 
chi'crfully tlid and pu^lu'd his way along alternately traching 
and being taught until he had entirely completed tiie course 
in .sai<l school. I"\)r several years he then laboi'ed during the 
summer and taught during the winter, and by economy " laid 
by in store" a small amount for future needs. On the IGth 
of October, 1864, he was married to IVIiss Amanda Earhart, 
with whom he still lives, and who has been a faithful hel})mate 
in all his self-sacrificing toils. Fov one year after maniage he 
lived on a rente<l farm. Then he purchased a tract of twenty 
acres of heavily tindjered land, which he cleared and brought 
into a good state of cultivation with his own hands. During 
this time he also began woi'king at the carpenter trade, and 
without any previous training or practice framed and erected 

a 72 


l)uilcliiigs of .splendid workmanship and desi^ni. He was thus 
schook;d in the liard lahoi's of iminual toil, and there laid the 
foundation for the splendid work which he was destined to 
perform in future years for the kin<^dom of Christ. 

In February, 18G1), he united with the Evangelical i^uth- 
eran chui'ch at Iloreb, that is the Horeb congregation of the 
1 1 ore!) pastorate as represented in the Synod of Northern In- 
diana. He was received into the church by Rev. J'\ Biddle 
by the rite of (Uiristian ])aptism and at once became an earnest 
and zealou.- worker. llev. l^iddle recognized his superior (jual- 
ities of mind and heart and his peculiar fitness for the gosj)el 
ministry, and he at once began to urge upon him the duty of 
giving hiuiself to that blessed work. His conversion had lieen 
so thorough and complete that his heart gave (piick response. 
]le began the study (d' such things as were necessary to acquaint 
him uiore fully with the polity ami doctriues of his (diui'cli, 
and ill the Call of 1870 lie appeared befoi'e the Examining 
t'omiiiillee of Synod at ( "onstantine, Mich., and passi'd such a 
eredital)le examination tiiaL he was immediately licensed to 
j)reach. On Easter Sunday, J87], he entered upon the regu- 
lar work of the ministry by accepting a call to the Massillon 
pastorate of this Synod. During the renuiiuder of the synod- 
ical y(!ar he preached for them every alternate Sunday, driv- 
ing from his home which was at least thirty miles distant. In 
the fall of 1M72 he removed with his family uj)on the territory 
of the charge and renuiined there doing successful work for the 
church until the spring of 1881. In the fall of the pi'eviou.s 
year he was i)revailed upon to accept the honors of State repre- 
sentative which were conferred upon him by three counties 
without opposition. On his return from Indiaimpoli.s at the 

liEV. I). F. KAIN. 


cxj)ii';ilii)ii of hirs lenii of oitice he accepted a call to llic Butler 
jiastoratc and remained there for two and oiie-hall' yetirM, when 
he removed to the West JeH'er.son pastoraU; in Williams County, 
()hio. He (jidy remained tliere t'oi- two years, resigning on 
account oi' the ]a(d< of desired scho(d privileges foi' his children. 
JJaving received a call from the Albion, Ind., pastoi'ate ho 
removed hithi-r and si'ived it with marked success fov a period 
of four and one-half years. I'erhaps no pei'iod of smdi a few 
years acc()m[)li.-hed sindi substantial things for this pastorate as 
those in which it was served by lie\ . Kain. lie did much 
liai'd work and it has borne good lesidls. It was while here 
that he invented an im|)i-ovement upon a i(»ad cart and secured 
a patent foi- the same. lie speaks of this himself on this wise, 
•' ll was the mistake; of my life, and 1 ;im an.\iously waiting to 
be relieved from its ell'ects. (.'louds sometimes appeal' in unex- 
pected places in life's sky, but this shadow crosses m\' zenith 
at noontide." 

l''rom Albion he moved tu .\uburn, Ind., and liei'e is 
where iIk' full weight o\' his nn>lalve I'ell upon him. lie onlv 
remained about lifteen months, ami then remove<l to thi' Spring- 
field pastorate, where after sixt(!en nmnths service he was re- 
called to the Massillon charge in which he had commenced his 
luinistry. i\s an inducement for him to return they offered 
him a considerably larger salary than they had evei- paid a 
ministei' before, ami his labors are appi'eciated among the peo- 
ple he now serves. Rev. Kain is a mastei' in the ])ulpit. He 
is self-made, but desei'ves all the greater credit for that. He 
has been a faithful student of the woid and piesents its truths 
with clearness and with telling elVect. He possesses a strong, 

clear, sympathetic voice, and knows how to use it to the best 



tulvaulage. He lias a keen pi'iu'tralin<i iniiid, and is able to 
"divide the woi'tl" as a workman tlial necdrth not to Ije 
a.sliaiiied. l*^or soiiie years lie hasiiivcii sj»e'-i;d attention to tli(» 
teniperanee work, and is one ot the ablest advocates especially 
of the le^al as|)ccts of this canse in the wludc state oi' Indiana. 
I'l'onnnent men ol' varions professions have listened to him with 
gi'eat satisfaction and have given him lUKjiialilied commenda- 
ti(jn and praise. His tSynod has icpeatedly honored him by 
callin;^; him to positions of honoi' and trust. He served as 
I'l'i^sideiit for two years and as Secii'etHrv Wtv the same len!j;th 
of time. He has represented his Sym)d at three of the bien- 
nial conventions of the (leneral Synod, and for a nundier of 
years has been, and now is, Diredoi- to \\^illeni)er^M loUege, 
and is an abb; and ellieienl meniber of the symxiieal committee 
entrusted with the care (jf exanTming yount^ nu'ii ap};lyin<^' I'ov 
admission into the <^os])td ministry. He is universally loved 
and esteemed by his brethren in the Synod as well us l)y the 
|)euph' of till' six coni^!,iei;ati(ms that he is now st'rvini; wilh 
universal satisfaction. 


For many years Canton, Ohio, has been a stronghoKl of 
LfUtherauisni. There is tcxhiy in that city one of the best 
Lutheran ccMigregations and oiu' of the finest houses of worship 
anywhere to be found in the entire state. From tliis center 
tliere were destined to go forth those who should elsewhere rise 
to prominence and be of great usefuhiess in the church of 
Christ. Among that number was the subject of this sketch, 
the present pastor of the Wells Memorial Lutheran church of 

iij:v. 15. F. 8Tui/rz. 275 

(Juslic'ii, lii(liaii:i. lie was born JMay ol, 1845, ami was 
haptizcMl ill his inraiiry by liie now saintcid l)i-. McisehciiHci', 
who was liicn pastor of tlic (.'ajiton cliurcli. W'licn only six 
ycai-rt of aL;(' lie i\'iiio\c(l with bis paieiils to W'liillcy county, 
Indiana. When scventoen years old be was reeeived into ibe 
Liilbcran ebureli by Hev. 1'^. Hiddle, (Mie oi' Ibe iaibcrs ol' 
this Synod, by the rite (d' conliniiat ion, liaviii^- pii-vioiisl y 
IJiofessed Cbiist (hirinj^- a series of ineetinos ludd by the pastor 
ol' the " ("oiinty-Liiie " eburcli in llu; al'oi esaid euiinl) . At 
that early at:e lie was deeply impressed with ibe llioinibt i>l' 
drvoliiiu liiiiiseir to t lie ministry oi' the uo.-ijxd ol' (!lirisl. In 
this be was encouraged by ivev. Biildle, who was always seeU- 
ing out yiiiing men For this blessi'd work, and who was apt in 
discerning' the (jualities necessaiy to be an eflicit'iit j)reacher of 
the \\'ord. Mr. IStiiltz at once eagerly s(mglit the e(bicatioiial 
advantages which his circumstances permitted -and prw\cd a 
diligent and faithful student. Blessed with .-U|)irioi nati\'e 
abililirs, In- iiiatic rapid progit'ss in the cit y schouis id' lltiii 
tingloii, Indiana, ami afterward in the: Koaimke Si'iiiinary. 
He was, however, de])eiident upon his own resoiii'ces, and he 
made his way by teaching .school, selling books and working 
on the farm during the harvest sea.son. In short he was will- 
ing to do anything that would bring him the jiroper means 
necessary to educate himself. His aim was the gospel ministry 
and he was pressing toward the mark with all the eneigy and 
enthusiasm of a th(»roiiglily con.secrated and devoted life. 
Sei)tember ;i'8, 1871, at C.'onstaiitine, IMichigaii. his ho{)es were 
realized in his being licensed to preach the gospel for one year, 
and two years later he was ordained by the "laying on of 
hands" at Camden, Indiana. January I, 1872, Kev. Stultz 


accepted a call to tl)c IiliiiaiiucI ])ast()iale at W', Indiana, 
and scrvcil llic -ainc ai'L-rptably until Aiiuiist (d' the I'ullowinu' 
^'(•al■, when he J'esi^ned in ordei" that lie nML^hl accept a call 
tcndeied him hy the Alhioii char^'e. Here iie he^an \[\>- work 
on the iir.^t (lav i>i Septenilief, 1<S7I. It \\a> in .-ome re.-pecls 
a dillicnll, Iml lo him a delightful li( Id, and lie won hi- way 
into the heart.- and alVeCtioii.s ol' the pcdple as (iid\' the eai'not 
ctonseci'ated mini.-ter of the Word can dn. (lod ljless(yl hi.s 
woi'k and he heeanu; a means »d' Lading man\' xtul- into I lie 
kingdoii.. He contiuiied Toi' thi'ee years, when he resigned and 
accepted a call to the pastorate of \\'liite I'igeon, .Miidiigan, 
heginning his labors there ()ctol)er I, l'S77. in this idiargf he 
succeeded in building one new tdinrch and repairing tlu' oilier 
two at considerable ex|)ens(;, hut leaving llieni in a lair linan- 
cial cimdition. He wa> a hard worker and I'oi- neai'ly eight 
years ga\(' himsidf unsidiishh' to the needs of the (diurcli. 
He was successrul imt onl\' in advancing; the inaterial inti'i'ols 
(d tile ( liaige, but al>e in increasing ihe -pirilual. Manx were 
added lo the (dinrcli during his ministry here and the iinprnxc- 
nienl in every line of (dirislian wcuk was vei'y marked. lie 
resigned to accept a call to the Middlebnry pastorate, which he 
served with great I'avor I'oi- a period of live years. He suc- 
ceeded in freeing the charge of a debt of long stamling and nf 
adding greatly to its membej'ship. Hi^ tirm, positive, but 
aiigressive chi-istianity pi-ovoked some o[ipo>ition, as it always 
will with those who are not so di'cply rooted in the faith, or 
who have the interests of the clinrcdi lightly at heart, but it 
only made liiin sti'onger and wedded him moi'e (dosely to Gcxl's 
])eople. 'rhey loved him for his woi'k's sake and ably assisted 
him in all the arduous toils for the kingdom. He was popular 

ui:\'. li. i\ HTi'i/i/,. 


willi (lie iiias-^cs, liiilli witliiii jiiul vvillioiU tlic cIhiitIi, and it 
was to li.iii Ixilli a jiK-a.-aiil and a (irolitalilc pa-ldratc lie- 
irsi^ncd and acc,|il('(| a call lu SiK'ci- l>aL<', Iml., w lirn- lie 
cnutinncd nnlil he Ix-Lian llir wiH'k al tlnslim. Ind. I{i'\'. 
Slidl/. lias ahvays hccn a liin' nd.-.-ionar)' and in the licanlirnl 
<-il\' (){' (iiislicii he .-aw a .-picndid u|i|)iii-l nn ii \- IDi' llic (lcnfi-al 
S\iMid Lntlicran r.lini'ch and In- di'lciniincd llial il inn-l lie 
ini|iro\i'd. Ilnl loi- In,- nd.-,-i(inai'\' /.cal nn clmiTli (if oni- l\'|ic 
of I -III lici'anisni Wdnld Inday ixi>t in Ihal cilw lli- -clf- 
.-iH'iiliciii'^ laliMi'.- Ik re will nrxcr licl'nlh' kmiwn li\ I lie clnircli . 
Siiiiii' idra ul' what llic\- wcir and what lln\ aiTi»ni|)li-li(d may 
Ih' olilaiiMMl l>y a I'l rn-cncc In ihc Im.-Idiv nl' tli«_' W'ril,- .Mcnni- 
nal Lnllician clini-idi. Iml Ihc ncoi-d i,-(ml\' I'uIIn' wiilhn in 
the ■' liiKik ol ri'im-mlirancc. '" In all In- lalini's and ,-ai-riliccs 
In lia- lu'cn alilv a>sislcd hv his l)chi\((l •■ hcl|imcci ," In whom 
In' was wedded ( )rluhc|- L'O, 1S7-1. She i,- peenliaih lilled lor 
thr wiii'l; whn-li id' nrees.-ll\ rnnie.- Ill llie |ia-liir",- wile. K'ind, 
. neialiK- and (Mii-ici-alt d , she alwaN.- win- In i wa\ iiihi ihe 
Inaii- III' the |)ew|ile and has |nu\'ed a \ei\ valnahh and ill'ee- 
li\'e wdiker in ihe \ailnii,- ('(inL; reL^atinns i)\'ii' wiiieh he |n-e- 
.-ided. In ihe ("m.-eiil' mi-.-ioii.- she ha- luniu' hm- jiail. When 
ihe \\ nmaii s S\ nndieal Si)ci(-|\' wa.- rmaiied she was (dreted a,- 
ils liisl seei'elaiw and .-he, ha- done inneh nin,i| \Mii-k in the 
auxiliary soeielie- ol' dilVeicnl pasloiales. 

'Idle whole minislerial lil'i' of liev. Sinll/ ha,- Keen i^ixen 
to the (dini'idi in this S\iiod. Heinu lieen-ed and ordained hy 
theSynotI, and ha\ini; lahored in it eonlinnonsl\ Tor all these 
years, it is to hiin hi,- s\ nodical home I heir is |)erl)a|is no 
indneement thai emild he olVered that wonld eanse him to 
Iea\i' this Held. lie love- ils chnrches and enjoys a large 

27 -s 

bYNoi) oi' N()I;'1'1iki;n ini>i\n.\ 

ti('(|ii:iiiit:iii('i'slii|) hiikjdl;' tli<-ir iumi|iIc, :iii(l is also (lcc|)ly 
iiiipi-i'sscd with till' IkhiikIU'.-s (t|)|»()rt unit ics ol' (Uir cliiii'fh ii|)i)ii 
this liTritoiv. lie h<)|n\s to st'c lh<' ilay \\h(ii this vast licM 
lii'M hflwccii the (Ircat Lakes shall lie il()llc<l o\ci- with 
MiiL:li.-h Luthi'iaii (■luirchcs of tin- (iriirial Sviioil, and to 
accoiiijilish this no lal»or will Ik- I'or him tod hard and no sacii^ 
iice loo yi't-at . lie is icady to '■■cndniT hardness as a jinod 
soldier of ,)esns ( 'hri>t " in order that this hope nia\ hi- ical- 

II K\'. K. W. KK'U'K. 

Anionu; ihe many sneeesslul ndnisieis wlio.~e lives were 
largely spent, in the sei'viee (d' the laitheian ehnndi npon the 
lei'ritory of the Synod of Northei'n Indiana, the name id llev. 
I'lnos W . l'iri(d<. stands eoir-piciions. lie is a native of .letler- 
son ('oiinlN', ()hio, was Imuii in Spiin;j liidtl in the year hS.-{'», 
anil w lnai a mei'e ho\' he removed with hi- pai'enl< lo llnntinL;- 
lon I'onnix , Ind. At (he ai:e id' I w eniy - 1 lu\'e lir eult ird the 
mini.-tiy of the Methodist llpisv'opal ehiii(di, and <'onlinued in 
lu'r a(divt' service inilil t,h(^ year INd'J. Then (he i^icat eivil 
war aroii.sed the jiatriotism oi' his heart and he raiseil a eom- 
[)an> (d' \oliinteers ami entei'ed upon llu' serviee (d his eoiin- 
Iry. Soon he was unanimously elected (diaplain of tlm (S!)th 
lu'jj,'. hid. Vol., and won the esli'cm and coidideiice of his 
comrades in hatlle. 11(3 conlinue(l to ser\'e in this ca|iacity 
until the fall of hStJo, when lu; )-esianed and retiirne<l home, 
much to the rejiiet of those with whom lu- was associated in 
ami}' life. We, howevi'r, was as true to (he cair-e of the 
nation at home as when doin^- active service in that iii'eat con- 
test. Wai'udydid he (hd'eml his country, and has alwa\s heeu 

Ri;V. K. W. lUIICK 

27 \) 

the special fiii'iid nl' tlic soldier. Scarcely lias a iiieiiioi'ial ser- 
\ic(; >iiice lieeii held in any c(iimiiuiiil)' wluTe lie I'csidcil in 
wliicli his \(iice ha.- iiol heeii heard as llie |>iinci|)al s|K'akei', 
and he loves I o lei I of t he \aloi(Mi> deeds (d' " I he hoys ill hi lie " 
diiiini; thai dark pei'iod. I'aliiolisin i.- a \ii'liie \\hi<di he 
l)elieve> should hi- ell 1 1 i \a leil , and no pa^-lonile that he has ever 
ser\'e<l has heeii lei I without a de( per and |>iiiti- loVe I'oi' their 
coiiiitr\' heiiiL; instilled into the hearts cd' (dd and yiaiiiLi-. 

Alter his ii'tnrn Iroin the aimy he round a niiinher of cir- 
eiiui.-lanees coiid)i n in::' to make it desiiahle to (dian^'e his 
(diiirch relations. lie was deeply impressed with the hihiical 
tea(diiii^ of the Lutheran faith, and ludieNcd in the conserva- 
tive (duiracter (d' the (diui(di. Iter doctrine Ik found in exact 
acc(jrd with his own inteipi elal ions of the .-cripl iires, and he 
.-oii;_:ht adluis^ioll in her fold. lie was iecei\'ed into her niin- 
i>tr\ and was elecled pastor ol the Alassilloii (diaiye in the 
Svnod of Northern Indiaiui. Ilere he hihored with '^reat 
acceptance and rcndcieil \aluahle .-ervitc to ihe (diurch and 
her Lord. .\li(Uit llu' latter part of the year l(St;;> he leceivcd 
ami accepted a call to t he iS[)cuccrvi lie pastorate, ami remained 
there for eleven years. I )uriii^ all that jieriud he was in favor 
with the peopk', ami as the history (d' the (diai'm' will show his 
lahors were uhumlautly hiessed. {{esiniiiiiu- this wcik he went 
to Mid<ll(d)iiry , Iii<l.,aiid served that pastorate' until the >priiig' 
of iSSf), when he aci'i'ptcd a call to the \\diile rigcon charge 
ill Micdiigaii. 'Jdie churches were in a fair condition, hut lu^ 
found the })C()ple widely scattereil and the work lahorioiis. lie 
remained until the fall of IHS-S, w lu;ii he resigned much against 
the wishes of the pcjoplc. At the time of his leliremeiit there 
was practical unity in the work, and tlieit? was i)rob!ihly not a 



f^iii^ilc iiii'iiihrr ill tln' riilirc pa.^ldi'ntc wlio wa.- iiol Lirii-vcd at 
hi.v i|i-[)aitiir('. Ih- acccitlcd a call t(. Silver Lake, linl., and 
reiiiaiiied tlici-c \\)\- iwo ycai,- when In- \\a< |iiT,<ii;idcd i,, liccuinc 
])a,-^l(if i>\' ihc Alliidii cliai-^r. lie nanaincd joi' tlin-c \','aiN 
uliiMi \\v was called Uilhe S|il•ill^■|ield |ia.-loi-ale whicdi formed 
a pail (if his weik wlieii localed foi- (de\en \'ear,- al S|ieiicer- 
\'ill>'- 1 le eiilei'e<l ii|i(iii ( his work < )ciMlK-r I. iMi:!. and is now 
the |ia>lor. The .dd I'rieiid.-h i|.> (d' years a,uo are iviiewed, and 
the |.aiishioiiers \\ ho yel aliide ill the chiii(di niililani are de- 
li-hled with the :-<T\ ices of ihe failhfiil )ia-l(i|- of fonni^i- daw-. 
I.'ev lOriek ha- always Iteeii |>o|)nlai- with all ela.-se- ni' pec, pie. 
I he yoiinii' lall)' aliont him lu cause lie al\\a\',- li\'e.- in .-\m- 
piilliv with ihein. in -piiil he i,- no ,ddei i|,nn ihe da\' he 
ii'l'-i''-d the minislry. 'I'jie old lind in him one who can eiiler 
inio Inie -ympalhy with Ihein, and win. c:ni iiiin- lo lliein ihe 
^^veele-| and he-l coii-olal ion.- of ( iod '- \, , ,rd . 1 le is an elii- 
'•i> 111 pa-l<n\ aii'l i- natniallv .idapud Iw ilir vaiied dnlie- 
\\liieli llie pa-loial otiice Iniii-.-. Ill ihe home, in ihe .diamhei- 
of -iid^in-s, ill (he lari;er .-phere (,f -ocial lii'.' with it- vaiied 
and miihiplied demands he is ne\-ei' ill-aleast'. Sniliiii:- him- 
■■^<'ll' I" lli^' occasion he always till- his phne wilh sindi accepia- 
hility as lo win the esleein (d' all \\ilh whom he associates. l\v 
jiossesscs ai,<o reinarkahh^ piilpil p,M\ers. Splendidly endowed 
l>y iialui-e In- is (piick lo lurn to ihe a.lvaiilauc! .d' the (dniich 
every opportiiiiily (hat comes in the pi-ea(diini; of (he word. 
No man in the Synod is iiiii Ver.-ally h.ved and respected 
llii"! I"'- His lirc'tiiren in the mini-lry lia\e ficipieiilh' hon- 
ored jiim with the lii^lu'st places (d' liu-l. He scivcmI a.- [.resi- 
dent of the Synod for two \'ears, and a- Irea-iirer Idr the -aiiic 
l«'",U'li »d lime. I'or four years he was l)ireet(.i- to \\'il(enl»er«- 


%.%> 4; 


,' / 






I "N^l'jt 

lOLlNCJL OF larilKKAN tlilliKill. 
rciKssi;, 1.\]1IAN.\. 

t . 

k i 


i- '■ 








i:ev. .lACtjr. miltox ikancis 

'28 1 

C(iIU-uc\ and wa.-st'iit as :i dt'lcuatc t(i the (iciicral Sviiod at 
tuiii- of its di IVcii'iit l)i(Minial con vi'iitioiis. Id' was al\\a\'s tnu- 
to the tiu,-t i'('|)o>('d in him and dixdiaracMl liisdutio most 
failhl'idlv. (Jod lia> iml o!il\- liiH'ally lilo.-i-d Ids lalioi^ lo tlir 
yood of lliv cliiii'fli, Ijiil lia,- al.-M liixcii liim the hi'^lic-1 io\s in 
liis scrs ii-i-. 

\\\']y. JACOB :\!ii/r()N i<^i;.\.\c[s. 

The sidijcct of Ids skc'I(di \\a- lioiii in .M\rrslo\\n, I'a., 
I\lai(di 1, lSt!.">. Hi- I'al lu-|- died wlun lif \va- .-cX'cn \'(:ii'>id' 
at:*', hill, liavinL!' a ( lod-l'carinu' inollici- Ik' was carh' laiiiilit tlu' 
|<i'im-i|dr,- of llic ( 'lii'I.-l ian r^ liL'ion. Wlim (|nitc \iMniL.' Iif 
wa- a|)|)ifntic(d lo l!ic |»|-iutini: liadi', and worlvcd Wnw \'iai-> 
on llic New nioondlfid " 'I'imc-.'' At llic end oF lid- liiiir lie 
lolnrncd to hi- liomu, made n-adv and cnlorcd the I 'irjiaraloi'v 
I )i |)aflnicnl oi' < iclt yslnii-tj ( '(dh-L'i-, Sc|iicnilMi , l-S.^o. in ihc 
fall of ISS-I he wa- admillrd lo ih. I'l. -innan .da-- al < ..lU-- 
l>niL', I'a. llcic he liccanir ichniilicd will) llic in-lilnli"! .- ol 
I lu' nnd( TL I'adnalc- and wa.'- a nuanlici of i In- ( id I Nslnii ^ ( '(d ^ 
\riic (iico (dnl), and ono of ihc hoard ol' tMliloi- oT iln' 
colh'L;!' '• MonI hl\-.'' I If \\a> ;.:iadiiat(d in i^S^ ami immcili- 
atciy cnlcrcd ii|h(Ii tlu' linal |Mi|pai atoi y slaiiC of hi< lil'i' wm'k 
at I lu' 'riifohioit-a! Seminai\', I'ldm which place he went I'orlh 
with ihcdci^rcc A. M. in dnnc, ISIH, \\(ll c(|ni|i|)cd lor (he 
Work (d' winnin;^ sonis lo ('hiisi. I)cf(nc i^iaihialion he 
received a nnmher u\' call,- lo ihc various places whiidi ln' had 
sn|>|died as a si ndcni. hnl all of ihem lu' declined. In. lid)', 
1(S!)|, while on a trip to hi,- home in ( 'olora<lo Sprin^is, Colo., 
he spent one week in Loni,'-\ ille, KenI nek \ , and preadnil lo 
(he litth' as,sociation »d' people known as St. I'aul",-. 'Idicy 


SYNOD (^1'^ NOK'l'iri'lltN INDIANA. 

('\(('1I(1l(1 liiiii a rail wliic-h lie acccptCMl, and irtunicd Sr|it('in- 
l)i'|- 1, 1<S1)1, lo oi-^aui/.c ami hccijiin' tlu' lir.-l (ia,-tor ol' St. 
Paul's lM-aiig('lical Lnlln'iaii (.'hiiirli oi' Louisville, Kcutucky. 
This lilllc c'liuicli was ori^aniziil willi i liiilx -seven cliarU'i' 
lueniliei- aud a Sumla)' sclnml of lil'tv-IWd selidhii's ami leaeh- 
cr.-^. I'mlei' his railiil'iil mini-try il (levelitjied iuld a tlnui'isli- 
ini^ ciiiij^reiiat i(ni. Tin,' Sunda\' sclioid ii]iii-e ilian d()td)le(l 
ilstir, and a ^(Mlll^;■ l'c(i|)le's .So<'ii'l\ ol' ( 'liii.-t ian lMidea\nr 
\va- ()ri:,ani/ed wliieli hecamc a stroni;' auxiliary hi llie cliiirrli. 
\\'liile [laslor liei'e lie was (d'ten called n|i(Mi [n mlilw^-i various 
(U--ani/.ali(in.-^ and sui-ietics. Ila\'in^ hmad and iilieral views, 
lie' entered liearlil)' into all kinds (d' (, 'In i.-lian work lor llic 
Ix'tternn'nL oi' mankind. 

( )ii Novemlier l.S, ISi)!, lie was married to Mi-s l^li/.ahel li 
Marl lia Idot, a ;: raduate id' l\e<--Mar ( 'olleLie, and a resident 
of ( letlN'sWurL;;, I'a., wln> lia- |iioved heisell' lo lie a most I'ar- 
ne-i >\ mpal lii/ei- with, and ellieienl eoadjulalor in. liei' liu>- 
liand '.- wcM'k. 

In AuLiUst, IMi;!, he received a unanimous call lo herome 
pastoi' of (iraf(! Lutheran (diuridi of (Jolumbia ('ity, hidiana, 
w hieh call he u<H;e|il(,'d and ciiitei'eil upon his work S('|»ti'mlt('r 
o, L^!)."! N'aiioiis reason.s made thi.s new umlortakin^- ul•(lu()U^5, 
hut tausliuL;; in the <ireat Head of the (Jliureh, he entered heart 
ami soul into his lahors, and has heen rewai<led hy se('in<; the 
Work prosper in his hand.s. 

i;lizahi;tii maiitiia imiancis. 



I^li/;il)ctli Miii'tlia 'l\i()t was the cldc.-l daut^liter (if lleiiiy 
S. 'I\i()t, a \vi,'altli\' raniifi' of ( Ictl >',-<lnir^-, lV'iiiis\'!vania, near 
wliicli lii.-tnric, tiiwii Mi<. I'^iaiici.- was liorii A|iril 1, ISCiS. 

W'liilf Vft a yoiiiiu Liii'l slit' was Irfi in take her |)hu'(' at 
tlu' licad of {\\r liouscliold and to hceoiiK , I liroiiuli licr iiiotlier's 
loii^ illiic-s, as lar as [lossiMc, ;i mollirr lo lici' IhoiIut and 
tlirci' V(»(iii;j,ei- sislcrs. 'I'lic ;jraV(' iTS|Minsil)ilil ics of >\\r\\ a 
liA'iii.i; position wcic l»iavclv lioiiic alllioiiLili in\'ol\inu the 
sacrifici' of many idoasiircs; yd, willioiil doidtt, this cxiici-i- 
(.■ncc l>idtc'i' ((Ualificil licr for the duties of her prcscni life 
Ncvcrfhclrss she found time to dr\'olc It. >linl\', lif>iiK'> allain- 
\[\<^ the nioic piaclical arc,oin|(lishnicnt- of ^^ood hoii.-cki'cpinii'. 

>Siu' iL'Ceivfd her cducalioii at Kt'c- Mar ('(dlc'ji,f, at I hnior,-;- 
town, Md., and lii'adnatod with the (la,-s of IMK), rccri viiiii' the 

lilsl llolM)!'. 

While still a very yoniii! ;j,ii-| she met \\.r\\ i''raneis, then 
a sn|ihouiorf ,if ( iett N'-leir^: ('Mlh'iie. and al'ler a h'lulhy 
enuaLii'niont was niaiiied lo him at ( Jel I \ -hui'L;', I 'enns\ Ivania, 
l>y l)i'. -Foci Swai'tz, now oi the ( 'on^re^ational ehuri-h, on 
XoVendxT 17, l.Stil. 

Soon after t indi' nuin'iau'e they removed to Louisville, Ky., 
where Ivcv. I'^anei.s was pastm- o St. I'aul's Lulheran <diuieh. 
Ilere Mrs. I'^aneis entered Ncrv aeti\(d\ into the social inter- 
ests and duties of lier position, as W( II as pail ieipated (duH'i'- 
fiilly in all her husluind's ehiirtdi work. 

Since hei' removal to i'olumhia 'ity, liid., she has heeii 
more es|)eci;illy interestt'd in the mi.-,-ion work, havini; been 
elected president of the Woman's Home and l^'oi^eijiii Mission- 
ary Society of (Irace Lulheran Church. 




ll Wdiild lir iiu])(»^>ililo lo lit' IdiiL;' in lln- |uc.-ciic(' ol Mi:-. 
A iiu.'ii.stii \"iriiini:i 1 1 uiitci' w illioiit llu; iikiiiv rxeel- 
Iciil i|iinlil ic- and cliai'iiiiii^ cliaractcri-tic.-^ wliicli licr I'liciuls 
ascrilif lo Ium' arc dc.-crvcil. 

AiiiiUisla \'iiL:iiiia Ii-chind, wliicli \va,- tiic lull maiden 
uaiiu', \va> Inirii T'cliniai'V T), icSI',). iuid was the clde>t (diild ol' 
Di'. iMailiii, a proiiiiueiit ()li\ ~iciaii id ( 'dliiiiiliia ('il\ . Indiana, 
and i\Ii>. Sarah Ireland, a wumaii id' ^tciTmi: wurlli and imlile 
('hrisliaii (diaractcr. lu-inL: Imrn ami rcaicd amid healilil'iil 
^;(•elK•^, in a .-oeieh Irce rinm sham and iiicleiicCj a <(>eich' ihal 
lndicv<'d in ■' IIdiicsI \\(irk Inr lo^las', l:ime,-l liope lor In-imir- 
row," all thai was hest in her tharaclcr \\a.- \'er\ .^InniLilv 

Iler earlv eiliieal iona I IrainiiiL! \sas received in the |)iililie 
S(dm(d- (d' her native i-it\ , afw r which -he -iicul -ume lime in 
I he Seminars a I ( i i < uiliehl . * >h ii.. I .ca\' ii'i- I he >cmiiiar\' -he 
eni;a;^ed in lca<diinL; in N\ hil|e\ < 'minis , Indiana, lor a nnmhcr 
of years. 

She was married Scpii'inhci- j!.'), IMiS. lo J(din W. lliiii- 
tcr, a leadini;- (liaii:|;i>t of ( 'oliimhia ( 'it \' , Indiana, wlio ilicd 
Mav d, I.S(S4, leaving; her with iiiic (diihl, a daiiLihter twa l\'e 
years <d' ace. This marriai;e inuveil an e\i'e|il imia II y lia|)|i\' one. 

She iiave her heart carl\' to the Ma.-ter, and united wiih 
(li-acc Lutheran (dmrch on her eiL'hleeiith hiri Inlay. Since 
then she has heeii ailise in eveiw dcparlnieni ol (diundi wurk. 
She has lieen a railhl'iil Icacdici' in the Sumlas -stdioid for nioie 
than t weiity-iivc years, ami i,-~ al prisenl it- mo>t cllicieiil As- 
sistant Siij)criutendcnt. 

Mi;S. Air<iUSTA N'llKilNlA liluNTKR. 


( )1' late yeai's ^lic lias devoted iinieli ol' liei' time and 
ihoiight til the t-ause of missions, heini;; idosely associated and 
conneeted, nut only to her own ehnieh, Inil, with the Syiu)dical 
and (ii^iKi'al work ol the Woman's llome ami l-'orei^n iMission- 
ary Society. She was one ol llie lonndei's ami or^^aniziM's ol' 
onr own District Soc'iet\' ol' Northern I ndiana Synod, an<l be- 
came its lii'st {'resilient in IH.S'J, whieli ollice .she tilled aecept- 
ahly For nine vi'ais wlu'ii other duties compelled her to I'esign. 
In 1881) she was eh'cted a memher id' the ( ieneral Executive 
Commitlcie of the Woman'.- Home and I'oreign ]\I isstoiuii'y So- 
ciety of tile (ieneral S\-nod ol t he I ; idled Stales, w hie 1 1 posit ion 
she still hohl.s. 

Mrs. iiiintei' is mostly known to ihe Lutheran ehurcdi, 
not only of Nmlheiii Indiana Synod, hnl lo llu' idiurch at 
lai'gt', as the j)reseiit honored and loved President id' the 
^\'oman's llome and i'oiei^n .Missionary Societ\' of tin; (ien- 
eral Synod ol' the United Slates. She was tirst (dected l*r<'si. 
dent al llie conveiilioii which convened al ("anion, (>hio, in 
l.Sill,;nid re-elected at ()maha, Neh., in l.S'j.']. A^ an olHcer 
she jiresides with grace and dignity, and her upinion.- on all 
ijuestions pertaining to this gn;at cause are .■<()iinil and well 

During the '" NVomaii's Congress " at the \Vorld's l'''air at 
(Jhicago, she wnn retiuested lo prejiare a |»aper on "('hildren's 
Work in the Cyhurch," which has heen j)uhli.shed, and has 
given her much prominence before tiie chui(di and all C'hrisl- 
ian people lor the very excellent manner in whiidi she handled 
her subject. 



'J'he svihject of ihi.s !<ketcli was hovu in Adams County, 
Peiin., April 11), 1820, died Nov. 25, 1881 , aj^-od 02 years, 
seven months ami six days. When 14 years ol' age he moved 
to Oliio, where he leimiined till 184o. In this same year lie 
was nuirried to Miss liarbai-a Sleigh])ang, who died in 1840, 
leaving one son. In 1 (S48 he was nuuTied to Miss Cliristena 
Vanmeter, to which nnioii was jjorii seyen children. lie was 
the instigator and founder of ( Jrace Lutheran, eliureh of ( "(diim- 
hiat'ity, Ind., and jio one hut («od knows of the self-saerillees 
that this devoU'd man made; for the church when it was strug- 
gling along in its infaiuty and weakness. 

The following entitled, '' Honor to ^V horn H(jnor is Due," 
from the pen of " 1^'ather" Wells, is lud a I'et'hh; trihnle of 
this nohle nuiii of ( iod : 

" No man did moi'e for good morals, Sunday Schools and 
vital piely in your (•(Unmuiuiy than he did in lliosr da\>. To 
the iitnu)st of his ability he prayed and labored and gaye to 
build up the Lutheran church on a scri[)tural basis. That 
church in Columbia City owes to him a ilebt of gratitude for 
the many years of toil and liberal giving which he devoted to 
its iutei'csts. He always did cheerfully nuu'e than his part to 
meet any claim against the church and provided for its tempo- 
ral and spiritual interests in those days when the church was 
weak and in great need of his help. Remembering his good 
deeds so well and having so often witnessed the substantial 
evidences of his church love, and knowing these things from 
intimate acquaintance and [)ersoinil observation, the writer de- 
sires to pay this humble tribute to his memory., No n:an was 



more willing to make saorifices for the cause (»i" ( than he 
was; and in his religious services he was very eai'ne.-t and 
devout. TheoMei- meml)ers of that, church cannot forget how 
greatly he enjt)yed revival meetings; when in dcinonslration of 
the Spirit and power, the word reached the heart , helievers 
i-(r|oit'ed, sinners wept and seekers thronge<l the altar [)leading 
for Sidvation. l"'or him these meetings were always closed too 
soon and no protracted meeting ever lasted long enough to suit 
him. At such times, day and inght, his sold would mount 
higher and higher, so that he seemed to live and move in the 
atmosphere of heaven. The earnest voice of that dear hrolher, 
now sealed with a silence that nt^ie hut <iod ctin roll away, 
will not so(jn he forgotten hy those who enjoyed tlio^e happy 
s(;asons with him in that old (diiireh, an<l Brctthei- Myers, 
though (li;a(l, s])eaks to the living hy his eai'uest (Miri.-tian 

i'i'yri':i{ lusiioi'. 

The intluence and work of some of the laymen of this 
Synod can never be ccjmputed. Quietly and unostentatiously 
have they been serving the church and her Lord. They have 
not sought distinction and have tried to avoid public recogni- 
tion for what they have done. Every pastor knows, however, 
that they have been " the power behind the throne " and that 
the advancement of Christ's kingdom has been largely due to 
tlieir counsel and their faithfulness to the chuich. This is true 
of him whose life is here sketched. He has been unselfishly de- 
voted to the interests of his church and lius gained the love and 
confidence of the entire Synod. He was born near (Gettysburg, 


Adams (\jiiiJty, l':i., October 18, 182-5. At tlio -Age of .sixteen 
lie was converted and united with t!i(;chnicli. lit? was earnest 
and aj^j^ressive in all thai he atteinj>ted to accomplish and his la- 
bors liave been ci-o\vned with success. (Jhristianitv has always 
been a isubject oil momentous interest to him, and it l)ccame 
the rule of his actions in all his careei". liis life exc.-mplified 
his relijjiion and inlensilied his inliuenc'c: amonj^ men. Novem- 
bei' 12, 1(S44, he was married to .Miss h^liza Kudisil and .-hoi'tly 
al'ler they removed to what was in that day coiisiilered "'the 
Tar west." In the yvnv l^i4I) tlu-y located in ])id\alb County, 
Indiana. The country was then comjiarati vely new and 
.S|)ursel\' settled. .\bout two ndh;s wesi <d' S])enceiville he 
erected a cabin and dili^icnt 1}' usiil (he axe and saw, the nuit- 
tock and the hoe, until he ijronj^ht one hiindi"ed and sixt\' acres 
ol hea\ily timbered land into a line slate t)!' cultivation. 
Hei'c he lived and labored until tin; year JiS74 when he hd't 
the Farm and located in the village of SjXMicerville, where In' 
en;:aged in ihe mercantile business. I'^ilh'd with lhes|)iril of 
enti'rprisc he soon cnjoytMl a lucrative trade. llegainetl tlui 
fulh'st conlidence of those with whom he dealt because his 
religion served him in the stoi'e-room as in the church. He 
lived what he [)idfe.ssed. He was an earnest (dii'istian and that 
made him an energetic business nuiii and gave him a success 
which he could not otherwise have attained. 

In his church work he was even more devoted and aggres- 
aive than in his business aiVairs. Me was |)romineiit in the 
organization and erection of the first laitheran church in 
iJeKalb C'ounty, and in it he is still a faithful and intluen- 
tial menjber. For more than thirty years he was the superin- 
tendent of the Sunday school and was unusually successful in 



this line of work, llis nietliotU liave iilwiiys been audi as 
were adapted to the iueiear^ing (h'luaiid.s ol" the seliool, and Ids 
aim ha.s been tu liohl the .^ehool in stiiet sympathy with tlie 
eliureli. Ilis mu>ieal abilities nut only iitted iiim espeeiajly 
lor this \voi'k but made him tln' lea'h'r cd' the ehureh (dioir 
whieh position lu; has faithfully iillcd lor a greater iinmbei- td' 
year,- than he has served as .-ii]»irinteiidciit . The pastorate 
ha.> rL'|ieatedly hon(nfd him in (deetin*;- him as (hdegate to the 
annual meetinj^' of the dislriet Synod. His name appears 
(•ally in lln^ records of the Synod of Xoithern Indiana, and he 
was always an iniluenlial member in these annual nuHlin^.s. 
I''ive times his Synod chctcd him as (tiie id' hei- (h'le<_sites to 
the Licneral Synod, and ha.- Iicipimlly aj»pointcd him to olhei' 
inipurtant jiosilions and work. lie i.> a earid'ul, thoughtful 
man and in any work his eoun.-(l is a])preeiated. Tin- be.-t 
j)art of Ids history and lile will not be; written save in the 
" Lireat Itook of rt;membi'anee. '' 


For many years one of the faithful and eflicient laymen of 
the churcli in the Ivoek Creek pastorate was the subject of this 
sketch. He was born of ( ui'imin {>arentat;e in Atlams Gotinty, 
I'a , October 1(3, LSKi. Holh his father and his m(tther were 
vej'y jtious and devoted (Miri.-tians. They were active niembeis 
antl faithful supporters of the Lutheian church. 'I'hey re- 
moved from J'ennsylvania to iJutler Gounty, ()., j'emaining 
there for nuiny years and seeing- their cdiildren all many and 
found religious households of their own. Geoige was married 


to Julia C'liirk, 15, 1840, and in 1855 tlioy roiuovcil to 
Ciirrull County, Ind., wliere tliey puix'ha.-cil a (aim u|ion whicli 
they continued to reside to the time of his (hath, lie was the 
lather of three chihhen, ail uJ' whcjiii aic niaii'icd, aiul w liicli 
he had the pleasure of seeing unite with the chinch and l)c- 
coniing useful nienil)eis therein. He had Idinscir Ix coiiie iileii- 
tilied with tiie cause of Christ hy cunliiiiialiou when sixteen 
years of age, and it was to liini no ordinai\' joy to witness his 
three daughters following tlie same course. Amid iht' yicissi- 
tudes of this life there aie no sweeter thoughts and higher 
pleasures that come to the ])arent w lio truly loves Chrisi ihan 
those inspired by an entire houseludd con-ecraied to the Savior. 
The home in whicli Jesus dwells and where he is honored \)y 
ail of its inmates ib (juc of the garden spols <>[ the \\(irl(rs tiiie 
happiness and joy. There is no place in a.11 this wide uoild of 
beauty and of toil so near to heaviii. 'Ihrough it there are 
often wafted the sweetest songs of praise, and from il there 
claily risi's the ble.-sed incense of |ira\ei'. (iohh n homls uiiiie 
the hearts of all, and when timely relations are broken by the 
hand of the destroyer the ties (d' a }iuic ancl sanclilied hn'e 
remain aud make them one in thought in character ami iu 

The work of Mr. Spangler for the chiwch was of a very 
substantial and helpful charactei-. lie shrank from no duly 
aud never tried to evade any responsibility. lie did not aim, 
as do some, to see with how simill a portion of service or of 
means the church can be served, but lalher, always, how much 
be could do, how much he could give ft)r 11 im who had done, 
aud who had given, so much for him. In the congregation of 
which he was latterly a member he served iu an olticial capac- 



ity from 1856 to 1882, and during all that period was never 
ahsoiit from a council iiicoting, nor from a business meeting of 
an) cliaractrr in tlu; pa.-.loratc. 'I'lic larger jtart of tliis time 
lie was secretary and kept an accurate account of all the pro- 
ceedings of the church. For many years he was the efficient 
supeiintendent of the Sunday scliool and acted as chorister of 
the church until a few yc;ars l)efore his death when failing voice 
com[)elled him to I'elincjuish the wui'k. Thnnigh his instru- 
menlalit}' a prayer meeting was started and maintained in the 
chuich, and he was seldom absent from it. Most of the time 
he sei'Ved as lis leadei' and succeeded in hel[>ing others start on 
a career of usefulness for ( 'liiist, "Mis face was always seen, 
his V()it-e always heard, and his ])resence always felt in the con- 
gregation of which he was a memb(,r." I\ev. J. L. Guard who 
was his paslo)' for sixteen j'cars said, " He was the one person 
whom 1 almost fell constrained to counst'l to remain away from 
cliuieh on soinr exlienieiy bad days." lie was as liberal as he 
was faithful and regular in his atleinlance. His money was 
always ready t(» assist in any church entiu'prise whether local or 
general, lie pnrchase(l and held foi' years a scholarship in 
AVittenberg ('ollege, and was a ri-adii' of the Luthei-an Obser- 
ver i'vowi the Hist pul)li(;ation to the time of his death. His 
life was a (piiet, even one. wholly tem|)ered by the spirit of 
(Jhrist. it was -'ii li\'ing epistle" that many "read" to 
theii' ediliealion and spiritual up building. His influence was 
wide-reaching and he ('(jmmanded the love and resj)ect of all 
with whom he canu' in contact. He died at the age of G5, 
jNlarc'.i '2(S, 1('S(S2, in the blessed tissurance of the Savior's pres- 
ence and caie. 




The foi'tietli annual (■(jii vcnl ion (if ihc Synod \\a> held in 
('olninl)ia City, Indiana, ()<-tol)cr !)-J-l, 1MI4, on tli<' very 
idacc wlicrc tlie Synod was organ i/L-d. Tlic liilK. IVanic cluircli 
in wiiich lli(; liist convention was held \(t -tand.-, Ijiii on the 
o|)|)o.>ito .-ide (d' the street and has I.eeu eon Vei'led into a feed 
•-t'"f. On the phiee wheie it was luiill and when- the I'athei-s 
ol' the Synod nid and poured out their lieai'ts in praNcr lo ( iod 
lor guidance in their iin)Knlant wmk, then- now -lamN a 
large, hrick sirueture, (degantly rurni^hcd, and V( rs' neat and 
chnrchly in its appcaraiH/e. 'I'he conliaM In iween ihi-e iwo 
hinldings fnrnishes a wiy slrikin.u illn-liation of tho -rowlh 
and devcdopnient (d' the Synod as a whole and can Jn,-(h he 
apj)lied to evei-y department of the work. 

President l-'ry htrger's ann ual report -howcd that he had 
been a husy man during (he year and that he had lieen dilimiil 
in looking after tin; interots of the chuivhes, all of uhicli 
were in a prospei'ous condition. 

IS'olwithstan.ling the tinancial depression of the country, 
Treasurer Kicd'ei- presented the hest i-eport e\'er made to the 
Synod. The largest amount wa- ciuilrihuted for the various 
Ixaievolent operations of the churcdi and the Svnod canu- near- 
est to the appoi'tionment standard. A W-w more yetirs of 
■su(di W(jrk and thi8 l.ody will never fall helow that standard. 
To the treasurer is due much uf the credit for this excellent 

NOTES. 293 

Kev. S. P. Fiyberger was re-elected jji-esideiit and Kev. 
INI. Tj. Smith secretary. Rev. C. J. Kiefei-, iniicli to the regret 
ol' the Synod, declined a re-election and Mr. E. L. JNIcClelian, 
of ("oUnnhia City was selected to till that otlice for the ensuing 

■,1c , -f 

The Synod gave a bond of tea thonmnd dollars for the 
endowim lit of W'il U'nhei'g Tlu'ological Seminary , agi'eeing to 
pay six pel- (H'lit interi'st after. hiiie 1st, l.S^f). Tiie entire 
amount is to lie paiil within live years' fi'om said date. 

* * * 

Tlie " Iviiles and Ivegiilatioiis of the Hoard of P>ene(ieiary 
Education," presented by tlu; eomiiiittee app(niited at tho prt'- 
vioiis convention and pul)lished in tiiis volume, were amended 
as fdMows: Art. 1, fourth liiu', strike out " three'' and sub.iti- 
tuli^ ••hve (Tt) vcars, and sd arraiigtil that the term of one 
membrr .-hall I'Xpire annually." .\ii. \ 11, second line, strike 
out the word " written."' .Art. IX, ninth line, after •■school 
year" add "and the Hoard is authorized, if necessary, lo bor- 
row the needed amount.'' Art. XI, (1) tii>t and second lines 
omit "of the Hoard of IV'iieiiciary l^lducation" and after 
"(ieiierai Synod'' in seventh line add "but payment of the 
jn-iiicipal shall not b(> legally demanded from one who thus 
i-ontihU(s faithful in tin- Lutheran ministry of tin; (General 
SyiHid, said [)ayinent Iteing left to the beneficiary's own con- 
science ami knowledge of his ability." Art. XVIII, first line, 
insert after ''of" the words "the ])oard tj request,'' The form 
(if obligation was made to read as fidlows: 



...■ 18.... 

I i)n)iiiise to pay , ti'casiii'ci- oT the 

Synod of Ndfllicni Indiana of the I'^vanjndical hctan chi'.rch, 

or Ills siu-ce.ssoi' in oiiice, (h)lhn> on the Itdlowinj,^ 

conditions, viz. : That il' T continnc ni}' st udic- under the dinc- 
tion of said lloaril and cnli r ;ind conlinin' in tlie ^idsjxd minis- 
try of ihi' Kvaniiclieai I.iilhcran church of I hi; ( Jcncral Synod, 
then lliis note sliall he ])a)'ahh- a> .-oon as I may conveniently 
1"e(d m3'seir ahh', hut if 1 (hi not continue my si udie- nn(h-r the 
direction of said Hoard, and (hi n(»t enter and continue in ,-aiil 
njinisti'y, then lids iH)te shall l)e |iayaitle atonce with six pei' 
cent, interest IVoni date. N'ahn; received. 

''IMie i-ece[)lion tendeicd Synod liy the \-oung peojde's so- 
ciety of ('liri>lian l'indea\'or w as a ver\- pleasant alVair, and the 
'" .-pr.idic.- " n| ihc evcunii: l.nudnd almo-l i \ ei\' pha-e n|' lile. 

'idle aiini\-er,-ary seivices of S_\ nod hehl on Sunda\ al'ler- 
noon at thre(! o'(do(d; were, presided over 1)\ Kev. Iln^h Wells, 
the lir,-l l*ri'>ident (d' Synod. Addii.-ses wimc made \>\ K(;vs. 
W. Waltman, D. l'\ Kain, K. W. i-Lick and \V . L. Tedrow. 
Kev. \\'allnuin was one of the cdiarter niemhers of Synoil and 
spoke of the first con\'ention llev. Kain >j»(da' of the pioneer 
preaidnrs and l\ev. Kiick of the people. Kew 'l\-di-o\v jtre- 
sented tlu' resources (d'Sy mxl and its fulure prospet'ts. It was 
a ver) intci'csting service. 

<)n Sunday evening' four youni: men, graduates (d" ^^'it- 
tenhei'u', were licensed to itreaeh, am! one ordained to the "os- 
pel nuiiislry. 

NOTES. 295 

Pastor Francis and people made the convention an unns- 
ually pleasant one with tlieii' royal entei tainnu iit, and Synod 
adjonined with heart and S(.)ul ex[)ressing tiie lainiliar words: 

" J51est be the tie tiiat binds 

Our liearts in ('hriHtian love, 

'I'lie felJowsliip of kindred minds 
Is Hive to lluit above." 

D . 


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